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20th Century Presentation

Transcript: 20th Century: Modern Period By: Alice Rockborn Introduction What is 20th Century music? The 20th century brought big changes to music as composers and performers tried new things and moved away from traditional ways. Classical music changed a lot, with new and modern styles like atonality and electronic music. Jazz also grew and became more expressive. Pop music styles like rock and electronic dance music became popular too. All these changes made the 20th century an exciting time for music. Instruments Instrumets used: In the 20th century, there were many different musical instruments used, such as the piano, violin, guitar, and drums, among others. The development and use of various instruments were influenced by different factors. These include the growth of technology, cultural exchange and experimentation, modernization of classical music, and mass production, which made instruments more affordable and available to more people. Some instruments were even created, like the electric guitar and synthesizer. All these factors contributed to a diversity of sounds and genres in the twentieth century. Features Features Used: Modernism in music embraced new approaches and abandoned traditional forms. Minimalism stripped away complexity and focused on repetition and simple patterns. It influenced American art music as well as post-rock and electronic music. Impressionism emphasized tone and atmosphere over melody and harmony, and this influenced avant-garde, electronic, and experimental music. Neo-classicism emerged as a reaction to the excesses of the Romantic era in classical music, seeking to return to the formal clarity and order of the Classical era. Its principles were incorporated into the music of many composers and helped to revive interest in Classical aesthetics. Composers Composers Igor Stravinsky - Russian/French composer known for his neo-classical and serialist compositions Arnold Schoenberg - Austrian composer and pioneer of atonal music and the twelve-tone technique Claude Debussy - French composer associated with impressionism George Gershwin - American composer known for his popular Broadway shows and blending of jazz and classical styles Aaron Copland - American composer known for his incorporation of American folk themes into his works Benjamin Britten - English composer and pacifist known for his operas and vocal works Sergei Prokofiev - Russian composer known for his innovative orchestration and integration of folk music into his compositions Béla Bartók - Hungarian composer known for his use of folk elements and his contributions to ethnomusicology Dmitri Shostakovich - Russian composer known for his symphonies and operas that often depicted Soviet life John Cage - American composer known for his avant-garde and experimental compositions, including pieces that incorporated silence and chance elements. Music Clip Modernism Modernism Modernism refers to a cultural movement that emerged in the late 19th and early 20th century, which embraced new ideas, techniques, and modes of expression in art, literature, music, and other fields. In music, modernism involved breaking away from traditional forms and methods of composition and adopting new approaches and styles that reflected the rapidly changing cultural and social landscape of the time. These new musical styles were often characterized by experimentation, innovation, and a rejection of conventional musical structures and forms. Fun Facts Fun Facts Elvis Presley's first single, "That's All Right," was recorded in 1954 and is considered by many to be one of the first rock and roll songs. The Beatles' 1967 album Sgt. Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band was a groundbreaking album that ushered in the era of concept albums and transformed the world of popular music. The 20th century saw the rise of many iconic musicians such as Louis Armstrong, Frank Sinatra, Bob Dylan, Michael Jackson, Madonna, and Beyoncé. "Stairway to Heaven" by Led Zeppelin is widely considered to be one of the greatest rock songs of all time. The 20th century also saw the emergence of various music festivals, such as Woodstock and Coachella, which have become iconic events in the music calendar. The synthesizer, a key instrument in electronic music, was invented in the 20th century by Robert Moog. The musical "Hair," which debuted in 1967, was one of the first musicals to incorporate rock music and address social issues such as race and sexuality. The iconic US TV show "The Ed Sullivan Show" introduced many famous musical acts, including The Beatles, Elvis Presley, and The Rolling Stones, to American audiences. The famous DJ and producer, David Guetta, is credited with popularizing the genre of electronic dance music (EDM) in the late 20th and early 21st centuries. The 20th century was a time of great musical innovation, with new and experimental genres of music, such as punk, hip-hop, and grunge, emerging and shaping the sounds of modern music.

