Transcript: Detnetion Centres Tony's Story (Vietnamese Refugee) Solutions Tony was born in Can Tho in South Vietnam to a mother who owned a grocery store and a father who was a high school teacher. His father started doing some work for the South Vietnam government and when war broke out and North Vietnam won he was arrested and put into a re-education camp for 2 years. When he was released he decided that they and his family should leave the country and seek refuge in other countries. On their first attempt their boat wrecked on the Vietnam coast, however they managed to escape the second time narrowly missing the boarder police and traveling to Thailand. The spent the night on the shore where they were robbed of their very few possessions, the next day they walked to a small village where police were called and they were taken to a refugee camp. After six months here there were transferred to Bangkok for health checks before being sent to Australia in 1979, Tony was only 10 at this time. Solutions for the refugee problem are greatly debated. Tony Abbot's standpoint is zero tolerance and to send them all back. Kevin Rudd suggests sending them to a different place like PNG. I think that if rocessing could be quicker then many refugees woulld be much happier when they come to Australia. The Journey of a Refugee An Asylum seeker is someone who cannot stay in their own country due to a threat against their life. They have to travel to another country but have not yet been accepted for processing Refugees are asylum seekers who have been accepted to a country for processing but have yet to be accepted into the country Acceptance or Denial What is A Refugee/Assylum Seeker? This is the stage where refugees are accepted for citizenship or is denied and sent back to their country If they areaccepted they are able to find a new life in Australia. They form communities like Cabramatta's Vietnamese community If not they have to return to their country. Often it is not safe for them to return to their country. They face the threat of death and violence. Asylum Seekers come from countries that are war torn and dangerous. They come via plane and boat. Often people who come by boat are considered to be "skipping the queue" The journey for Asylum Seekers is very difficult. They have to face constant threats like pirates and treacherous waves. Many do not survive this stage of the journey. If they do they are often intercepted by the navy and taken to places like Nauru or Christmas Island. A detention centre is a place like Nauru or christmas Island. They are often very bleak and the people in them have all but lost hope. Every year refugees commit suicide in detention centres because they have no knowledge of whether or not they are safe or if they will make it through. Sometimes they have family members waiting for them to be accepted back in their home country so that they can come over The Journey
Transcript: Courtney Occupational Therapy Student Monash University PROGRAMS Impacts of trauma on youth refugees in Dandenong QUIZ OUTLINE: Population and Issue Impacts Models Youth development Trauma Occupational Therapist input Current Programs Comparing and critiquing programs Responding and recommendations References A Risk persecution for social group/ political opinion B Are not happy with their wages C Fear not returning to their country D Claim for refugee status has not yet been determined A refugee is someone who has left their country of nationality because they... Approximately how many refugees are there in the world? A 80 million B 21 million C 9 million D 1 million What are the main reasons for the large increase in the number of refugees globally? A War and conflict B Political persecution C Economic Crisis D Climate change What is the average time refugees were spending in a detention centre in Australia? A 12 days B 25 days C 82 days D 153 days ISSUE & MODELS " ...well founded fear of being persecuted for reasons of race, religion, nationality, membership of a particular social group or political opinion, is outside the country of his nationality and is unable or, owing to such fear... not having a nationality and being outside the country of his former habitual residence as a result of such events, is unable or, owing to such fear, is unwilling to return to it ... " -Refugee Council of Australia, 2016 POPULATION NO ONE CHOOSES TO BE A REFUGEE POPULATION Recent figures show that “Half the world’s refugees” are children with young people now representing more than half of all victims of global armed conflict and those displaced -UNHCR, 2016 What percentage of the The City of Greater Dandenong is born overseas? A 12% B 22% C 42% D 64% In 4 years, how many refugees have resided in the Greater City of Dandenong? A 500 B 700 C 1800 D 2000 Census data released by the Australian Bureau of Statistics in 2017 revealed that Greater Dandenong is now the most culturally diverse community in Australia. Asylum Seeker and Refugee Communities Advisory Committee 6 areas of concern were identifed AREA 1: Social inclusion Why Dandenong? What does the Census tell us? No one puts their children in a boat, unless the water is safer than the land. MODEL Build Healthy Public Policy Strengthen Community Actions Create Supportive Environments Create Health Promoting Systems Develop Personal Capacities Refugees were considered in the 2016-17 Victorian State Budget Where is the funding going? UPSTREAM MIDSTREAM DOWNSTREAM Impacts Deprivation Inequality Alienation Marginalization Occupational Impact Occupational Impact DEVELOPMENT Erik Erikson's Stages of Development TRAUMA TRAUMA 'Immigrant youth life stressors include frequent environmental events or conditions that threaten physical, cognitive, and psychological health