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Korean Presentation

Transcript: by Rayhan Aurelio Is a Korean Reunificaition Possible ? Background Information How did Korea split into two in the first place ? Aftermath of WW2 Post World War 2 - After the Japanese was defeated in 1945, Japan lost all of it's conquered territories including Korea (this is known as The Postdam Declaration). - The United Nation then decided that Korea will be splitted into two, the Northern part given to Soviet hands, while the Southern part was given to the United States. They were devided by the line also known as the 38th parallel. The Korean war - The Cold War started in 1947, after the rising tensions between the US (and it's allies) and the Soviets to show who was more powerful (communism or capitalism). The Cold War - Instead of fighting the USSR directly, the US would fight in proxy wars against the Soviets in numerous countries like Afghanistan, Vietnam, and Korea. The Korean War -On June 1950, under Stalin's command to Kim Il Sung, the North Korean began to invade the South which started the Korean War -Due to lacking in military funding of the South, the North easily took most parts of present day South Korea. -On July, the US aided the South and expanded it's territory all the way up to the Yalu river. -The Chinese feeling threatened by the war happening near their soil aided the North and pushed back the United States back down south. -Once the south is pushed back to the 38th parallel, peace talks start to occur between the nations, but nothing came out of it and only a cease fire was signed. Why has reunification yet to occur ? Why has reunification yet to occur ? Political reasons Political -North Korea has strong backing with their former Soviet neighbors which are Russia and China Allies Allies -South Korea has strong backing with countries formerly in the Allies side of World War 2 mainly the United States. -Given this, the background political ideologies of both nations already greatly differ. -North Korean's current leader Kim Jong Un is infamously known for being anxious on his power status. This is shown when he had reportedly executed his uncle Jang Song-Thaek in 2013 and his half brother Kim Jong Nam in early 2017 over the fear of being overpowered. Power Anxiety Power Anxiety Economy Economy -The South Koreans adopted the free market capitalist economy, closer to a Western ideology economy. Economic differences in both nations Economic differences in both nations -Meanwhile, the North officially adopted a socialist economy, however their economy is closer to a totalitarian dictatorship, due to it's heavy reliance on command economy. Unsurprisingly, due to this difference in the market system the South had managed to surpass the North by a huge margin. Who's better than who ? Who's better than who ? The Miracle of the Han River The Miracle of the Han River -The miracle of the Han river occured during 1961-1997, in which South Korea's economy increased tremendously, thus turning it from a developing country to a developed one. What is this miracle ? What is this miracle ? -This is mainly influenced by South Korea succesfuly hosting it's 1988 Summer Olympics, and the rise of large family conglomerates like LG, Samsung, and Hyundai. Cost of Reunification Cost of Reunification - Suppose South and North Korea were to reunite today, it would cost South Korea from 1 trillion to 4 trillion USD, depending on if they were able to retake the North peacefully or using war. In contrast, South Korea's current GDP is 1.4 trillion USD. How much would it cost ? How much would it cost ? - Reunification would also cost at least a decrease of 10,000 USD in GDP per capita of South Korea. Source: https://www.forbes.com/2010/03/15/north-south-korea-asia-reunite-opinions-contributors-charles-wolf-jr.html#3ea3a23477f1 It is important to also realize that there are also benefits of reunification for South Korea for them to spend a lot of money on reunifying. Benefits of Reunification Benefits of Reunification -What people might not have realized is that North Korea can actually be a rich nation if they wanted to. This is due to their natural resources including iron, gold, magnesite, zinc, copper, limestone, molybdenum and graphite that is nearly worth $6 trillion USD. This might make reunification a worthy investment to the South. Natural Resources Natural Resources - A lot of South Korean companies might see a benefit of reunification by the means of cheaper labor. If North Korea were to rejoin the South into a unified Korea, their status would be equivalent to that of a developing country which would result in cheaper labor. This may cause some companies to outsource their factories to the Northern part of Korea instead of abroad like to China. This would also increase employment rate in the country. Cheaper Labor Cheaper Labor Geogrpahical Geographical - North Korea acts as a hub to both China and Russia to South Korea a United States ally. Traditional Fear Traditional Fear -If North Korea gets liberated

