Transcript: Carl Steinberg Nathan Stoppelmann Ann Tran Neuroplasticity.... Brain Science and Leadership Neuroleadership David Rock (Author/Leadership Consultant) and Jeffery Schwartz (UCLA Research Scientist) Applying neuroscience concepts to leadership Management Rewired Educational Leaders Practice and Emotion causes change in our brain when we learn Daniel Pink 7 Reasons Why Carrots and Sticks Don't Work 1. Kills Intrinsic Motivation Sawyer Effect - "hidden costs of rewards" loss of autonomy 2. Diminish Performance 3. Crush Creativity **note: this does not hold true for algorithmic tasks 4.Crowd Out Good Behavior 5. Encourages Cheating, Shortcuts, and Unethical Behavior 6. Becomes Addicting 7. Fosters short-term thinking mastery not attainable! But these goals limit... Evolution of Motivation Motivation 1.0 Motivation 2.0 Motivation 3.0 Practical Implementations CREATIVITY! Risk Seeking the Dr Robert Cooper > Stanford Business School – Karl Dunker's Candle Experiment type I vs type X engaging in Socratic dialogue Higher incentives leads to worse performance. ex. Donating blood Bottom of Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs Physiological Needs Motivation from Need for Survival but people aren't! We're PURPOSE maximizers the -Intrinsic motivation -Autonomy -Mastery -Sense of purpose -Best motivation for complex situations -Facilitates creativity, innovation Three Brains: Head, Gut and Heart Brain Science and Leadership - "Carrot and Stick" Idea - Respond to External motivators - Motivation by receiving rewards, avoid punishments - Best used for performing simple tasks John Medina > Molecular Biologist – "the brain is so sensitive to external experiences that you canliterally rewire it through exposure to environmental influences. Neglect ingredients of genuine motivation (Autonomy, mastery and purpose ) may receive negative side effects is mallable or "plastic"... Begin to expect reward >>“Now that rewards” >> Nontangible Rewards - i.e. compliments Economics = maximization of wealth right? Exercise, practice, and exposure to new stimuli increase neuroplasticity How to Create a Motivation 3.0 Environment BA from Northwestern University, JD from Yale Law School Career - Chief Speechwriter for Vice President Al Gore from 1995 to 1997 - Articles published in NYT, Harvard Business Review, Fast Company and Wired - Contributing Editor for Wired - Regular business column for UK’s The Sunday Telegraph Author >> Drive: The Surprising Truth About What Motivates Us >> A Whole New Mind: Why Right-Brainers Will Rule the Future >> The Adventures of Johnny Bunko: The Last Career Guide You Will Ever Need >> Free Agent Nation: The Future of Working for Yourself Currently lives in Washington, DC Took 3 1/2 minutes longer to solve when given incentive!** - Give employees autonomy over what they are doing and how they do it - Give them an opportunity to master it - Give their work a higher purpose - Tangible rewards can stifle creativity! Charles Jacobs “The traditional command-and-control style of management doesn't lead to permanent changes in behavior. Ordering people to change and them telling them how to do it fires the prefrontal cortex’s hair trigger connection to the amygdala . The more you try to convince people that you’re right and they're wrong, the more they push back. The brain will try to defend itself from threats. Our brains are so complex that it is rare for us to be able to see any situation in exactly the same way as someone else. The way to get past the prefrontal cortex’s defenses is to help people come to their own resolution regarding the concepts causing through their prefrontal cortex to bristle.” Focus on solutions and not problems. Create new behaviors rather than trying to fix old ones Disclaimer
