Transcript: Today, people refer to the chinese characters as Han Zi and the words to read them are called Pin Yin, Han Zi is the one that is generally used worldwide when it comes to studying the Chinese Language. 5 Chinese calligraphy is an art to write a language in different signs, it is marked with originality and richness from the Chinese language. One of the most famous ways to write calligraphy is using the calligraphy brushes, but now people have created calligraphy pens where they fill in the pen with specific calligraphy ink and change the tip with a brush-like material. Han Zi Kai Shu The chinese characters of language had went through a lot of stages throughout thousands of years and many various dynasties to get where it is today. Li Shu History In ancient times, chinese characters would be carved onto cow's bones, turtle shells and bronze materials. Afterward, they started making books out of bamboo which sometimes they still use today. But now, they mostly use paper rice or silk to write on 1 What is Chinese Calligraphy? Chinese Calligraphy Jia Gu Wen Kai Shu, was introduced in the Han dynasty, it is also referred to as the Regular Script because it is the the one that resembles the most with today's chinese characters. Xiao Zuan 2 6 Jin Wen is the second progress that came from the Zhou dynasty, the way words were written weren't very different from the first one. It can also be called the official script. Li Shu is more recognizable by the citizen because it is the most similar to today's writing. It is more used and recognized compare to Jia Gu Wen or Seal Script. 3 The Xiao Zhuan was also under the Zhou dynasty, here the characters are more distinguished and begins to look like the words today. It is also known seal script Papers of background In writing calligraphy, there are four essential tools you would need: Calligraphy Brush Special Calligraphy Paper Calligraphy Ink Ink stone TOOLS 4 Jia Gu Wen is the term for chinese character during the Shang Dynasty. Most of the characters did not have a definite meaning and it wasn't a traditional chinese language, it was mostly used by painters Jin Wen THANK YOU
Transcript: Chinese Calligraphy Journee R. Matthews Mrs. Scott S.S. C-1 Calligraphy was founded during the second and fourth centuries. For Chinese calligraphy, Xuan paper was used. A very expensive paper made just for Chinese calligraphy. I hope you learned as much as I did about Chinese calligraphy, and will look into calligraphy even more! American and Chinese have a very different styled writing. If it was hard for me to master American reading and writing, it would take me forever to learn the symbols and characters of Chinese. There are many steps to learn how to handle a calligraphy brush. All it takes is practice to master it. But remember use your fingers not you hand.
Transcript: Chinese Calligraphy www.asianart.org Answers Introduction Four Treasures of the Study asiasociety.org "Chinese Calligraphy." Travel China Guide. N.p., n.d. Web. 7 Mar 2014. <travelchinaguide.com>. "Chinese Calligraphy Facts." . N.p.. Web. 10 Mar 2014. <chinese-school.netfirms.com>. "Chinese Calligraphy." China Fact Tours. N.p., n.d. Web. 10 Mar 2014. <chinafacttours.com>. considered the ultimate art form by the Chinese since the Han Dynasty enjoyed for its visual artistry use the brush, the paper (or silk), and ink can be practiced as a hobby kings used these objects in important divination rituals www.zein.se four treasures are the writing brush, ink stick, paper, ink slab earliest writing brush is a relic of the Warring States Period (476-221 BC) a good ink stick should be refined black with luster paper is one of the greatest contributions in China ink slap is the reputed head of the four treasures History 1.) Believed it came after the Chinese language around 200 BC. 2.) Still followed and practiced as a hobby today. 3.) It compares to cursive writing by connecting the letters. 4.) Used with a brush and ink. When was calligraphy invented? Do they still use it today? What other writing does it compare to? How was it used? shop.getty.edu Endured for more than 2,000 years highest forms of Chinese art evolved into five main ways of writing was different in each dynasty some similarities with cursive Works cited Jessica Azar Period. 1 Questions
