Transcript: Public Reason and the Availability of Truth Acknowledgments He wants to strengthen public reason from external criticisms. A disposition of citizens: (1) willingness to propose claims acceptable to others (2) Treat fellow citizens as free and equal (3) Accept the consequences of the burdens of judgement The truth-apt activities of public reason can rely upon this internal use of the truth predicate in order to make sense of their validity. Available Claims in Public Reason Ex. "It is true that law x is unjust." - As an internal claim, the example relies on an accepted framework (a political conception of justice). - These types of truth claims adhere to the constraints as they are limited in their range. (Their use is not intended to change the framework of justice already in place) a. The Constraints: Justificatory considerations are political. Reasonable as External Duty of civility requires it An essential feature of democratic society b. Internal Claims: Internal claims take a particular framework as given, they can not be made before the acceptance of a framework. Cohen's Political Conception of Truth Assume (a) Assume (b) 'Reasonableness': Standard of correctness for political justification. 'Political Conception of Justice': responds to the fact of `reasonable pluralism,' is freestanding, and is the focus of an `overlapping consensus.' Attitudes: Truth is the norm governing belief, assertion, and judgement If we take the political conception of truth to be an internal claim then public reason can make sense of the validity of its own claims. Public reason can already make sense of the validity of its own claims. Therefore Cohen requires further justification or motivation to include the political conception of truth. Correspondence: True beliefs correspond to how things are but not in any mind independent sense. - There is a limited range of application that characterizes the judgements, claims, and reasons that can be appealed to in public reason. - justification can not be on the grounds of comprehensive doctrines. (they have broad scope of application qua grounds) Truth & Political Justification: Must be in terms acceptable to all "reasonable' points of view. Why favor reasonableness as a standard? The Political Conception of Truth as External Contrast: Truth is distinct from warrant but not in any substantive sense. - judgements appealing to such justification then aim at the truth about justice in a controversial, philosophical sense. - this is restricted in light of political liberalism's commitment to propose and honor fair terms of cooperation. (The duty of reciprocity can not be maintained) Introduces the political conception of truth Political Conception of Truth Public reason's avoidance of a standard of truth is not justified by its central aims. A political conception of truth is acceptable. The political conception of truth is necessary for public reason to make sense of the validity of its own judgements and claims. Non-metaphysical Is truth available? Not designed to restrict liberty of conscience 1. If Cohen's political conception of truth resolves the discrepancy between truth and public reason then it is either (a) an internal claim or (b) an external claim. 2. In either case of (a) or (b) Cohen's political conception of truth is unsatisfactory on its own terms. C: Therefore Cohen's political conception of truth does not resolve the discrepancy between truth and public reason as is intended by its introduction into political liberalism. If the political conception of truth is used as an external claim then it is outside the constraints entailed by the standard of correctness for public reason. Cohen argues that the political conception of truth entails such constraints. Therefore it can not be an external claim. The Argument Responsibility of citizens: Moral responsibility Epistemic responsibility Reasonableness The reason of citizens - endorsement of a political conception of justice. - agreement in the form of overlapping consensus - necessary for political legitimacy -allows for reasonable disagreement It is reasoning addressed to others in their capacity as citizens When acting from public reason, legal acts are legitimate even though they may not be just Value: Truth is valuable in a way warrant is not. (The duty to be able to explain to one another how the principles they advocate can be supported by the political values of public reason.) I am grateful to Nick Alvarez, Aaron Bentley, John Gotti, Emily Lobsinger, Mike Nishkian, Patrick Smith, and Jeuel Wilkerson for all of their support, philosophical insight and overall encouragement. Their friendship is inexorably entwined with my philosophical growth. I'd like to acknowledge and thank Carlos Montemayor, Jennifer Montgomery, Kevin Toh, and Shelley Wilcox for their continued support and dedication of time through feedback, advice, and guidance. Without the loving support, patience, and understanding of my parents and my
