Transcript: The final troups push towards the German border on October 17, 1918. As the British, French and American armies began to fallow on, Germany began to fall from the lead. . Within a few days, the entire city was in their control and the revolution spread throughout the country. On November 9 the Kaiser abdicated; slipping across the border into the Netherlands and exile. A German Republic was declared and peace feelers extended to there troups. At 5 AM on the morning of November 11 an armistice was signed in a railroad car parked in a French forest near the front lines. HOW MANY YEARS DID THE WAR LAST FOR?? WORLD WAR ONE what role did Australia play in the middle east? how did this help britian? WHAT ARE THE RESONS FOR BRITIAN AND GERMANY GOING TO WAR IN 1914 Britain declared war on Germany in 1914 in response to the German invasion of Belgium. Belgium had been know as a neutral state under international law since 1839. On 1st August Germany declared war on Russia. The same day Britain asked the ambassadors of both France and Germany if they intended tobe a part of Belgian in the event of war between themselves. The French stated immediately that it was their intention to do so. The German ambassador said no to give a similar commitment. is here WHY DID GERMANY EVENTUALLY SURRENDER ON THE 11TH OF NOVEMBER 1918. And one more thing... Thank you for your attention! WORLD WAR ONE LASTED FOR FOUR YEARS AND ONEHUNDRED AND EIGHT DAYS STARTING IN 1914 AND ENDIND IN 1918
Transcript: World War One Interesting Facts: .World War One is also known as "Great War of the Nations" .U.S. was involved in the war from 1917 to 1918,when the war ended .Countries involved in war: -Allies-Britian,France,Russia,Italy,Japan -Central Powers-Germany,Austria-Hungary,Turkey What? .End of War:Nov.11.1918 Done by : Paityn & Stormi When did World War One occur? 1914 - 1918 .U.S. declares war on Germany on April.6.1917 Germany "Germany was against Austria,Hungry,and Russia". .Allies Where? Who won? Who was involved in World War One? .Beginning of War:July 28,1914 What happened during World War One? "World War One started because Hitler wanted to be the supreme ruler of the world." Who? Why did World War One happen? What was the reason? When? informaton found at : PBS.org ; BBC.org ; Scoilsantrease.com ; Factmonster.com Where did World War One occur? .Treaty of Versailles-signed in 1919 ."Germany invaded neutral Belgium" .Everyone thought the war would be over by Christmas Why?
Transcript: The source is from the perspective of a German Military photographer documenting the war. The heavy artillery was called the Big Bertha, the name came from one of the Allied forces to describe the heavy German artillery piece Howitzer. AFC, France, November 1917 http://www.kenthistoryforum.co.uk/index.php?topic=6042.0 British Vickers machine gun crew wearing PH-type anti-gas helmets. This photograph was taken after the conclusion of the battle in December 1917 at the railway marshaling yard at Cambria. If you surrender Verdun, you will be cowards! And you needn’t wait til then to hand in your resignation. If you abandon Verdun, I sack you all on the spot.”- prime Minister Briand. WELCOME The source is from the perspective of a French photographer documenting the battle. The imply of new weapon like Flamethrowers and phosgene gas, had a big impact on the soldiers. These soldiers were already trying to fight muddy and wet conditions and shellfire.http://www.wereldoorlog1418.nl/battleverdun/slachtoffers.htm British troops leave their trenchesBattle of the Somme, July 1, 1916 WAR WORLD ONE V Day, 25 June 1916Much brighter and warmer dayhttp://www.1914-1918.net/bat15C.htm MUSEUM Today, we will be having soldiers who fought in war talking about the type of weapons they used and tactics/strategies they used. Although. Another key factor behind the stalemate on the Western front was the fact that during the First World War, there emerged newer weapons like machine guns. In brief but accurate terms, it can be said that the race to the sea was a series of battles in which the Germans on the one hand, and the Allies on the other, tried to outflank each other through a series failed military manouevres. TO THE SOMME 1916:The British had two reasons why they decided to launch the Somme Offensive. 1. The wanted to relieve the pressure on the French at Verdun.2. The British new commander in chief, Sir Douglas Haig, had great faith in the Offensive, and believed that it was necessary.99. They wanted to drive though the German lines into the open country. They also hoped to push the north and south behind the Germans off their supply lines, rolling up the German line, and get the Germans to surrender. Webb, K. World War 1 – From Sarajevo to Versailles 2002. McGraw-Hill Publications.This source is from the perspective of a member of the allied forces. This is what the Prime Minister said to the French Soldiers. This is one of the reasons why French soldiers didn’t give up on Verdun. PASSCHENDAELE: The main reason for the battle of Passchendaele was to break the German line and to capture the two ports of Ostend and Zeebrugge. They Germans used them as U boats bases. The Germans were using them as safe ports from which to run its unrestricted submarine warfare campaign against Britain. The Germans were using their U boats to sinking quarter of all supply’s, which traveled by ships. The introduction of the convoy system for merchant shipping reduced losses significantly, but Haig still believed that capture of the Belgian ports would still provide an important breakthrough. 31 July – 6 November 1917 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Passchendaele Verdun!On 21 February 1916, the Germans launched an offensive on the French town of Verdun. The main reason why the Germans attacked Verdun was: because Verdun was symbol as French honour, to prevent they Allied from attacking German’s positions on the Somme and the third point is, because Germany wanted to prepare the way for the attack on the main city of French, which is Paris. Germany believed that if the attacked were successful, it would be a lot simpler to defeat France. Then German will have the opportunity to turn and quickly defeat Russia on the Eastern Front. Since none of the countries fighting the war proved able to score a swift and decisive victory, the First World War, which began in 1914, did not come to an end until the latter part of 1918. The first key reason for the stalemate on the Western front was due to the German war plan and the way it unfolded on the battle field. The German war plan was known as the “Schlieffen Plan.” According to the Schlieffen Plan, the German army was expected to wage a rapid war to defeat the French army within a relatively short time, hopefully within a period of six weeks. The stalemate began when it became clear that the German plan was unable to achieve the quick military victory initially anticipated by Germany’s General Staff. The German military commander who implemented the Schlieffen plan, Helmuth Von Moltke, slightly changed the original plan by attacking Belgium and consequently fighting a war on two fronts Unrestricted Submarine (U-Boat) Warfare Lusitania, May 7th 1915
