Transcript: "It is not tyranny we desire; it's a just, limited, federal government." Constitutions should consist only of general provisions; the reason is that they must necessarily be permanent, and that they cannot calculate for the possible change of things. Quotes: Impact on the Success of the Revolution Strong advocate of colonial unification to defeat the British (refutes of Revered Samuel Seabury). Aide to General George Washington (drafted and handled his letters, advised him in military and diplomatic matters) Instrumental leader in the Battle of Yorktown. After the Revolution Legacy After the Battle of Yorktown, Hamilton was elected as a member of Congress, serving in 1782 and 1783. He practiced law in the New York bar for four years, and in 1787, he was one of New York's delegates to the Constitutional Convention, where he spoke in favor of a strong federal government. He is the main author of the Federalist Papers, 85 papers that explain the new Constitution, which also made him the widely accepted founder of the Federalist Party. From 1789-1795, Hamilton was the first Secretary of the Treasury of the United States and adviser to President Washington. From 1798 to 1800, Hamilton served as President Adams' Inspector General and General of the United States Army. He continued to be an influential player in politics; after his case against New York Governor candidate Aaron Burr in 1804, causing Burr to lose the election, Burr challenged Hamilton to a pistol duel, which Hamilton lost, resulting in his death on July 12, 1804. Early Life Alexander Hamilton was born on January 11, 1755, to Rachel Fawcett, out of wedlock, on the island of Nevis in the British West Indies. He spent most of his childhood on the island of St. Croix. After his father, James Hamilton, abandoned him in 1765, and his mother died in 1768, Hamilton began living on his own. He worked with a mercantile firm on the island for four years and soon became recognized by the wealthy citizens of the island for his vast intellectual potential. With donations from them, he was sent to the American colonies in 1772 to attend King's College (now Columbia university) in New York. He began political writings as early as 1774 and dropped out of college in 1775. In 1774 and 1775, Hamilton published his first political writings, which stated that uniting the colonies was the only way to gain independence. Shortly after, Hamilton became an officer in the Continental Army. He led an artillery unit called the Hearts of Oak to several important victories from 1776 to 1777 at battles such as the Battle of White Plains and the Battle of Trenton in New York. He was then promoted to Lieutenant Colonel and right hand man to General George Washington. Four years later, in 1781, Hamilton led a light infantry unit that was key to victory in the Battle of Yorktown, the battle famous as the moment of American Victory in the Revolutionary War. During the Revolution Alexander Hamilton Author of the majority of the Federalist papers and an important factor in the successful ratification of the Constitution Founder of the Federalist Party First Secretary of the Treasury Founder of the first national bank and the United States Mint Created a strong young economy for the United States
Transcript: 1755 1765 1766 1773 1774 Hamilton writes his first political pamphlet, "A Full Vindication of the Measures of Congress," supporting the right of the First Continental Congress to authorize a trade boycott of England. Hamilton signs himself, "A Friend to America." 1776 March 14: Hamilton becomes captain of the 1st Battalion, 5th Field Artillery Unit. Hamilton conducts himself with skill during General George Washington's subsequent retreat through New York, and draws the Continental Army commander's attention. December 26: Hamilton's artillery unit takes part in Washington's successful capture of Trenton, New Jersey. 1777 January 3: Hamilton participates in the battle of Princeton. March 1: Washington promotes Hamilton to lieutenant colonel and makes him aide-de-camp. 1778 1781 November: Hamilton leaves active military service. 1780 He Marries Elizabeth Schuyler, she was the daughter of a New York landowner and Politician, Gerneral Phillip Schuyler. 