Transcript: An Expository Study: On Mamanwa Tribes Cultivation through Time in Jabonga, Agusan Del Norte Introduction Chapter 1 In Mindanao, the aeta known as the mamanwa who lives in the northeastern provinces of Surigao and Agusan. The researchers have decided to conduct a study on mamanwa tribes cultivation through time in Jabonga, Agusan Del Norte. The term mamanwa means ¨First forest dwellers¨, derived from ¨man (first) and ¨banwa (forest). However, they are popularly called ¨kong king¨ because of their kinki hair. According to anthropologist, one theory suggest that the Mamanwa are the descendants of the original inhabitants of the Philippines who arrived through land bridges that linked the country with the Asia mainland some 50,000 years ago. Review of Literature and Studies The Mamanwa is one of the oldest ethnic inhabitants in the Philippines particularly in Caraga, bearing a distinctive class of breed. Their physical features have an equal and parallel similarity to the Negritos and Manobos with dark-skin complexion, kinky-curled-hair, snub-nose and black eyes The political system of the Mamanwas is informal democracy and age-structured, the chieftain may be a man or a woman and is referred to as Tambayong or Datu is the one who presides the duties of counseling tribal members, speaking at gatherings and arbitrating disagreements within the tribe. The Mamanwas believe in nature’s spirits also known as anitos/anitas and the supreme deity Magbabaya. However due to cross-cultural exchanges among the lowlanders, their religious belief has been swayed and even considered by the lowlanders as savage and such. Local Studies Mamanwas are nomadic, men went to forage in the forest and hunt for food only returning to their territories only to deliver and share their catch to everyone. Few of them own lands and culture their own crops such as camote also called sweet potatoes, and more acculturated also have domesticated pigs and chickens for food and their rituals. Despite their lack of education and living conditions, their traits of resilience and positive attitude towards life are what contributed to their survival and to thrive in the future ahead of them. However, they are also engaged in making and selling products to augment their income for their daily sustenance. The products that they produced are handicrafts and souvenir items which they made manually or traditionally. The Mamanwas oral literature comprises mainly on prose and poetry, in pose evident are of folktale and myths and poetry have high fascination for songs they refer to as tud-om (Mamanwa Tales with Cultural and Linguistic Notes, Daryll M. et. al). These mirror various issues in their society such as social, political, and religious concerns. The Mamanwas are one of the IP Communities in Caraga region, the other includes the Manobo, Talaandig, Banwaon, Higaanon and among others. Moreover, the Mamanwas are lesser in population than the latter and in particular, had been the vanguard of their indigenous knowledge system, institutions and leadership practices. They have actively worked for the preservation of its arts and crafts for posterity as part of Filipino cultural heritage. The well preserved Mamanwa indigenous leadership system illustrated their desire to protect these institutions as community priceless knowledge and heritage. Conceptual Framework Statement of the Problem The study aims to address the study and answer the following: 1. How does the Mamanwa Tribe of Jabonga, Agusan Del Norte cope with civilization? 2. What are the challenges the Mamanwa Tribe of Jabonga, Agusan Del Norte face on a daily basis and how were they able to overcome? (insert identifying cultural practices before and nowadays). 3. What does the Mamanwa Tribe of Jabonga, Agusan Del Norte do for living? 4. What are the qualities of this tribe to survive on a daily basis? 5. How does the Mamanwa Tribe of Jabonga, Agusan Del Norte preserve their culture? 