Transcript: Famous Calligraphists Running Style http://arts.cultural-china.com/en/77Arts6459.html Ouyang Xun: Calligraphy is a unique form of expression, revealing the artist's emotions and thoughts through the style and font of letters. Calligraphy & Health • two forms: liquid or stick • grinding ink from sticks can be difficult and time consuming o reddish-brown tinge, quality depends on the stick o important to maintain the hard and soft balance of the ink • liquid ink is much easier to obtain from an arts supplies store o if liquid ink is used, it is recommended to dilute with water due to its thickness • Eastern Jin Dynasty • Known as Sage of Calligraphy • Styles known for include: o Regular "Huang Tingjing" o Cursive "Seventeen Tie" o Running "Tie Aunt" o Regular + Running "Orchid Pavilion Preface" Small Seal Style • first established and standardized writing style for the empire of China (221 BC) • round contours • lines of even thickness • elongated like the shape of a rectangle Developed almost at same time as clerical style, during the Han Dynasty Simplifies the left sidepiece (radical) of a character and focuses on the right sidepiece Looks more smooth, connecting and faster with abrupt turning and dramatic effects this style allows for more freedom and fluidity in movement Strokes and dots that are written separately in the Regular Style are joined together in a single sweep of the brush The End Stroke 4: The Left-Slant Stroke 3: The Dot http://www.chinese5art.com/info/2/Knowledge_Corner__the_Founder_of_Ou_Style_Ouyang_Xun.html Calligraphy may have therapeutic effects on certain diseases. It relaxes the user, heightens concentration, and may improve the mood. A legend exists, stating that during the time of the Yellow Emperor, Chang Jie invented the Chinese language and calligraphy soon followed. Huai Su: Types of Strokes in Calligraphy Stroke 1: Horizontal • coarse-textured, absorbent paper • traditionally, rice paper is used • for beginners, blank newsprint is recommended as it is much cheaper Chinese calligraphy has impacted not only Korea and Japan, but European artists such as Picasso and Matisse. Chinese Calligraphy Oracle Inscriptions Running Style/Cursive Script began in the Han Dynasty but was perfected in the Jin Dynasty by Wang Xizhi the last of five major styles to appear natural result of everyday handwriting understood as bridge between cursive script and regular script allows for more fluent brush movements, merging certain lines, and creating a “softer” image of characters than in regular script Stroke 2: Vertical • Tang Dynasty • Script called "Rabid Cursive Script" o Strong vigorous strokes, complete in one go • Known with Zhangxu in terms of calligraphy as "Maniac Zhang and Rabid Su" •Master of running script • Han Dynasty (207 BC – 220 AD) • Written more quickly and easily than Small Seal • Found on official documents such as government records of taxes, censuses • the upward tilt at the end of the horizontal strokes which gives each character a fluid quality • Tang Dynasty • Known for having the Yan Form • Worked with Lin Guongquan as a pair called Yan Liu o Their calligraphy style is known as "Yan’s tendon and Liu’s bone" • Representative works: o Wuxing Set o Luzhou Set o Iinchuan Set Regular Style • Preserves the Clerical Style’s precision and modulation of line width • Less formal and heavy in appearance • Horizontal lines slope upward, but don’t tilt at the end like the Clerical Style • Vertical lines remain vertical and do not tilt inward like the Clerical Style Part of Yan Qinli Stele, Yan Zhenqing's masterpiece Semi-Cursive Script Tools Yang Zhenqing: Small Seal Style Cursive Script Stroke 6: The Hook Oracle Inscriptions Calligraphy & Job Advancement • bamboo handles, but can be made of hardwood, ivory, and porcelain • stiff tips made from hair of wolves Styles of Calligraphy Regular Style Influences Clerical Style Stroke 8: The Up-Slant Wang Xizhi: Clerical Style Calligraphy was once used to evaluate a person for a position at the Chinese imperial court. Calligraphy today is composed of an evolution of learning styles. • Considered the best calligraphist of the Tang Dynasty • One of the 4 best regular script calligraphists • Yu Shinan and he are known for their calligraphy known as "Ou and Yu" • Known for having the Ou Form o Strict and vigorous o Easier to learn for beginners • Earliest examples of Chinese writing written on animal bones and shells • 13th century BC during the Shang Dynasty • Composed of straight lines with sharp ends What is Calligraphy? Brushes: Ink: An image of the "Preface to the Orchid Pavilion" Calligraphy & the World Stroke 5: The Right-Slant Calligraphy is an Oriental art with no specific date of origin. Megan, Talya, & Misha Stroke 7: The Down-Slant Styles Chinese calligraphy has a vast history, between 4,000 to 5,000 years of age. Paper: Cursive Style
