Transcript: Somalia is one of the poorest countries in the world, ranking 161st out of 163 countries on the United Nations’ Human Development Index in 2001. Somalia did not appear on the 2006 index for lack of data. About 40 percent of Somalis live in extreme poverty on less than $1 a day. Type of government: Transitional Federal Government (TFG) Who runs the country: the president is Abdulkassim Salat Hassan and Hassan Abshir Farah as prime minister Steps taken towards democracy: the country is currently under no specific gov. they have clans fighting for power. Somalia's Flag The long-standing absence of authority in the country has led to Somali pirates becoming a major threat to international shipping in the area, and has prompted Nato to take the lead in an anti-piracy operation. Education: Literacy--total population that can read and write, 37.8%: male 49.7%; female 25.8%. A small minority of Christians did live in Somalia until the late 20th century, when Christian schools were shut down and most of the Christians left the country. Somalia's location The role of religious functionaries began to shrink in the 1950s and 1960s as some of their legal and educational powers and responsibilities were transferred to secular authorities. The position of religious leaders changed substantially after the 1969 revolution and the introduction of scientific socialism. Siad Barre insisted that his version of socialism was compatible with Quranic principles, and he condemned atheism. Religious leaders, however, were warned not to meddle in politics. Somalia Religion active in Somalia- Muslim Somalia's relationship with the United States is not very good. Somalia had sided with the Soviet Union causing conflict with the U.S. Ethnic group- Somali, with a small non-Somali minority (mostly Bantu and Arabs). Issues- famine; use of contaminated water contributes to human health problems; deforestation; overgrazing; soil erosion; desertificationSomalia is a land broken by famine, disease and war. The United States is backing Ethiopian incursions into Somalia, and American warplanes have raided Somalia three times in 2007 alone, allegedly in attempts to keep al-Qaeda militants from taking hold Somalia’s military of 10 divisions broke up after the 1991 overthrow of President Siad Barre and hasn’t been reconstituted since. Gnp-1.12 billion dollars GDP-$5.896 billion Debt-3 billion Life expectancy- total population: 50.4 years male: 48.49 years female: 52.37 years (2011 est.) Diseases-dengue fever, malaria, and Rift Valley fever, bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A and E, and typhoid fever, schistosomiasis, rabies Infant mortality- 105.56 deaths/1,000 live births Nation Capital- Mogadishu languages- Somali and arabic. Swahili is spoken particulary in the south. Religions- Muslim Population-4,996,204 Natural resources: Largely unexploited reserves of iron ore, tin, gypsum, bauxite, uranium, copper, salt; likely petroleum and natural gas reserves. Piracy Current Issues The star has 5 points - one for each branch of the Somalis: Issas of Djibouti, Somalis of Ethiopia, Issaks of Somaliland, Somalis of old Italian Somalia and the Somalis of North Kenya . Relationship with the U.S Somalia has two rainy seasons: the Gu (April to June) and the Dayr (October to November). Droughts usually occur every two to three years in the Dayr and every eight to ten years in both the Dayr and the Gu. The coastal region in the south around Mogadishu and Kismaayo has an additional rainy season, the Xagaaye (July to August), in which isolated rain showers prevail. The Climate
Transcript: UNOSOM I Began 1991 Phase I goal: humanitarian relief to the people of Somalia UNITAF Siad Barre ousted United Nations Operation in Somalia [UNOSOM] US/UN Intervention in Somalia Unified Task Force
Transcript: Somalia Who is fighting? Timeframe Pirates The Somali pirates are people that attack using force of guns . They steal and take hostages in the process. They moslty attack at night in the Gulf of Aden. But, Why? Pirates mostly attack ships with precious goods. Then insurance companies pay big bucks to get the goods back. In turn the pirates make tons of money. Becoming a Pirate Poor fisherman turn into pirates to get better lives and to help out their families. Puntland The pirates kidnap all of the shipmates that they take over. Then, they have to feed and house them, which helps to stabalize the economy in Puntland. Puntland is where they keep all of the shipmates they kidnap, and where the pirates live. Some of the money that they get from the insurance companies helps pay for food and othe necessities on Puntland. Our Opinions Juniper- I believe that if Somalia outlawed the insurance companies from paying the pirates back, they would eventually lose interest and stop the raids. The authorities could also raid Puntland & fight back. THE END! Guns Instead of swords like pirates on TV, they have guns. They have a special type of gun called an RPG. they use the guns to overpower the crews of boats they are taking over. Somali pirates and innocent civilians in boats These conflicts have been taking place since 2008 and are still going on today.
