Transcript: United Nations -May 2010, more than 124.000 Military, Police, and Civilian Staff. -Strong indications about some groups will have high demand. The Present FINANCING (pg.12) Limited to maintaining ceasefires and stabilizing situations on the ground. Monitoring, reporting, and confidence building. UN operation Congo 1960. Nobel Peace Prize 1988. History Goals United Nations The top 10 providers of contributions to United Nations Peacekeeping operations in 2013: United Nations Every Member State is legally obligated to pay their respective share towards peacekeeping. This is in accordance with the provisions of Article 17 of the Charter of the United Nations. Include Professional Staff 26 members at the beginning United Nations Peacekeeping helps countries torn by conflict create conditions for lasting peace. UN Peacekeeping is guided by three basic principles: •Consent of the parts. •Impartiality. •Non-use of force except in self-defence and defence of the mandate. At the end of each Operation they prepare and submit a report. 193 Members at the present time Peacekeeping 1.United States (28.38%) 2.Japan (10.83%) 3.France (7.22%) 4.Germany (7.14%) 5.United Kingdom (6.68%) 6.China (6.64%) 7.Italy (4.45%) 8.Russian Federation (3.15%) 9.Canada (2.98%) 10.Spain (2.97%) Strategic context change. Many non-member countries also make voluntary contributions. You can too! Each Operation has its own budget and account. - 1 January 1942 mentioned for the first time. -The forerunner of the United Nations was the League of Nations. - Charter signed on 26 June 1945. - The United Nations Officially came into existence on 24 October 1945. - Day is celebrated on 24 October each year. The Early Years Multidimensional Traditional Missions After Cold War
Transcript: UN’s most powerful organ deals with threats to international peace and security has 15 members, 5 of which are permanent: the USA, China, Russia, Britain and France permanent members have veto power when the Council decides on important issues History of UN The League of Nations was the predecessor to the UN, it was founded in1919 and was responsible for ensuring peace and cooperation between world nations. An international organization designed to make the enforcement of international law, security, human rights, economic and social progress easier for countries around the world 193 member countries Headquarters in New York City Thank You For Your Attention References International Court of Justice Topic Name- United Nations (UN) Course Title- Development Studies. The Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) are eight international development goals that were established following the Millennium Summit of the United Nations in 2000, following the adoption of the United Nations Millennium Declaration Presented By- What is the UN? http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/United_Nations http://www.un.org/en/ http://www.un-bd.org/ http://www.un.org/en/aboutun/index.shtml http://www.un.org/en/mainbodies/ http://www.un.org/Overview/uninbrief/institutions.shtml http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_specialized_agencies_of_the_United_Nations http://www.unfoundation.org/what-we-do/issues/united-nations/un-agencies-funds-and.html International Court of Justice The UN has four main purposes- To maintain international peace and security; To develop friendly relations among nations; To cooperate in solving international problems and in promoting respect for human rights; and To be a center for harmonizing the actions of nations. The Economic and Social Council The principal judicial organ of the UN Based in the Hague, Netherlands Consists of 15 judges elected by the General Assembly and Security Council Applies international law Not bound by precedents No appeals can be made by parties to its judgment. Bangladesh was admitted to the United Nations in 1974 and was elected to a Security Council term in 1978-1980 and again for a 2000-2002 term. In recent years, Bangladesh has played a significant role in international peacekeeping activities. 1) United Nations Development Program (UNDP) 2) Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) 3) United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF) 4) World Food Program (WFP) 5) United Nations Drug Control Program (UNDCP) 6) United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA) 7) United Nations Environment Program (UNEP) 8) UN Women Purposes of United Nations Special Agencies of United Nations The UN was founded on October 24, 1945, when the Charter of the UN was drafted at the UN Conference on International Organization in San Francisco The conference was attended by 50 nations and several non governmental organizations Includes the Secretary General and the Secretariat staff Primarily has an administrative function The Secretary General holds office for five years per term The first ever Secretary General was Trygve Lie, the office is currently held by Ban Ki-moon The Secretariat Name-Md.Musa Ali ID- 111-10-655 Batch- 22nd 1) World Bank (WB) 2) International