Transcript: The government discourages the use of Singlish. Negative stance towards Singlish Authorities saying... National loyalties and familial ties to Singapore are crucial. Singapore Day to maintain a sense of Singaporean community Use Singlish at event as national cohesion and 'Singaporean-ness' in global context "Army Daze"(1996) Language Policy in Singapore: Singlish, National Development and Globalization English and Development Discussion Exaggeration of 'Singlish-ness' Reflect on its real life use Minister mentor in 2004, Lee Kuan Yew labeled Singlish a ‘handicap’. The second prime ministor, Goh Chok Tong, “ We cannot be a first-world economy or go global with Singlish…” (Goh,1999) “Let me emphasise that my message that we must speak Standard English is targeted primarily at the younger generation… we should ensure that the next generation does not speak Singlish ( The Sraits Times, 29 August 1999 For Singaporean... Good English and the Anti-Singlish Stance (diverse flows of people in different parts of the world) Singlish is characterized by Malay and Chinese languages. Singlish is a key of the development in Singapore, but... Singlish as a threat Singlish is a cultural identity. But, The government treats "Good English" as purely practical language. Modernity, Progress of science, technology and capitalism Offical name: Republic of Singapore, Xinjiapo Gongheguo(Chinese), Republik Singapura(Malay), Cinkappur Kutiyaracu(Tamil), Population: 4,930,000 Roughtly 76.8% Chinese, 13.9% Malay, 7.9% Indian, 1.4% Eurasians and Europeans (Chapter 9) National languages: English, Malay (Ethnologue) Official languages: English, Malay, Chinese, Tamil, (wikipedia) Literacy rate: 94% (2010 UNESCO) Marketing and identity Commercial representations may shape people’s cultural identities as well as notion of belonging. The individuals are “Cultural Omnivores” (Saracino 2009) Variety of languages in Singapore is cultural products. The government needs to acknowledge interest of consumers, especially the international markets. Anti-Singlish stance is problematic. What are pros and cons of implementing multilingual policy in Singapore? How would you apply the knowledge to national development in your country? Do you agree with pushing 'good English' without people's cultural and linguistic identities? New citizens who are affluent, highly educated and mobile individuals facilitate loyalty to Singapore change demographics and impact on the language policy Thus, the concept of mother tongue should be broadened to more languages. No dichtonomy of Western-Asian distinction in Singapore Singapore and Singlish Language policy in Singapore Good English and the Anti-Singlish Stance The Singaporean Diaspora Attracting Foreign Talent Singlish in the culture Industries: Films and Tourism The identity Economy Implications for Singapore ’s Language Policy Discussion Attracting Foreign Talent Choice of mother tongue is a matter of personal choice, not assigned by the state. reflect individual lived experience Language policy is only able to accommodate diversity of the population. Not affecting Singaporean identity, English is pragmatic use to integrate into the society. Language policy in Singapore Singlish as a part of tourist experience Use Singlish favorably, multi-racial background Include explanation of Singlish terms on the website Better understanding and communication with locals Singlish in the culture Industries: Films and Tourism No natural resources, joined the Federation of Malaysia Built country by diverse population Ensure parity and maintain interethnic harmony (Mandarin, Malays, Tamil) Remaining Asian Heritage Attraction of Foreign investment Western Identity, global economic competitiveness, neutral position and socioeconomic advantage for English Not abandoning a Singaporean identity even the city becomes global city English and Development, Policy, Pedagogy and Globalization Chapter 9 Lionel Wee Presented by Hideaki What is Singlish? Good English? The identity Economy Small island, cosmopolitan city, economically successful city, 1, Singapore’s language policy needs to be opened up in order to provide for individuals autonomy because of embarking on foreign talent policy. 2, It is not practical to ban the use of Singlish because of keeping a sense of connectedness and solidarity. 1, Singlish can help create a bond of solidarity. 2, Singlish can be relevant in helping new citizens to integrate into Singapore society. 3, Singlish can contribute to a sense of what the Singaporean identity is in cultural industries. Singlish for Tourism Singapore Singapore and Singlish New citizens... Agenda The Singaporean Diaspora See Singlish a threat to acquire a 'good' English Interfere learning standard English Not able to distinguish Singlish and standard English in terms of grammar Implications for Singapore ’s Language Policy
