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Transcript: Table of Contents The samples I am about to pass around to you are Sequoia tree bark. This bark was already fallen so I didn't damage the tree. The different types of bark represent different factors I anted to talk to you about. Size Size Pictures Fire Scars Rings Bark Sequoia As trees age rings form due to the fact that trees grow from the inside out. They continue to put layers of bark on the outside of their body every year. Like that of snake, you can tell how old a tree is based on the amount of rings it has. Scars Why do trees gradually earn their rings and how often? What shape did I use on the section called Scars? When fire strikes it leaves trees with scars. The burn also causes a butyraceous seared black sap to drip from the burned area. Trees heal over time, but are often left with their scars for a long while in the meantime. Rings Any Questions Bark Fire What is the largest tree in the world called? Natural fires in the park are usually caused by lightning. This generally doesn't kill adult trees. Some fires are started on purpose. However, this is not a bad thing. Burning the tops of trees causes seeds to fall. A very small amount of seeds actually live to grow up. That is why it is so important to burn trees. No matter how bad it sounds. Pop Quiz National Park Giant Sequoia trees live up to their name. Some are up to 22 elephants high. You are able to drive your car through an average one. You could build a house in one. The General Sherman is the largest tree in the world. it is 23.8 stories high. That is slightly larger then the Statue of Liberty. It is 1026 feet around at the bottom. Name one fact you now know about the size of Sequoias?

Sequoia Presentation

Transcript: Summer in this forested area of the parks offer warm days and cool evenings. These elevations receive an average of 40-45" of precipitation annually. Much of this rain falls during the winter, which would result in a deep blanket of snow from December to May. Sub-zero temperatures are rare. In the summer, occasional afternoon thundershowers may occur. Sherman Tree Trail An 0.8-mile roundtrip paved trail that descends from the parking lot to the base of the General Sherman tree that meanders through a grove of giant sequoia trees. Tunnel Log is a tunnel cut through a fallen giant sequoia tree in Sequoia National Park. The tree, which measured 275 feet tall and 21 feet in diameter, fell across a park road in 1937 due to natural causes. The following year, a crew cut an 8-foot tall, 17-foot wide tunnel through the trunk, making the road passable again. Crescent Meadow is a small, sequoia-rimmed meadow in the Giant Forest region of Sequoia National Park. This sierran montane meadow marks the western terminus of the High Sierra Trail, which stretches from the meadow across the Great Western Divide to Mount Whitney. The meadow lies at the end of a three mile paved road which leaves the Generals Highway near the Giant Forest Museum. Sequoia Climate (cc) image by nuonsolarteam on Flickr By:Carissa N. General Sherman Tree In 1879 this tree was named after American Civil War general, William Tecumseh Sherman. With a height of 83.8 meters and a diameter of 7.7 meters, the Sherman tree is one of the largest trees on Earth. Sequoia National Park Sequoia History Spark 1st step Sequoia National Park is a public national park located in the southern parts of Sierra Nevada, it was created to stop logging. President at the time, Therodore Roosevelt and farmer Walter Fry purposed the park to become a national park. The park was soon established on September 25, 1890. Sequoia Park Attractions


