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Turkish Presentation

Transcript: Arabic Script “Lar” is an undotted back vowel, plural suffix added to “kapi” would form “kapilar” which means door. “ler” is a dotted front vowel, plural suffix added to “köylü” to produce “köylüler” which means villagers. Examples Let's Talk Turkey! Turkish Grammar Agglutination- Suffixes are attached to the end of the word whether it is a noun or verb. Suffixes add to the words meaning and/ or mark grammatical function Does not mark grammar, it does not have gender pronouns. A single word marks “he, she, it” etc. Phonetic language- each letter retains it’s own sound. For example, in English the sound of letters can change, like “fat, fare, fate” In Turkish, there is no such pronunciation change. Back (thick) vowels Front (thin) vowels A-not dot E-dot a,i,o,u e,ï,ö,ü Turkish Vowel Harmony Turkish has a 2-dimensional vowel harmony system, where vowels are characterized by two features: [±front] and [±rounded]. Vowel harmony states that words may not contain both front and back vowels. Therefore, most grammatical suffixes come in front and back forms, e.g. Türkiye'de "in Turkey" but Almanya'da "in Germany". Turkish Noun Conditions • Language Family: Turkic • Subdivision: West Oghuz • 72 million people speak Turkish • Spoken in Iraq, Greece, Bulgaria, Kosovo, Albania and other regions of eastern Europe among many other places. Standard Turkish is based on the dialect of Istanbul. Turkish Presentation By: Laura Zazaian & Enchanette James Latin Alphabet Nominative: The root word carries no suffix – (el) el-the hand, hand Genitive: “Belonging to” ‘s, of (el-in) elin-the hand’s, of the hand Accusative: Meaning specific “the” direct object of a verb- (e-li) eli- the hand Dative: Movement: to, towards (el-e) ele- to/ towards the hand Locative: Place and position: in, on, at (el-de) elde- in/on/at the hand Ablative: Movement away: from, by, (el-den) elden- from, by the hand Turkish Language Each letter has one sound, and there are no confusing double consonants (like sh, ch, ght and so on), so each letter is pronounced separately. The pronunciation is as you would expect, except for the following: • c is pronounced like an English j (in jam). So sadece (only/just) is pronounced sah-deh-jeh • ç is pronounced like an English ch (in charge) – not s as in Latin based languages. • ğ is silent (elongates previous vowel sound) • ş is “sh” • ı – looks like an i without the dot. Confusingly when capitalised it is I (English i capitalised), but Turkish i capitalised is İ – so the city I was living in was actually İstanbul, not Istanbul). ı is pronounced as a schwa. • Umlauted ö/ü vowels work as in German. The first thing to point out is that Turkish is a phonetically written language and uses the Latin script. Up until Atatürk made some revolutionary changes to the language in the last century it was written using Arabic script. Each letter has one sound, and there are no confusing double consonants (like sh, ch, ght and so on), so each letter is pronounced separately. The pronunciation is as you would expect, except for the following: Turkish Alphabet: Until 1928, the Turkish Alphabet was known as the Ottoman Turkish Script. In 1928, in an effort to modernize Turkish, the Arabic script was replaced with a version of the Latin alphabet and is used now to this day. Consists of 21 Consonants and 8 vowels Total of 29 letters No lengthening for vowels The eight vowels are divided into two groups: 4 Undotted vowels: - a ı o u. The 4 Dotted Vowels - e i ö ü Turkish Vowel Harmony Epenthesis Pronunciation Quiz Turkish Alphabet Vowel Harmony Rule References A rule where subsequent vowels follow in a word or suffix follow the vowel properties of the previous vowel. Vowels can mirror the previous vowel in a word by changing the pronunciation and spelling. All Turkish words of Altaic Turkic Origin are pronounced either with the E-dotted group or A-undotted group of vowels. Turkish Vowels In phonology, epenthesis means the addition of one or more sounds to a word (usually the interior). Epenthesis may be divided into two types: excrescence, for the addition of a consonant, and anaptyxis for the addition of a vowel. In Turkish the epenthetic vowel undergoes vowel harmony. Turkish Vowel Harmony sehir (city) vakit (time) merhaba (hello) Benim adım (my name is) Sınıfta Türkçe konuşurlar (I speak Turkish in class.)

Turkish Muslims Presentation

Transcript: Gender-based violence Traffic accidents Cancer Malaria Country of Origin Turkish is spoken by 84.54% of population Women are compliant, trained in domestic tasks, supportive of men, mothers are loving and nurturing Men are assertive, proud, courageous, and authoritative disciplinarians Sons are praised and stay by mothers side until ages 10-11 Fathers and daughters show very little affection Dietary laws are written in the Koran Halal - food allowed under Islamic law Haram - prohibited foods -e.g. pork products, animals that weren't alive & healthy at the time of slaughter, alcohol Fasting during month of Ramazan Cure of disease in Islam Health care - Ministry of Health Every individual entitled to Social security. Private hospitals Health Service on the Countryside? Life Expectancy As of 2014 there were approximately 500,000 Turkish Muslims living in the U.S. Concept of Health "Islam in Turkey." My Merhaba. Web. 27 Sept. 2015. <>. Requirements in Islam On average 5 or more people in one home Extended families usually live very close if not together 79.4% of marriages are arranged 11.4% of arranged marriages are without consent Communication and Social Interaction Prevention of Disease Harssel, Jan, Richard Jackson, and Lloyd Udman. National Geographic Learning Visual Geography of Travel and Tourism. Fifth Edition ed. 2014. Print. "Turkish Flag, Turkey Flag." TravelBlog. 2014. Web. 27 Sept. 2015. <>. Sansal, Burak. "Islam in Turkey." - All About Turkey. Burak Sansal, 1996. Web. 27 Sept. 2015. <>. Health transformation programs has improved health outcomes Where they settled Eardley, Nick. "What Is Halal Meat?" BBC. 12 May 2014. Web. 28 Sept. 2015. <>. Infant death rate Sunni muslims Alevi muslims Shia muslims "Turkey." OECD Better Life Index. OECD. Web. 24 Sept. 2015. Tapper, Richard. "Islam in Modern Turkey; Religion, Politics, and Literature in a Secular State." I.B. Taurus Publishers. I.B. Publishers. Web. 24 Sept. 2015. By: Carly Eggers, Lindsey Ludwick, Mary Anne Stowe, Jessica Yang, Agrin Niroumand Peasant women learn folk medicine Religious and Spiritual Beliefs Health Status Family Structure and Values "Gender-based Violence Leading Cause of Death for Women Aged 15-44." Todays Zaman. Zaman, 12 Aug. 2012. Web. 24 Sept. 2015. "Turkey Population (LIVE)." Population of Turkey (2015). Web. 27 Sept. 2015. <>. Turkish Muslims Gabriel, Brian. "Dominant Muslim Beliefs in Turkey." People. 2007. Web. 27 Sept. 2015. <>. Turkey Beginning of islam in Turkey Population Turkey has no official state religion Magnarella, Paul J. "Turkey." Culture of Turkey. Advameg, 2015. Web. 24 Sept. 2015. Dietary and Food Practices Population in U.S Different groups of muslims in Turkey Works Cited Page Altchiller, Donald. "Turkish Americans." Every Culture. Web. 27 Sept. 2015. <>.

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