Transcript: Courtesy of Photographer Spencer Grant Strong cyclical connection Creates low socioeconomic achievements Patterns suppress opportunities Mental Illness and Poverty Federal Government Action Courtesy of Science Photo Library Some claim relationship isn't prominent but: Poverty increases mental illness/hospitalization Economic hardships contribute to health Depression can cause occupational failure Failure can worsen symptoms of depression Living Conditions and Mental Illness Courtesy of Science Photo Library Effects on Occupation Intervention Works Cited Mental Illness & Socioeconomic Status: A Connection Counterargument Courtesy of Wellcome Department of Cognitive Neurology Courtesy of the Kaiser Family Foundation Recent protection insurance program low-income and needy people Entin ,Esther. “Poverty and Mental Health: Can the 2-Way Connection Be Broken?” The Atlantic. The Atlantic, 26 October, 2011. Web. 27 October, 2016. Galea, Sandro et al. “Urban Built Environment and Depression: A Multilevel Analysis.” Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health (1979-), vol. 59, no. 10, 2005, pp. 822–827. “H.R.2646-Helping Families in Mental Health Crisis Act of 2016.” Congress.gov. Library of Congress, 2016. Web. 2 November 2016. Ives, Aysha. “The Connection Between Poverty and Mental Health.” Insight Bulletin. Insight Bulletin, 6 August, 2015. Web. 27 October, 2016 Poor living conditions Lesser economic success Depressive disorders + poor environment = negative cycle Providing multiple methods of intervention Potential economic implications
Transcript: What is the narrator's illness in Edgar Allen Poe's "The Tell Tale Heart"? My Hypothesis My Hypothesis My hypothesis of the narrator's disease in Edgar Allen Poe's "The Tell Tale Heart" is a combination of Phobia and Schizophrenia. Phobia Phobia Phobia is one type of some anxiety disorders, and is a very powerful aversion of an object, creature, or thing that presents little or no real threat ("Specific Phobias"). The narrator shows signs of phobia of the old man's "Vulture Eye." The narrator spends hours watching the old man at night stealthily using his lantern to shine only on the eye. After murdering the old man, he is happy that he will never see the evil eye again. Symptoms Most patients don't have the same phobia as others and not in the same amounts. Patients usually try to aviod their phobia, but if they can't get away from their phobia these symptoms occur: Trembling Shortness Of Breath A Strong Desire To Get Away Rapid Heartbeat Fear And/Or Panic ("Phobias") Symptoms Background Information Backround Information Phobias can be very specific, like the narrator's phobia of the old man's "Vulture Eye;" then there are more general phobias like spiders. (Ribeiro) Treatments Most patients can be cured of their phobia. These treatments include: Medicine Therapy Both ("Phobias") Treatments Extra Information Experiencing phobias may limit work efficiency, disrupt a relationship, disgruntle everyday life, and/or reduce self esteem. Some phobias begin in childhood and subside after a period of time. Some terrors in phobia may not make any sense, but patients feel helpless against it. ("Specific Phobias") Extra Information Schizophrenia Schizophrenia Schizophrenia is one of several critical brain illnesses. Some patients who have this illness may hear things that aren't there like voices. Patients may also experience a fear that others are trying to harm them ("Schizophrenia" MedlinePlus). The narrator admits to having an illness, and I believe that he is referring to schizophrenia. The main symptom is the narrator's hallucination of hearing the old man's heartbeat grow after the old man is dead. He even thinks the policemen can hear the heartbeat and are just messing with him by not speaking about it. This is paranoia and a delusion. Also, the narrator spends hours and hours just watching the old man and planning the murder. The narrator has no sense of real time or real life and uses violence to solve his problem. Symptoms Symptoms Symptoms of schizophrenia may vary per patient but they include: Hallucinations Movement Disorders Lack In Expressions Anosognosia ("Lack Of Insight") Violent Actions Thought Disorders Reduced happiness in daily pleasers Delusions Muddled Speech ("Schizophrenia" NAMI) (sawerhaq) Background Information Backround Information No one know for sure what causes schizophrenia, but researchers and scientists have associated schizophrenia to many feasible causes like the features of brain chemistry and construction, and environmental causes. Sadly, there is no singular, easy treatment has been found for this illness. But there are treament that over time help keep schizophrenia. ("Schizoprhrenia" NIMH) Treatments Treatments Though there is no cure for schizophrenia, there are possible treatments that will stabilize when the symptoms. Such as: Therapy Phycosocial Rehabilition Medication Synthesis Of All ("Schizophrenia" NAMI) Extra Information Schizophrenia