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Transcript: A person who has completed a program of basic, generalized nursing education and is authorized by the appropriate regulatory authority to practice nursing in his/her country. The nurse must know at least ASD’s signs and some screening tools. This early detection often allows access to interventions, which lead to improve outcomes. Autism is a complex neurobehavioral condition that includes impairments in social interaction and developmental language and communication skills combined with rigid and repetitive behaviors. Introduction In 1944 the study undertaken by Hans Asperger ( an Austrian pediatrician, medical theorist, and medical professor),on a group of children resembled Kanner’s descriptions in terms of symptoms . What is the level of knowledge of primary care workers about the clinical signs of the ASD and health care for the autistic child? Analysis John Elder Robinson Results Satoshi Tajiri Certain services rendered by members of the health professions for the benefit of a patient. Tim Page The encouragement of the medical and paramedical stuff Target population: is represented by 40 nurses working in the Basic Health Centers of Sfax region. Sampling method: simple random . A major need to strengthen awareness and treatment of associated medical conditions with standardized, comprehensive approaches to evaluation, treatment, and monitoring Problem In 1943 “Leo Kanner” carried out a study about 11 children who had, on the one hand features of difficulties in social interactions, difficulty in adapting to changes in routines, resistance and allergies to food, echolalia or propensity to repeat words of the speaker and difficulties in spontaneous activity. On the other hand, they also show sensitivity to stimuli good memory and good intellectual potential . The questionnaire is inspired from the KCHAW questionnaire and international recommendations which is composed of three fields and four subfields . Thank you for your attention... A relative state in which one is able to function well physically, mentally, socially, and spiritually in order to express the full range of one's unique potentialities within the environment in which one is living. Methodology Recommendations Autism Health care Knowledge Nurse Conclusion The psychological result of perception, learning and reasoning. The awareness or understanding of a circumstance or fact, gained through association or experience. Early detection and treatment stand the greatest chance of positively impacting brain development and may help scientists in the search for early biomarkers and causes. A descriptive study on the knowledge and health care for children with autism by primary care nurses in Sfax region. It is important for healthcare providers to routinely screen children for developmental delays associated with ASD, hence we guarantee early detection and effective intervention. Introduction Methodology Analysis and results Recommendations and conclusion PLAN Definitions


Transcript: Hindmarsh and Byrne (1987) Stiff ODEs solvers Cash (1980) Rapid growth of the studies on the extension traditional method for solving ODEs have led to somewhat competition in deriving an efficient algorithms for solving stiff and non-stiff systems. Cash (1983) The later method evolved in many ways including Modified Extended Backward Differentiation Formulae (MEBDF) [4], Z.B. Ibrahim, M.B. Suleiman and K.I. Othman (2008) Producing block approximations also known as Block Backward Differentiation Formulae (BBDF) [8]. These method will approximate solutions of stiff equations for second order systems at 2 point simultaneously using variable step approach. The technique proposed by Hall and Watt (1976) will be applied for selection of the step size and order. This method will be compared with the existing ODE solver in Matlab (15s and 23s) L.G. Birta and O. Abou-Rabiaa, “Parallel block predictor-corrector methods for odes,”,IEEE Transactions on Computers, vol. C-36(3), pp. 299-311, 1987. K. Burrage, “Efficient block predictor-corrector methods with a small number of corrections,” J. of Comp. and App. Mat,. vol. 45, pp. 139-150, 1993. J.R. Cash, “On the integration of stiff systems of odes using extended backward differentiation formulae,” Numer. Math,.vol. 34, pp. 235-246, 1980. J.R. Cash, “The integration of stiff initial value problems in odes using modified extended backward differentiation formulae,” Comput. Math. Appl., vol. 9, pp. 645-660, 1983. M.T. Chu, and H. Hamilton, “Parallel solution of odes by multi-block methods,” Siam J. Sci. Stat. Comput., vol. 8(1), pp. 342-353, 1987. S.O. Fatunla, “Block methods for second order odes,” Intern. J. Computer Math., vol. 40, pp. 55-63, 1990. C.W. Gear, “Numerical initial value problems in ordinary differential equations,” COMM. ACM., vol. 14, pp. 185-190, 1971. Z.B. Ibrahim, M.B. Suleiman and K.I. Othman, “Fixed coefficients block backward differentiation formulas for the numerical solution of stiff ordinary differential equations,” European Journal of Scientific Research, vol. 21, no.3, pp. 508-520, 2008. ICMMS 2014 The strategy would be to choose the order for which estimates the maximum step size. The new step size will be the maximum step size , and the order which produces the maximum step size will be the order of the new step. Having LTE2,k-1 ,LTE2,k and LTE2,k+1 the decision on the order must be taken and the estimation for the maximum step size are as follows: International Conference on Mathematics and Mathematical Sciences September, 22-23, 2014 Paris, France For all problems tested, it shows that, VS-BBDF(2) has outperformed the ode15s and ode23s in term of average error as well as maximum error. It also managed to reduce the number of total steps taken in most of the cases. Outline Introduction Objectives Methodology Formulation of general variable step BBDF Choosing the order and step size Numerical results Discussion References Methodology Siti Ainor Mohd Yatim Zarina Bibi Ibrahim Khairil Iskandar Othman Mohamed Suleiman Objectives On the Derivation of Variable Step BBDF for Solving Second Order Stiff ODEs Introduction Discussion Z.B. Ibrahim, K.I. Othman and M.B. Suleiman, “Variable stepsize block backward differentiation formula for solving stiff odes,” Proceedings of World Congress on Engineering 2007, LONDON, U.K., vol. 2, pp. 785-789, 2007. Z.B. Ibrahim, M.B. Suleiman and K.I. Othman, “Implicit r-point block backward differentiation formula for solving first- order stiff odes,” Applied Mathematics and Computation, vol. 186, pp. 558-565, 2007. Z.B. Ibrahim, “Block Multistep Methods For Solving Ordinary Differential Equations,” Ph. D. Thesis, Universiti Putra Malaysia, Selangor, 2006. P. Kaps and G. Wanner, “A study of rosenbrock-type methods of high order,” Numer. Math., vol. 38, pp. 279-298, 1981. J.D. Lambert, Numerical Methods for Ordinary Differential Equations: The Initial Value Problems, John Wiley & Sons, New York 1991. Derived Block Backward Differentiation Formula of order 2. Develop Variable Step Block Backward Differentiation Formula in single code. Numerical results are compared with Matlab’s ode solver namely ode15s and ode23s. THANK YOU FOR YOUR ATTENTION References