Transcript: CHEMISTRY: ETHICAL ISSUES OF Electrochemistry IN DAILY LIFE Members Group 3 members DaYAG, AYEKA KYONIE PATOC, MATT ANGELO SIGGAYO, PRINCESS NICOLE ONDIS, OSCAR gIRAO, TRIXIE ANNE SOLIS, BRENT DARENE Contents table of contents Overview 1 Members 2 - 3 Basic Concepts 6 - 31 Applications 32 - 62 History 63 - 76 Issues 79 - 110 Mind Map 111 - 112 Changes & Improvements 77 - 78 112 - 193 Ethical Implication Introduction basic concepts Electrochemistry, a field within chemistry, delves into the exploration of how chemical charges, encompassing electrons, anions and cations move within solutions or alongside surfaces. Early scientists recognized this interconnection. Utilized it to convert chemical energy into electricity. Electrochemistry finds applications in areas such, as energy conversion processes, electrosynthesis techniques, corrosion prevention methods and electroanalysis approaches. These electrochemical processes are used in several industries and are important for processing for the production of several chemicals. ELectrochemical Cells ELectrochemical Cells In the context of electrochemical cells, it is a device that can create electrical energy from chemical processes occurring within it or use electrical energy supplied to it to enhance chemical reactions occurring within it. These gadgets can turn chemical energy into electrical energy and inversely. what is galvanic cells? Galvanic cells It is known as voltaic cells or batteries. They are electrochemical cells that generate electric current from spontaneous redox reactions. A galvanic cell consists of two electrodes (metallic conductors) connected by an external circuit and immersed in electrolytes (solutions that contain ions). The electrode where oxidation occurs is called the anode, and the electrode where reduction occurs is called the cathode. The flow of electrons from the anode to the cathode through the external circuit produces electricity. A salt bridge or a porous membrane is used to maintain electrical neutrality by allowing ions to move between the two electrolytes. WHAT IS Electrolytic cells? electrolytic cells A electrochemical cells that use electric current to drive non-spontaneous redox reactions. An electrolytic cell consists of two electrodes connected to a power source and immersed in an electrolyte. The electrode connected to the positive terminal of the power source is called the anode, and the electrode connected to the negative terminal is called the cathode. The power source provides electrons to the cathode and takes away electrons from the anode, causing reduction and oxidation respectively. Electrolytic cells are used for processes such as electroplating, refining metals, and producing chemicals. Redox reaction REdox Reaction The oxidation-reduction is often known as electron transfer. The oxidation and reduction halves of the reaction are physically separated. The captured oxidation electrons then flow from the anode to the cathode, generating a current electrical energy that may be harvested to do work. The half cell is the side of the cell that contains ions in solution. Chemical reaction The image above is a chemical reaction that produces current. However, in electrolysis, a reaction is driven. When discussing the components of a voltaic cell, we must employ a specific notation by listing the oxidation half cell or anode on the left and cathode on the right. Electric Potential Cell potential An electric potential is formed between two dissimilar metals in conventional electrode potentials. This potential is a measure of the energy per unit charge available to drive the reaction from oxidation/reduction reactions. The cell reaction is typically represented by two half-reactions, an oxidation half-reaction and a reduction half-reaction. The anode's contribution to the cell potential (also known as the electromotive force or emf) is a measure of its ability to lose electrons and is referred to as its "oxidation potential." The cathode makes a contribution dependent on its ability to gain electrons (its "reduction potential"). What is electrochemical sensor? Electrochemical sensors A devices that detect changes in the concentration of a substance by measuring changes in electrical properties. It is used in many applications such as medical diagnostics and environmental monitoring. It detects changes in electrical characteristics caused by chemical reactions. what is corrosion? Corrosion Corrosion can be thought of an electrochemical process in which electrons are transferred between the metal and the electrolyte. The metal acts as an anode, causing oxidation, while the electrolyte acts as a cathode, causing reduction. It also is the study of the chemical and electrochemical processes that cause metals and other materials to deteriorate or degrade in various environments. Corrosion can affect the performance, appearance, and safety of many products and structures, and it can also have environmental and economic impacts.
