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Presentation for "History for Historians."

Transcript: As part of this remodelling, the store expanded its selection of goods, offered seasonal sales, and issued regular catalogues—business practices still used by companies like Myer and David Jones. By the early twentieth century it sold everything from confectionary to clothing, offered a regional delivery service, and even manufactured some items locally. During this period, Foy & Gibson expanded their operations to Perth (1895), Prahran (1902), Brisbane (1903) and Adelaide (1907). The company was sold in 1955 to Cox Brothers, before closing entirely in 1968. Yet many of its buildings remain as landmarks in Collingwood. Prices variations or shortages? Discussion The first catalogue we have is for the winter and spring of 1913. Note that the prices are given for all items; including imported goods, such as cayenne pepper. The former Foy & Gibson factory and stable complex, on Oxford St in Collingwood. The significance of the catalogues Yet somewhat surprisingly, most goods remained available in the second Foy & Gibson catalogue, dating from the winter of 1918. At this point, the war was in its fourth year, having cost millions of lives and untold billions of pounds sterling. But besides the absence of prices for most items, the war appears to have had little effect on the availability of consumer goods. The outbreak of war in Europe in 1914 caused tremendous disruption to the world economy. Despite her remoteness, Australia was not exempt from this disruption. The nation was, at that time, strongly linked to British international trade. Indeed, it was significant that the Prime Minister Andrew Fisher pledged not only Australia’s last man, but also her last shilling to the defence of Britain—the burden placed upon the nation was to be not merely human, but material. As such, it might be expected that shortages or price rises of goods, due to disruptions to their manufacture or transit, might be reflected in Foy & Gibson's catalogues. Collingwood Historical Society, “Former Foy & Gibson factory buildings.” 2011. (accessed 26 May 2013). Dyster, Barrie and David Meredith. Australia in the Global Economy: Continuity and Change. Port Melbourne: Cambridge University Press, 2012. Foy & Gibson Pty Ltd, "Autumn and winter catalogue, no. 44, 1913," Foy & Gibson Collection. The University of Melbourne Archives (Brunswick, Victoria). ———, "Winter catalogue, no. 54, 1918," Foy & Gibson Collection. The University of Melbourne Archives (Brunswick, Victoria). The First World War and consumer shortages in Australia, as seen through the catalogues of Foy & Gibson A similar story is told by the illustrations of ladies' garments from the same catalogue (winter 1918). Note the prominent pleats on the skirts and blouses, and the generally loose fit. Unlike the rather frugal cuts of clothing which appeared during the Second World War, due to textile shortages, these clothes indicate that fabrics were in relatively plentiful supply. Sources Note that whilst prices for some items cannot be listed, most goods remain available. Whilst these catalogues are not revelatory, as they merely demonstrate what is already known about the Australian economy during the war, they provide an interesting insight into the social history of the period. Despite the horrific loss of Australian men in the war, life on the ‘home front’ retained much of its normality. As a net exporter, Australia suffered less from goods shortages than from a decline in export markets and credit. The true economic effects of the war would be felt in its aftermath, as international trade dried up—reaching crisis point during the depression of the 1930s, which impacted Australia particularly badly (largely due to its reliance on primary exports). Foy & Gibson were one of Australia’s first department store chains. The business was founded in 1870 by Mark Foy, an Irish immigrant. It began as a draper’s store on Smith Street, Collingwood, gradually expanding to six shops by 1880. It gained its name in 1883, when Foy decided to sell a share of the business to William Gibson, who had formerly worked at the firm of Mann, Byers and Co. in Glasgow. Foy died shortly thereafter, but Gibson continued to operate the company for several decades. After visiting the Bon Marche department store in Paris, during a trip to buy wares, Gibson was inspired to emulate the store’s model. A brief history, pt. 2 Foy & Gibson: a brief history The outbreak of the First World War Foy & Gibson’s seasonal catalogues were a key part of their business model during the early years of the twentieth century. They included listings of goods, frequently accompanied by illustrations, which had yet to be replaced by photographs as the dominant visual medium for advertising. Included were comprehensive prices for the season. As these catalogues were issued through the duration of the First World War, they provide an interesting insight into the availability and price

Ancient China Presentation (History)