6. What are the ways to pass on socio-cultural activities to family members? Hypothesis Ha: The civilization takes place on Mamanwa Tribes cultivation through time in Jabonga, Agusan Del Norte. Ho: The civilization does not take place on Mamanwa Tribe cultivation through time in Jabonga, Agusan Del Norte. Significance of the Study This study will be undertaken to know the Mamanwa Tribes Cultivation through time in Jabonga, Agusan Del Norte. This study will benefit the following: The Community, Mamanwa Tribe of Jabonga, Agusan Del Norte can benefit. They may be given the chance to emphasize and elaborate their culture towards everyone. The Student, the students and Researchers will be able to know and have knowledge about the said study. The Future Researchers, this study may be used as a reference for future upcoming researchers for their basis. Methodology Chapter 2 Research Design - the study is an expository and qualitative method, a process of collecting, analyzing, and interpreting non-numerical data, such as
Transcript: Education The Male Bias of Tuberculosis In India: A Qualitative and Quantitative Analysis of the Problem Age 1. Stigmatization of TB in Women 2. Active Case-Finding 3. Scheduled Tribe Membership 4. High Gender Ratio Case Studies 5. Mortality Statistics 1. Solid Fuel Hypothesis Thank You! Female Era of Neglect and Complacency Methods Gaps in Knowledge About TB Applying the Scientific Method 1990 Interest Reignites 2. Tobacco Use Rejected Factors 1947 Future Research Total Age > 35 Desire for Discretion 2006 Cultural First TB Drugs Developed Results Scheduled Tribe Membership Biological Logistical and Linear Regression Categorically Sorted Dependent Variables Methodological Narrative Methodological Modern Era 1970 Male Male Bias of TB Biological Narrative Discretion 1989 Cultural Narrative Malnutrition Total Age > 35 Desire for Discretion
Transcript: THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN ORGANIZATIONAL CHARACTERISTICS AND INTRINSIC JOB SATISFACTION AMONG SELECTED GOVERNMENT EMPLOYEES OF CITY OF CABUYAO, LAGUNA THEORETICAL FRAMEWORK Relationship of organi-zational characteristics and job satisfaction among selected government employees of City of Cabuyao, Laguna. TWO FACTOR THEORY This research aims to determine the relationship of organizational characteristics and intrinsic job satisfaction among selected government employees of City of Cabuyao, Laguna. Specifically, the study will answer the following questions: Herzberg used the term 'hygiene' to describe factors that cause dissatisfaction in the workplace, are extrinsic (or independent of the work itself), and are linked to things such as compensation, job security, organizational politics, working conditions, quality of leadership, and relationships between supervisors, subordinates, and peers. Organizational characteristic of Cabuyao City Hall intrems of: • Leadership • Performance Appraisal • Facilities Intrinsic job satisfaction • Achievement • Work itself • Personal Growth The researchers will use the descriptive method to determine the relationship of Organizational Characteristics and Intrinsic Job Satisfaction among selected Government employees of the selected departments of the city government office. It is a type of method involving the description, interpretation, recording and analysis of data in order to test the hypothesis of the study. The variables that the researchers will measure are Leadership, Performance Appraisal, Facilities and Organizational Characteristics and their Intrinsic Job Satisfaction. 3. To measure the relationship between organizational Characteristics and Intrinsic Job Satisfaction Multiple regression will use. To help minimize miscalculations due to human error, all computations went through software called SPSS (Statistical Package for Social Sciences). The following are the statistical treatments to be applied in the study: SStot = SSbg + SSwg With regards to the level of Intrinsic Job Satisfaction in terms of achievement, work itself and personal growth the MANOVA will use. The formula is: First, the total sum-of-squares is partitioned into the sum-of-squares between groups (SSbg) and the sum-of-squares within groups (SSwg): DATA ANALYSIS PLAN Alvarez, Joebert Jerry C. Manguerra, Kahreen Ann J. Nanola, Jestrel Joy P. INPUT The Future Government Employees. This study will make them to be aware to the factors that can affect to their intrinsic job satisfaction that will enable them to be more productive and effective employees. 