Transcript: Go on Exchange present your country abroad Work with different mentalities Diversity Explore different cultures Be a Member Develop your skills Have an impact Enrich your knowledge AIESEC Be a Leader Lead your team Achieve your vision Coach others Be a mentor EXPERIENCE YOUR AIESEC JOURNEY Gives you a great experience
Transcript: 14th Week Consulting interns can be expensive Time and Money Personal Experience Preliminary Design Stage NFPA 101 and NFPA 13 New and Existing Education, Business, and Mercantile Definition of Project This app would be used to provide interns and recent graduates with an outline of guidelines for how to design and review designs of specific occupancies. With the given time frame, I will be writing the information that will go into the app Begin parametric study: Speak with my mentor and Jason to understand more about what critical variables I could concentrate on for this app. Choose those parameters and begin my study Gather information from NFPA 101 and NFPA 13 for new and existing education, business, and mercantile occupancies. By: Breanne Thompson Next Steps (Continued) Finish preparing for Draft of Analysis Pull together and discuss results of project Draw my conclusions and state future work needed Turn in Final Paper! 10th and 11th Week Turn in my parametric study Begin draft of analysis Map out the process of the app for the key elements 15th Week References Next Steps 7th Week Prepare for Final Presentation Summarize my draft of analysis into presentation Work on how to incorporate a live demonstration for my presentation App Development Background Information 8th-9th Week Continuous Process Objective-C for Apple products Java for Android products 6 months of studying Places to Learn: Codecademy, iOS Dev Center, Android Developers Training Hire App Developer will cost thousands Prepare Final Paper Dive into Shark Tank! 1. http://lifehacker.com/5401954/programmer-101-teach-yourself-how-to-code 2. http://www.bluecloudsolutions.com/blog/cost-develop-app/ 6th Week Background Presentation 12th-13th Week
Transcript: Real action and accountability Amnesty International Non-state actors/ Rebel Groups?? ...and what about men?? ignoring male rape victims? would rape exist without a man? Weapons of War: Rape UN as an Arena - NGO's - Discussion and dialogue Arena Instrument Actor Critical Thinking Weapons of War: Rape UN as an instrument UNSC Resolution 1820 (2008) UN as an Actor - UN Action Against Sexual Violence in Conflict Weapons of War: Rape Problems with 1820 "Roles and Functions of International Organizations" "Sexual violence, when used as a tactic of war in order to deliberately target civilians or as a part of a widespread or systematic attack against civilian populations, can significantly exacerbate situations of armed conflict and may impede the restoration of international peace and security… effective steps to prevent and respond to such acts of sexual violence can significantly contribute to the maintenance of international peace and security" (UNSC Resolution 1820, p. 2)" http://www.stoprapenow.org/uploads/advocacyresources/1282164625.pdf Background Presentation- Kristin Mann Weapons of War: Rape Brief Insight - used to manipulate social control - destabilize communities - weaken ethnic groups and identities Examples: - Sudanese Militia - Rwanda Genocide - DRC Critical Thinking http://www.womenundersiegeproject.org/blog/entry/the-need-for-numbers-on-rape-in-warand-why-theyre-nearly-impossible-to-get Critical Thinking Increased Data Collection by international organizations - determine humanitarian responses - ensures justice and reparation - provides recognition and dignity
Transcript: A New Generation of Motivation The Leadership Challenge, Kouzes & Posner Thank You! Everything Turns Up Rosy: Path-Goal Theory (House & Mitchel, 1974) Motivation-Hygiene Theory (Frederick Herzberg, 1964) Contingency Model (Fred Fielder, 1967) Expectancy Theory (Victor Vroom, 1964) Applications to HIED & SA Translating Daniel Pink from Theory to Practice Pink in Review We have outdated systems of motivation; we're due for an upgrade! Motivation 1.0, 2.0 & 3.0 Autonomy, mastery & purpose "E before I"...when it comes to motivation! Management v. Leadership As a result of this presentation, audience members will be able to: Review the concepts presented in Pink's Theory Explore leadership theories utilized in SA/HIED that relate to motivation Understand how today's generation is motivated differently Apply Pink's Theory to SA/HIED Motivation & Leadership Questions? Developmental Conversations One-on-ones & evaluation meetings Transferable and tangible skills Institutional, divisional and departmental mission & values Ex: Six Pillars of Student Success Engaging the I is key! Ex: Greek Life chapters Sanford and Pink would get along! Challenge & Support Learning Objectives