20th Century Presentation

Transcript: My 20th Century Project By Libby Buening Amelia Earhart Amelia's Early Life Amelia's Early Life Amelia Earhart was a women who shaped womens' rights all across the country. She wouldn't have been able to be so successful if it weren't for her family that raised her. Grandma Otis Grandma Otis When Amelia was just three years old, she was sent off to live with her grandmother in Atchinson, Kansas. Her parents thought it was a good idea since her grandma needed company and Amy Earhart had to worry about another child at home. In 1908, her father got a better job and Amelia had to leave her grandmather to move to Des Moines, Iowa. Unfortunately, Amelia and her family never got to see Grandma Otis again because she passed away in February 1912. Strict Rules Grandma Otis was a very traditional woman and was very insistent with having ladylike behavior. She didn't except dirty clothes or poor table manners. If Amelia wanted to get messy in the backyard, her grandmother would make a big fuss out of it. Strict Rules Pictures Daddy's "Sickness" Daddy's "Sickness" The good thing about moving to Des Moines is that Edwin got paid a lot of money. The Earhart's hired a cook and a maid and loved to visit the symphony. Then one day, Edwin came home from the bar with some other employees after a long day at work. It started happening more and more and soon, the whole town heard about his drinking problem. This shaped Amelia's childhood forever. Amelia's Career As Amelia grew older, she attended schools and worked at different places till she discovered what she wanted to do for a living Amelia's Career From first grade to 6th grade, Amelia went to the Atchinson College Prepatory School. At age 19, Amelia attended the Ogontz school which was know for one of the best college-prepatory school in the country. She was very into math, science, and politics.After World War I, she headed to Columbia University in New York and took pre med classes. Soon after she realized that she would rather fly than be a physician. Later she moved to California with her parents and started taking flying lessons. Schooling Schooling Amelia's first job was when she was 16 and she worked at a grocery store three miles away. Every single day she would walk there and back because she wanted to save every penny she could. After dropping out of she lived in Toronto with her sister, Muriel, and volunteered as a nurse's aid during World War I. When she lived in California, Amelia worked at a telaphone company to pay for her flight lessons. Then she worked at the Denison House which helped with immigrants. Work Work Amelia in the Air The Last of Amelia One day a guy called Amelia on the phone and changed her life forever. She was offered to be the first woman to fly across the Altlantic Ocean. She set off on June 3rd 1928 and successfully made it across. Soon everyone knew who she was because of her famous autobiography, Our Flight in the Friendship. She started breaking records left and right until one day she started to plan her around-the-world flight. Her first step had to be who she was going to take with her. Fred Noonan was recomended to her so she offered him the job. On May 21st, 1937, she was finally ready to take off. In the beginning it was pretty easygoing and they touched many countries along the way. Many times they encountered fog and rain when they were flying through Africa which was extremely dangerous. Before they knew it, Fred and Amelia were headed towards Howland Island, a very tiny island in the middle of the Pacific Ocean. While people were down on the ground of the island, Amelia was way up high and all she had a radio with very poor connections. Unfortunately this wasn't enough to find Itasca and Amelia and Fred have since been lost at sea! The Last Flight The Last Flight The Impact it had on America The Impact It had on America Amelia Earhart was a very brave women who is still important to Women's History today. This topic is important to U.S. history because Amelia was one of the first female pilots, and many women look up to her still to this day. She convinced girls all across the country to become fearless and perservere in their hopes and dreams.

20th Century English Literature

Transcript: Provides a bridge from the Victorian Age up to the 20th century. Drama in modern Britain thrives: Several major playwrights and theatrical movement, many accomplished actors and inotative directors have established Britain's theaters as models of the world. (1888-1965) Thomas Stearns Eliot was one of the most influential writers of his time. a pioneer among the 1st modern poets who are now reffered to as Modernist. he sought to make sense of modern life. Books: Preludes; The Hollow Men World War I (1886-1967) known as one poets who voiced their generation's anger over the futility and suffering of World War I. his poetry changed drastically after he entered the British Army to fight in WWI. Book: Everyone Sang 20th Century English Literature British fiction darning innovation produced a stuuning string of achievement. Short story was developed in America bye Edgar Allan Poe. he described the short story as a fiction written to be read in one sitting and intended to create single effect. Britian's greatest writers in this centuy have been novelist Rupert Brooke Literature William Butler Yeats British Literature development of short story. new movements in poetry. experiments in fiction. writers and artist were creating a new way of seeing the world and expressing feeling about it. new rhythms were invented especially in free verse. born 1909 Remained a prominent voice among british authors . his poetry is somewhat romantic and direct in its tone. Book: I Think Continually of Those Whoe Were Truly Great. William Butler Yeats T.S Eliot Modern Literature characterized by great differences from the past in both form and content. Modern Drama World War II (1865-1939) Greatest poet writting in English in this century. created his greatest poems after the age of fifty. Books: Down by the Salley Gardens; An Irish Airman Foresees His Death; The Lake Isle of Innisfree capitalism came into its monopoly stage in Britain the sharpened contradictions between socialized production and the private ownership caused frequent economic depressions mass unemployment greatly slowed down the speed of the British economic development. The Second World War marked the last stage of the disintegration of the British Empire. Britain suffered heavy losses in the war. thousands of people killed the economy ruined. Modern Prose Grp. 11 9-St. Hilda 5 Alyanna Calimutan 8 Sophia De Guzman 24 Mica Malicse Writers Siegfried Sassoon Queen Victoria, the very symbol of empire for more than sixty years reigned during this period. 1922 marked a significant change in the relationship between Great Britain and Ireland. The transformation of the British Empire into a Commonwealth of Nations. 1910 the Modernist movement began to influence British literature Vorticism was a short-lived modernist movement in British art and poetry of the early 20th century, Stephen Spender Finest poet of the time he became realistic and direct. History/Background 20th Century (1887-1967) "golden young Apollo" began to write for pleasure at an early age. won a prize for his verse while still in school. Book: The Soldier Modern Poetry