and may exacerbate existing vulnerabilities related to previous trauma exposure.' -Rettger, Kletter & Carrion, 2016 When can Trauma occur for Refugees? TRAUMA MODEL Naidoo, Wilkinson, Adoniou & Langat, 2018 TYPES OF DEVELOPMENT TYPES OF DEVELOPMENT Naidoo, Wilkinson, Adoniou & Langat, 2018. INPUT OF OCCUPATIONAL THERAPISTS " " An occupational therapy perspective considers an individual’s occupational role performance in their daily living activities. WHAT CAN BE DONE? -research -education -capacity building -systemic advocacy -promote conotions of occupational justices -speak up about occupational injustices -service provision -Promote human rights -refuse to collude with systemic violations -promoting recovery for communities Victorian Foundation for Survivors of Torture Refugee Council of Australia In the UK Schools in Dandenong PROGRAMS PROGRAM 1 Providing a range of services Working with client communities to improve their capacity to access the services they need and to enable them to support recovery Offering professional and organisational development, consultancy and resources Working with the Victorian and Commonwealth Governments to ensure that policies and programs regard to the needs refugees Conducting and contributing to research about the needs of people of refugee backgrounds -Victorian Foundation for Survivors of Torture, 2016 Build Healthy Public Policy Strengthen Community Actions Create Supportive Environments Create Health Promoting Systems Develop Personal Capacities INTEGRATED TRAUMA RECOVERY SERVICE MODEL MODELS -Victorian Foundation for Survivors of Torture, 2016 -Run ‘Refugee Week’ -Quarterly teleconference meetings with representatives of the different stakeholder groups (universities, community organisations, students, schools, and Vocational Education and Training providers) across Australia (state/territory, metropolitan, regional/rural) -Sharing first hand experience through presentations -Hold symposia in different states and territories to share good practice, research findings and advocacy -making campaigns eg #EducationForAll campaign -School curriculum changes PROGRAM 2 Build
Transcript: m 1 Refugee By: Izzi Holden 2 p b Y Josef Mahmoud Isabel g X Theme Refugee By:Alan Gratz Presentation by Izzi Holden Heroism/Fear Heroim and fear is a theme that ties in with all the characters experiences because all of them have shown an act of heroism by being selfless. At the same time they were all scared as to what would happen to them and their family. Josef Josef is a jewish boy in Germany, Berlin in the 1930's. His father was sent away one night because he was practicing law and jews were not supposed to do that. Their dad could leave the camp, but he must leave within 14 days. They were going to meet at the MS Saint Louis. So, Josef, Ruthie, and their mom got on a train that would take them there. When Ruthie fell asleep with Bitsy and his mom asleep as well. He took off his armband and walked around the train. No one cared, just another German. He got caught, but the person who caught him let him go. He returned to his seat with his armband. They made it to the ship and find their dad, Aaron. He scared Josef and Ruthie. Then they got on the ship and went to their room where Aaron hid. Ruthie and Josef went around the ship where they met Reyna and Eva. Josef then has his bar mitzvah. Josef and his family make it to Cuba. They can finally be free. His dad is freaking out,so Josef scares him into silence after hitting him. After the doctor leaves he jumps. Josef screams for him and chases him, it was too late. When Aaron was brought back he was taken to Cuba's mental hospital and Josef's mom took Aaron's place. Josef was appointed to overthrow the captain of the ship. They did, however the captain said he would try not to get them back to Germany. They went to France. In France they hid in a school house and they had to break a window to escape the Nazi's. They ran to the woods and were caught. Josef's mom traded the jewels she had for freedom, but she had to choose only one child. Double click to edit He displays fear by constantly being afraid for his life and the future of his family. Josef displays heroism by taking on the 'dad' role and protecting his family. Putting them before himself. Josef (1)Scared (2)Cocky Isabel Isabel is a Cuban girl born in Havana 1994. She traded her trumpet and cat for gasoline to get to America. When they get onto the boat they were free. However, Senor Castillo fell out of the boat and Isabel dived in to save him. When they were finally safe again they were getting closer to America. Ivan tragically falls under attack by sharks and dies. America was right there. Her travels caught up to her in school. Her sacrifices and other's. Isabel shows heroism by diving into the water to save Senor Castillo and fear of not being able to save him or herself. And later in the book having to leave her mom. (1)Brave (2)Sentimental Isabel Mahmoud Mahmoud was a male born in Aleppo, Syria in 2015. His house was bombed right after it was time to pray. Waleed was right next to the giant hole and was about to fall in. Waleed was dead inside and really didn't care he was about to fall in a hole and die. Mahmoud saved him, but now they had to leave. Their home was a war zone. It wasn't safe anymore they had to flee to Germany. They get stuck outside of Turkey and then are in a refugee holding place and later walked out, there was nothing they could do. They made it to Germany and found Ruthie who finished Josef's story. Mahmoud shows heroism by giving up Hana because he knows he can't save both of them. He shows fear by being afraid of everything that could happen to his family and himself. Invisible ----------> Bold Mahmoud Thank you for your time.