Transcript: Death rate 2012: 12.84 deaths/1,000 population (World ranking: 22) Infant (Child Mortality) Total: 79.02 deaths/1,000 live births (world ranking: 10) HIV/AIDS (2) Appropriate Technology Landlocked country Great African Rift Valley system: East – Lake Malawi South – mountains, tropical palm-lined beaches Mainly a large plateau, with some hills Lake Malawi (Lake Nyasa) Almost 1 million people have AIDS 60% of these are female Declining in urban areas, Rising in rural areas Leading cause of death amongst adults Contributes to the low life expectancy: 54.2 years 209th ranking (One of the lowest) 500,000 children have been orphaned due to AIDs Micro-finance Policy Framework and Strategies (Health SWAp) increasing the availability and accessibility of antenatal services; utilization of skilled health personnel during pregnancy, childbirth and postnatal period at all levels of the health system; strengthening the capacity of individuals and institutions to improve maternal and neonatal health; increasing the number of skilled health personnel; constructing and upgrading health facilities to offer essential health services particularly focusing on rural and underserved areas; and provision of ARVs and micronutrients during pregnancy. Geography of Malawi CCST 9004 Appropriate Technology for the Developing World Indicator 3: Literacy Rate of 15 – 24 year-olds According to the World Bank, microfinance is defined as: Microfinance is the provision of financial services to the entrepreneurial poor.This definition has two important features:it emphasizes a range of financial services—not just credit— and it emphasizes the entrepreneurial poor. Goal 2: Achieve Universal Primary Education Appropriate Technology: SIRDAMAIZE 113 Population: 16,777,547 (estimated in July 2013) Population growth rate: 2.758% (2012 est.) (World ranking: 18) Age structure Children: 50% of total population HIV/AIDS Human Resources Education Poverty Food Insecurity Erratic Rainfall Patterns/Droughts Corruption Lack of Foreign Investment Languages Indicator 5: Proportion of seats held by women in National Parliaments Central Region: 1-9 (Yellow) *Capital: Lilongwe Northern Region: 10-15 (Red) Southern Region: 16-27 (Green) Lake Malawi (Blue) Land surface area 45,747 square miles Challenges: · shortage of qualified primary school teachers; · inadequate physical infrastructure; · poor retention of girls mainly from standard five to eight; · high disease burden due to HIV and AIDS consequently leadinto absenteeism, especially among girls who take care of the sick · Poverty levels are high in rural areas. Malawi – Climate/Agriculture Trading partners: South Africa, Zambia, China, US Challenges: · shortage of qualified primary school teachers; · inadequate physical infrastructure; · poor retention of girls mainly from standard five to eight; · high disease burden due to HIV and AIDS consequently leading to absenteeism especially among girls who take care of the sick; and · poor participation of school committees and their communities in school management. · Poverty levels are high in rural areas. 1 Doctor per 50,000 people Hinders the ability to deliver medical services to people in need Reason: Emigration Lack of access to education Aggravated by AIDS > 4 nurses are lost each month This also affects other sectors: Government Business Farmers Human Resources HIV/AIDS - Contemporary GDP: US $14.58 billion (2012 est.) (World ranking: 142) Labor force: agriculture: 90%; industry and services: 10% (2003 est.) Countries main income Agriculture Main crops: maize, tobacco, tea, sugar cane, groundnuts, cotton, wheat, coffee, and rice Industry: tobacco, tea, sugar, sawmill products, cement, consumer goods Challenges: limited capacity in terms of human and material resources to facilitate adult literacy and continuing education; early marriages perpetuated by socioeconomic factors; socio–cultural factors that make people believe that men should be leaders while women are followers; and, poor learning environment which affects girls in primary and secondary schools e.g. sanitary facilities, long distances to education facilities, extra burden from domestic chores especially for adolescent girls resulting into high dropout rate. 1964: Independent from Britain Indicator 1: Maternal Mortality Ratio Malawi Demographics Problems - Outline Indicator 4: Share of Women in Wage Employment in the Non- Agriculture Sector measure of employment opportunities ( i.e equal proportions of men and women in formal employment) Yet, more women participate in the agriculture sector than in the formal wage employment especially in jobs that require professional qualifications. Due to: literacy levels, gender disparity and cultural values. Facts About the Product: Drought tolerant maize variant Able to mature under limited rainfall Suitable for marginal rainfall areas 136 days to mature Normally: 150 – 180 days Able to mature under limited rainfall Suitable for marginal rainfall areas
Transcript: DPIM mutations' background the lab's mutational strategy data from literature alpha fold predictions What is Y2H? Yeast two-hybrid screening system is a molecular biology technique used to discover and analyze protein-protein interactions and protein-DNA interactions by testing for physical interactions (ex.: binding) between two proteins or between a protein and a DNA molecule, respectively. The mutations (Pol32 permutations for Y2H assays X Pol1) we are interested in are as following: Pol32:AlphaFold predictions: predicted aligned error plot DPIM area: DED GY: confidence level of the residues according to AlphaFold: D -> A CONFIDENT E -> A CONFIDENT D -> A VERY HIGH G -> A CONFIDENT Y -> A CONFIDENT
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