Transcript: imagine... imagine... how SHIOK that would be Co-op Student MIB Co-op Class Nicole 8 Chinese New Year (awesome) NUS Museum Night Life spending imagine... infinity pool SINGAPORE imagine... magical months
Transcript: Chili Crab Singapore Lion City A country of many cultures Each has been incorporated into many aspects of the country. The food all has different flavors Use of similar ingredients since come from the same area. Cultures represented through art, cuisine, and lifestyles. Ingredients Chilies, dried Shrimp Paste Oil Garlic Shrimp, large Chicken, Shredded Yellow Noodles Mustard Greens Beansprouts Bean Curd Cakes Scallions Soy Sauce Shallots Salt Chinese Celery Red Chili Lime Green Chili Cilantro Singapore Facts Indian Mee Goreng Charlene Corrigan Miles Gordan Darby Kelly Matini Sinirath Singapore Sling Satay Roti prada (griddle fried) Stir Fry Barbeque Roasting Steaming Ingredients: Oil Red Onion Kurma Powder Chicken Curry Powder Chili Powder Turmeric Powder Chicken Potatoes Sugar Black Pepper Salt Flour Butter In 1965 Singapore became an independent republic. Their government system is similar to the United States in that there are Legislative, Executive and Judicial branches. Considered a parliamentary representative democratic republic Multi party system, major political party is People's Action Party Constitution is their supreme law Currency is the Singapore dollar. Conversion of $1 US dollar is $1.22 Singapore dollars Common Ingredients To Conclude Located in southeast Asia between Malaysia and Indonesia. Island is 597 square kilometers, one of the smallest countries in the world Population of over 5.2 million people Multiple cultures including Chinese, Malay, Indian, Eurasians, Peranakans. Official Languages: Chinese/Mandarin, English, Malay, Tamil. Main Industries in Singapore include electronics, chemicals, oil drilling, financial services, petroleum refining, and entrepot trade. Gross Domestic Profit is $291.9 billion. Country consists of 11 different religions Malay, Peranakan, Deepavali, Chinese, Indian, Buddhism, Taoism, Islam, Christianity, Hinduism, Sikhs, Jewish. Constitution in Singapore deems freedom of religion Curry Puffs Ingredients: Gin cointreau Cherry Heering Benedictine Pineapple Juice Lime Juice Angostura Bitters Orange Cherry, Maraschino Ingredients: Oil Crab Garlic Ginger Red Chilies Chili Sauce Tomato Sauce Sugar Soy Sauce Sesame Oil Chicken Stock Cornstarch Egg Scallion Salt Pepper Common Cooking Methods Economy and Religion Anchovy, Garlic, Chili Paste, Prawn, Duck, Yellow Egg Noodle, Pork, Ginger, Fermented Shrimp Paste, Turnip, Rice Cakes, Agar (Seaweed), Banana Leaves, Curry, Peanuts, Chicken, Beef, Green Peppers, Cucumbers, Corn, Fish, Oyster Sauce, Lettuce, Shallots, Bean Sprout, Crab, Rice Vermicelli
Transcript: Personal opinion Parking : Singapore Parking Transport : Mytransport Personal opinion Three goals Same problem for every nations Focus on other things ? Smart city factor ? Jurong Smart city apps/solutions deployed Personal opinion Jurong How does it work ? Marina barrage Newater Jurong Newater data noninvasive : sensors Detection + alert Eco-friendly lifestyle Share of data Smart city apps/solutions deployed Smart city apps/solutions deployed Marina barrage Reduction of CO2 emissions Nice place to live in Connected organization Loneliness Troubles How does it work ? Marina barrage HDB Smart Home Singapore's situation economy Cultural sigma : "familial duty" Longevity Marina barrage Newater "A living, breathing city" Track Pick up Receive Elderly Monitoring System (EMS) Marina barrage Smart city factor ? data Virtual Singapore Bertrand Glaser - Benoit Leguay - Célestin Leroux Greater energy Save water Smart city factor ? What is a smart city ? HDB Smart Home "Express what you dream" Technology will just extend and support human sensors." 2016, then, will not just be the year of smart, but of transhuman cities. Gerhard Schmitt Healthcare : EMS Digital infrastructure : Virtual Singapore Energy Efficiency : HDB smart Home How does it work ? economy Collaborative platform Available to public
Transcript: Singapore By Romeo Cappadona Location 01 Here is the map of Singapore the yellow highlights is Singapore and this is actually a very small island it is 721.5 km² so this is considered a close up picture or map of Singapore Singapore's Coordinates are 1.3521° N, 103.8198° E And this is the distance from Australia to Singapore it takes 8 hours and fifteen minutes and is 4 374 km away from each other Location Title Singapore is just under Malaysia and under Singapore is the Singapore strait separating Singapore and Indonesia. Singapore is in the indian ocean but it is not a place for beaches as it is more surrounded by land. Location Title Climate 02 the climate of this country is very consistent it is always very humid they do not have any winter its just when it rains it