Transcript: by Rayhan Aurelio Is a Korean Reunificaition Possible ? Background Information How did Korea split into two in the first place ? Aftermath of WW2 Post World War 2 - After the Japanese was defeated in 1945, Japan lost all of it's conquered territories including Korea (this is known as The Postdam Declaration). - The United Nation then decided that Korea will be splitted into two, the Northern part given to Soviet hands, while the Southern part was given to the United States. They were devided by the line also known as the 38th parallel. The Korean war - The Cold War started in 1947, after the rising tensions between the US (and it's allies) and the Soviets to show who was more powerful (communism or capitalism). The Cold War - Instead of fighting the USSR directly, the US would fight in proxy wars against the Soviets in numerous countries like Afghanistan, Vietnam, and Korea. The Korean War -On June 1950, under Stalin's command to Kim Il Sung, the North Korean began to invade the South which started the Korean War -Due to lacking in military funding of the South, the North easily took most parts of present day South Korea. -On July, the US aided the South and expanded it's territory all the way up to the Yalu river. -The Chinese feeling threatened by the war happening near their soil aided the North and pushed back the United States back down south. -Once the south is pushed back to the 38th parallel, peace talks start to occur between the nations, but nothing came out of it and only a cease fire was signed. Why has reunification yet to occur ? Why has reunification yet to occur ? Political reasons Political -North Korea has strong backing with their former Soviet neighbors which are Russia and China Allies Allies -South Korea has strong backing with countries formerly in the Allies side of World War 2 mainly the United States. -Given this, the background political ideologies of both nations already greatly differ. -North Korean's current leader Kim Jong Un is infamously known for being anxious on his power status. This is shown when he had reportedly executed his uncle Jang Song-Thaek in 2013 and his half brother Kim Jong Nam in early 2017 over the fear of being overpowered. Power Anxiety Power Anxiety Economy Economy -The South Koreans adopted the free market capitalist economy, closer to a Western ideology economy. Economic differences in both nations Economic differences in both nations -Meanwhile, the North officially adopted a socialist economy, however their economy is closer to a totalitarian dictatorship, due to it's heavy reliance on command economy. Unsurprisingly, due to this difference in the market system the South had managed to surpass the North by a huge margin. Who's better than who ? Who's better than who ? The Miracle of the Han River The Miracle of the Han River -The miracle of the Han river occured during 1961-1997, in which South Korea's economy increased tremendously, thus turning it from a developing country to a developed one. What is this miracle ? What is this miracle ? -This is mainly influenced by South Korea succesfuly hosting it's 1988 Summer Olympics, and the rise of large family conglomerates like LG, Samsung, and Hyundai. Cost of Reunification Cost of Reunification - Suppose South and North Korea were to reunite today, it would cost South Korea from 1 trillion to 4 trillion USD, depending on if they were able to retake the North peacefully or using war. In contrast, South Korea's current GDP is 1.4 trillion USD. How much would it cost ? How much would it cost ? - Reunification would also cost at least a decrease of 10,000 USD in GDP per capita of South Korea. Source: https://www.forbes.com/2010/03/15/north-south-korea-asia-reunite-opinions-contributors-charles-wolf-jr.html#3ea3a23477f1 It is important to also realize that there are also benefits of reunification for South Korea for them to spend a lot of money on reunifying. Benefits of Reunification Benefits of Reunification -What people might not have realized is that North Korea can actually be a rich nation if they wanted to. This is due to their natural resources including iron, gold, magnesite, zinc, copper, limestone, molybdenum and graphite that is nearly worth $6 trillion USD. This might make reunification a worthy investment to the South. Natural Resources Natural Resources - A lot of South Korean companies might see a benefit of reunification by the means of cheaper labor. If North Korea were to rejoin the South into a unified Korea, their status would be equivalent to that of a developing country which would result in cheaper labor. This may cause some companies to outsource their factories to the Northern part of Korea instead of abroad like to China. This would also increase employment rate in the country. Cheaper Labor Cheaper Labor Geogrpahical Geographical - North Korea acts as a hub to both China and Russia to South Korea a United States ally. Traditional Fear Traditional Fear -If North Korea gets liberated
