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Transcript: By Keren Ferman Background 1 1951 Originally intended to help European Migration after World World II Provides states with services and advice on migration and migrants Name has changed three times Annual budget, an estimate of $1.5 billion 10,000 staff worker in 150 counties 173 Member States 8 observer States United States Is home to the largest number of migrants 37,547,789 foreign born persons legally in the U.S = 12.5% of the nation's population IOM Constitution • The international organization for migration provides a framework for the functioning of the organization around the main Preambles in relation to the purposes, function, legal status, finance, membership and other issues. • The organs within this organizations are the council and the administration -The council is composed of representatives of member states their function is to examine and review the polices, programmer and activities of the organization. Also, when it comes to voting each member state must vote. • When it comes to the administration the council determines such staff. 2 What is IOMs Relation with the UN? 3 #1 International Law UNs purpose is to ensure international security and peaces The UN recently adopted the IOM in 2016 as a specialized agency In which they both define a migrant "as any person who is moving or has moved across an international border or within a State away from his/her habitual place of residence, regardless of (1) the person’s legal status; (2) whether the movement is voluntary or involuntary; (3) what the causes for the movement are; or (4) what the length of the stay is" #2 Agreement document ... As stated in the document "Recognizing the need to take into account migration and human mobility in the activities of the two Organizations and for close cooperation among all relevant organizations to strengthen their efforts in coordinating their respective activities related to migration and human mobility," (pg 2) It also stating an agreement in which the IOM agrees to be involved in all bodies within the UN. for instances (a) The United Nations System Chief Executives Board for Coordination (b) The Inter-Agency Standing Committee; (c) The Executive Committee on Humanitarian Affairs; (d) The Global Migration Group; (e) Country-level security management teams. (pg 4) #3 In accordance to the UN migration is global issue. It is notice that from 2010-2019 the number of migrants has increased from an estimate of 51 million to 272 million, at a global level. Migration is even a relevant issue among the 17 sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) in which they establish in their Agenda's core principle the importance of "leave no one behind," including migrants. This organization helps target and deal with goal issues that causes and the increase number of global migrations. Controversy A controversy among the international organization for migration has been with the human rights watch, since they have stated that the “IOM has no formal mandate to monitor human rights abuses or to protect the rights of migrants”. 4 Interesting facts "To promote diversity and inclusion of migrants in society, IOM has developed the platform ‘i am a migrant,’ which features first-hand accounts from individuals, providing insights into the experiences of migrants of all backgrounds and throughout their migratory journeys." In December 2000, the General Assembly proclaimed 18th December International Migrants Day 5 The World is Watching Global Action 6 7 References Ashutosh, I., & Mountz, A. (2011). Migration management for the benefit of whom? Interrogating the work of the International Organization for Migration. Citizenship Studies, 15(1), 21-38. Andrijasevic, R. (2010). The International Organization for Migration and the international government of borders. Environment and Planning., 28(6), 977-999. Bradley, M. (2017). The International Organization for Migration (IOM): Gaining Power in the Forced Migration Regime. Refuge, 33(1), 97-106. The International Organization for Migration on the Post‐2015 UN Development Agenda. (2014). Population and Development Review, 40(2), 381-384. Hanson, G. (1999). Illegal Immigration, Border Enforcement, and Relative Wages: Evidence from Apprehensions at the US-Mexico Border. The American Economic Review., 89(5), 1337-57. Catherine Dauvergne. (2014). Irregular migration, state sovereignty and the rule of law. In Research Handbook on International Law and Migration (Research Handbooks in International Law series, pp. 75-92). Edward Elgar Publishing. Thomas Gammeltoft-Hansen. (2014). Extraterritorial migration control and the reach of human rights. In Research Handbook on International Law and Migration (Research Handbooks in International Law series, pp. 113-131). Edward Elgar Publishing. Beth Lyon. (2014). Detention of migrants: Harsher policies, increasing international law protection. In Research Handbook on

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