rains its not particularly hot but it is very humid this changes the air temperature. if you have ever been in a sauner the air around you is like that but not to that extreme level but that gives you an idea of what the air is like because of the climate there aren't exact;y wet weather activities and most people in Singapore don't worry about wet weather they usually leave there washing to dry outside and not worry about it raining also because of the heat people will usually wear tank tops shorts and short sleeved tops. Climate Title Climate Title Environment 03 Singapore landscape consists of rounded hills in the main island, west and south west the landscape has a series of low ridges and the east and southeast part of the island is generally flat. Singapore does not have particularly large rivers it does not have many rivers either but the rivers it has only consist of a few kilometers long. Singapore is actually particularly popular for its flower dome consisting of some of the most beautiful flowers and it attracts thousands of tourists every year. Singapore has some amazing creatures as well it has lots of monkeys like the Branded Surili and some other amazing creatures like the flying lemur and the Chevrotain but sea creatures are also very important to Singapore sea animals include the Dugongs Mantees sea cows and much more creatures Population 04 the population of Singapore is 5,820,069 and being a small island Singapore is the major city and the rest of the island is broken up into towns with most highly populated towns being Bukit Merah, Woodlands, Jurong East and Bedonk Ethnicity Groups include Singaporeans, Chinese Singaporeans, Eurasians in Singapore. Religious Groups include Buddhist, Islam, Hinduism and Christianity Language Groups include Malay, Mandarin, Tamil, and English. Groups Groups the life expectancy in Singapore is 80 to 82 years old. the education standards in Singapore are outstanding and in 2015 the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) rounded it as the best education system in the world Life expectancy and education standards Life and Education Indigenous Groups 06 The Malay people in Singapore were the first people of the indigenous group in singapore They were the islands largest ethnic group and the first settellers of singapore they made up 60.9 % of the 10 683 in 1824 Economy 06 The GPD is expected to be $382.00 billion USD by the end of 2019. In Singapore the average income or salary for someone is $57 971 per year. In Singapore over 105 000 families or 10 to 14% live in poverty or below the poverty line. The long term unemployment rate for Singaporean residents is 0.8 % by the end of march in 2017 up from 0.7 % the year earlier Singapore has a parliamentary system and Singapores president is a lady named Halimah Yacob and the prime minister of singapore is a man named Lee Hsien Loong and at the moment Singapore is not facing any political issues Social Political Singapore's trade relations to Australia are that Australia, China Malaysia and the United States are Singapore's main suppliers of food. so us in Australia import packed foods like noodles seaweed and things like that were as Singapore imports from us beef fresh fruits vegetables and things like that. In 2001 2 325 australians migrated to Singapore and then over 5 000 in 2008 and then another 6 000 in 2011 Links and Connections Google YouTube Wikipedia Migration Singapore Education System Singapore Reference list
Transcript: Death Rate 4.95 deaths/ 1,000 0-14 years of age 15-64 years of age 77% 65 years+ Life Expectancy Life Expectancy 82.14 years Infant Mortality Rate 2.32 deaths/1,000 live births Fertility Rate 1.11 children/woman Malaysia 11.6% of total imports China 10.5% of total imports Indonesia 5.8% of total imports South Korea 5.7% of total imports Bilateral agreements govern international trade and define the products and their prices in the global context. Singapore has free-trade agreements with other contries. The agreement includes most countries in the world, most prominently: China, Indonesia, the U.S., Malaysia, Hong Kong, Japan and the EU. Population growth 0.817% Exports male 196,101 Age Structure Agriculture (makes up under 0.5% of GDP): Products include: poultry, orchids, vegetables, fruits, fish. Fossil fuels like coal, oil, and gas Use biomass as a source of renewable energy. Biomass include wood, leaves, animal waste, crops, bones, and scales Singapore fish farm U.S. 11.2% of total exports female 242,084 annually Trade balance is a reflection of a country’s international market and its domestic consumption. Singapore reported a trade surplus equivalent to 1,254 Million SGD in January of 2012. An export is the main source of revenue for the Singapore’s economy. Singapore relays on purchasing raw goods and refining them for re-export. Singapore is the 14th largest exporter and the 15th