Transcript: Sprout (Kongnamul-muchim) Soju Korean Food Korean BBQ Korean Drinks Korean Street Vendor Hotteok Bibimbap Traditional Liquor Tteokbokki/Dukboki Samgye-tang Patbingsu Sundubu jjigae Bulgogi Korean Side Dishes Sundae/Soondae Juk By Yuna and Janice Bungeoppang Daiji Bulgogi Makgeolli Galbi Why is Korean food so popular? Naengmyeon Kimchi 1. What is the difference between Bulgogi and Daeji Bulgogi? 2. Is juk usually eaten hot or cold? 3. What is fermented cabbage/other vegetables called? Korean Stews and Noodles Quick POP QUIZ! Korean Desserts Galbi-tang
Transcript: Trips and Daily Life in Korea Daily Life 와 Max Schmid and Brett Passen Jeju-Do
Transcript: Basic Korean BEN HASSINE Imen My Visit to JAPAN September 2016 - Visit Japan Visit Japan Stay in OSAKA City The weather was hot Hotel Slept at Monterey Hotel : Confortable but small Akashi Kaikyo On Top of Akashi-Kaikyo Bridge Scary but Fun Aquarium Osaka Aquarium Kaiyukan Went to Kyoto Kinkaku-ji Kyoto Tower The were very beautiful Shopping at Dotonbori Dotonbori Eating Takoyaki
Transcript: FACTS significance Displaced Civilians Folk Village SIGNIFICANCE Gwaneumsa - Buddhist temple trails -Gwaneumsa Trail -Seongpanak Trail Baengnokdam - crater lake linked the central region of Korea to the Yellow Sea trade movies JIRISAN TAEBAEKSAN HALLASAN SEORAKSAN HAN RIVER tourist attractions Main season for Seoraksan national park is autumn Cheonbuldong Valley Biryeong waterfall Ulsanbawi FOLKTALES HISTORICAL SIGNIFICANCE - Guryong Falls: -Nogodan Peak - Hwaeomsa temple - Ppachilsan during and after Korean War It rises 1915 ft above sea level Spans three provinces: North, South Jeolla, and South Gyeongsan 1st and largest park in South Korea Established in 1967 Total Area: 471.758 km^2 sunrise hiking tourist attractions SEORAKSAN - Namwon: Chunhyangjeon - Legend of Baemsagol valley, which is below Banyanbong (Northern foot of Jirisan) - Story at Sesok Pyeongjeon - Interesting fact about Song Heung-rok, the creator of dongpyeonje and the 'King of Pansori'. FACTS TOURIST ATTRACTIONS shield volcano jeju island elevation: 1950 m one of the three main mountains • 5,604 ft above sea level • third highest mountain in South Korea • located in the Gangwon Province in eastern South Korea JIRISAN tourist attractions TOURIST ATTRACTIONS facts FOLKTALES Han River ferry cruise Banpo Bridge biking/ walking trail Hangang Park By: Michelle Hwang and Michelle Fong Block 3 Korean 3A HAN RIVER Table of Contents The Geological Features of Korea Ulsanbawi fairies of Biseondae TAEBAEKSAN 319 miles source: Bukhan River & Namhan River mouth: Yellow Sea Banpo Bridge 4th longest river 1567 m Yeongbong Peak Janggunbong Peak Munsubong Peak one of the three sacred mountains of Korea FACTS HALLASAN facts
Transcript: "Kimchi" is important food to Korean. so spicy food. very healthy. -> Kimchi has many nutriments for health and good taste. "Bibimbap" The word "Bibimbap" literally means "Mixed rice". It is rice mixed with various vegetables, sliced beef and chili pepper paste called "Gochujang". "Bulgogi" is beef maintained in a sweet soy-based sauce and grilled, usually on a metal plate. Economic Idex GDP: $ 1.1296 trillion Rank: 15th GDP Growth: 2.04% Inflation Rate: 2.21% Unemployment Rate: 3.2% Working hour: 2,163 hours/year (SOURCE : 2012 IMF, World Bank) History of Korea`s national Income How to overcome Eonomy-crisis reform the policy Gold collecting campaign Main Industries & Companies Growth of Korea IT KOREA Free & Speed WiFi Everywhere LTE-A(4.5G) Data connection Everywhere Four Seasons of KOREA BC 2333 ~ BC108 Three Kingdoms(57 BC ~ 935 AD) ABOUT Republic of KOREA "Folk dance and music" Joseon(1392 ~ 1897) § Pubs, Restaurant usually opens until 7am Korean usually drinks SOJU, 20% alchohol Friday night in korea called "Bullgum" - means firing friday There are many kinds of local liquors Lots of 24h convenience store Korean War (1950 ~ 1953) Application : 1 july 2011 Korean dance and music Military Duty on KOREA SPECIAL KOREA Korean Alphabet "Hangul" 918 ~1392 Main Industies & Companies 57 BC ~ 935 AD 1950 ~ 1953 Economic Index History of Korea Income How to overcome Economy-crisis Main Industries & Companies Relationship between EU and Korea Growth of Korea 1. King Sejong the Great invented Korean alphabet in 1446. 2. Alphabet organizes written language into syllabic units. 3. 