2. With regards to the level of Intrinsic Job Satisfaction in terms of achievement, work itself and personal growth the MANOVA will use. THANK YOU! The Future Researcher. The ideas presented may be used as a reference data in conducting new researches. The Field of Industrial/Organizational Psychology. The researchers believe that the study may contribute to the said field of psychology in terms of functioning issues such as the job performance and work motivation of the government employees. In addition, this may help improve the effectiveness of both individuals and organizations. STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM RESEARCH PARADIGM SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY The motivators or satisfiers. These are linked to employee motivation and arise from intrinsic, or dependent, conditions of the job itself. Factors for satisfaction include responsibility, job satisfaction, recognition, achievement, opportunities for growth, and advancement. Corporate Leaders. The results and ideas that can be shown in this study may be used as a guide on how the leaders/superiors could motivate their employees. RESPONDENTS OF THE STUDY The Government employees. The Government Employees will benefit from this study not only at Cabuyao, Laguna but to the whole world of politics. It will help them to know the relationship of the organizational characteristics to their intrinsic job satisfaction. 3. Is there a significant relationship between organizational characteristic and intrinsic job satisfaction the selected government employees of City of Cabuyao, Laguna? Cabuyao City Hall 1. To identify the Organizational characteristics of Cabuyao City Hall the five-point likert Scale and simple mean will use. RESEARCH LOCALE * Self-made questionnaires * Collecting data * Statistical treatment * Correlational analysis HYPOTHESIS FEEDBACK RESEARCH DESIGN OUTPUT The study will be conducted at the city government office city of Cabuyao, Laguna. It has twenty four departments, but the researcher will select only three departments namely Office of the Mayor, Sangguniang Panglunsod and City Social Welfare Development Office. SStot = SSbg + SSwg PROCESS Null Hypothesis. There is no significant relationship between organizational characteristic and intrinsic job satisfaction among selected government employees of City of Cabuyao, Laguna in terms of Leadership, Performance Appraisal, and Facilities. .
Transcript: "ACQUIRING SELECTED JOURNALISM SKILLS AS PERCEIVED BY SELECTED AB JOURNALISM STUDENTS" ANALYTICAL FRAMEWORK Analytical Paradigm Television – Professors Mediated Fashion - teaching strategies Media Content/Messages - Journalistic skills that are being taught Influence on the Audience - the skills learned by the students 100 students randomly selected as the respondents 25 students – first year 25 students – second year 25 students – third year 25 students – fourth year DATA GATHERING PROCEDURE Statement of the Problem P= [F/X] x 100 The data will be accumulated; the researchers will tally the respondents according to their age, sex and year level. It will be presented through tables and will be interpreted. Their response to the questions will be then added. Using the formula for finding the mean, the researchers will compute the scores of the respondents. suggests that television (and other media) plays an extremely important role in how people view their world modern Culture most people get much of their information in a mediated fashion rather than through direct experience 1. What is the socio-demographic profile of the respondents? a. Age b. Gender c. Year Level d. Number of Major Subjects SOURCES OF DATA This study is a descriptive content analysis on the Journalism skills development of the journalism students of Bicol University. 2. What are the activities provided by the Journalism Professors to develop the Journalistic skills of the respondents? a. Writing Articles b. Beat Assignments c. Covering Press Conferences d. Conducting Interviews e. Production of Newsletter, Magazines and Documentary Films An Undergraduate Thesis Presented to The Faculty of the College of Arts and Letters BICOL UNIVERSITY THANK YOU VERY MUCH! TREATEMENT OF DATA Questionnaires 4. What are the implications of these Journalistic skills to the respondents as they practice on the field of Journalism in the future? "Culture Analysis Theory" METHODOLOGY Frequency Distribution. This will be used in counting the responses. Percentage. This will be used in the computation of the percentage to the frequency count using this formula: where: P = percentage F = no. of response X = total no. of respondents STATISCAL TREATMENT OF DATA Jefferson G. Geva Christine D. Latona Ma. Abbygale V. Ombao Jeuela Joey L. Quiñones In Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for the Degree Bachelor of Arts in Journalism 3. What are the Journalistic skills that are developed by the respondents? a. Critical Thinking b. Quick Time Composition Capability c. Deadline Beating Capability d. Following Ethical Procedures e. Computer Literate in Lay-out and Design