Transcript: Calligraphy Styles Image by Tom Mooring Tsao Style (Running Style) -standardized -separate strokes -more square -moderate speed -most difficult style -simplified, but abstract -freedom of expression -requires technique -simplified -used by government -rounded edges -spacing between strokes The chinese word for calligrapghy, shufa, translates "the way/method/law of writing" The Four Treasures of the Study Kai Style (Standard Style) What is Calligraphy? It involves both expression of thought and beauty/aesthetic of line (brush, ink, paper, inkstone) Hsin Style (Walking Style) Chinese Calligraphy Li Style (Clerical Style) Calligraphy and Culture Zuan Style (Seal Style) -solid and stable -pre-Chinese dynaties -derived from ancient script -smooth -written quickly -freely expressed
Transcript: •Two categories •Simple characters have very few strokes •Composite characters can have as many as three parts •The parts of a composite character can be structured in different ways such as o Upper part and lower part o Left part and right part o Inner part and outer part o Upper pat, central part, and lower part o Left part, central part, and right part •The parts of a character that show up often in different characters are used as a key or cataloging system used to find characters easily in a dictionary. Also known as the bushou. 6 Types of Characters (Liushu) • 3 sub categories o Elemental/atomic o Compound o Other •Xiangxingo Means pictograph o Driven from drawings of animals and other objects •Zhishi o Ideogram formed from an abstract idea •Huiyi o Created with multiple components o Semantic and Semantic •Xingsheng o Created with multiple components o Semantic and Phonetic •Zhuanzhu o Deals with the pronunciation of a character •Jiajie o Created by taking many characters and creating new ones that had nothing to do with the original meaning, but had a phonetic resemblance. •“Writing inscribed on bones and shells” •An old mandarin named, Wang Yirong, and his doctor, when he was sick, in 1899, discovered it •4,568 different pictographic signs were found on 154,600 pieces of bone and shell, only 1,700 of those signs have been translated •1999, Li Yun, came up with an accurate way to translate all of the signs using a numerical system, which he later used to make a computer program that translated it. •Probably the first form of Chinese writing, although many would disagree •May have been different variations of some characters such as the character for dragon. •King Tang started this when he wanted a way for everybody to remember his accomplishment forever.•Chief advisor gave the idea that there should be something inscribed on all the things the king just purchased.•Chief advisor bumped up to prime minister and head of the project, had to get the characters made by him and his helpers approved throughout the process. •Many kings afterwards had wanted this done for them as well.•Majority of Jinwen has been translated•Many Chinese don’t know how to read or write it•Some artists have learned in order to sell their work at very high prices. •Qin Shihuangdi was the first Chinese Emperor and he had control over all of ancient China. •He wanted to have a common language among all of the people, so he had a scholar named Zhao Yunshao, who specialized in Jiaguwen and Jinwen to come up with a language that combined the two forms of writing. •A simpler version of the two •Made common characters for o Weights and measurements o Numbers o Means of transport o Ceremonial protocols o Sacrificial rites o The cardinal directions o Agriculture o Domestic animals •A base for modern Chinese •Decoration in reception rooms and cultural meeting places. •The next emperor, Liu Bang, thought that it should be simplified even further. •Held a meeting with a hundred calligraphers at a Taoist monastery with a feast.