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Great Gatsby Background

Transcript: The 1920s was mainly remembered for its class and social divides. African Americans were divided from the whites. In the 1920s, entertainment was all separate. It was white music, movies, and radio, which was different from black music, movies, and radio. F. Scott Fitzgerald was a big important writer. He was part of the Lost Generation group which was a group of people who became writers after the war. He married a women named Zelda and wrote many books. One of his great writings was The Great Gatsby. Jobs seemed to be a permanent feature in America starting in the 1920s. There were newer jobs that were being brought to americans such as factory jobs because of the new inventions that were being created. More people decided to get a job and not get an education because they thought making money was more important. The fashion in the 1920s was different to modern today fashion. Women, mainly, were the ones who made the 1920s such a big fashion decade. The Lost Generation Freund, Steve. "Lost Generation." In Faue, Elizabeth, and Gary B. Nash, eds. Encyclopedia of American History: The Emergence of Modern America, 1900 to 1928, Revised Edition (Volume VII). New York: Facts On File, Inc., 2010. American History Online. Facts On File, Inc. ItemID=WE52&iPin=EAHVII143&SingleRecord=True (accessed February 11, 2014). F. Scott Fitzgerald who was a very famous writer for writing a class book called The Great Gatsby. This book was based apon his real life and what he went through in the war through another characters eyes which was named Jay Gatsby. The 1920s was a period in which new industries like automobiles, the chemical industry, and the electrical goods industry overtook the extractive industries and railroads of the 19th century as the dominant drivers of the economy. African Americans would try to imitate white music by doing covers of white music songs. The American Dream and the 1920s Not only was the race divided but the poor versus the rich were separated as well. There were 3 main classes of the 1920s which were the lower class, middle class, and upper class. The lower and upper classes were the main ones because more people were either really rich or really poor. Streissguth, Tom. "The End of the Roaring Twenties: 1929." The Roaring Twenties, Eyewitness History, Revised Edition. New York: Facts On File, Inc., 2007. American History Online. Facts On File, Inc. ItemID=WE52&iPin=EHRTEssay13&SingleRecord=True (accessed February 12, 2014). Sports Entertainment – Movies, Music (Jazz), and Radio The prohibition era during the 1920s was the law that made the sale, production, and distribution of alcohol a crime. They said it was a way to attain political and social perfection through the elimination of suffering, poverty, and hardship. Streissguth, Tom. "New Homes and a New Sound: September 1923–February 1924." The Roaring Twenties, Eyewitness History, Revised Edition. New York: Facts On File, Inc., 2007. American History Online. Facts On File, Inc. ItemID=WE52&iPin=EHRTEssay06&SingleRecord=True (accessed February 11, 2014). "Restoring the American Dream: Building a 21st Century Labor Movement That Can Win (excerpt)." American History Online. Facts On File, Inc. ItemID=WE52&iPin=AHI5438&SingleRecord=True (accessed February 11, 2014). Temperance and Prohibition "Woman Dressed in the 'Flapper' Fashion." Library of Congress American History Online. Facts On File, Inc. ItemID=WE52&iPin=AMCEVp13&SingleRecord=True (accessed February 11, 2014). F. Scott Fitzgerald & Zelda Fitzgerald Chicago's gangland warfare and crime syndicates did not begin with Prohibition. Davis, Cory A. "business and industry in the 20th century." In Kupperman, Karen Ordahl, ed. American Centuries: The Ideas, Issues, and Values That Shaped U.S. History. New York: Facts On File, Inc., 2011. American History Online. Facts On File, Inc. ItemID=WE52&iPin=AMCE154&SingleRecord=True (accessed February 11, 2014). Ernest Hemingway, John Dos Passos, Edward Estlin Cummings, and F. Scott Fitzgerald are just some of the many writers in the lost generation who were one of the first artistic cohorts to be viewed as a distinctive generation. The American Dream for people in the 1920s meant to be in the highest class and to be successful with their life they had goals set so they could work hard to achieve their american dream. Football's popularity during the 1920s lay primarily with the college games, but with professional football was small-town and blue-collar, with many teams located in smaller cities such as Green Bay, Wisconsin, and Canton, Ohio. Atkin, Natalie. "peace movements, 1900–1928." In Faue, Elizabeth, and Gary B. Nash, eds. Encyclopedia of American History: The Emergence of Modern America, 1900 to 1928, Revised