14 consonants & 10 vowels 4. Easy to learn Economy of Korea 3-1 Korean food OECD Average working hours 1771 hours/year Germany working hours 1393 hours/year Can you use chopsticks? Ancient Korean kingdoms of Goguryeo, Baekje and Silla Shilla unified the peninsula by forming an alliance with Chinese Tang dynasty and attacking Goguryeo simultaneously Goguryeo (37 BC ~ 668 AD) Baekje (18 BC ~ 660 AD) Silla (57 BC ~ 935 AD) - the kingdom of 1000 years - One of the world's longest lasting kingdoms - Gyeongju, capital of the Shilla kingdom 1910 ~ 1945 Gojoseon (BC 2333 ~ BC108) Korean state founded by Taejo Yi Seong-gye that lasted for approximately five centuries (1392 ~ 1897) Expanded territory boundary up to Yalu river in north Confucianism was promoted by government Korean alphabet(Hangul) was invented Japan annexed Korea by force in 1910 Japan in 1938 outlawed use of Korean language in an attempt to eradicate Korean national identity Deep lament and resentment toward invaders prevailed in Korean literature and music, along with attempts to grapple with new, modern forms Divided Peninsula 3-1 Korean food Divided two nations on 1945 Sound of Hangul 1. Typically use few color, leaving background blank. 2. Often combined with poem. 3. Painters signed their artistic name and signature stamps. Goryeo(918 ~1392) "Court dance and music" Even like this small territory Seoul Traditional Arts: Painting 1945 Korean dress Index Night life in KOREA Laborforce by occupation KOREA 1392 ~ 1897 Colonial Period Japanese Rule (1910 ~ 1945) Every men over 18 they have to serve their duty They can choose the forces Army, Navy, Airforce, Marine Spending 3% of GDP (30,000,000,000 USD) GDP by Sector Hangul is a scientific system, invented following the shapes of vocal organs as they make sounds. Between China and Japan 50.912.264 Populations 100.210km² (1/3 of Germany) Uses their own language - Hangul No natural Resources - But many Manufacturers 4 Seasons are really obvious Founding Principle of this kingdom : Hongik Ingan which means to promote the benefits of humanity King Dan-gun established Gojoseon in 2333 B.C. Goryeo, also known as Koryo (918–1392) Korean dynasty established in 918 by King Taejo Koryo ----> Korea Goryeo celadon pottery Tripitaka Koreana(the Buddhist scriptures carved onto roughly 80,000 woodblocks and stored, and still in, Haeinsa) In 1945 at Postdam conference US (Truman), USSR (Stalin) and UK (Churchil) decided to divide Korean peninsula at 38th parallel without consulting Koreans. North Korea invaded south by launching surprise attack on 25 June 1950 United Nations forces led by US defended South Many Koreans lost or separated from family members in both south and north $50 1950s $67 1960s (Light Industry) $1,645 1970~80s (Ship, Automobile, Construction) $11,176 →$7,355 1997 (Financial Crisis) $20,759 1990s, 2000s (High-tech Industries) $22,670 Today Main Industries Main Companies Relationship betwen EU and Korea EU-Korea FTA Economic effects Increasing Import, Export, GDP and Employment rate EU Car(24%) Electronic(14%) Korea Designer Brand (24%) Wine(14%)
Transcript: Korean Music Origins of Rock music in Korea Developed after the Korean War until 1975 Declined in the period of 1980s and 1980s Under the influence of K-pop Pungmul (Nongak) Pansori Rock 1. Music and appearance 2. Fan obsession 3. Training 4. Corruption Criticisms Hip-Hop Linh and Maggie K-Pop 1. K-pop as a music genres and its development to a popular culture 2. The Korean wave 3. The Industry 4. Fandom Its expansion in the mid-90’s Korean Hip-Hop imbedded to the mainstream Korean music The scenes of B-boying and Freesstyle Rap Pungmul (Nongak) History of Korean Folk Music Korean Mainstream Popular Music
Transcript: Chatham Japan History Korea's Official Alphabet "Cho-gi-yo!" 11:30 p.m. Questions? Seokguram Toronto time Experience something new completely new. 11 UNESCO World Cultural and Natural Heritage Sites Seoul Contact Us firstname.lastname@example.org Gyeongbokgung Palace Toronto Gochujang: red pepper powder paste Official Korea Tourism Organization Korean BBQ China Seoul time Hangeul Wi Injung The first Korean Kingdom was founded in 2333 B.C. 위인정 Korean National Flower: Mugunghwa Insadong Gyeongju 위인정 Language Different foods. Gyoungju Average Temperatures and Rainfalls of Seoul Korean National Flag: Taegeukgi Haeinsa Bibimbab 'Hangeul' Contentㅅㅅ 위인정 Korea Hanriver Annyounghaseyo! Student & school life Canada: 35,160,000 Bulguksa Temple invented by King Sejong of Joseon dynasty in 1443 Travel. KONADA Education Confucian Beliefs 1. Respect your elders 2. Student & school life 3. Different dining 4. Different foods 위 Population Seoul Kyle Hanemaayer Different dining Kimchi Busan Seoul According to The Legatum Institue's 2014 Prosperity Index, Korea's economy ranked 9th out of 142 countries. Economy Modern Families Gochutgaru: red pepper powder So Korea has been around for about 5000 years. Korean Food 'spicy' 1. About Korea 2. Cultural Differences 3. Traveling in Korea 9:30 a.m. Cultural Differences As of 2014, the total population of Korea is 51,202,130 Traveling in Korea 위인정 Busan Detriot Injung Wi 위인정 the royal tombs Bulgogi Annyoung-ha-shim-ni-ga! http://english.visitkorea.or.kr/enu/index.kto Annyoung!
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