1782 1787 1789 1795 On January 31, 1795 Hamilton resigned from his position of Secretary of the Treasury and returned to the practice of law in New York 1804 March: Dropped by Jefferson and his allies from the Republican re-election ticket, after four years of distrust Burr decides to run for New York governor. Both Jefferson and Hamilton oppose him, and Burr loses by a wide margin. April: A published letter asserts that Hamilton has expressed a "despicable opinion" of Burr without providing specifics. June 18: Burr writes to Hamilton demanding an explanation, which Hamilton does not provide. Hamilton wants to respond to a specific insult -- which Burr cannot provide. A series of letters over the next few days escalate tensions until arrangements are made for a duel on July 11, to be held at Weehawken. July 11: Hamilton is mortally wounded by Burr and dies the next day after suffering considerable physical agony. Bibliography The Hamiltons move to the Danish island of St. Croix, but James soon leaves his family, and Alexander never sees his father again. Birth http://static.tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pub/images/alexander_hamilton_portrait_by_john_trumbull_1806_1789.jpg http://law2.umkc.edu/faculty/projects/ftrials/burr/hamiltonbio.htm Death Impressed at his amibtion to learn the local people provided funds to send Hamilton away to school in New york. 1785 1800 1790 "The New Book of Knowledge", Volume 8 (H) , pg 15 to 16 FACTS June 28: Hamilton fights in the battle of Monmouth 1760 http://didyouknow.org/tendollar/ http://brainsyndicate.files.wordpress.com/2010/05/final199910snbl00002040a.jpg October: Hamilton, James Madison, and John Jay begin writing The Federalist, more popularly known as The Federalist Papers. Which Consists of 85 Essays supporting ratification of the Constitution He was the first United States Secretary of the Treasury. A portrait made in 1805 has continued to appear on US postage and currency, and most notably appears on the modern $10 bill. 1775 Alexander Hamilton July: Hamilton is made receiver of continental taxes for New York. November: Hamilton arrives in Philadelphia as an elected representative to the Continental Congress. http://www.gutenberg.org/browse/authors/h#a1 At age 11, Alexander begins clerking at a St. Croix business office. 1770 Appointed as the Secretary of the Treasury by President Washington On January 11 1755 Alexander Hamilton was born. On the British island of Nevis in the West Indies.
Transcript: Timeline Aja Pearson, Albert Janes, Anahiz Ruiz 1757 He was born on January 11, 1757 His father left him and his mother at an early age His mother died of yellow fever when he was still a child After his mother died he moved in with his cousin who then later committed suicide Fun Fact He had his first job at the age of 11 Childhood 1773 Alexander Hamilton was very intelligent even at a young age. He spent most of his time on the islands reading books trying to get his education up. The people in the islands knew this and told him he should go to the colonies to higher his education. Moving to the colonies 1777 Revolutionary War He took an early role in the militia as the American Revolutionary War began. In 1777, he became a senior aide to General Washington in running the new Continental Army. After the war, he was elected as a representative from New York to the Congress of the Confederation. 1781 The victory battle Washington preparing his troops for the final battle of the Revolutionary War in Yorktown. Alexander Hamilton is the rider on the right.The plan worked: Hamilton's troops took control of the redoubt within 10 minutes and with few American deaths. 1797 The Reynolds pamphlet The Hamilton–Reynolds affair involved Secretary of the Treasury Alexander Hamilton, who had a one-year affair with Maria Reynolds during George Washington's presidency. Upon discovery of the affair by Maria's husband, James Reynolds, Hamilton paid him over $1,300 of blackmail money to maintain secrecy. 1804 His death Alexander Hamilton and Aaron Burr battle in a dual which caused Hamilton's death. It is said that Hamilton shot up in to the sky while Burr killed on his turn. he died on the same land as his son Philip.
