Transcript: An EMU has many layers to protect astronauts from the vacuum of space, extreme temperatures, and the sun's harmful radiation. extreme environments are areas that are uninhabitable for humans here are all of the extreme environments deserts,oceans,polar regions,volcanoes, and outer space. what makes an extreme environment? in order to be an extreme environment it needs to be extremely hot or cold, have high radiation, no oxygen, and high pressure. scientist's believe that it is possible to live on the moon in case of emergency OUTER SPACE!! in the ISS people need to strap themselves if they don't they will be floating asleep! Astronauts exercise daily to combat the effects of microgravity. Scientists on the ISS are studying the effects of space on human bones. They are developing new technology that may be used for further space exploration. INTERNATIONAL SPACE STATION the moon It takes a moon 27.3 days to circle the earth but 29.53 days from one full moon to the next. Nothing that comes into a black hole comes out The ISS has lss (life support system) which acts like a tree it inhales carbon dioxide and exhales oxygen (why have they not put this on earth it would help a lot) Astronauts do not need space suits on board the iss, instead they wear t shirts. extreme environments if you saw someone being sucked into a black hole you would see them stuck in place and you wouldn't see them enter when in space your body will lose calcium that resultes in astronauts looking flimsy when they land on earth The EMU contains a thermostat that can be adjusted if the astronaut becomes too warm while working in space. Black holes have so much power and gravitational pull that they can even drag in light whitch causes distortion scientists hope it will become a refueling station for space crafts. gravity is very low on the moon resulting in really big jumps and very slow running The MMU (Manned Maneuvering Unit) is a nitrogen propelled backpack that attaches to the EMU that allows the astronaut to maneuver him/herself when outside of the spacecraft. An astronaut wearing an MMU can move foreward, backward, turn, and even do flips. Extravehicular Mobility Unit Black holes black holes are created when a large star explodes. the ISS is the biggest technological project in space
Transcript: Outer Space Have you ever thought about what we are compared to space? It's time to start brainstorming then So lets start with Inner Planets. We'll start with them because Earth is an inner planet! This is a picture I drew showing the Inner Planets. As the picture shows, the order of the Inner planets are Mercury, Venus, Earth, Mars. The Inner planets, or terrestrials, are smaller and closer to the sun. Did you know Mercury only takes 88 days to completely orbit around the sun?! That means about every 4 1/4 months Mercury completes its orbit! Venus is Earth's sister. However, it would be Earth's evil sister. It is called so because it is so hot, and deadly gasses. It takes about 225 days to orbit around the sun. Earth is the most popular planet. It takes 365 days to orbit the sun and is the only planet that can contain any life. Everyone knows Earth has one moon. But does everyone know it's name is Luna? Earth is also married to Uranus. Mars takes 686 days to orbit around the sun. About 2 years for us! Mars has 2 moons. Their names are Deimos and Phobos. Mars got it's name by the Greeks. You can see all of those cool stars just shining in the night, but do you know what they are? Have you ever looked outside at night and just stared at the stars? The stars are actually just big balls of gas that produce light! Now suppose one morning you saw the moon, Just think that people go there and explore to find new facts about it! How does the moon stay with us all of the time? Gravity from the Earth's atmosphere keeps the moon spinning with Earth. How do all of the planets rotate around the sun? The same way the moon does with the Earth. Pretend all of the planets were the sun's moons. Gravity from the sun keeps all of the planets rotating around it!
Transcript: Space has a lot of different planets and stars Venus Jupiter Mars Mars is the home of "Olympus Mons", the largest volcano found in the solar system. It stands about 27 kilometers high with a crater 81 kilometers wide. Saturn Earth Uranus is the seventh planet from the sun in our solar system. This huge, ice giant is covered with clouds and is encircled by a belt of 11 rings and 22 moons. Uranus' blue color is caused by the methane in its atmosphere. This molecule absorbs red light. Uranus Mercury Saturn is the second biggest planet, but it’s also the lightest planet. The ring that surrounds Saturn could be the remnants of a moon that was shattered by Saturn's gravity Space Venus is the brightest planet in our sky and can sometimes be seen with the naked eye if you know where to look. Yellow clouds of sulfuric acid reflect the sun's light brightly. Jupiter is the largest planet in the solar system. A day on Jupiter lasts only 9 hrs and 55 min. The red spot on Jupiter is the biggest, violent storm in the known universe. It's at least three times the size of earth. Earth has more exposed water than land. Three quarters of the Earth is covered by water! Earth also is the planet that has living beings on it. Mercury takes 59 days to make a rotation but only 88 days to circle the Sun. Many astronomers believe that Mercury might be the core of what was once a much larger planet. It appears to be a huge ball of iron covered by a thin layer of rock.