Transcript: FUN FACTS Work Cited MOUNTAIN YELLOW-LEGGED FROG CLIMATE Climate ranges on the height above sea level (ranges from 1,370-14,494 feet) 3 general zones *Foothills>Montane zone>Alpine zone* Each one consists of different elevations, climates, and ecosystems Horseback Riding- Guided tours are available in summer through many scenic trails of the park Fishing- Beautiful lakes to fish (Be aware of regulations) Cave Tours- Several caves (most popular- Crystal Cave) Rock Climbing- Season begins April 1st (usually a days hike) Most popular- Obelisk & Grand Sentinel ZONES *Foothills- Below 4,500 ft. Mediterranean climate/dry summers/hot & wet winters/very little rain *Montane Forests- 4,000-9,000 ft. Precipitation is more common/cool temperatures/snow is common during winter *Alpine Mountains- Above 9,000 ft. snow is the most common form of precipitation/snow could last year round HISTORY Sequoia National Park is located in the Southern Sierra Nevada east of Visalia California It borders King's Canyon National Park The closest majot city to the Park is Los Angeles (being 225 miles away) ACTIVITIES Sequoia Live in fishless lakes, ponds, & streams in high country of Sierra Nevada With 92% of the population gone i their historic range they are labeled as an Endangered Species Diet consists of insects (terrestrial/insects on land or adult stages of aquatic insects that are in shallow water or on shore) The Mountain Yellow-Legged Frog This is the most important Keystone Species Reasons for Endangerment: Trout were introduced to high elevation lakes (bringing in tourists and recreationists)---> Trout eat small frogs & tad poles & compete with frogs for insects---> Trout take over lakes and push frogs into small poor quality areas and disperse populations ALSO frogs are being effected by a disease called chytridiomycosis brought by the fish (Effects frogs skin & most die from disease) Crystal Cave: Take a guided tour through the 3 mile walk in the crystal cavern Has rarely formed shields and raft cones Sequoia Groves: Giant Forest Largest Sequoia Grove holding the holding the worlds largest tree The German Sherman tree (275 ft tall & 36 ft in diameter at base) Mineral King Trails: 2286 meters of elevation Includes 5 trails Monarch Lakes, Crystal Lake, Timber Gap, Franklin Lakes, White Chief Trail, & Eagle and Mosquito Lakes MAP FEATURES Range from foothills to high country side Typically spend winter in dens (bear cubs are born during this time) Carnivores (but eat little meat) Rely on meadow plants until berries have ripened Occasionally will kill a deer or eat meat left from other predators Black bears are very well protected and have a healthy size population It is common to run into a black bear in this park BLACK BEAR BIG HORNED SHEEP KEYSTONE SPECIES Visitors each year= 1,039,137 Holds worlds largest tree (German Sherman) First inhabitants were the Monache Indians Second National Park established in United States 84% of forest is designated at wilderness (not accessible by vehicle) Holds tallest mountain in United States (Mt. Whitney) Established on September 25th, 1890 Signed by President Benjamin Harrison The 2nd National Park in America In 2014 10 Ewes and 4 Rams were brought from the Inyo National Park to the Sequoia National Park. It had been over 100 years since they had lived in the Great Western Divide They are endangered but slowly increasing with their progress They live in the Sierra Nevada of California where the terrain is rocky & steep Consists of Alpine Meadows/hanging meadows with springs/summit plateaus They within in winter & summer climates (sun & snow) They are herbivores (grasses/herbacious plants/shrubs


Transcript: Recreation sequioa national park is located in california Sequoia National Park Kayla Appleby Period 5 12-3-2014 It is located in the southern Sierra Nevada east of Visalia California, in the united states The trail of 100 Giants: Hike around Long Meadow Giant Sequoia Grove and you will see some of the forest’s biggest and oldest trees. Some are 500 to 1,500 years old Interesting fact The national forest is named after the giant sequoia tree. The giant sequoia got its name from the Latin name of its close relative, the coastal redwood tree: “Sequoiadendron giganteum.” The name was given to the coastal redwood species by a German botanist who chose the name to honor Sequoya, a Cherokee chief famous for inventing a phonetic alphabet for the Cherokee language. People come through Sequoia National Park looking to enjoy the beautiful scenery and to take in the beauty of the giant trees which surround the area Significant Geological features The Boole Tree not only the largest tree in Sequoia National Forest, it is the largest in the entire U.S. National Forest system. The giant sequoia is 269 feet tall and its trunk has a diameter of 35 feet. Why I would like to visit The park is famous for its giant sequoia trees including the General Sherman Tree, One of the largest trees on earth THE NAME: General sherman tree interesting facts: California's Sequoia National Forest protects a 550-mile stretch of wilderness comprising giant sequoia groves, granite monoliths, meadows, rivers and canyons. Sequoia and Kings National Parks are home to some of the most amazing geological features and resources. The park contains a significant portion of Americas longest mountain range, the Sierra nevada I think it would be absolutely amazing to go to Sequoia National Park and see all the beautiful huge trees and nature and part of the Sierra Nevada New caves are found in the park every year Sequoia national park HISTORICAL EVENTS Mt. Whitney, which rises to 14,505 feet The area which now comprises Sequoia national park was first home to Monachee (or Western Mono)Native americans, Who resigned mainly in the Kaweah River drainage in the foothills region of the park. INFO!!!!!!! Throughout Sequoia National Forest are over 1,500 miles of maintained roads, 1,000 miles of abandoned roads and 850 miles of trails. They are used for hiking, driving off-road vehicles, horseback riding and mountain biking. A 78-mile stretch of the 2,600 mile-long Pacific Crest National Scenic Trail from Canada to Mexico goes through the forest Included in the parks mountainous landscape is the tallest mountain in the contiguous United States, Sequoia tree BIBLIOGRAPHY

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