Transcript: The Chinese government organization The way we invent things Have you ever thought of the risks or the chances that we will have from invading China? Well, here they are. Q4. What dangers does the government organization have against us when we first start invading? The army's organization Topic 1 (Governments Organization) Q3. What illnesses can be cured using Chinese medicine? The products that are used Topic 1 (Governments Organization) Using natural barriers for defenses Answer: It can not be hard retrieving these products if we go a certain way Obviously they speak a different language that we can't understand The Chinese Soldier The Chinese have more natural medicines and we have living things for medicines Q2. What products are used in the Chinese medicines? Is it hard retrieving these products? Q1. What advantages do the Chinese have against us from their natural deserts, rivers, mountains, jungles or man made obstacles? Answer: They can always out-smart us Q1. What are the differences between the Chinese government and our Roman government? Water sources from the rivers When we are lost, they are not Chinese and Roman Soldiers We have a shields, but we only have one main weapon a javelin. The Chinese have three weapons and are swords. We don't have armor completely cover our bodies. Answer: Message The Chinese government's dangers of his organization Things that the government does that helps us Q1. What medicines have the Chinese invented that are different to our Roman medicines? Q1. Do we have a chance of winning this invasion on the Chinese’s own turf? Why? Farm crops Answer: What things has the Chinese government done that is different to what we do Topic 3 (Geography) ANCIENT CHINA Answer: Answer: Answer: Building to get pass obstacles Herbal The Chinese soldier has three swords (Dagger, Small sword, Jian) and are completely clothed, However they have no shields. The Roman Soldier Topic 2 (Medicine) Q2. What advantages do we have against the Chinese from their natural deserts, rivers, mountains, jungles or man made obstacles? We have medicine for illness as well as issues, but the Chinese just have illness medicine Q3. Are there any lessons we could learn from the Chinese government? Answer: I think invading China is a no go. The cost of supplies we need, the 4,000 miles of walking, fighting off bandits, soldiers probably dying from the trip, it's just a waste of time, money and people. What's the point of invading if we are going to lose those things. So I think we should choose another country other than China. They know where they can over-power us during a battle or ambush We run our government different to the Chinese monarchy Q2. What part of China has the greatest chance for us to attack from? Why? It's their own turf The Chinese army being organized dangerously Acupuncture Answer: Q2. What makes the Chinese government organized or non-organized? Is it how they work, their own personality…? Should we invade China? References

Presentation for History

Transcript: India Hannah, Kara, and Ty -trading agriculture The Resistance tea and cotton In 1906 Muslims formed their own league to pursue their own goals Congress Party supported western style modernization Himalayan mountains Government Made law that Hindu widows could remarry India Includes: Sepoys - Indian Soldiers Indian nationalist leaders organized the Congress Party in 1885 LOCATION 1858 Parliment ended the rule of the East India Company Punjab Plain Colonial Power NATURAL RESOURCES Muslim League Thar Desert India is a peninsula located south of Pakistan and China and is septerated by the Himalayan Mountains Sepoys rebelled and marched to Delhi, they hailed the last Mugahal ruler believed in peaceful protests to gain what they wanted British East India Company - main goal was to make money Shares borders with China, Nepal, Pakistan, Bruma, Bhutan, and Bangladesh After 1858 India was under direct rule of Britain. - -forced to quit food production and to produce cotton (Industrial Revoluton) Geography -Britain -cotton production increased in Britain They wanted a greater democracy - 7th largest country in the world Large deposits of iron ore bauxite, aluminum ore, much of which is exported. Has many mineral resoures, inculding the world's 4th largest coal reserves A viceroy was used. - Concerned that Hindu rule would oppress Muslims -Supplies Supplies colonization Muslims and Hindus used to work together - British officials acted as leaders Indian National Congress Boardered by the Arabian Sea and the Bay of Bengal in the Indian Ocean. There Idea was to modernize India with western culture and technology.

Presentation for History

Transcript: 11-1-17 Presented by: Shalay How America Got it's Independence Townshend Acts & Boston Massacre Townshend Acts & Boston Massacre The Townshend acts was a tax on items that were only paid once at sea ports. The two sides involved were the British and the colonists. The Townshend Acts took place in the American colonies. This event happened in 1767. This happened because, the British were taxing the colonists to help pay off their own debt from the french and indian war and also to help pay for guarding their new territories. The townshend acts are important because it helped increase the tension between the British government and the colonists. The Boston Massacre The Boston Massacre The bostonians were mad because of the taxes and because the British were taking control over Boston, and they wanted the British to react to it. The two sides involved were the British and the Bostonians. This took place in Boston during 1770. This happened because the the colonists were mad about taxes and that the British troops were taking control over Boston. This is important because it was the tipping point for the colonists because they were getting really mad. Pictures of Townshend Acts & Boston Massacre Townshend Acts Pictures of How the Townshend Acts and the Boston Massacre Looked. Boston Massacre Intolerable Acts & First Continental Congress Intolerable Acts & First Continental Congress The intolerable acts was to punish Massachusetts people for their resistance to the British laws. The two sides involved were the British government and the American colonies. It took place at the colonies in 1774. This happened because Massachusetts people had resistance to British laws. It's important because it prevented food, and other supplies from coming to the colonies. First Continental Congress Intolerable Acts The Intolerable Acts were a political body to represnt American interests and to challenge British control. Delegates from the colonies was the only side involved. It took place in Philladelphia in 1774. This happened because they wanted to represent American interests and challenge British control. This is important because the colonists want to become independent. Pictures of Intolerable Acts and First Continental Congress Pictures of Intolerable Acts and the First Continental Congress Intolerable Acts First Continental Congress The Second Continental Congress & the Declaration of Independence People came together to govern the colonies. People that were involved were Delegates, Samuel and John Adams, George Washington, Patrick Henry, and Richard Henry Lee. It took place in Philadelphia in 1775. It happened because people wanted to govern their colonies in America. It's important because it caused the Continental army to fight against the British army. Second Continental Congress & the Declaration of Independence The Declaration of Independence The Declaration of Independence The Declaration of Independence declares that America wants to be a separate nation. People that were involved were Thomas Jefferson and the Congress. It took place Philadelphia during 1776. This happened because wanted to be a separate nation. It's important because we are still a independent nation today and it gave everyone their own rights, and freedom. Pictures of the Second Continental Congress & the Declaration of Independence Pictures of the Second Continental Congress and the Declaration of Independence The Second Continental Congress The Declaration of Independence

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