Transcript: Black History Month Black American Heroes Martin Luther King Jr. Dr. King, who would have celebrated his 80th birthday on January 15, 2009, came to symbolize the civil rights movement of the 1950's and '60's through his speeches, protests and marches. As a result of his leadership and the efforts of hundreds of thousands of activists, the US Congress passed many important laws that helped move America towards the goal of a land based on equality under the law after a past marred by the bondage and segregation of African-Americans. Harriet Tubman Malcolm X urged black people to give up the Christian religion. He preached that the high crime rate in black communities was basically a result of African Americans following the lifestyle of Western, white society. During this period Malcolm X, following Elijah Muhammad, urged black people not to participate in elections. Malcom X Rosa Parks Most historians date the beginning of the modern civil rights movement in the United States to December 1, 1955. That was the day when an unknown seamstress in Montgomery, Alabama refused to give up her bus seat to a white passenger. This brave woman, Rosa Parks, was arrested and fined for violating a city ordinance, but her lonely act of defiance began a movement that ended legal segregation in America, and made her an inspiration to freedom-loving people everywhere. Harriet Tubman gained international acclaim as an Underground Railroad operator, abolitionist, Civil War spy and nurse, suffragist, and humanitarian. After escaping from enslavement in 1849, Tubman dedicated herself to fighting for freedom, equality, and justice for the remainder of her long life, earning her the biblical name "Moses" and a place among the nation's most famous historical figures.
Transcript: Rosa Parks was born in Tuskeqee, Alabama on February 4, 1913, to James McCauley and Leona Edwards. They worked as a carpenter and a teacher. This is Rosa Parksssssss In 1932, Rosa married Raymond Parks, a barber from Montgomery, at her mother's house. Raymond was a member of the NAACP, at the time collecting money to support the Scottsboro Boys, a group of black men falsely accused of raping two white women. She grew up on a farm with maternal grandparents , mother, and younger brother Sylevester, where she began her lifelong memebership in the African Methodist Epsical Church.
Transcript: African American Firsts by:Maya Fordham Ella Fitzgerald Born: April 25 1917 Died: June 15 1996 Newport News, Viginia Jazz Singer In 1958 Ella became the first african american women to recieve a grammy award.She won Best Female Vocal Performance and Best Individual Jazz Performance. She was famous for her scat singing. Tyler Perry Tyler is the first african american to own his own television and film studio. Born: September 13 1969 New Orleans Louisiana Tyler Perry Studios was made in 2006 and is located in Atlanta georgia. Althea Gibson Born: August 25 1927 Died: September 28 2003 Silver City South Carolina Althea Gibson became the first black person to play in and win Wimbledon and the United States national tennis championship. She won both tournaments twice one in 1957 and in 1958. Born: July 12 1937 Philidelphia,Pennsylvania I Spy started in 1965 and ended on 1958. Bill Cosby became the first african american actor to star in a dramatic series on television. THE END Bill Cosby
Transcript: Author, Poet Maya Angelou Civil Rights Activists Martin Luther King, Jr. The Biographical Connections offer a biography with profiles of two prominent individuals, who are associated with that person through... influences they had on one another, the successes they achieved, or the goals they worked toward. Next activist The Infamous Mr. Bond Born in 1940 In 1961, Julian Bond and other college students went to the Georgia Statehouse to observe government in action. They were run out of the building for sitting in the section marked "whites only". Five years later, in 1966 Bond was back in the Georgia Statehouse again... This time he was there to be sworn into office as a member of the House of Representatives! But members of the House refused to swear him in. Bond was a member of the SNCC. The Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee. The SNCC had issued an anti-war statement and Bond endorsed it. Bond was accused of being a communist and anti-American. Bond's supporters wanted him to apologize, modify the statement or do whatever it took to just get the seat in the House. The US Constitution gives all of us the right to freedom of speech. Bond believed he had the right to speak out against the Vietnam war. He wanted to stand by what he believed in. Bond said black people..."have died for the right to vote in Georgia. Now they are saying, what good does it do to get the vote, to elect representatives, if those elected must face attitude tests and loyalty oaths?" Should he stand by his statements? Should he modify it in some way? Should he compromise? This was just one of the many battles he fought for civil rights and equal opportunities of African-American people. Read his biography to find out what he did. Jesse Jackson with profiles of Mohandas K. Gandhi and Nelson Mandela Still I Rise
Transcript: The History of Black History the Civil War begins the Emancipation Proclamation President Obama is elected Inventions and Discoveries Exciting Firsts The End!! istory 1866-1875 Inventions & Discoveries Inventions & Discoveries In 1926, Woodson changed the name to Negro History Week. He selected the month of February for the celebration as a way to honor of the birth of two men whose actions drastically altered the future of black Americans. Abraham Lincoln, the U.S. President who issued the Emancipation Proclamation was born on February 12th and Frederick Douglass, one of the nation's leading abolitionists was born on February 14th. 1980 Martin Luther King assassinated the first african slaves Civil Rights Act Passed In October 2003, black artists held all "Billboard" Top Ten chart positions for the first time in pop history. Beyoncé was No. 1. 1846 In 1899, African-American golf fan Dr. George Franklin Grant received a patent for the world's first golf tee. Grant, however, never marketed his invention, instead giving the tees away to friends and fellow golfers. Jackie Robinson First black major league baseball player, in 1947, and first black player elected to Baseball Hall of Fame, in 1962. lack People of the 1800's onth Inventions & Discoveries Inventions & Discoveries Rosa Parks arrested Halle Berry was the First African-American to win an Academy Award for Best Actress, in 2001 for Monster's Ball. In 1897, African-American inventor Alfred Cralle patented the first ice cream scoop. His original design remains in wide use, even today. 