Monetary Fund (IMF) 3) World Health Organization (WHO) 4) United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) 5) International Labor Organization (ILO) 6) Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) 7) International Maritime Organization (IMO) 8) World Meteorological Organization (WMO) 9) World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) 10) International Civilian Aviation Organization (ICAO) 11) United Nations specialized agency for information and communication technologies (ICT) It was established in 1945 by the UN Charter To provide international supervision for 11 Trust Territories placed under the administration of 7 Member States, and Ensure that adequate steps were taken to prepare the Territories for self-government and independence. Content United Nations History of UN The Security Council The General Assembly Main principles: save future generations from war, reaffirm human rights, and establish equal rights for all nations United Nations day is celebrated on October 24 Main Organs of United Nations The United Nations has six main organs. 1. The General Assembly, 2. The Security Council, 3. The Economic and Social Council 4. The Trusteeship Council and 5. The Secretariat and 6. The International Court of Justice. Trusteeship Council 1. What is United Nations? 2. Brief History of UN 3. Purposes of UN. 4. Main organs of UN. 5. Special Agencies of United Nations 6. Special Bodies of United Nations 7. UN in Bangladesh. 8. UN and Development. 9. References United Nations and Development United Nations in Bangladesh History of UN The term ‘’United Nations’’ was coined in 1942 by Winston Churchill and Franklin D. Roosevelt Special Bodies of United Nations the principal judicial organ of the UN based in the Hague,
Transcript: The UN's objectives are to work with governments and businesses to keep peace, develop friendly relationships among countries, and to work together to improve the standard of living, end hunger, disease, unemployment and strengthen human freedoms and rights. United Nations Presentation 1) http://www.un.org/en/index.html 2) http://www.worldometers.info/united-nations/ 3) https://ccla.org/canada-and-the-un-past-and-present/ Pros What it is There are a total of 193 countries involved in the UN. This includes Mexico, Canada, and China. History The United Nations is a international organization that strives bring ethical thinking into business. The member countries work together to bring a better quality of life to the people and help other countries to follow their ethics too. By: Morayma, Mohammad, Miranda and Jessica The UN was founded on October 24, 1945. During WWII, countries decided to create a global organization to handle international problems. This was made official when U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill signed the Atlantic Charter in August 1941. On January 1, 1942, 26 countries signed the Declaration by United Nations and helped fight Germany. Canada joined November 9th 1945. Canada's involvement in the UN Objectives -drafting the UN Charter -Canadian law professor John Peters Humphrey, was Director of the United Nations Human Rights Division, and drafted the International Bill on Human Rights. The UN General Assembly adopted it in 1948. -resolving conflict Canadian Lester B Pearson was awarded a Nobel Peace Prize in 1957 for the establishment of the United Nations Emergency Force (UNEF) and for canadas role in resolving the Suez Crisis. -the new global challenges of contemporary world endanger their stability and efficiency. resulting in the spread of security threats, such as transnational terrorism and the illegal arms trade. -lack of democratic and accountability mechanisms affecting its structure. -lack of a mechanism to strengthen the judiciary's international judgment. When the ICJ was established, it was agreed that governments should accept a court order to judge their differences. Member Countries Cons -maintain peace and security -relationships between countries, which would increase trade -economy growth/monetary stability
Transcript: Location: Northern Europe Surrounded by the Baltic Sea,Gulf of Bothnia,Kattegat,Skagerrak,Finland,Norway. Total Area:450,295 sq km Comparison to the world: 56 out of 249 Comparison to the U.S.: Sweden is slightly larger than California United Nations Presentation Official Language: Swedish Other Languages: Small Sami and Finnish speaking minorities Nationality: Noun Swede(s) Adjective Swedish Largest Ethnic Groups: Swedes with Finnish and Sami minorities Religions: Lutheran 87%, other 13% (Roman Catholic, Orthodox, Baptist, Muslim, Buddhist) Geography Continued... The People Continued.... Interesting Facts about Sweden: The People: Population: 9,647,386 Comparison to the world: 91 out of 249 Urban Population: 85% of total population Life Expectancy: about 81 Years Male: about 79 Years Female: about 84 years School Life Expectancy: 16 years Male: 15 Female: 17 Climate: Temperate in southern areas with cold cloudy winters,partly cloudy summers. It is subarctic in the north. Terrain: Mostly flat or gently rolling lowlands, mountains are in the west Natural Resources: Iron, Ore, copper, lead, Zinc , gold, silver, tungsten Current Environmental issues: Acid rain damage to soils and lakes; pollution of the North Sea and the Baltic Sea Introduction Geography Sweden