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Transcript: 14th Week Consulting interns can be expensive Time and Money Personal Experience Preliminary Design Stage NFPA 101 and NFPA 13 New and Existing Education, Business, and Mercantile Definition of Project This app would be used to provide interns and recent graduates with an outline of guidelines for how to design and review designs of specific occupancies. With the given time frame, I will be writing the information that will go into the app Begin parametric study: Speak with my mentor and Jason to understand more about what critical variables I could concentrate on for this app. Choose those parameters and begin my study Gather information from NFPA 101 and NFPA 13 for new and existing education, business, and mercantile occupancies. By: Breanne Thompson Next Steps (Continued) Finish preparing for Draft of Analysis Pull together and discuss results of project Draw my conclusions and state future work needed Turn in Final Paper! 10th and 11th Week Turn in my parametric study Begin draft of analysis Map out the process of the app for the key elements 15th Week References Next Steps 7th Week Prepare for Final Presentation Summarize my draft of analysis into presentation Work on how to incorporate a live demonstration for my presentation App Development Background Information 8th-9th Week Continuous Process Objective-C for Apple products Java for Android products 6 months of studying Places to Learn: Codecademy, iOS Dev Center, Android Developers Training Hire App Developer will cost thousands Prepare Final Paper Dive into Shark Tank! 1. 2. 6th Week Background Presentation 12th-13th Week

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Transcript: Real action and accountability Amnesty International Non-state actors/ Rebel Groups?? ...and what about men?? ignoring male rape victims? would rape exist without a man? Weapons of War: Rape UN as an Arena - NGO's - Discussion and dialogue Arena Instrument Actor Critical Thinking Weapons of War: Rape UN as an instrument UNSC Resolution 1820 (2008) UN as an Actor - UN Action Against Sexual Violence in Conflict Weapons of War: Rape Problems with 1820 "Roles and Functions of International Organizations" "Sexual violence, when used as a tactic of war in order to deliberately target civilians or as a part of a widespread or systematic attack against civilian populations, can significantly exacerbate situations of armed conflict and may impede the restoration of international peace and security… effective steps to prevent and respond to such acts of sexual violence can significantly contribute to the maintenance of international peace and security" (UNSC Resolution 1820, p. 2)" Background Presentation- Kristin Mann Weapons of War: Rape Brief Insight - used to manipulate social control - destabilize communities - weaken ethnic groups and identities Examples: - Sudanese Militia - Rwanda Genocide - DRC Critical Thinking Critical Thinking Increased Data Collection by international organizations - determine humanitarian responses - ensures justice and reparation - provides recognition and dignity

"The Great Gatsby" Background

Transcript: The West Egg Times www.oldsportcom Mrs. Smith American Literature F. Scott Fitzgerald F. Scott Fitzgerald Biographical Details Life& Themes "His talent was as natural as the pattern that was made by the dust of a butterfly's wings." --Ernest Hemingway's comment on Fitzgerald Biographical Details Biographical Details Francis Scott Key Fitzgerald was born in born September 24, 1896, St. Paul, MN—died December 21, 1940, Hollywood, CA. American novelist and short story writer Famous for his depictions of the "Jazz Age" Father was aristocratic and mother was middle class Flunked out of Princeton Joined the army and was stationed in Montgomery, AL Met Zelda Sayre and fell deeply, madly in love. Biographical details continued... Continued Went to NY to try and gain instant success so he could marry Zelda--he failed. Went back to MN, published first successful novel, and married Zelda. They have a daughter named Frances Lived in France Public was obsessed with their private lives--they lived a crazy, extravagant lifestyle Drove Zelda to have two nervous breakdowns Fitz moved to Hollywood, CA Became a screenwriter Married Sheilah Graham Died at age 44 from a heart attack. His life & themes of GG How might his own life have influenced themes of the novel (wealth, class status, the American Dream, relationships, etc.)? His life & themes of GG A changing world... The American Dream American Dream Roaring Twenties Jazz Age Prohibition Materialism/Consumerism The American Dream is the belief that anyone, regardless of race, class, gender, or nationality, can be successful in America if they just work hard enough. Roaring 20's Roaring 20's A period of dramatic social & political change. More Americans lived in cities than on farms. Nation’s total wealth more than doubled between 1920 and 1929. This economic growth swept many into an affluent but unfamiliar “consumer society” or "new money." Many were uncomfortable with this new, urban, sometimes racy, mass culture. For many–even most–people in the US, the 1920s brought more conflict than celebration. However, for a small handful of young people in the nation’s big cities, the 1920s were roaring indeed. Jazz Age Jazz Age A cultural period/movement in US during the 1920's New styles of music & dance emerged. Largely credited to African Americans using new musical techniques along with traditional African traditions. Jazz soon expanded to America's white middle class. Materialism/Consumerism Materialism/Consumerism in the 1920's During the 1920s, many Americans had extra money to spend. They spent it on consumer goods and luxury items such as ready-to-wear clothes, home appliances like electric refrigerators, radios, and cars. Prohibition Prohibition The 18th Amendment to the Constitution, ratified in 1919, banned the manufacture and sale of “intoxicating liquors. The 1920 Volstead Act closed every tavern, bar and saloon in the US. From then on, it was illegal to sell any beverages with more than 0.5% alcohol. Liquor trade went underground Bootleggers and gangsters manufactured and sold alcohol illegally Changes for Women Changes for Women Meet the flapper: a young woman with bobbed hair and short skirts who drank, smoked and said “unladylike” things Most women dressed like flappers, but did not embrace the party lifestyle The 19th Amendment allowed women to finally vote Because of the changes in technology, jobs were available to women Changes? Changes in society: What were the positive changes in society during this time? What were the negative changes in society during this time? What do you hope to achieve by studying the novel? The Novel List three goals for your own learning... Watch this...