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Transcript: Strategies to reduce child mortality Location: Southwestern Asia, bordering the Caspian Sea, between Iran and Russia, with a small European portion north of the Caucasus range Independence date: 1991 18th October Population: 9,5 million GDP: 75,2 billion USD GDP growth rate: 2,5% PPP:16,910 USD HDI: 82nd Azerbaijan Thank You for Your attention! Strategies: Constitution Laws Azerbaijan 2020:Look into the future Concept The 5 countries barely missed the MDG of a reduction of 2/3 Child mortality in 1990, total: 55 000 Child mortality in 2015, total: 20 000 child mortality: under 5 infant mortality: under 1 One of the United Nations' Millenium Development Goals Horthy era Treaty of Trianon Ratkó Anna XXth century: mother and child protection agencies Germany Conclusion significant decline in preventable child deaths (child and infant mortality) additional investments decrease stagnates since 2010 6 deaths for 1000 live births(2015)-> under the 27 EU average Source: Demographic and Health Survey(DHS) 2014 Report Health indicators Hungary Child mortality mother’s high age overweight occupation smoking during pregnancy neglect of breastfeeding neglect of prenatal care Capital: Quito Provinces: 24 Location: Western South America Population: 14.5 millions Annual average growth rate: 1,9% GDP: $ 100 billion GDP per capita: $ 6,322.31 HDI: 98th Ecuador reached 15 awards at the World Travel Awards 2015 . Child mortality rate in 1990s: 97.2 deaths per 1000 live births Main causes of child deaths: Respiratory diseases, diarrhea, asphyxia, low birth weight, short spacing between births UNDP: Millenium Development Goal implementation since 2001 Child mortality estimates Source: UNICEF Child mortality rate: 32/1000 births 11/1000 births Rank:68th Azerbaijan State Statistical Committee Ecuador Source: World Bank Human Development Report 2014, UN Main causes of child mortality Solution: New Constitution National Plan for Good Living 2013-2017: New territorial organization of public health services Policies aligned to the Millennium Development Goals Ministry of Public Health rector of the public health network: Expanded Program on Immunization: Free vaccinations Current state: Child mortality rate: 14/1000 births IGME: 8/1000 births Priority given by the government to social investment by reducing the amounts aimed at paying the country’s debt and increasing social spending, including health. Comparison Source: Data and Analytics Section; Division of Data, Research and Policy, UNICEF Comparison speed in reduction has increased promising strategies running References: 1. 2. 3. 4. WorldBank - metadata indicators 5. Levels and trends in Child mortality. UNICEF development GDP: $ 126.691 billion (58th) $ 12,853 (57th) PPP: $ 255.254 (57th) $25, 239 (49th) HDI: 37th (0.831) Child mortality rate: 6 /1000 births Infant: 5 /1000 births Reasons: 1. lack of adequate facilities 2. tendency to conceal infant deaths fearing penalization 3. lack of high quality nutritious food 4. respiratory diseases Comparison Mongolia Countries Carolin Schanz, Gabriela Merchán, Janraidul Tsogbaatar, Vivien Pető, Zuleykha Shirinova Location: Central Europe, in the Carpathian Basin Population: 9,849,000 million Government: Unitary parliamentary constitutional republic Child mortality Comparison Source: Worldbank - Metadata Indicators National Development Goals together with Millenium Development Goals Residence main issues of child mortality Expert centers /more specialization/; better training Improve mother's health Infrastructure & healthcare services Location: Central Asia Population: 3.05 million GDP: $ 12.3 billion PPP: $ 11000 HDI: 103th (0.698) Health expenditure: 6% of GDP Child mortality rate: 18.7 /1000 births Infant: 15.3/1000 births Introduction OECD countries: Germany, Hungary Main causes in developing countries: Maternity care during pregnancy, Place of residence, levels of education Growth and development of the country, Nutrition, housing conditions, Access to drinking water, Heath insurance system Location: western central Europe Population: 80 million GDP: $ 3,8 trillion PPP: $ 47 500 HDI: 6th (0.911) Health expenditure: 10,5 % of GDP Child mortality rate: 4/1000 births Infant: 3/1000 births Rank: 12th Main Issues: Mother: hemorrhaging, high blood pressure and eclampsia sepsis Infant mortality - neonatal events: disorders stemming from length of pregnancy, low weight at birth, pneumonia, bacterial infections of the newborn, respiratory difficulties of the new born ignorance of the importance of breastfeeding Child mortality: Diarrhea disease, Acute respiratory infections chronic malnutrition Measles, Rubella syndrome, Congenital rubella

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