Korean Presentation

Transcript: FACTS significance Displaced Civilians Folk Village SIGNIFICANCE Gwaneumsa - Buddhist temple trails -Gwaneumsa Trail -Seongpanak Trail Baengnokdam - crater lake linked the central region of Korea to the Yellow Sea trade movies JIRISAN TAEBAEKSAN HALLASAN SEORAKSAN HAN RIVER tourist attractions Main season for Seoraksan national park is autumn Cheonbuldong Valley Biryeong waterfall Ulsanbawi FOLKTALES HISTORICAL SIGNIFICANCE - Guryong Falls: -Nogodan Peak - Hwaeomsa temple - Ppachilsan during and after Korean War It rises 1915 ft above sea level Spans three provinces: North, South Jeolla, and South Gyeongsan 1st and largest park in South Korea Established in 1967 Total Area: 471.758 km^2 sunrise hiking tourist attractions SEORAKSAN - Namwon: Chunhyangjeon - Legend of Baemsagol valley, which is below Banyanbong (Northern foot of Jirisan) - Story at Sesok Pyeongjeon - Interesting fact about Song Heung-rok, the creator of dongpyeonje and the 'King of Pansori'. FACTS TOURIST ATTRACTIONS shield volcano jeju island elevation: 1950 m one of the three main mountains • 5,604 ft above sea level • third highest mountain in South Korea • located in the Gangwon Province in eastern South Korea JIRISAN tourist attractions TOURIST ATTRACTIONS facts FOLKTALES Han River ferry cruise Banpo Bridge biking/ walking trail Hangang Park By: Michelle Hwang and Michelle Fong Block 3 Korean 3A HAN RIVER Table of Contents The Geological Features of Korea Ulsanbawi fairies of Biseondae TAEBAEKSAN 319 miles source: Bukhan River & Namhan River mouth: Yellow Sea Banpo Bridge 4th longest river 1567 m Yeongbong Peak Janggunbong Peak Munsubong Peak one of the three sacred mountains of Korea FACTS HALLASAN facts

Korean Presentation

Transcript: "Kimchi" is important food to Korean. so spicy food. very healthy. -> Kimchi has many nutriments for health and good taste. "Bibimbap" The word "Bibimbap" literally means "Mixed rice". It is rice mixed with various vegetables, sliced beef and chili pepper paste called "Gochujang". "Bulgogi" is beef maintained in a sweet soy-based sauce and grilled, usually on a metal plate. Economic Idex GDP: $ 1.1296 trillion Rank: 15th GDP Growth: 2.04% Inflation Rate: 2.21% Unemployment Rate: 3.2% Working hour: 2,163 hours/year (SOURCE : 2012 IMF, World Bank) History of Korea`s national Income How to overcome Eonomy-crisis reform the policy Gold collecting campaign Main Industries & Companies Growth of Korea IT KOREA Free & Speed WiFi Everywhere LTE-A(4.5G) Data connection Everywhere Four Seasons of KOREA BC 2333 ~ BC108 Three Kingdoms(57 BC ~ 935 AD) ABOUT Republic of KOREA "Folk dance and music" Joseon(1392 ~ 1897) § Pubs, Restaurant usually opens until 7am Korean usually drinks SOJU, 20% alchohol Friday night in korea called "Bullgum" - means firing friday There are many kinds of local liquors Lots of 24h convenience store Korean War (1950 ~ 1953) Application : 1 july 2011 Korean dance and music Military Duty on KOREA SPECIAL KOREA Korean Alphabet "Hangul" 918 ~1392 Main Industies & Companies 57 BC ~ 935 AD 1950 ~ 1953 Economic Index History of Korea Income How to overcome Economy-crisis Main Industries & Companies Relationship between EU and Korea Growth of Korea 1. King Sejong the Great invented Korean alphabet in 1446. 2. Alphabet organizes written language into syllabic units. 3. 14 consonants & 10 vowels 4. Easy to learn Economy of Korea 3-1 Korean food OECD Average working hours 1771 hours/year Germany working hours 1393 hours/year Can you use chopsticks? Ancient Korean kingdoms of Goguryeo, Baekje and Silla Shilla unified the peninsula by forming an alliance with Chinese Tang dynasty and attacking Goguryeo simultaneously Goguryeo (37 BC ~ 668 AD) Baekje (18 BC ~ 660 AD) Silla (57 BC ~ 935 AD) - the kingdom of 1000 years - One of the world's longest lasting kingdoms - Gyeongju, capital of the Shilla kingdom 1910 ~ 1945 Gojoseon (BC 2333 ~ BC108) Korean state founded by Taejo Yi Seong-gye that lasted for approximately five centuries (1392 ~ 1897) Expanded territory boundary up to Yalu river in north Confucianism was promoted by government Korean alphabet(Hangul) was invented Japan annexed Korea by force in 1910 Japan in 1938 outlawed use of Korean language in an attempt to eradicate Korean national identity Deep lament and resentment toward invaders prevailed in Korean literature and music, along with attempts to grapple with new, modern forms Divided Peninsula 3-1 Korean food Divided two nations on 1945 Sound of Hangul 1. Typically use few color, leaving background blank. 2. Often combined with poem. 3. Painters signed their artistic name and signature stamps. Goryeo(918 ~1392) "Court dance and music" Even like this small territory Seoul Traditional Arts: Painting 1945 Korean dress Index Night life in KOREA Laborforce by occupation KOREA 1392 ~ 1897 Colonial Period Japanese Rule (1910 ~ 1945) Every men over 18 they have to serve their duty They can choose the forces Army, Navy, Airforce, Marine Spending 3% of GDP (30,000,000,000 USD) GDP by Sector Hangul is a scientific system, invented following the shapes of vocal organs as they make sounds. Between China and Japan 50.912.264 Populations 100.210km² (1/3 of Germany) Uses their own language - Hangul No natural Resources - But many Manufacturers 4 Seasons are really obvious Founding Principle of this kingdom : Hongik Ingan which means to promote the benefits of humanity King Dan-gun established Gojoseon in 2333 B.C. Goryeo, also known as Koryo (918–1392) Korean dynasty established in 918 by King Taejo Koryo ----> Korea Goryeo celadon pottery Tripitaka Koreana(the Buddhist scriptures carved onto roughly 80,000 woodblocks and stored, and still in, Haeinsa) In 1945 at Postdam conference US (Truman), USSR (Stalin) and UK (Churchil) decided to divide Korean peninsula at 38th parallel without consulting Koreans. North Korea invaded south by launching surprise attack on 25 June 1950 United Nations forces led by US defended South Many Koreans lost or separated from family members in both south and north $50 1950s $67 1960s (Light Industry) $1,645 1970~80s (Ship, Automobile, Construction) $11,176 →$7,355 1997 (Financial Crisis) $20,759 1990s, 2000s (High-tech Industries) $22,670 Today Main Industries Main Companies Relationship betwen EU and Korea EU-Korea FTA Economic effects Increasing Import, Export, GDP and Employment rate EU Car(24%) Electronic(14%) Korea Designer Brand (24%) Wine(14%)

