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Transcript: More Recent Reports E Pluribus Separation: Deepening Double Segregation for More Students (2012) Brown Fades: The End of Court Ordered School Desegregation and the Resegregation of American Public Schools. Reardon, Grewal, Kalogrides, Greenberg (2012) Brown v. Board of Education (1954) The Civil Rights Act (1964) & Green v. County School Board (1968) 1968 Nixon administration reversed course 1973 was the last court decision that expanded desegregation rights (to Latinos) Milliken v. Bradley, 1974 halted desegregation across city suburban lines. Freeman v. Pitts, 1992 Missouri v. Jenkins, 1995 Lowered the standard by which a district could have a desegregation order lifted. Tuscaloosa School District took advantage of these rulings to get their 30-year desegregation order lifted. Created an district where the attendance zones were not race neutral. There were predominantly one-race schools Racial segregation correlated with poverty. Unequal educational outcomes have resulted, leading to differences in curriculum offered. Facilities, transportation, and resources provided without regard to race. Per pupil spending relatively equal, even favored Central. Yes, it is racial resegregation. Both nationally and locally. If history has taught us anything, it is that there is very little correlation between knowledge and virtue. This creates a necessary ambivalence about descriptive research projects, be they qualitative" or "quantitative". These are not new considerations. But contemporary conversations about the relation between scholarship and action get tangled up in debates about relativism vs. dogmatic forms of political righteousness. Interviews conceived of as revealing or liberating the "true voice" of oppressed subjects are framed as an always already failed project. On the other hand, the bruises caused by institutional arrangements are real, they are visible, and require analysis. What is needed is an approach to research that sees the subject constituting effects of representational processes not as a problematic excess, but at part of the intended outcome of research. Most interesting scholarly resources can be found in what has been called the recent ontological turn in research methodology: Contemporary Pragmatism Material Feminism Disability Studies Indigenous Studies I locate myself in the pragmatist tradition. Which leads me to consider the use of performative, narrative, and arts based modes of presentation. In this project I am working on a traditional book. I am also working on a stage play, based on the actual words of respondents in the study. We stand on a threshold. Our inherited conceptions of the relationship between knowledge and action is undergoing an epochal shift. We need a research practice that does not just re-describes the world, but also, in the process redescribes ourselves. We need a practice of of research and politics that neither denies the salience of identity, nor that treats identity as a pre-given entitlement, but instead one that creatively re-invents identity and is accountable for the consequences of those identity productions. It is not clear where this will lead. But it is clear that changes are happening. For doctoral students this should be both exciting and a source of trepidation. As advisors and mentors, we should encourage intelligent, informed, boldness and risk taking. Examined the hidden curriculum of racial segregation--documented the meaning of segregation to children. Kenneth and Mamie Clark were right, resegregation harms students through the messages it communicate. But the harm is more than just to individual self-esteem and self-concept. There is also a social harm done to all who are involved. A harm to what we are capable of as a people, community, and nation. Heard the opposition to the restructuring. Saw the difference in facilities. Asked teachers which school they were choosing. Once schools were restructured, students followed the media coverage of the schools. Watched the I.B. curriculum controversy unfold. Heard Parent comments, (e.g. geniuses and deviants) Saw student teachers reluctance to teach. There will come a day in your life when you must act for others...and you have to be ready. You must be bold, have courage, and walk through a door that leads to opportunity for others. --Vivian Malone Can we Call it Re-segregation? Research Implications My response to fear I to do it anyway. Let nothing stop you. You have to push foward. --Autherine Lucy Children Read Resegregation as a Social Text Conclusion: Resegregation is a Curriculum "Why Are They Doing This To Us?" Racial Resegregation as Curriculum Parents and students recognized that something was lost when students attended a school whose demography did not represent the diversity in the general population. Students did not just read this as a reflection on themselves personally. They read it as a reflection on what is culturally and politically possible. Did we Ever Really Pursue

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Transcript: Wisdom does not flow like water Plato’s Critique of Pederasty Pederasty Background Symposium Pederasty My Project Pausanias' Speech Pausanias' Speech Two Aphrodites Uranian Heavenly Pandemos Common Text Text Pictures Pictures "Here, Socrates, lie down alongside me, so that by my touching you, I too may enjoy the piece of wisdom that just occurred to you while you were in the porch. It is plain that you found it and have it, for otherwise you would not have come away beforehand." Agathon and Socrates “It would be a good thing, Agathon, if wisdom were the sort of thing that flows from the fuller of us into the emptier, just by our touching one another, as the water in wine cups flows through a wool thread from the fuller to the emptier. For if wisdom too is like that, then I set a high price on my being placed alongside you, for I believe I shall be filled from you with much fair wisdom. My own may turn out to be a sorry sort of wisdom, or disputable like a dream; but your own is brilliant and capable of much development, since it has flashed out so intensely from you while you are young; and yesterday it became conspicuous among more than thirty thousand Greek witnesses." "You are outrageous, Socrates," Agathon said. "A little later you and I will go to court about our wisdom, with Dionysus as judge, but now first attend to dinner." how water flows Principle at play When they do engage in a contest about love Timeline YEAR Alcibiades' Speech Socrates, he claims, is like “those silenuses that sit in the shops of herm sculptors, the ones that craftsman make holding reed pipes or flutes; and if they are split in two and opened up they show they have images of gods within.” (215b) Alcibiades' Speech You, in my opinion,' I said, 'have proved to be the only deserving lover of mine; and it seems to me that you hesitate to mention it to me. Now I am in this state: I believe it is very foolish not to gratify you in this or anything else of mine—my wealth or my friends—that you need; for nothing is more important to d me than that I become the best possible; and I believe that, as far as I am concerned, there is no one more competent than you to be a fellow helper to me in this. So I should be far more ashamed before men of good sense for not gratifying a man like you than I should be before the many and senseless for gratifying you.' Seduction Scene 'Really, my dear Alcibiades, you're no sucker if what you say about me is really true and there is some power in me e through which you could become better. You must see, you know, an impossible beauty in me, a beauty very different from the fairness of form in yourself. So if, in observing my beauty, you are trying to get a share in it and to exchange beauty for beauty, you are intending to get far the better deal. For you are trying to acquire the truth of beautiful things in exchange for the seeming and opinion of beautiful things; and you really have in mind to exchange "gold for bronze." But blessed one do consider better: Without your being aware of it—I may be nothing. Thought, you know, begins to have keen eyesight when the sight of the eyes starts to decline from its peak; and you are still far from that.' Conclusion conclusion If Socrates were to have sex with Alcibiades, he would perpetuate: 1) the idea that people can make each other wise. impact: prevent Alcibiades from realizing his ignorance about wisdom 2) Alcibiades belief that his physical attractiveness is the most important thing about him impact: the belief could harm Alcibiades as he begins to decline from his physical peak, when “Thought begins to have keen eyesight.” (219a) 3) Socrates would be no better than the sophists who cannot acknowledge the ways in which they are ignorant, and thus, risk self-deception. Advantages Advantages to my account: -Fits with the well-known picture of a Socrates who: 1) proclaims his own ignorance. 2) critiques the Sophists for i. both not acknowledging what they do not know ii. exchanging money for wisdom -Makes explicit the way Plato critiques the customs of his time -Throws into question a vision of Socrates as someone who consistently denies bodily urges -Makes clear that the container model is supposed to function in opposition to the image of pregnancy and birth. Accounts of “Plato’s Appropriation of Reproduction” run these two images together.

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