Transcript: Christian (Episcopalian) Wrote two or three hymns Before his death, Hamilton spoke of his beliefs Taught by student of John Witherspoon Federalist Party Formed by Alexander Hamilton Only President in Federalist Party was John Adams Main Rivals were the Democratic-Republican Party led by Thomas Jefferson His mother Rachel Fawcett Lavine was a French woman Married Elizabeth Schuyler in 1780 Had 8 kids: Phillip, Angelica, James Alexander, John Church, William Stephen, Eliza Hamilton Holly, and Phillip ("Little Phil") Elizabeth Schuyler Law Career Bibliography West Indies Alexander Hamilton Religion Fought in Revolutionary war Fought in the battles of Long Island, White Plains, and Trenton. Promoted to lieutenant in 1777 Caught Washington's attention and became Washington's assistant. Military Career Aaron Burr Childhood By Dan Shao Died July 12, 1804 Killed by Aaron Burr in a duel Burr challenged Hamilton because of offensive comments said during the election for Governor of New York. Family Political Career Born on January 11, 1755 or 1757 in Nevis, West Indian Islands Became an orphan when he was 11 Chose to study law instead of being Washingtons adviser Took on many cases including the Rutgers vs. Waddington Case One of the first constitutional lawyers Death Helped influence the Constitution Wrote 51 essays for "The Federalist Papers" Appointed by George Washington and became the Secretary of Treasury. Helped with the Jay Treaty Delegate to the Congress of the Confederation of New York Pictures from Google Images, Sites Used: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alexander_Hamilton http://www.biography.com/people/alexander-hamilton-9326481 http://www.u-s-history.com/pages/h445.html
Transcript: Alexander Hamilton How He Strengthened the New Nation Presentation by: Madi Kellie Cassidy Haley born on Caribbean island of Nevis in 1755 faced poverty but worked up to trading company came to NY and served as officer in Revolution became 1st Secretary of the Treasury helped strengthen the new nation developed 2 part plan to repay country wide debts wanted to buy up all bonds in the country before 1789 bond - promise to repay money loaned by the government borrowed from people sell new bonds to pay off old debts government would be able to pay off new bonds when economy improved wanted national gov. to pay off debts owed by states wanted the people to trust the government James Madison opposed plan Madison found it unfair (it would reward speculators) speculator - someone willing to invest in risky venture in hope of making a large profit government paid citizens who supplied goods during Revolution bondholders sold their bonds to speculators for cash to survive speculators bought bonds for WAY less then they were worth (ratio of 10 cents for a $1 bond) government repaid bonds in full to the speculators speculators did not deserve to make such profits Hamilton wanted to gain trust of citizens using bonds support of investors was needed to build nation's economy Hamilton convinced Congress to repay national debt Hamilton wanted the federal gov. to pay state debts - Madison disagreed south states had paid their debt in full, but north was still in debt south wanted to move nation's capitol to the south offered to persuade north to vote for a capital in the south if south allowed the gov. to pay off the north's debts capital was called District of Columbia when states agreed compromise accepted Alexander Hamilton was the first Secretary of Treasury bond - a certificate which promises to repay the money loaned plus interest from the government speculator - someone willing to invest in a risky venture in the hope of making a large profit James Madison opposed both of Hamilton's plans the Northern states were in debt Hamilton wanted the federal government to pay off bonds James Madison opposed Hamilton's plans because he found them unfair Hamilton wanted the government to pay off bonds so that the people would have trust in the government the new capital in the south was called, The District of Columbia What We Learned Compromise Oppositions to Plan Background Info/Biography Hamilton's Plan
Transcript: Intellectual Arch-nemesis Successful in getting many ideas adopted... lawyer CIVIL WAR... but still an issue? FEDERALISTS Alexander Hamilton Whiskey Rebellion Economist "Founding Father" ANTI-FEDERALISTS State Sovereignty mandy A Brief Lesson ANTI-FEDERALISTS Mercantilism MAndy Stanton political philosopher First Secretary of the Treasury Lawyer Military Officer Military officer ECONOMICS vs.