can occasionally run in families. Researchers and scientists have confidence that several varying genes may expand the risk of schizophrenia. Scientsts also think that a lack of harmony in the brain may cause chemical reactions, creating schizophrenia. ("Schizophrenia" NIMH) Extra Information Conclusion Conclusion After researching various types of mental illnesses, I feel that my hypothesis is correct. The narrator shows both a phobia and Schizophrenia as he becomes obsessed with the old man's eye, uses violence to destroy the old man, and hallucinates the sound of the old man's heart beat. (Gonzales) Works Cited Works Cited Ribeiro, S. “Block 1...Tell-Tale Heart Summary.” Mr. Ribeiro's 8th Grade Language Arts Page, Weebly, 18 Oct. 2016, sribeiro8thgradelanguageartspage.weebly.com/reading-block-1/block-1tell-tale-heart-summary. sawerhaq. “The Tell-Tale Heart.” Www.glogster.com, Glogster, 2015, edu.glogster.com/glog/the-tell-tale-heart/28v8o2p8n9e?=glogpedia-source. Images Gonzales, George. “The Tell-Tale Heart - Edgar Allan Poe Book Design.” George Gonzalez, Adobe Publisher, 0AD, georgeg.myportfolio.com/the-tell-tale-heart-edgar-allan-poe-book-design. Information “Schizophrenia.” MedlinePlus, U.S. National Library of Medicine, 30 Apr. 2018, medlineplus.gov/schizophrenia.html. “Schizophrenia.” NAMI Southern Arizona, NAMIsa.org, Sept. 2016, www.namisa.org/uploads/5/0/7/8/5078292/schizophrenia_2016.pdf. “Phobias.” MedlinePlus, U.S. National Library of Medicine, 6 June 2018, medlineplus.gov/phobias.html. “Schizophrenia.” National Institute
Transcript: YOUR Major Depression LOGO What is a mental illness/ disorder? A wide range of conditions that affect mood, thinking, and behavior. What is a mental illness/disorder? The persistent feeling of sadness or loss of interest that characterizes major depression can lead to a range of behavioral and physical symptoms. What is major depression? What is major depression? Therapy Cognative behavioral therapy Behavior therapy Psychotherapy Medication Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitor (SSRI) Antidepressant Anxiolytic antipsychotic Depression can be treated by a medical professional Current Treatments Current Treatments 16 million adults (6.9 percent of the population) had atleast one major depressive episode in 2012. It is one of the most common mental illnesses in the US. Depression commenly affects adults over 18. Prevalence Prevalence What are the signs and symptoms of major depression? Signs and Symptoms Signs of depression include changes in sleep, apetite, energy level, concentration, self-esteem, etc. Symptoms Mood: anxiety, loss of interest, guilt, hopelessness, sadness, etc. Behavioral: excessive crying, irritability, restlessness, or social isolation Symptoms of depression also include thoughts of suicide. Symptoms SPECIAL DATE SPECIAL DATE Name Birthday Department Name Years with company Department Other Women are twice as likely to get depression then men People who have exposure to neglect, violence, abuse, and/or poverty are more vulnerable to the illness Ludwig van Beethoven, Edgar Allen Poe, and Vincent van Gogh all experienced depression Other
Transcript: Obsessive Compulsive Disorder: OCD is a condition that torments the sufferer with unwanted thoughts ( obsessions) Symptoms: Person with OCD develops an obsession- Obsessions are excessive, unwanted, persistent thoughts or feelings that cause the person distress or anxiety. And may have compulsions-compulsions are the acts or rituals that people are driven to follow in order to try and relieve the obsessive thoughts Specific facts: approx. 1 in 40 adults suffers from OCD 1 in 200 children suffers from OCD there are 5 million people with OCD in the US OCD affects men and women equally The earliest signs of OCD have shown in preschool aged children Boys tend to develop OCD at an earlier age than girls (6-15 for boys 20-29 for girls) Doubters and sinners are afraid that if everything isn’t perfect or done just right something terrible will happen or they will be punished Checkers repeatedly check things (oven turned off, door locked, etc.) that they associate with harm or danger. Counters and arrangers are obsessed with order and symmetry. They may have superstitions about certain numbers, colors, or arrangements. Hoarders fear that something bad will happen if they throw anything away. They compulsively hoard things that they don’t need or use. Washers are afraid of contamination. They usually have cleaning or hand-washing compulsions. Exposure and Response Prevention (ERP) the patient is presented with his or her fear and the treatment helps the patient to resist their compulsion cognitive therapy combination with exposure and response prevention. Patients create a hierarchy of situations that cause distress and when they participate in exposure tasks, they are asked to pay particular attention to thoughts and feelings related to these situations resources http://www.camh.net/About_Addiction_Mental_Health/Mental_Health_Information/OCD/ocd_treatments.html#CBT http://www.anxietypanic.com/ocdfacts.html http://www.ocd-world.org.uk/ http://www.camh.net/About_Addiction_Mental_Health/Mental_Health_Information/OCD/index.html
