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Turquoise Presentation

Transcript: Superstitions and Beliefs Impact on Religion "Anasazi Turquoise." - A Culture over Developed 1000 Years Ago from This Gem. N.p., 29 May 2013. Web. 29 May 2013. <>. Baxter, Paula A., and Allison Bird-Romero. Encyclopedia of Native American Jewelry: A Guide to History, People, and Terms. Phoenix: Oryx, 2000. Print. "Collecting Native American Jewelry Part Two." Collecting Native American Jewelry Part Two. N.p., n.d. Web. 12 June 2013. <>. Kunz, George Frederick. The Curious Lore of Precious Stones. New York: Halcyon House, 1938. Print. "Material Print Page -." Digital Image. Material Print Page -. N.p., n.d. Web. 12 June 2013. <>. "Native American Turquoise Jewelry." Digital Image. Native American Turquoise Jewelry. N.p., 12 June 2013. Web. 12 June 2013. <>. "Native American Turquoise Jewelry." Native American Turquoise Jewelry. N.p., 29 May 2013. Web. 29 May 2013. "Turquoise Gemstone Information." Turquoise Gemstone Information. N.p., n.d. Web. 29 May 2013. <>. Turquoise Symbolized Turquoise was worn by rulers and kings. Both men and women Navajo wore it although it was primarily women who wore the jewelry. Turquoise worn by Background: More turquoise mines were found around the nation, and use of turquoise as trade died out among the Anasazi tribe. The Navajo Indians found use of turquoise. They were blacksmiths, usually fixing wagons. They learned how to use silver with turquoise. Turquoise Special Designs It was used for trade and became the worshiped item in ceremonies. It was also put into tombs of beloved leaders. Turquoise tiles were put into seashells, made as mosaics, and used as spiritual amulets. Examples of Native American Turquoise Jewelry Turquoise Impact on Culture First Mined Mosaics Amulets Rings Uniquely shaped or designed beads Color changed beads Turquoise became desired by the Anasazi Indians to use for trade. It also affected the culture because people wore it to display their wealth which added a sense of economical class system to the tribe. The Navajo Indians applied turquoise to seashells and cut turquoise into tiles to be used in mosaics. They used turquoise beads and painted liquid silver on the back which hardened as a bezel cup. Silver melted at 962 degrees Celsius Making of Turquoise Jewelry Turquoise is found in: Wearing turquoise symbolized wealth The Navajo Indians thought that those who wore turquoise possessed "the gift from the creators of the universe." Works Cited 1) Iran--said to have the best quality 2) Egypt 3) Mexico 4) United States Turquoise became a worshiped item and had a major role in prayer, ceremonies, and daily worship routines. The Anasazi people believed that turquoise had healing powers sent by the fathers of creation. Abby Ruegsegger Turquoise was believed to have the power to heal because it was "sent from the gods of creation." It was believed to guarantee good fortune to those who possessed it. It was also thought to bring peace to a spirit when it was placed in someone's tomb. Materials and Jewelry uses of Turquoise Turquoise was first mined by the Anasazi tribe in North and Mesoamerica. The mines were in Chaco Canyon, which is now New Mexico.


Transcript: The rock Turquoise by Frank Lancaster It's color is turquoise. It has a waxy luster. It is a 6 on the Mohs hardness scale. It's fracture is perfect. It's streak color is bluish-greenish. It has a triclinic crystal system. In the United States, turquoise is primarily mined in Arizona. It is used in Native American healing rituals. In Iran top-quality turquoise has been mined for the last 5000 years, but only accounts for a small amount of the world's output. People first began mining turquoise in Egypt before Persia, but Egypt is no longer a big producer of turquoise. Turquoise is used in mosaics, overlays that cover surfaces, pottery, and fabrics. Turquoise has been praised by Egyptians and Native Americans not only because of it's beauty, but because of it's "supernatuarl" powers. Egyptians first found Turquoise in Egypt during 5,200 B.C. Turqoise is considered the first gemstone. Napoleon Bonaparte gave a crown of diamonds and turquoise to his empress. Miners dig up the jewel and sell it to different jewelers. Jewelers take the turquoise and make jewlery out of it. Turquoise is hard and won't brake easily, making long-lasting jewerly. Native American shamans used turquoise in their healing rituals. Turquoise has a lot of copper in it making it useful when building electrical wires which people use every day. Turquoise mining, or any mining at all, tears up forests and habitats for animals. Without a habitat, big animals will move to a new area, killing small animals. The mining of copper leaves behind tailings, or piles of dirt. After copper mining, a machine processes the tailings to extract turquoise and actually reduces the amount of tailings. Turquoise... is amazing.

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