Transcript: Displaced Person Forced to Cross National Boundaries Cannot return home safely Books to Read: What is a Refugee? Nawtha Mi What was happening in the video? What are some emotions you might feel if you were experiencing what this girl did? Why do you think they made this video? The Screening Process https://obamawhitehouse.archives.gov/blog/2015/11/20/infographic-screening-process-refugee-entry-united-states Watch these videos to learn about Syrian refugee Crisis and about a Syrian refugee family who came to US. These are two portrayals of 2 different refugee stories. We are going to watch just one for now. Wah Nay Htoo & Rosanna Paw
Transcript: Use of Culturally Competent Practice in Serving Refugees An Examination of State-Administered Refugee Agencies
Transcript: Do state-administered refugee agencies from the five states that received the highest number of refugees in 2012 provide culturally competent services to their refugee clients in accordance with the NASW guidelines? •1950’s:Assimilation- “melting pot concept”- lack of respect for differences • 1960’s-70’s: Cultural, Economic & Political Movements •2000’s:Increase in hate crimes sensitization of social work students to issues of diversity Refugee Presentation Data Collection Methods- Recruitment/Sampling Measurement Agencies assessed based on five categories: • Staff and policy attitudes • Services • Assessment of agency’s relationship with the refugee populations they serve • Culturally-sensitive training • Evaluation Recruiting Strategies Introductory Telephone Calls Mailed Surveys With Cover Letters Mailed Follow-Up Letters and Surveys Implications OUR SAMPLE The 5 State-Administered Refugee Agencies That Received the Largest Number of Refugees in 2012: 1. California - 5,183 refugees 2. Michigan - 3,600 refugees 3. Pennsylvania - 2,813 refugees 4. Georgia - 2,516 refugees 5. Florida - 2,249 refugees (Prah, 2013). What is Cultural Competency? Number of refugees 2011 Lucy Chen Bianca Gras Fedia Louis Danielle Restieaux Research Question Methods- Analysis Background Methods - Recruitment / Sampling As diversity in the populations social workers serve increases, there is a growing need and appreciation for social workers to awareness and deeper understanding of the roles of race/ethnicity, language, gender, sexual orientation and even mental illnesses play in their interactions with clients. Although, the CSWE & NSAW has come mandated standards & with a checklist of cultural competence, there is limited literature on the implementation and application of cultural competence. Our research implicate the need to scientifically measure the implementation of cultural competence within the social work practice. Ultimately, any effect upon culturally aware practice will be determined by the quality of elaboration of the mandated characteristics. There are also several methodological issues, and the checklist list itself might be considered as not encompassing enough. The five general categories might not be sufficient, and the checklist itself doesn't provide any information on reliability. There's no way to way to know if agencies will continue to provide high/low quality services based on their scores from the checklist Agenda • Survey comprised of yes-no questions, Likert scale questions, semantic differential questions, multiple choice questions, open-ended questions • Close-ended questions – Gathers general data about agency • Open-ended questions – Gathers data about agency’s understanding, training, implementations of cultural competency State-Administered Refugee Agency Cultural Competence Checklist Background Research Question Methods -univariate analysis -how data will be coded -include and explain tables (will expand in Prezi)
Transcript: ' Flag Refugee Presentation 1) 2) 3) 1) 2) 3) 4) 5) Five Themes of Geography Why we are the best option 3 Articles from the Universal Declaration of Human Rights How our Environment will look Map
Transcript: Refugees Created by: Jess A, Jessica J, Brookelyn H, and Alli T. Who are they? Who are they? Refugees- Individuals who have been persecuted or legitimately bearing persecution in their home country because of race, religion, nationaility, etc. The real situation "An immigrant leaves his homeland to find greener grass. A refugee leaves his homeland because the grass is burning under his feet..." - Barbara Law May 7-15 Barcelona Where do refugees come from? Where they come from - Refugees primarily come from Iraq, China, Burma, Syria, etc. - The reasons that refugees flee is caused by different factors, but one of the main factors is war. Ex: Extreme violence in Iraq has forced 2 million Iraqis from their home. Many refugees choose to live in the U.S. Why do they come to the U.S.? 1. People have more rights compared to where they are coming from. 2. Women are respected. 3. Children are not forced to work or join war zones. 4. Political and religious freedom 5. Freedom of speech 6. Better Education Statistics Statistics Court Cases Plyler v. Doe (June 1982) - In Texas, students were denied education if they were "foreign born" and not "legally admitted." - The court ruled that students could not be denied education based on immigration status. - They are protected under the Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act. This means that there documentation cannot be released to others unless there is parent consent. History What you as a teacher should be aware of Become Aware - Refugees are vulnerable -May lack English skills -Feel disconnected from their school -May be dealing with physical injuries. - Understand culture cues that refugees may bring in from their culture. Ex: Depending on the country, some refugees may not make eye contact with you. This can be due to past exeriences or the culture that they were raised in. Culture Culture Helping refugee students become aware of how schools in the U.S. work. Helping refugee students become aware of how schools in t... Strategies Strategies - Understand the students are committed to learn - Know the background of their history, and understanding their culture by having them teach the class more about it. - This will allow students to know that you care about them and their culture. - A different perspective on life. - Diversity, cultural differences/different traditions, religion, family background, etc. - Allow students to share their backgrounds and celebrate their culture. Refugee's contribution to the classroom Refugee's contribution to the classroom The importance of education The importance of education
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