Transcript: Panic Disorder Annaliese Goldwasser Also known as: panic attacks Panic Disorder Three types of Attacks: cued (out of the blue) uncued (exposure to situations) situationally predisposed (delayed after being in a situation) Was originally thought to have been part of depression The word "panic" comes from Greek mythology from the God "Pan" History Causes Not 100% sure what exactly causes them- varies per person Could be related to depression, alcohol abuse, smoking, and seasonal affective disorder indirectly caused by traumatic events (illness or accident, death of a family member) Medications (antidepressants) Symptoms Panic VS Anxiety Attacks Females are almost twice as at risk as males People in the age range of 18-25 are most at risk Who is most affected/at risk? Must be diagnosed by a doctor Reoccurring unexpected attacks Persistent fear of having another attack Diagnosis/Prognosis Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) - teaches how to control thoughts and actions in order to deal with attacks. Medications to help balance brain chemicals Maintaining a schedule, getting good sleep, exercise, and avoiding caffeine Treatment/Therapy Having a panic attack doesn't mean you have panic disorder 5% of the population will experience a panic attack while only 1-2% will actually suffer from the disorder Can come seasonally, similarly to seasonal affective disorder Other Information https://www.webmd.com/anxiety-panic/guide/mental-health-panic-disorder#1 Video Video https://www.verywellmind.com/anxiety-attacks-versus-panic-attacks-2584396 https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19698673 https://serenebeginnings.com/common-types-of-panic-disorders/ https://link.springer.com/chapter/10.1007/978-3-319-12538-1_1 https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S092493389880014X https://www.webmd.com/anxiety-panic/understanding-panic-attack-basics?scrlybrkr=93586f11 https://www.healthline.com/health/panic-disorder https://www.verywellmind.com/what-is-a-panic-attack-2584403 https://www.webmd.com/anxiety-panic/guide/mental-health-panic-disorder#1 Sources
Transcript: Nathan Bell Ekbom Syndrome (Delusional Parasitosis) Definition Definition Ekbom syndrome or Delusional parasitosis is a psychiatric disorder characterized by the patient's conviction that he or she is infested with parasites Noticeable Characteristics Noticeable Characteristics If somebody has delusional parasitosis they'll often describe an infestation of parasites in their house. The patient can experience sensations of itching, burning, crawling and biting that may lead to self-mutilation as the sufferer attempts to dig out the parasites. This causes minor scratches to gouged out pits and ulcers. Risk Factors Risk Factors Delusional parasitosis can occur in people of all ages, but the chances are higher among middle-aged or elderly women and young men with a history of abuse or methamphetamines or cocaine. Other risk factors are Young females who are divorced and have children Young female who have a history of drug abuse Low income or unemployment. Bascally things that are hard to go through Delusional parasitosis mostly occurs in white - middle aged or elderly women, but people of all races, sex and age can be affected. Type of people Type of people Antipsychotics such as pimozide, risperidone and olanzapine have all been used but should only be started under supervision from a dermatologist or psychiatrist. Prevention Prevention Symptoms: 1. May have hired several exterminators, entomologists, parasitologists, or hygienists 2. the “matchbox sign” which is where the sufferer offers for examination specimens kept in a small container such as a matchbox. Specimens usually consist of fragments of skin, hair, dried blood or scabs. Sometimes they may include living organisms such as ants or flies. Symptoms Symptoms Treatment Treatment To treat patients that have delusional parasitosis is often difficult because they are convinced of a infestation of “their” parasites. Sometimes the disease may get better and go away on its own but usally treatment with psychotropic medications is usually necessary. Often management of these patients is best handled through the cooperation of dermatologists, psychiatrists and entomologists. Antipsychotics such as pimozide, risperidone and olanzapine have all been used but should only be started under supervision from a dermatologist or psychiatrist. Medication Medication Do not “use the delusion” to encourage patients to accept certain treatments. For example getting a patient to take a psychotropic drug by telling them that this will “kill the parasites” only reinforces and validates their delusion. What to do What to do Some patients may be able to live with their infestation without drug or