Transcript: United Nations UN main organs The main organs of the UN are the General Assembly, the Security Council, the Economic and Social Council, the Trusteeship Council, the International Court of Justice, and the UN Secretariat. And all of these were established in 1945 when the UN was founded. TITLE Title Title TITLE Title Title What Languages are spoken in UN? There are 6 languages that are spoken in the UN and this are: Arabic, Chinese, English, French, Russian and Spanish. Although not all the countries speak the same languages they use headphones with traductors that translate the other languages into there´´s What is UN? The United Nations is an global organization that counts with 193 members that their main functions it`` s to help all the world UN Logo and Flag The logo and flag of the UN have become its symbols as it carries out its work on the world stage. They identify the United Nations in areas of trouble and conflict to any and all parties concerned. They function also as aspirational symbols, because its meaning its peace and unity
Transcript: History Sudan was colonized by the United Kingdom Sudan gained their independence on on January first,1956. Egypt used to have some power over Sudan. Rwanda Genocide Rwanda One Million Dollar Decision Current Events Major History We think that the one million dollars should go to Zimbabwe. How It Will Help In The Future Sierra Leone had the most brutal civil war in all of Africa. It lasted from 1991 to 2002. The rebel RUF (Revolutionary United Front) made children become soldiers to fight their own people and government. The Hut Tax War was a simple dispute in 1898 with a man who did not like taxes and a few hundred British soldiers. The British and United Kingdom had more resistance in this simple war than when they had colonized the country. Major Problems Zimbabwe Faces Today Sudan today is not necessarily on of the richest countries Sudan's population is 37.2 million people. Sudan has some land that is good for farming. Egypt, which borders Sudan, is one of Sudan's allies Zimbabwe selfish racist violent he was arrested Wars and Conflicts Sierra Leone My country is called Sierra Leone. They were colonized by the United Kingdom and earned their independence on April 27, 1961. Their capitol is called Freetown. Top five poorest countries in Africa Very literate Main income comes from farming Became independent in 1980 Rwanda Today 68% of people are living under the poverty line. The risk for infectious disease is very high. Their unemployment rate is 95% (2009) They are 521.9 million US dollars in debt. (2012) They have 196 airports but only 17 are paved. Life Today The Democratic Republic of the Congo was colonized in 1876 by the Belgium. There was a major problems with dictators while the DRC was colonized. The most well known was King Leopold the 3rd. He would cut off peoples` right hand if they disobeyed the law. The Democratic Republic of the Congo gained there independence on June 30, 1960 Cause: The death of the president Juvenal Habyarimana (Hutu) when his plane was shot down. The Genocide: The Hutu believed the Tutsi caused Juvenal's death, so they began to kill the Tutsi As many as one million people died They used machetes to kill, because the bullets were getting scarce and expensive. Major History famine unemployment disease racism economic chaos harsh living conditions debt poverty human trafficking Modern Problems How would Sudan and the world benefit from the money? Democratic Republic of the Congo Sudan borders: Egypt Libya Eritrea Ethiopia Kenya Uganda Chad Central African Republic Democratic Republic of the Congo How It Will Help Sudan has had two civil wars since independence The first civil war was from 1955-1972. It was northern Sudan against southern Sudan. Southern Sudan won and be came independent from Sudan Sudan's second civil war lasted from 1983-2005. This war was against Darfur. A Sierra Leonian's lives today are very difficult. They have a rapid population growth. They overharvest fish and timber. Only 43.3% of people are literate. 77% of urbanized areas have no sanitation. The risk for infectious disease is very high. They have a constitutional democracy. Their President is Ernest Bai Koroma. 