Transcript: Somalia 0-14 years: 44.7% (male 2,217,890/female 2,217,063) 15-64 years: 52.9% (male 2,663,729/female 2,588,716) 65 years and over: 2.4% (male 95,859/female 142,383) (2011 est.) Between Jan. 1991 and Aug. 2000, Somalia had no working government. A fragile parliamentary government was formed in 2000, but it expired in 2003 without establishing control of the country. In 2004, a new transitional parliament was instituted and elected a president, Sheikh Sharif Sheikh Ahmad (2009) Government Somalia: 42.7% rate (births/1,000 population) 14.87% rate (deaths/1,000 population) It's the day they had gained their independence. So its is there 4th of July. 37.8 % Combine the rice, 1 3/4 cups water, the salt, and butter in a small heavy-bottomed saucepan. Bring to a boil over high heat; reduce the heat to low, stir once, and simmer, covered tightly, for 15 minutes. (I need to pull the pot half off the burner to keep it from boiling over.) Turn off the heat and allow the rice to sit covered for 5 minutes. Add the parsley, dill, scallions, and pepper. Fluff with a fork, and serve warm. Food & Culture Basmati How Many Can Read and Write? Economy Religion June 26 Food Culture GDP(real growth rate (%)) - 2.6% Yearly Income - $4.1 billion Currancy - Shilin - 1 Somali Shilling (SOS) = 0.0006042 US Dollar (USD) Imports - $798 million Exports - $300 million Natural resources - Largely unexploited reserves of iron ore, tin, gypsum, bauxite, uranium, copper, salt; likely petroleum and natural gas reserves. Transportation - 3 cars per 100 people Telecommunications - There are around 100,000 (2004) main line telephones in use, but as of 2007 734,800 mobile phones. Most Somalis are Sunni Muslims Age Structure
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Transcript: Be a teacher In and out of famine for the past 20 years Somalia - 627,339 km. sq. Food Production Arable land - 440,280 km. sq. Resulting in imported foods = less money for the country Refugee camps located in Dadaab, Kenya "worst humanitarian disaster" - U.N. There are over 380,000 displaced persons located in the camp that is a mere 50 sq. km. Climate According to the Koppen classifactions its a BWh climate Final thoughts Drought Has been going on for the past 20 yrs Be more aware Population of Somalia - 9,925,640 World Vision Why have there been famines for the past 20 years? Famine in Somalia The closest refugee camp is in Dadaab located between Somalia, Ethiopia and Kenya 70.2% of land is arable Causing food productivity to be limited BWh makes for a dry climate Background
Transcript: Postcard from Hell Somalia has topped the Failed States Index for the last three years — a testament not only to the depth of the country’s long-running political and humanitarian disaster, but also, to the international community’s inability to find an answer. After two decades of chaos, the country is today largely under the control of Islamist militant groups, the most notorious and powerful of which is al-Shabab. A second faction, Hizbul Islam, rivals the former in brutality — it recently executed two Somalis for the crime of watching the World Cup. Off the coast, pirates such as the men pictured here torment passing ships, often holding them hostage for a high price. In 2009, Somali pirates earned an estimated $89 million in ransom payments. Somalia Somalia is a country plagued by droughts, starvation, corruption and violence. It bears the scars of decades of fighting, and continues to be a major concern to the UN. With Somalia continuously placing in the Failed States Index, this presentation will focus on some key issues that have been casting a shadow over this country. Specifically on the notorious piracy continuing on the east coast of the African continent. Somalia's Profile where is somalia? In the continent of Africa... Located on the east coast of Africa. Somalia borders Kenya, Ethiopia and the Indian Ocean. The coastal features of the country, give the region the name "The Horn of Africa". The capital city of the country is Mogadishu, which is on the coastline. main languages? - Somali - Arabic and these are considered their 2nd languages - English - Italian Islam 99.9% Muslim The constitution of Somalia defines Islam as the religion of the Somali Republic, and Islamic sharia as the basic source for national legislation. Islam entered the region very early on, as a group of persecuted Muslims had, at Prophet Muhammad's urging, sought refuge across the Red Sea in the Horn of Africa. Islam may thus have been introduced into Somalia well before the faith even took root in its place of origin. Christianity is a minority religion in Somalia, with no more than 1,000 practitioners (about 0.01% of the population). Population The CIA World Factbook estimated the population in 2000 as 7,253,137. All such estimates are derived by extrapolating from official censuses taken in 1975 and 1986 by the Somali government. In 2011 the population is to be said 9.5 million (UN, 2011). Such estimates are complicated by the large number of nomads and by refugee movements in a country that has been racked by war and famine for a decade. Nearly 50 percent of the population are nomadic, moving mainly in the central and northern areas, where drought is an ever-present threat. About 28 percent of the population are settled farmers, mostly in the southern areas between the Jubba and Shabeelle rivers. The population profile was estimated in 2000 as 44 percent in the 0-14 years age group, 53 percent between 15 and 64 years, and 3 percent in the 65 years and over age group. HDI English: The United Nations Human Development Index (HDI) rankings for 2011. - (dark blue) Very High - (medium blue) High - (light blue) Medium - (almost white) Low - (dark grey) Data unavailable Somalia Somalia doesn't have any recent HDI rankings because of the lack of government control and safety, however it is considered to be one of the worst countries that have the lowest rankings. Health Infant mortality rate—109.19/1,000 live births Average life expectancy at birth for entire population: 50.4 yrs. According to a 2005 World Health Organization estimate, about 97.9% of Somalia's women and girls have undergone female circumcision,a pre-marital custom mainly endemic to Northeast Africa. Encouraged by women in the community, it is primarily intended to deter promiscuity and to offer protection from assault. AIDs in Somalia Somalia has one of the lowest HIV infection rates on the continent. This is attributed to the Muslim nature of Somali society and adherence of Somalis to Islamic morals. While the estimated HIV prevalence rate in Somalia in 1987 was 1% of adults, a more recent estimate from 2007 now places it at only 0.5% of the nation's adult population despite the ongoing civil strife. Literacy total population that can read and write, 37.8% Quick Timeline 2000 BARRE IS OVERTHROWN warlords try taking over the government, becomes in transition 2009 September - Al-Shabab proclaims allegiance to Al-Qaeda leader Osama Bin Laden 2011 January - Pirate attacks on ships worldwide hit seven-year high in 2010, with Somali pirates accounting for 49 of 52 ships seized 2011 July - UN formally declares famine in two regions of southern Somalia. Aid agencies warn that millions face starvation, after drought, conflict and poverty combine to produce the necessary conditions for famine. 2012 2012 January - Al-Shabab bans Red Cross - one of the few aid agencies still operating in southern and central Somalia - from providing famine relief in areas under Islamist
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