largest importer in the world. Due to its relatively small domestic market, Singapore’s trade policy is often aligned with that of external agencies. Singapore is a member of numerous regional free trade agreements including: the ASEAN Free Trade Area (AFTA), the ASEAN-Australia-New Zealand FTA (AANZFTA), the ASEAN-China FTA (ACFTA), the ASEAN-India FTA (AIFTA), to name a few. female 314,704 http://www.singstat.gov.sg/stats/visualiser/trade/trade.html Work Cited Currency Japan 7.6% of total imports Imports Popultion Rates Singapore Demographics 9.2% 42,588 SGD (33,800 USD) Malaysia 11.5% of total exports U.S. 14.4% of total imports Total value of exports: $351.2 billion in U.S. dollars/yr. Primary exports - machinery & equipment, electronics, consumer goods, pharmaceuticals and other chemicals, and mineral fuels female 1,874,985 Total value of imports: $310.4 billion in U.S. dollars/yr. Primary imports -machinery and equipment, mineral fuels, chemicals, food products, such as rice, and consumer goods Balance of Trade By: Stephanie Volero Income Major Resources "Singapore Demographics Profile 2012." Index Mundi. Web. 13 Apr. 2012. <http://www.indexmundi.com/singapore/demographics_profile.html>. Watch, Economy. "Economy Watch - Follow The Money." Singapore Exports, Imports and Trade. 18 Mar. 2010. Web. 13 Apr. 2012. <http://www.economywatch.com/world_economy/singapore/export-import.html>. "Background Note: Singapore." U.S. Department of State. U.S. Department of State. Web. 13 Apr. 2011. <http://www.state.gov/r/pa/ei/bgn/2798.htm>. "Statistics Singapore - Theme on External Trade." Welcome to Statistics Singapore. Web. 13 Apr. 2012. <http://www.singstat.gov.sg/stats/themes/economy/trade.html>. "GuideMeSingapore." Guide to Singapore's Global Trader Scheme. Web. 13 Apr. 2012. <http://www.guidemesingapore.com/industry-guides/trade/singapore-global-trader-scheme>. Singapore male 1,774,444 The version of a dollar in Singapore is called a Singapore Dollar (SGD). The exchange rate from the U.S. dollar to the Singapore dollar is 1.00 U.S. dollar = approximately 1.26 Singapore dollar. Or, the other way around, 1 SGD will give you about 81 cents in the U.S. 4,740,737 13.8% Population Indonesia 9.7% of total exports China 21.3% of total exports Trade Agreements Japan 4.6% of total exports Birth Rate 8.5 births/1,000 (as of July 2011) male 338,419 Imports & Exports
Transcript: Back to basics Military 1967 (8th August) Singapore becomes a member of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) -> political, economical organization of 10 SouthEast Asian Countries with the aim of accelerating economic growth, social progress, and sociocultural evolution among the members, protection of regional peace and stability and opportunities for member countries to resolve differences peacefully Members are: Malaysia, Myanmar, Philippines, Singapore, Thailand, Vietnam, Brunei, Cambodia, Indonesia, Laos. Population: 5,399,494 (July 2013 est.) Population Growth Rate: 1.6% (2013 est.) 1819, Sir Thomas Stamford Raffles signed a treaty with the Sultan Hussein Shah of Johor to develop the South of the country as a British trading post. 1824, the entire island became a British possession after a 2nd treaty with the Sultan and the Temenggong. 1836, Singapore became the regional capital of British India. 1870, it became a global center for rubber exports and more Chinese came for work. Underwater world, Sentosa Geopolitical Env. Singapore is one of 3 countries without a capital British Reign Level of Freedom Geography Indicators Religion Level of Corruption History Worker's party of Singapore: social democracy PAP: conservatism multiracism third way Literacy: 92.5% (male:96.6%, female:88.6%) (2000 census) Primary school is compulsory and free Starting age : 6 years old 6 years Primary; 4 /5 years Secondary; 2 years Pre-University Influence of Singapore on Malaysia and the world: Net Migration Rate: 15.62 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2012 est.) Urbanization: 100% of total population (2011) Age Structure: 0-14 years: 13.8% (male 338,419/female 314,704) 15-64 years: 77% (male 1,774,444/female 1,874,985) 65 years and over: 9.2% (male 196,101/female 242,084) (2011 est.) Population Density (per Km²): 7,713.14 (2013) HDI: 0.901 (9th Worldwide) Mandatory military service for men 18-21 years of age for male compulsory military service 16 and a half years of age for volunteers Males over the age of 16 and a half could enlist earlier under the Voluntary Early Enlistment Scheme (VEES) with parental consent 2-years conscript service obligation The Night Life Demographic Indicators Singapore was ranked as the 5th least corrupt country in a global corruption survey Regional Organizations The Botanic Garden at Night Breathtaking, a sanctuary of trees! Singapore Gardens by the Bay Major Infectious Diseases It's now GMT+7.5 1971 (14-22 