Korean Presentation

Transcript: South Korea Study 10 things I would do in south Korea What festivals do south Korea have? independence day, Christmas, new years day, Children's day, Buddha's birthday, Memorial day, National foundation day, Hangeul day Try the traditional street food Check out the museums and see the history behind it all Go to the theme/amusement park (lotte world) Use the subway to check out the different cities check out what gangnam (city in Korea) is really like See the view from the Seoul tower Shop Have a look at the cat cafe Try a fancy restaurant walk along the Cheonggyecheon Stream About BTS Describe the south Korean flag From my research I discovered that the three bars in the top left corner symbolize heaven. The bars in the lower left symbolizes fire, and the one in the upper right symbolizes water. And the last bars in the lower right symbolizes earth. the white background represents peace and the yin-yang represents the universe the red represents the positive cosmic forces and the blue represents the negative cosmic forces. And the flag was adopted on January 25 1950 but there so many other different dates too Flora of south Korea What are some famous landmarks or places are in this country? some of the native plants are Maple,Oak,apple, peach,apricot and plum the famous landmarks in South Korea are Changdeo Kgung palace, Haeinsa Temple, Kyongbok Palace,Mt. Sorak, Popchusa Temple, Pulguksa Temple, Sokkuram at Bulguksa Temple. They are also one of the most visited places in South Korea. Fauna of south Korea Kyongbok Palace Haeinsa Temple Changdeo Kgung Palace Mt.Sorak some of the native animals are tigers,bears,lynx,deers and bears basically lots of animals and plants we have today. Pulguksa Temple Popchusa Temple Sokkuram at Bulguksa Temple Three famous people of south Korea Psy wrote a hit single gangnam style also won the 2012 best music video on YouTube now he continues to write songs K-pop Lee Chang-hwan is a professional archer and received a gold medal in the 2006 asian games now he practes for the next games in hope for a gold medal Son Yeon Jae is a awesome gymnast she is a member of the national south korean gymnast team she is 2014 asian games champion as she won a bronze medal K-pop, also known as Korean Popular Music is known for its catchy melodies, impressive dance moves, cool and colourful music videos, and very polished group members. In the last ten years, K-pop has been getting very popular globally. However, K-pop dates back to the 1950s, when Korean music started getting influenced by Western music and pop groups. Modern K-pop emerged when the trio 서태지 and Boys first performed on a talent show. This led to the formation of big entertainment companies such as SM Entertainment, JYP Entertainment, and YG Entertainment. The first idol group to debut was SM's H.O.T. Some of the popular groups from the last decade include Girls Generation, Big Bang, Wonder Girls, EXO, BTS, Twice, and BlackPink. design by Dóri Sirály for Prezi

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