psychiatric treatment by receiving appropriate reassurance, support and attention from their doctor or dermatologist. Sometimes Sometimes Delusional parasitosis can be primary, secondary, or organic. Primary delusional parasitosis consists primarily of a single delusional belief of having been infested by parasites and comes under monosymptomatic hypochondriacal psychosis. Secondary delusional parasitosis can occur in the context of other mental disorder like schizophrenia, depression, and dementia. Organic delusional parasitosis occurs secondary to organic illness like hypothyroidism, vitamin B12 deficiency, diabetes, cerebrovascular disease, cocaine intoxication, HIV, allergies, and menopausal state. About the illness About the illness A patient that was experiencing delusional parasitosis had a lot of distress so much so that he convinced himself to get psychiatric attention. Brain Brain Help a friend Help Try to convince them to see a psychiatrist. In general it is very hard to convince someone that they have delusional parasitosis because they think that the parasites are real. To help yourself get diagnosed by a doctor and if you do have delusional parasitosis see a psychiatrist. Help yourself Help yourself The disorder affects over a 100,000 americans. Some that have delusional parasitosis might try to self treat there themselves with chemicals and harsh soaps because they are trying to get the “parasites” out of their body. People that use methamphetamines have a higher chance of getting delusional parasitosis. Facts Facts Delusional Parasitosis - Skin Disorders. (n.d.). Retrieved March 08, 2018, from https://www.merckmanuals.com/home/skin-disorders/parasitic-skin-infections/delusional-parasitosis Borel, B. (2012, May 22). What Is Delusory Parasitosis? Retrieved March 08, 2018, from https://www.livescience.com/33937-delusory-parasitosis-ekbom-syndrome.html Freudenmann, R. W., & Lepping, P. (2009, October). Retrieved March 08, 2018, from https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2772366/#r239 Suh, MD, FRCPC, K. N. (2018, January 31). Treatment of delusional infestation. Retrieved March 08, 2018, from https://www.uptodate.com/contents/treatment-of-delusional-infestation Resources to help deal with Delusional Parasitosis Resources to help deal with Delusional Parasitosis This
Transcript: MENTAL iLLNESSES Camila, Michael, Steven, Ashley John Nash "The only thing greater than the power of the mind is the courage of the heart." -John Nash Background Background Schizophrenia Schizophrenia Impact on the world Impact on the world Howie Mandel's OCD What does he have and how does he live with it? What is OCD? (International OCD Foundation) Obssession and Compulsion Who is Howie Mandel? (ABC NEws) Howie Mandel talks about his OCD (ABC News) Why should mental illnesseses not be hidden? (CNN News) Works Cited “Howie Mandel Talks About Living With OCD.” ABC News, 28 Nov. 2009, www.youtube.com/watch?v=dSZNnz9SM4g. “Mandel: Don't Hide Mental Health Issues.” CNN, 13 Jan. 2014, www.youtube.com/watch?v=mM1JHNC3KdQ. “What Is OCD?” International OCD Foundation, 26 Jan. 2018, iocdf.org/about-ocd/. Works Cited What do they have in common? * “Savant syndrome” is the name for a rare but extraordinary condition in which someone with serious mental impairment (often some form of autism) displays a spectacular “island of genius” amidst his overall disability. * There are two ways in which savant syndrome manifests: 1. Being born with it 2. After a damage to the left hemisphere of the brain Savant syndrome Savant syndrome * Occurs more frequently in males than females due to the slow growth of the left hemisphere in males. * There are 6 categories of savant syndrome: 1. Memorization 2. Lightening calculation 3. Calendar calculations 4. Musical ability 5. Artistic ability 6. Language ability Savant syndrome cont. Savant syndrome cont. * Was born blind in 1957 * Has remarkable savant abilities 1. Superior memory 2. A musical prodigy 3. Spatial awareness through echolocation. * Started singing at the age of 6 months * By age 4 she was already recognizing simple tunes on an electric organ. * By age 7 she was already transposing commercials, crowd sounds/mob sounds. *By age 8 she was able to keep track of time with imense accuracy. Ellen boudreaux's superpower Ellen boudreaux's superpower account, DaredevilVerified. “Daredevil (@Daredevil).” Twitter, Twitter, 18 Aug. 2017, www.twitter.com/daredevil. Hiles, Dave. “Savant Syndrome.” Savant Syndrome, 2001, www.psy.dmu.ac.uk/drhiles/Savant%20Syndrome.htm. Jawer, Michael. “Islands of Genius: How Savants Do What They Do.” Psychology Today, Sussex Publishers, 31 Aug. 2014, www.psychologytoday.com/blog/feeling-too-much/201408/islands-genius-how-savants-do-what-they-do. St. George, Rob. “Ellen Bourdeaux - Super Savant - Superhuman 44.” Real Life Superhumans, 15 Mar. 2015, www.sapienplus.com/ellen-bourdeaux/ Work cited Work cited jEAN CLAUDE VAN DAMME
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