January) Singapore hosts the 18th Conference of the Commonwealth Heads of Government Meeting 1971 (April) UK, Malaysia, Australia, New Zealand sign the Five Power Defense Agreement 1973, Singapore joins the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT) 1990, Singapore and China establish diplomatic relations 1996, hosts the World Trade Org Ministerial Conference 2000, Singapore and Japan sign the Japan-Singapore Economic Agreement 2003, Singapore and USA sign the United States-Singapore Free Trade Agreement (USS-FTA) 2005, Singapore and Australia sign a memorandum of agreement to allow Singapore Armed Forces to train on the Shoalwater Bay Training Area until 2009 Health Cooperation with the ASEAN Reserve obligation to age 40 (enlisted) or age 50 (officers) Singapore has a GDP of 4.9 % spent on defense Ranked the 20th over 171 countries The SAF has three branches: the Singapore Army, the Republic of Singapore Air Force (RSAF) and the Republic of Singapore Navy The Southeast Asian nuclear weapon free zone treaty (SEANWFZ) 70-80% of Singaporeans obtain their medical care within the public health system. Overall government spending on public healthcare amounts to only 1.6% of annual GDP. an average of $1,104 Government Health Expenditure per person, because government expenditure on healthcare in the private system is extremely low. Nearly 50% of the city-island is greenery. Gender Gini coefficient : 47.3 (2011) Public debt :118.2% of GDP (2011 est.) Labour force : 3,443,700 (2013 est.) Labour force by occupation: Manufacturing: 15.5%, construction 13.7%, services 70.1%, others 0.8%(2013 est.) Unemployment rate: 1.9% (2013 ) Politics The World Health Organisation ranks Singapore's healthcare system as 6th overall in the world in its World Health Report The health system ensure an affordable healthcare to the population due to the system of compulsory savings, subsidies, and price controls Improved sanitation facilities: 100% 2nd Century: Temasek (Sea Town in Malayan) was the outpost of the Sumatran Srivijava empire and is the first known settlement in Singapore. 11th Century: It was then invaded in the 11th century by the South Indian Emperor Rajendra Chola I, of the Chola Empire. In 1613, Portuguese raiders burned down the settlement and the island sank into obscurity for the next two centuries when it belonged nominally to the Johor Sultanate, while the maritime region and trade were controlled by the Dutch. Population Natural Hazards: None Terrain: Lowland topography, and the Bukit
Transcript: tour of Singapore By: Leonardo Burke Singapore has many special atributes that make it what it is today, well you'll be learning about this small country today. Singapore Singapore The location of Singapore is around the southeast of Asia around 85 miles of the north equator. The countries that borders this country are Indonesia, Malaysia, Thailand and the Philippines. Singapore's population and bordering countries the location to population Singapore was only a trading post with a small population not a city. Modern, Singapore was founded on 819 by sir Stamford Raffles. history history The estimated population of Singapore is 5,815,008 In 2019 and still rising. Population population The official languages of Singapore are English, Tamil, Malay, and Mandarin Chinese. Language language to Economy Singapore’s education system consists of six years of primary school, four years of secondary school and between one and three years of post-secondary school. Education system education Economy Economy The economy of Singapore is a highly developed free-market economy. Singapore’s economy has been ranked one of the most open in the world and this comes with low tax rates, being least corrupt, and having the most pro-business Singapore is home to 10 religions being Buddhism/Taoism, Islam, Hinduism and Christianity as its principle religions. Sikhism, Judaism, Zoroastrianism, Baha’l , Jainism, and the religious form the Minority cluster. Religions Religion to important figure in Singapore The 6 most famous dishes from Singapore the Chili crab, Hainanese Chicken, Nasi Lemak, Otak-Otak, Bak Kut Teh, and Kaya Toast with Kopi. The 8 most popular forms of entertainment In Singapore are Dancing, Classical music (symphony orchestra), Classical music (orchestra), live performance, Theatre, Theatre (Toy Factory), Theatre (Wild rice), and Live music (timbre @ the Substation). Dishes and entertainment Famous dishes and entertainment Angela Liong was an important figure I Singapore’s history because of how she started a big academy for dancers in Singapore. She has helped the modern generation of dancers in Singapore to become legendary dancers today, similar to how Martha Graham helped the dancers of New York become better at dancing. Important figure in Singapore's history Important figure in history
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