Transcript: Made by: Celeste Kadie Kyra 1. Mutual Defense Alliances Over time, countries throughout Europe made mutual defense agreements that would pull them into battle. Thus, if one country was attacked, allied countries were bound to defend them. Before World War 1, the following alliances existed: 1. (Russia and Serbia) 2. (Germany and Austria-Hungary) 3. (France and Russia) 4. (Britain and France and Belgium) 5. (Japan and Britain) Austria-Hungary declared war on Serbia, Russia got involved to defend Serbia. Germany seeing Russia mobilizing, declared war on Russia. France was then drawn in against Germany and Austria-Hungary. Germany attacked France through Belgium pulling Britain into war. Then Japan entered the war. Later, Italy and the United States would enter on the side of the allies. 2. Imperialism Imperialism is when a country increases their power and wealth by bringing additional territories under their control. Before World War 1, Africa and parts of Asia were points of contention amongst the European countries. This was especially true because of the raw materials these areas could provide. The increasing competition and desire for greater empires led to an increase in confrontation that helped push the world into World War I. 3. Militarism As the world entered the 20th century, an arms race had begun. By 1914, Germany had the greatest increase in military buildup. Great Britain and Germany both greatly increased their navies in this time period. Further, in Germany and Russia particularly, the military establishment began to have a greater influence on public policy. This increase in militarism helped push the countries involved to war. 4. Nationalism Much of the origin of the war was based on the desire of the Slavic peoples in Bosnia and Herzegovina to no longer be part of Austria Hungary but instead be part of Serbia. In this way, nationalism led directly to the War. But in a more general way, the nationalism of the various countries throughout Europe contributed not only to the beginning but the extension of the war in Europe. Each country tried to prove their dominance and power. 5. Assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand The immediate cause of World War I that made all the aforementioned items come into play (alliances, imperialism, militarism, nationalism) was the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria-Hungary. In June 1914, a Serbian nationalist assassinated him and his wife while they were in Sarajevo, Bosnia which was part of Austria-Hungary. This was in protest to Austria-Hungary having control of this region. Serbia wanted to take over Bosnia and Herzegovina. This assassination led to Austria-Hungary declaring war on Serbia. When Russia began to mobilize due to its alliance with Serbia, Germany declared war on Russia. Thus began the expansion of the war to include all those involved in the mutual defense alliances. They first tried to kill him by throwing a bomb at their car but they missed and killed the people in the car behind them, later a 19 year old boy managed to shoot both him and his wife. Causes of World War One: Causes of World War One: Celeste Breanne World War One
Transcript: trench foot lice in WW1 Central Powers Trench Foot Trench Fever Typhoid Influenza casualties Diseases 18,500,521 Total 12,809,280 Wounded 5,691,241 Killed 3,386,200 killed 3,629,829 MIA war medicine into the war improvements started to happen like better surgical ,methods,antisepsis, motorized ambulances tetanus antitixication,and the invention of the x-ray trench foot trench mouth frog lice War Medicine By: Rahi Patel & Joey Sharp Allied Powers Diseases Casualties World War One: War Medicine/ Casualties/ Death Toll/ Diseases Acacia AcetylsalicycAcid (Aspirin) Iodum ( Iodin )
Transcript: WW1 "It was high time that the anxiety and nervousness of the public, at the sinister encroachments of the enemy upon regions which he had never previously trodden, should be allayed by a demonstration that there was still some kick left in the British Army. I was ambitious that any such kick should be administered, first, at any rate, by the Australians." Lieutenant-General John Monash BATTLE OF HAMEL (4 July 1918) The Dardanelles "A perfect modern battle plan is like nothing so much as a score for an orchestral composition, where the various arms and units are the instruments, and the tasks they perform are their respective musical phrases." Lieutenant-General John Monash The Sinai The Western Front
Transcript: Malik Walton Black Hand Society Can serve as a unifying force within a country The germonous introduced the submarine as an effective worship War in trenches by early 1915 opposing armies on the western front had dug a mile of parallel trenche to protect themselves from enemy fire Machine Gun Eastern Front Central Power Militarisim; Fires Ammunition automactically, was improved by the time of World War One The black hand society was a secret society commited to ridding Bosnia of Austrian rule Submarine The policy of glorifying military powar an army prepared for war Nationalism A policy in which a strong nation seek to dominate other countries politically or economincally or socially Deadlock region in Northern France Millions fight on their land Western Front Tank Imperialisim: Trench Warfare Was an armored combat vehicle that moved on chain tracks Nations take sides by mid-August 1914 the battle were clearly drew on one side were Germany and Austria-Hungray
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