•He picked people to come up with this new version by having them write as much as they could as fast as they could. •Wang Qikun then came up with Lishu•Years afterwards a dictator took over and decorated the pavilions in the Imperial Palace with Lishu calligraphies. •Empress started a tradition of having symbols put on a jade bracelet or necklace as well as plaques put in the bedroom, for a new borne to display the concern of all parents and their wish of good health for their child.•Next emperor, Liu Che, tried to get everybody to read and write with Xiaozhuan and Jinwen again, but he was unsuccessful. •200BCE, people still thought that Lishu was too complex so they simplified the characters even more •Created the official standard Chinese characters called Kaishu •Uses horizontal and vertical lines •Han then became the official name for Chinese •Emperor, Liu Xie, came up with many basic words/characters that would be incorporated in many other characters •Emperor wasn’t ever officially classified as a linguist or calligrapher •He helped come up with eight kinds of basic lines and nine additional compound lines for Chinese characters •Published manual with examples of ideal Chinese calligraphy •Doesn’t have rules•Follows the symbols of Kaishu•Artist named Zhou Yuguang came up with a cursive method of writing the characters, because he didn’t want to follow the rules of Xiaozhuan•Many people liked the style of writing•Very hard to read •Still used today•Said to exhibit the author’s mood at the time of writing •Combination of Caoshu and Kaishu •Somewhat of a semi-cursive script •Fashioned by a well-known poet named Qiu Yanlian, although he refused to accept any form of acknowledgement for it. •Children today are still taught how to write using Xingshu. •Not every Chinese person practices calligraphy•Considered a fine art and is therefore taught in the first year of art, at schools•Calligraphotherapy is a form of therapy
Transcript: China Website Title: Chinese Calligraphy Info Article Title: Chinese Calligraphy Info Date Accessed: January 11, 2015 "Chinese Calligraphy." China TOur. N.p., 1987. Web. 11 Jan. 2015. <www.china-tour.cn%2FChinese-Arts%2FChinese-Calligraphy.htm>. Conclusion Early Chinese Calligraphy Introduction Work Sited: Love Avril Jr January 12, 2014 Period 5 Early calligraphy dates back three thousand years ago. Characters inscribed on turtle shells and bones often to keep record of events during the Shang Dynasty (16th - 11th century B.C). Chinese Calligraphy In conclusion, calligraphy has been for three thousand years and is considered something you read but symbolic art. The evolution of calligraphy is quite interesting and proves to show that things often change. I choose chinese calligraphy as my topic because I find it meaningful and interesting. It is a form of writing but also considered art. Emperor of the Qin dynasty standardized chinese characters by calling it the simplified seal script. This emphasized the regularity of the characters.The round linear style changed into square lines after the official scripted was adopted into the Eastern Han Dynasty (22-220). "Calligraphy." World Book Kids. World Book, 2015. Web. 11 Jan. 2015 . Simplified Seal Script Bronze inscriptions appeared in the Shang dynasty (16th -11th century BC) and became fully developed in the Western Zhou dynasty (221-206 BC).
Transcript: Chinese Calligraphy middle brush Examples of Chinese art THE END!!!! The chinese also use ink sicks, there ink is not originally in liquid form. Later on they started writeing on bamnoo strips. In a mixed brush, they use the brown brush fibers (marten, horse, weasle or rabbit fur) for the inner bristels and the white brush fibers (goat, sheep, cat or deer hair) for the outer bristels. This brush serves a variaty of uses. The Chinese use flexible paint brushes, these help them make soft or hard looking lines. There are three diffrent kinds of brushes.... The Chinese wrote on either silk or paper. The Oracle Bones are the oldest writen Chinese document. It was writen on bones and tourtise shells. There are around 5,000 characters, or letters, but the average person only learns around 2,000 There are brushes made of goat, sheep, cat or deer hair. This is used for writing or the more subtle parts of art. The ink brush is a combination of soot and a small amount of natural glue There are also brushes made of marten, horse, weasel or rabbit fur. These are used for sharp strokes, but the lines often look broken. They are good for small writing.
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