48% of children suffer from child labor. Facts United Nations Presentation The major problem that the DRC faced was finding people to fill jobs. The people were not trained to work the important jobs. Some of the jobs that could not be filled were any jobs in the medical field, where law degrees were needed, or political jobs. The crime rate in the DRC has also greatly increased in the past few years. Where there is not lack in disease, there is a great amount of resources gone from the DRC`s rich soil. Sudan It can help by stabilizing the country itself and eventually other countries as well. The literacy rate is very high in Zimbabwe so they could use the money to start some sort of reading school to teach people from other countries to read They could use the money to enforce or make the military better and they could help protect other countries The airports add more jobs and make more money for the economy. History: Originally colonized by Germany Colonized by Belgium during World War 1 Gained independence in 1962 Was a very beautiful country, until the genocide Sudan is involved in many conflicts. One million dollars could stabilize the country. If the country became more stable, some of the conflicts that Sudan has could be resolved. Major Problems: Poverty Education Economy Disease/ Sickness Building the Country: Since the genocide, the economy of Rwanda is extremely weak Citizens can barely feed their families with the money they earn, yet the country is slowly recovering Based on Jim Harvey's speech structures Paul Kagame Robert Mugabe
Transcript: A total of 193 countries are members of the UN. Along with Canada, Greece, South Korea and China, other important countries include Germany, the US, the UK, France, Kenya, Switzerland, Russia and Australia. The UN was created to promote peace, justice, human rights and development. It also helps encourage the well being of all people. When was the UN founded? Where is the UN located? By David, Connor, Joachim and Thomas What a mouthful of a question, ikr World map in 2008. Blue indicates UN countries. South Sudan and Eritrea became independent as of 2012. The grey country on the west end of Africa is technically part of Morocco. Introduction How long has the UN been together? This is Ban Ki-moon We interrupt your learning for a brief Korean Pride moment. Has the UN been in the news lately? One of the UN’s most famous agencies, the United Nations Children’s Fund, or UNICEF, is usually in the news, because of the work it does in many developing or troubled countries like Syria and Maldives. Other Interesting Facts How often does the UN meet? Conclusion The UN has four main headquarters. In New York City, there is the Secretariat building. This is where the General Assembly meets. UN-HABITAT is located in Nairobi, Kenya. The United Nations Industrial Development Organization, which is focused on poverty reduction and clean energy creation is based in Vienna, Austria. Finally, the last UN headquarters is an old League of Nations building, located in Geneva, Switzerland. Also, UNESCO, or the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization is located in Paris, France. This agency marks historic sites to preserve them. The United Nations Did you know that Ban Ki-moon can Gangnum Style? He is the humble apprentice of PSY himself! WARNING: This is a very disorientating presentation. You may feel symptoms like nausea and vomiting. If you must throw up, please do so in the lap directly to your left or right. Thank you, and have a great day! Ban Ki-Moon of South Korea is the current Secretary-General of the UN. The Secretary-General of the UN UNICEF Trick or treat box. Have you ever heard of the famous organization United Nations? It is the very successful organization that may be the reason the world is so peaceful today. It has done amazing deeds with its peacekeeping missions. It is always ready to help. so listen carefully! UNICEF has raised over two hundred million dollars on donations collected by trick-or-treaters alone. Somewhat ironically, Japan and Germany, the countries defeated in the WWII (the war after which the UN was created) are the second and third biggest funders of the organization. Although no one is completely sure, reports say only 2-5 countries in the world are not part of the UN. KOREAN PRIDE! What countries are in the UN? The UN was founded on June 26th, 1945, after World War II. It was founded to replace the League of Nations, an organization much like the UN. However, the League of Nations had no military power. Countries that sign the UN's Charter must agree to provide military power when needed. What is the purpose of this organization? The General Assembly meets every year from September to December. They also meet at times of conflict between members, or when the Security Council is unable to agree on a consensus about a situation. The Economic and Social Council meets in July for a four week session. The UN is one of the most important organizations in the world. It helps the people of the world a lot. Literally everybody in the world thinks that the United Nations is the key to enforcing peace in the world. the UN's main goal was to keep peace and they have achieved it. We should all thank the United Nations for the work they have done to keep peace in the world.
Transcript: United Nations By Aurora & Naina What Is the United Nations? What is the United Nations Title Title Title TOPIC 2 Development of the UN Subtopic 1 TEXT PICTURES PICTURES TOPIC 3 TOPIC 3 TIMELINE TIMELINE 2018 MAP MAP Location 2 Location 3 Location 1 TOPIC 4 TOPIC 4
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