Transcript: Living in Space Could an impact of an asteroid cause life? Over 900 Confirmed Alien Planets: according to fox news Over the past two decades over 900 confirmed alien planets have been discovered, it wasn't till 1995 when a planet orbiting a star similar to ours was found. Possibilities The Final Frontier Outer Space Space expedition corporation 95,000$-200,000$ NASA is government funded 18.7 billion dollars spent on NASA per year 35 billion dollars spent worldwide per year for space research A study from NBC news found that the Milky Way is packed with billions of planets that are about the size of Earth. These planets orbit stars just like our sun, and exist in the Goldilocks zone — not too hot and not too cold for life. The milky Way is approximately 120,000 light years across. NASA stated "Beyond our own galaxy lies a vast expanse of galaxies. The deeper we see into space, the more galaxies we discover. There are billions of galaxies, the most distant of which are so far away that the light arriving from them on Earth today set out from the galaxies billions of years ago. So we see them not as they are today, but as they looked long before there was any life on Earth. " Searching for life in space decreased pressure causes you to grow 2 inches taller. lack of gravity shifts fluids upward causing your face to look puffy. there are 16 sunrises a day why they call landing a "the second birth" readjusting to life back on earth Costs
Transcript: constellations Parts of Outer Space Planets: (8 Planets: Mercury, Venus, Earth, Mars, Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, Neptune) My Very Educated Mother Just Served Us Nachos. Def: Examples: Parts of Outer Space def: celestial body moving in the sky as distinguished or body revolving about a star other than the sun def: massive luminous ball of plasma held together by gravity Moon (Io, Moon) asteriods Stars Mercury: moons comets Galaxies (Milky Way) Stars (Sun and Sirus) Asteriods (Asteriod Belt) any region of space beyond limits deterimed with reference to boundaries of celestial body or system galaxies Dwarf Planets (Pluto) dwarf planets Comets (Halley's Comet) Outer Space planets Planets Constellastions ( Leo, Aries, Aquarius, Scoprio, Cancer, and Gemini) Jovian and Terrestial Planets Differences: Terrestial planets are smaller in planet size than Jovian planets Terrestial planets: closer to the sun than Jovian planets Terrestial planets: compact rocky surface Jovian planets: gas gaints Jovian planets are less dense than terrestial planets Terrestial planets spin less than the jovian plaents due to the fact that terrestial planets tend to be less flattened at the poles stars
Transcript: the sun The Sun is the star at the center of the Solar System the sun is by far the largest object in the solar system. the sun contains more then 99.8% of the total mass of the solar system, jupiter contains most of the rest. The Sun is currently traveling through the Local Interstellar Cloud in the Local Bubble zone, within the inner rim of the Orion Arm of the Milky Way galaxy. Of the 50 nearest stellar systems within 17 light-years from Earth (the closest being a red dwarf named Proxima Centauri at approximately 4.2 light years away), the Sun ranks 4th in mass.[ galaxy galaxies often collide at speed of 500 kilometers per second the galaxy is merger of smaller galaxies the solar system well all this planits have ther own orvit around tha sun. It completes three rotations about its axis for every two orbits and orbiting the Sun once every 87.969 Earth days. The planet is named after Venus, the Roman goddess of love and beauty and orbiting the sun every 224.7 Earth days Earth's time to go around the sun is 365 days 6 hours and 9 minutes. Mars time to go around thi sun is 687 earth days to have a full year. jupiter's time to go aroun thu sun is about 4,330.6 earth days. Saturn is named after the Roman god Saturn, equated to the Greek Cronus (the Titan father of Zeus) and Saturn's mass is just over 95 times greater than Earth's. It is named after the ancient Greek deity of the sky Uranus (Ancient Greek: Οὐρανός), the father of Cronus (Saturn) and grandfather of Zeus (Jupiter). Named for the Roman god of the sea, it is the fourth-largest planet by diameter and the third-largest by mass. Neptune is 17 times the mass of Earth and is slightly more massive than its near-twin Uranus, which is 15 times the mass of Earth but not as dense. Pluto, is the second most massive known dwarf planet in the Solar System (after Eris) and the tenth most massive body observed directly orbiting the Sun. black holes However, the star will continue to shrink until the matter is all compressed into an infinitely small, infinitely dense point called a singularity. This is the centre of a black hole. Around a black hole there is an undetectable surface called an event horizon that marks the point of no return. Black holes of stellar mass are expected to form when heavy stars collapse in a supernova at the end of their life cycle. the bigest black hole is about 11 billion miles almost twice diameter of the orbit of pluto. black holes are made by stars or other massive objects A black hole is a region of space from which nothing, not even light, can escape. the 9 planets when stars are red is because ther old the color of the stars deped on the tempetur around them and more then u can count Historically, the most prominent stars on the celestial sphere were grouped together into constellations and asterisms, At the end of its lifetime, a star can also contain a proportion of degenerate matter For at least a portion of its life, a star shines due to thermonuclear fusion of hydrogen in its core releasing energy that traverses the star's interior and then radiates into outer space A star is a massive, luminous ball of plasma held together by gravity Other stars are visible from Earth during the night when they are not outshone by the Sun or blocked by atmospheric phenomena
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