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Transcript: Death rate 2012: 12.84 deaths/1,000 population (World ranking: 22) Infant (Child Mortality) Total: 79.02 deaths/1,000 live births (world ranking: 10) HIV/AIDS (2) Appropriate Technology Landlocked country Great African Rift Valley system: East – Lake Malawi South – mountains, tropical palm-lined beaches Mainly a large plateau, with some hills Lake Malawi (Lake Nyasa) Almost 1 million people have AIDS 60% of these are female Declining in urban areas, Rising in rural areas Leading cause of death amongst adults Contributes to the low life expectancy: 54.2 years 209th ranking (One of the lowest) 500,000 children have been orphaned due to AIDs Micro-finance Policy Framework and Strategies (Health SWAp) increasing the availability and accessibility of antenatal services; utilization of skilled health personnel during pregnancy, childbirth and postnatal period at all levels of the health system; strengthening the capacity of individuals and institutions to improve maternal and neonatal health; increasing the number of skilled health personnel; constructing and upgrading health facilities to offer essential health services particularly focusing on rural and underserved areas; and provision of ARVs and micronutrients during pregnancy. Geography of Malawi CCST 9004 Appropriate Technology for the Developing World Indicator 3: Literacy Rate of 15 – 24 year-olds According to the World Bank, microfinance is defined as: Microfinance is the provision of financial services to the entrepreneurial poor.This definition has two important features:it emphasizes a range of financial services—not just credit— and it emphasizes the entrepreneurial poor. Goal 2: Achieve Universal Primary Education Appropriate Technology: SIRDAMAIZE 113 Population: 16,777,547 (estimated in July 2013) Population growth rate: 2.758% (2012 est.) (World ranking: 18) Age structure Children: 50% of total population HIV/AIDS Human Resources Education Poverty Food Insecurity Erratic Rainfall Patterns/Droughts Corruption Lack of Foreign Investment Languages Indicator 5: Proportion of seats held by women in National Parliaments Central Region: 1-9 (Yellow) *Capital: Lilongwe Northern Region: 10-15 (Red) Southern Region: 16-27 (Green) Lake Malawi (Blue) Land surface area 45,747 square miles Challenges: · shortage of qualified primary school teachers; · inadequate physical infrastructure; · poor retention of girls mainly from standard five to eight; · high disease burden due to HIV and AIDS consequently leadinto absenteeism, especially among girls who take care of the sick · Poverty levels are high in rural areas. Malawi – Climate/Agriculture Trading partners: South Africa, Zambia, China, US Challenges: · shortage of qualified primary school teachers; · inadequate physical infrastructure; · poor retention of girls mainly from standard five to eight; · high disease burden due to HIV and AIDS consequently leading to absenteeism especially among girls who take care of the sick; and · poor participation of school committees and their communities in school management. · Poverty levels are high in rural areas. 1 Doctor per 50,000 people Hinders the ability to deliver medical services to people in need Reason: Emigration Lack of access to education Aggravated by AIDS > 4 nurses are lost each month This also affects other sectors: Government Business Farmers Human Resources HIV/AIDS - Contemporary GDP: US $14.58 billion (2012 est.) (World ranking: 142) Labor force: agriculture: 90%; industry and services: 10% (2003 est.) Countries main income Agriculture Main crops: maize, tobacco, tea, sugar cane, groundnuts, cotton, wheat, coffee, and rice Industry: tobacco, tea, sugar, sawmill products, cement, consumer goods Challenges: limited capacity in terms of human and material resources to facilitate adult literacy and continuing education; early marriages perpetuated by socioeconomic factors; socio–cultural factors that make people believe that men should be leaders while women are followers; and, poor learning environment which affects girls in primary and secondary schools e.g. sanitary facilities, long distances to education facilities, extra burden from domestic chores especially for adolescent girls resulting into high dropout rate. 1964: Independent from Britain Indicator 1: Maternal Mortality Ratio Malawi Demographics Problems - Outline Indicator 4: Share of Women in Wage Employment in the Non- Agriculture Sector measure of employment opportunities ( i.e equal proportions of men and women in formal employment) Yet, more women participate in the agriculture sector than in the formal wage employment especially in jobs that require professional qualifications. Due to: literacy levels, gender disparity and cultural values. Facts About the Product: Drought tolerant maize variant Able to mature under limited rainfall Suitable for marginal rainfall areas 136 days to mature Normally: 150 – 180 days Able to mature under limited rainfall Suitable for marginal rainfall areas

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