05.05 English 20th Century

Transcript: Samantha Zastenik 05.05 English 20th Century Two Poems "FOG" by Carl Sandburg. "Mending Wall" by Robert Frost. Poems FOG "FOG" by Carl Sandburg The fog comes on little cat feet. It sits looking over harbor and city on silent haunches and then moves on. "Mending Wall" by Robert Frost Mending Wall Something there is that doesn't love a wall, That sends the frozen-ground-swell under it, And spills the upper boulders in the sun; And makes gaps even two can pass abreast. The work of hunters is another thing: I have come after them and made repair Where they have left not one stone on a stone, But they would have the rabbit out of hiding, To please the yelping dogs. The gaps I mean, No one has seen them made or heard them made, But at spring mending-time we find them there. I let my neighbor know beyond the hill; And on a day we meet to walk the line And set the wall between us once again. We keep the wall between us as we go. To each the boulders that have fallen to each. And some are loaves and some so nearly balls We have to use a spell to make them balance: ‘Stay where you are until our backs are turned!’ We wear our fingers rough with handling them. Oh, just another kind of out-door game, One on a side. It comes to little more: There where it is we do not need the wall: He is all pine and I am apple orchard. My apple trees will never get across And eat the cones under his pines, I tell him. He only says, ‘Good fences make good neighbors.’ Spring is the mischief in me, and I wonder If I could put a notion in his head: ‘Why do they make good neighbors? Isn't it Where there are cows? But here there are no cows. Before I built a wall I'd ask to know What I was walling in or walling out, And to whom I was like to give offense. Something there is that doesn't love a wall, That wants it down.’ I could say ‘Elves’ to him, But it's not elves exactly, and I'd rather He said it for himself. I see him there Bringing a stone grasped firmly by the top In each hand, like an old-stone savage armed. He moves in darkness as it seems to me, Not of woods only and the shade of trees. He will not go behind his father's saying, And he likes having thought of it so well He says again, ‘Good fences make good neighbors.’ Influences :"FOG" This poem was written during Imagist Movement. The author uses the images of a cat and the fog. Both the fog and the cat have the same characteristics. They move swiftly and quietly with out warning. During WW1 the United States was growing and moving forward with weapons and technology. Moving silently and unexpectedly like the fog and the cat. Influences "FOG" This poem is about a wall separating two neighbors and their homes. Guay made an impression on Frost while they were both fixing the wall. He liked to say the phrase, "Good fences make good neighbors." Fences between neighbors does not always mean there is hostility and separation. There was war going on in the 20th Century and there was a lot of hatred between countries. The wall can also represent the separation of countries at the start of the war. Influences "Mending Wall" Influences :"Mending Wall"

20th Century English Language

Transcript: *different sounds lead to different spellings Origin British and American Idioms English Language Apostle=apostol Chalk=cealc Monk=munuc flat apartment rubbish bin garbage bin lorry big rig dill fool bowser gas pump Dialects and Showing Of Class *different sounds=long vowels Concerned with physical properties of speech Famous Sayings in Phonetic Alphabet Wif=wife Wifmann=woman Widuwe=widow Phonetic Alphabet 20th Century English Language a branch of linguistics that comprises the study of the sounds of human speech English language has developed over a 1600 year period Interesting Tidbits : used as a visual representation of speech sounds Lower Class Famous Sayings in Phonetic Alphabet: -"the rain in Spain falls mainly in the plane" -"in Hartford, Hereford and Hampshire, hurricanes hardly ever happen" What is Phonetics? Old English Number of words in English Language Old English spellings: 360 million English speakers(as of 2010) International Radiotelephony Spelling Alphabet Other words have same meanings, but different sounds: word/phrase that has a figurative meaning that is different than its literal meaning British Idioms vs. American Idioms Word origins Australian Idioms vs. American Idioms Similar meanings Modern English 3 periods of development: Old English, Middle English and Modern English Eald=old Brodor=brother Hus=house Middle English "World language" Upper class (well-educated, wealthy): speak proper, correctly Middle class (workers): between upper and lower class, language reflect lifestyle of being in the "middle" Lower class (poor): not well educated, speak slang- don't know proper English Development of Dialects Definition: particular form of language that is specific to a region or social group Isolation = formation of stronger dialect characterize social class and different regions constantly changing based on how people hear and pass on works Differences Between Then and Now take it with a pinch of salt take with a grain of salt a skeleton in the cupboard a skeleton in the closet a home from home a home away from home

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