1619 Nat King Cole became the first back entertainer to host his own show on national television, in 1956. Black History Timeline 2008 1863 Frederick Douglass 1968 M Robert Johnson launches BET Harriet Tubman B Lonnie G. Johnson, an engineer who performed spacecraft system design for NASA, invented the Super Soaker water gun—the number one selling toy in America in 1991. 1986 Inventions & Discoveries H John Love invented the pencil sharpener in 1897. In 1915, Dr. Carter G. Woodson and Rev. Jesse E. Moorland co-founded the Association for the Study of Negro Life and History (ASNLH). Their goal was to research and bring awareness to the largely ignored, yet crucial role black people played in American and world history. Carter Woodson understood the value of education. He also felt the importance of preserving one's heritage, and convinced his fraternity at Harvard to have a Negro History and Literature Week. 1955 Nathaniel Alexander was the first to patent the folding chair. His invention was designed to be used in schools, churches and at large social gatherings 1849 Soccer phenom Freddy Adu was the youngest athlete to play in a professional American sports league. 1861 Oprah
Transcript: Black History Month Black History month starts in the month of February Who made a change? Martin Luther King Jr Carter G. Woodson Carter was the person who thought of the idea of Black History month The Cause? the cause of Black History month is to show respect to african americans that has help change the world when did it start? Black History month started in 1928 Carter G. Woodson http://www.naacp.org/ Michael Jordan Rosa Parks The United State and Canada celebrates it in February. The United Kingdom celebrates it in October. Links http://www.poetryfoundation.org/black-history-month/index.html Black history month is also known as African-American History Month Jackie Robinson It ends at the end of the month
Transcript: Dr. Charles Richard Drew was the first person to develop the blood bank. His introduction of a system for the storing of blood plasma revolutionized the medical profession. Drew first utilized his system on the battlefields of Europe and the Pacific during World War II. He organized the world's first blood bank project in 1940 - Blood for Britain. He also established the American Red Cross Blood Bank, of which he was the first director. Drew was born in Washington, D.C. June 3, 1904 to Richard and Nora Drew, and was the oldest of five children. In his youth he seemed headed for a career in athletics and the coaching field rather than for medicine, starring as a four letter man in Dunbar High School, Washington. He went on to study at Amherst College, where he was a star athlete, all-American half-back and captain of his Amherst College football team. In 1941, Dr. Drew returned to Howard University, where he gained new distinction, particularly in the training of young surgeons. He had spent a total of seven months in the two blood projects, yet in this very brief but productive period of his professional life, he made an outstanding contribution to what was to become a highly successful World War II blood procurement effort. He researched blood plasma and transfusions in New York City. It was during his work at Columbia University where he made his discoveries relating to the preservation of blood. By separating the liquid red blood cells from the near solid plasma and freezing the two separately, he found that blood could be preserved and reconstituted at a later date. Mankind suffered a great loss in 1950 when, at the age of 45, Dr. Drew was killed in an automobile accident while driving to a scientific conference. His pioneering medical work has endured. How many lives have been saved because of his genius at turning basic biological research into practical production methods is impossible to determine. But it is a certainty that mankind owes a debt of gratitude to Charles Richard Drew. http://inventors.about.com/library/inventors/bldrew.htm http://www.ideafinder.com/history/inventors/drew.htm Blood+Bank= :D Subject 3 Subject 3 Conclusion Born: June 3,1904 Dr. Drew was married in 1939 to Minnie Lenore Robbins, and they had four children, Bebe Roberta, Charlene Rosella, Rhea Sylvia, and Charles Richard, Jr. Shortly after, Dr. Drew earned his Doctor of Medicine degree from Columbia University in 1940, with a 200 page doctoral thesis under the title "Banked Blood: A Study in Blood Preservation". Charles R. Drew The Blood Bank Saves Lives!
Transcript: By 1954 more than 3,000 Caribbean women were training in British hospitals, this had risen to 6,365 by 1959. photo credit Nasa / Goddard Space Flight Center / Reto Stöckli Good resources for the study of black and minority ethnic nursing history are few and far between. Help us represent the rightful place of BME nurses in your professional history by donating items which help others understand your experience. The RCN Archives welcomes donations of personal papers, diaries, photographs, memoirs, casebooks and badges which we can use to help promote future historical research. celebrating the Black and Ethnic Minority contribution to UK nursing Respect for diversity among staff can better equip the NHS to provide appropriate and effective services to a diverse public The RCN is working with its members to ensure that the glass ceiling is broken so that real opportunities are opened up for BME nurses to attain senior and executive positions that match the talent and skills that they already have The Mary Seacole Leadership and Development awards provide the opportunity to undertake a specific health care project, or other educational/development activity that benefits and improves the health outcomes of people from black and minority ethnic communities The NHS is the largest employer of black and minority ethnic (BME) people in England, 183,000 people from these backgrounds are employed by the NHS (14.75% of the workforce.) When the NHS began in 1948 there were 54,000 vacancies for nursing staff in Britain and so the government funded recruitment drives to attract people to jobs in hospitals. The response from British-born women was poor and so in 1949 the Ministries of Health and Labour, Colonial Office, General Nursing Council and Royal College of Nursing began focussing on attracting people from the British colonies, especially the West Indies.
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