Transcript: Maygen Marx Hamilton was the first secretary of treasure Delegate to the Constitutional Convention Major author of the Federalist papers Was the United States' first secretary of the treasury. "I never expect to see a perfect work from imperfect man" Alexander Hamilton was born on the West Indian Island of Nevis. His father, of Scottish ancestry, remained in Scotland during Hamilton's childhood due to a debt, forcing his mother to rely on friends and relatives for financial support. Around the age of ten the family moved to the nearby island of St. Croix where his mother died soon after. Friends and relatives took an interest in the future of the young Hamilton by encouraging him to work as a mercantile clerk and to read and write, activities at which he excelled despite his lack of proper schooling. Hamilton was determined to better his life so he took his first job at the age of 11. He worked as a clerk in an accounting firm in St. Croix. Alexander quickly impressed his employer. Hamilton's boss pooled his resources to send Hamilton to America for an education. When Hamilton was around 16 years old, he arrived in New York, where he enrolled in King's College (later renamed Columbia University). Despite his gratitude toward his generous patrons, with the American colonies on the brink of a revolution, Hamilton was drawn more to political involvement than he was to academics. In 1774, he wrote his first political article defending the Patriots' cause against the interests of pro-British Loyalists. Hamilton left King's College before graduating to join forces with the Patriots in their protest of British-imposed taxes and commercial business regulations. At the age of eighteen he entered the American army as an officer of artillery. The first sound of war awakened his martial spirit, and as a soldier he soon conciliated the regard of his. It was not long before he attracted the notice of Washington, who in 1777 selected him as an aid, with the rank of lieutenant colonel. His sound understanding, comprehensive views, application and promptitude soon gained him the entire confidence of his patron. Alexander Hamilton was the chief debater in the convention which framed the federal constitution, and the chief advocate of that instrument after its completion. His frankness has been commended even by those who considered his political principles as hostile to the American confederated republic. His views of the necessity of a firm general government rendered him a decided friend of the union of the American States. His feelings and language were indignant toward every thing which pointed at its dissolution. His hostility to every influence which leaned toward the project was stern and steady, and in every shape it encountered his reprobation. At the Constitutional Convention, Hamilton played little part in the writing of the Constitution itself, although he served on the committees that outlined convention rules and writing style. No one was better prepared to defend the Constitution than New Yorker Alexander Hamilton. In 1787-88 he worked with John Jay and James Madison to write series of 85 essays in support of the Constitution. Known as "The Federalist," these remarkable essays proved critical in achieving ratification of the document in New York, as well as the rest of the nation. The essays were published under the pen name Publius. Hamilton himself wrote more than two-thirds of them. http://www.biography.com/people/alexander-hamilton-9326481?page=3 http://colonialhall.com/hamilton/hamilton4.php http://www.ushistory.org/brandywine/special/art08.htm http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/duel/sfeature/hamiltonusconstituion.html Military Career Honest Politician Early life for Alexander Born January 11,1757 on the island of Nevis in the British West Indies. Hamilton was the product of an adulterous affair. Early Life What was he known for? -Alexander Hamilton Works Cited Alexander Hamilton
Transcript: In conclusion, Alexander Hamilton aided our country more than we know. His letter written about a hurricane that hit his hometown in 1772 describing the decline people sent him to New York where he received his education. After graduating Alexander entered the Revolutionary War where he flourished receiving numerous promotions and leading a victorious fight through the Battle of Yorktown. These series of events led to his position as Secretary of Treasury where Alexander Hamilton aided how we handle our money imports and exports giving us a respectable treasury. Secretary of Treasury 1775 Hamilton fought in the Revolutionary War. Bewtween 1775-1798 he fought in many battles making victory out of most. His skills in the military impressed, at the time, General Washington. It was after this war that Washington appointed him Secretary of Treasury Few years after his father left Hamilton took a job as an accounting clerk.Hamilton became very skilled with his job impressing his boss who gathered with other businessmen and a news editor to send him to America for an education. Previously, Hamilton had roused the editor, Hugh Knox, with his famed letter about the hurricane that hit St. Croix in 1772. Conclusion By:Nadia S. History Becoming one of Washington's Secretary of Treasury allowed Hamilton many opportunities and a large voice within our country.Hamilton was in the middle of a number of cabinet battles for the amount of power treasury should have. One of his first acts had to deal with paying for the Revolutionary Hamilton also placed a proposal for the country's national bank. It took a battle using the implied powers and a compromise between the secretary of state, Thomas J., to create the national bank. In summary, throughout Alexander Hamilton’s life he helped mold and ascend our nation’s government. Major General Alexander Hamilton Alexander Hamilton In the beginning of our country’s time, like most of political figures, Alexander Hamilton aided a lot more in our government than what he is credit for. add logo here
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