Transcript: Thesis Presentation THE TELEVISION PRIMETIME SHOWS OF ABS-CBN, GMA AND TV5: A STUDY OF THE DIFFERENCE ON PROGRAMMING By: Rhoel Carreno Donitha Rose Encabo Jienah Guibao Felvie Oracion Rationale Theoretical Background Agenda Setting Theory by Maxwell McCombs and Donald Shaw Theoretical Conceptual Framework Problem Statement This study aims to find out the programming of television primetime show of the three national television networks such as ABS-CBN, GMA and TV5. More specifically, this seeks to answer the ff: 1. The profile of the shows of the three national television networks in terms of time Slots and program title ,program genre, program audience and program ratings. 2. The Programming strategies of television primetime shows of the three national TV network based on the study of head-to-head, counter, strip, checkerboard and block. 3. The Television Programming Policies; general audience (GA), parental guidance (PG). 4. To reveal the program strategies and policies being used by ABS-CBN, GMA, and TV 5, including the Title, Time Slots, Genre, Target Audience, and Ratings of each primetime show. Therefore, the researchers conclude that the theory of Maxwell McCombs and Donald Shaw “The Agenda-Setting Theory” which stated that through their day-by-day selection and display of the news, editors and news directors focus our attention and influence our perceptions of what are the most important issues of the day. This implies that the viewers have the choice and option to choose what network they would like to watch in their daily viewing of TV. Conclusion Methodology 1. The output of the study came up with a website entitled” The difference on Programming of the three Networks” this will serve as a primary source in looking into the differences of the programming of the three television networks. 2. Viewers. Be a responsible viewers and audience on watching the evening primetime shows. Don’t get easily affected and be influenced with the shows that are being shown in the TV. Be wise enough to choose on to when and what to be watched. 3. Media. As the society watchdogs, they should be responsible of using media wisely on spreading information through the medium. Create a more modern idea and strategies to make difference. Producers, film-makers, directors and members of the production of primetime shows should plan carefully the themes, the concepts, and the messages to make life informative, modern but the value is there and at the same time fun. 4. Advertisers. Companies and Advertising firms should choose an appropriate and accurate primetime shows to where they would want to sponsor or placed their advertisements to a certain show. 5. Mass Communication students. As future media personalities, they should have the right and exact knowledge about the study to serve as their guide to be more creative but a wise media icon in the future. 6. Schools offering Mass Communication. As the venue for knowledge and excellence, they should need to be more updated in the new idea and techniques for a better education that will be given to their students. Do more research; publish new books that can be a new help; a new way to excel in the field of Media Communication. Omit the unused and produce a modern and unique idea to apply. 7. Researchers should continue the research and do impoundment studies to discover more difference of the programming of the evening primetime shows of Television of the three networks. Discover new theory that can be useful and a helped as new revenue of knowledge in the next generation. 8. Furthermore. The following topics are strongly recommended to the future researchers as their future references in their studies: 8.1. Why ABS-CBN, GMA and TV5 can attract the viewers with their evening Television primetime shows? 8.2. Ways on attracting sponsorships and advertisements in the evening primetime television shows of the three networks. 8.3. Television Evening primetime shows’ commercial invasions. 8.4. Religious Drama is the Best Genre on television primetime shows. 8.5. Story line techniques to attract viewers of the television Primetime shows. Difference in programming of the evening prime time shows. This study used the Qualitative Content Analysis. The researchers used ABS-CBN, GMA7, and TV5 as their sources of data. They analyzed the items through the given guidelines. Findings Probably the highest stakes “game” in the world is television programming. It is programming that brings viewers to the station. If the number of viewers is large, and if they possess the characteristics sought by advertisers, the station will attract advertising dollars. Ergo, the researchers come up an idea to study about the programming of the three big national networks here on Philippines which are ABS-CBN, GMA7, and TV5. Furthermore, this study tackles the profile of the three networks, the difference on programming strategies and the television classification of evening primetime shows based on
Transcript: the researchers Research Problem Film Demographics title genre year produced scriptwriter casts end sale Film Elements narrative theme casts setting script editing sound cinematography film quality promotions Review of Related Literature Rise of "RomCom" (Romantic Comedy) films Study Framework Hoijer's Schema Theory Dramatistic Pentad Methodology Limitations of the Study Results and Discussions "One More Chance" Film Demographics Film Elements Narrative/Story - "Linear" Characters - Popoy & Basha Theme - Forgiveness Setting - Workplace & Restaurant Promotion - Movie trailer & Poster "A Very Special Love" Film Demographics Film Elements Narrative/Story - "Linear" Characters - Miggy & Laida Theme - Perseverance & True love Setting - office Promotion - Movie trailer & Poster "My Only U" Film Demographics Film Elements Narrative/Story - "Linear" Characters - Winona & Bong Theme - Sacrifice and acceptance Setting - Tenement Promotion - Movie trailer & Poster "You Changed My Life" Film Demographics Film Elements Narrative/Story - "Linear" Characters - Miggy & Laida Theme - Love & Understanding Setting - Offices in Laguna & Manila, Laida's house Promotion - Movie trailer & Poster "Miss You Like Crazy" Film Demographics Film Elements Narrative/Story - "Non-linear" Characters - Allan & Mia Theme - Destiny, Acceptance, & Forgiveness Setting -Ferry boat, Ferry Terminal, & Malaysia Promotion - Movie trailer & Poster "My Amnesia Girl" Film Demographics Film Elements Narrative/Story - "Non-linear" Characters - Apollo & Irene Theme - Forgiveness, Family-oriented, Accepting Setting - Irene's Photo studio, Apollo's house, speed dating bar Promotion - teaser trailer & Poster Similarities among Cathy Garcia-Molina's films based on story Linear Themes Movie trailers Summary & Conclusion Summary Film Demographics Conclusions Cathy Garcia-Molina's films and it's Demographics Major key points among Cathy Garcia-Molina's films Recommendations Cast of Characters Faye Acoriza as Researcher 1 Dexter Balita as Researcher 2 Yvette Esquivel as Researcher 3 Jayvee Fontarum as Researcher 4 Pattee Katigbak as Researcher 5 Direk Cathy as taumbayan #23 directed by Cathy Garcia-Molina all rights reserved Pag sinagot mo ako, buhay-thesis ka sa akin... kasi, lagi kita ide-defend <3 Popular culture Family friendship fate forgive & forget true love February & November What are the success indicators among Cathy Garcia Molina's films and its effect to the present cinema industry? Women Directors Do the above -mentioned indicators affect the present situation of the Philippine movie industry and trend in Filipino movie-making? rom-com Current State of the Philippine Cinema Industry Film elements 151M-200M John Lloyd Cruz Students filmmakers film enthusiasts future researchers males are dominant over females title genre characters scriptwriters setting Vanessa Valdez Raz dela Torre Carmi Raymundo
Transcript: The Road Ahead to a Masters Thesis in Educational Technology What brought me to "Presence" or "Being There"? Procedure Usability testing procedural flow as a design-based research approach Introduction/ Background Usability Testing Design-Based Research Research Questions 2.How do different levels of objective task complexity within a 3D virtual learning task influence the sense of presence? 3.How do participants perceive doing a learning task as opposed to a non-learning task in the VE? Step 3 Presence Phase 1 Research Design & Methods By Jamilah Alamri Phase 1 Research Question: 1. Cognitive Walkthrough. 2. Formative Evaluation. Direct observation Audio- video recordings Debriefings Data Collection Methods Three research questions guided this study: Who Am I ? What are the usability issues for the designed learning tasks using objective complexity levels identified by Wood’s task complexity model and contextual factors in 3D VEs? Phase 2 Research Questions:
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