Transcript: Saudi Arabia The laws of Saudi Arabia What are the laws of Saudi Arabia? The king is the commander-in-chief and is endowed with powers concerning war and the national security of the country. The king's cabinet and other lower-ranking officials must follow Islam. The king has to rule according to the rules of Islam . The king is the prime minister as well. What are the punishments of Saudi Arabia? The death penalty can be imposed for a wide range of offences including murder, rape, armed robbery, repeated drug use, apostasy, adultery, witchcraft and sorcery and can be carried out by beheading with a sword What are the laws based on? The laws of Saudi Arabia are intended to be based on Islamic religious laws under rule of the Saudi royal family What is Saudi Arabia's capitol? Riyadh Do the rules of Saudi Arabia apply to everyone? The government and judicial system are based on the Saudi construction of Islamic law, which does not accept the premise that men and women should be treated equally. Women are subject to tighter legal restrictions on personal behavior than are men. landmarks Kingdom Centre The Kingdom Centre Al Faisaliyah Center Al Faisaliyah Center The king of Saudi Arabia Any questions
Transcript: There I was sitting on a window sill wondering why did this have to happen to us? We were once a happy family too. Just me and my Father. Life was perfect until one day... Uh....yeah, that would be nice. I would really like that. I'm really very sorry, but I don't talk to him now what so ever. If you want, I can help you get your oil barrels back.... "WHAT! Thats not fair, she promised me she'll come this time!" I screamed. "I'm sorry dear, but I can't do anything," Father said. Thanks to Omar's help, I got all the oil barrels back and my father held his head high with pride. A COUPLE MONTHS LATER.... "Aaliyah, Aaliyah!" Yelled the Nanny. "Yes?" I asked. "Your father wants to see you right away." She replied. We relied on oil so much. Since it was harnessed from underground, we would drill for it. We used oil for cars, had jobs for people at factories, and electricity. Many people had jobs, but now many have become homeless. Also, there's barely any electricity. The bad things were when oil was manufactured, it would release greenhouse gases. The greenhouse gases that were released would pollute our environment. So then at night, Omar and me went to the Egypt's Science Center and got my oil barrels back. After that, we put them into the truck and drove all the way to Saudi Arabia. I couldn't see my father cry anymore. It was just to difficult. I decided I was going to go to Egypt and get all of the oil barrels back. But, before I did anything, I got a call from Diya. I left my father a note saying, "I will be back with pride." I don't think he knows what I mean, but when I come back, he will. Saudi Arabia The sandstorms were harsh. One part of me wanted to go back, but then another part wanted revenge! I wouldn't just let them get away with it. "Aaliyah, Diya would not be able to come back for another couple for months as she has many exams coming up," Father said. I reached Egypt and met this guy, Omar. He was very sweet and caring. He let me stay in his house which was really nice. And, then one day, I saw a picture of him and another guy, in front of Egypt's Science Center. Diya told me that a good alternative energy source would be solar. This is a good idea so we can get our place back in society. It was a hot morning in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. Everybody was happy that Diya was coming back from after completing her studies aboard. That idea was perfect! It worked out really good and we got our place back in society. My father was really proud of me and Diya. We were ruined completely! We went from rich to poor. I would see my father cry every night, especially when our house got auctioned. That was the worst. Solar is harnessed by the sun. Photovoltaics harnesses the sun's rays converting them into electricity. The good things about solar power are that its free, abudant, and clean. Also it reduces loss of power. The bad things are that we might have problems at night, batteries are expensive, and it requires large areas of land. I asked him who that was in the picture with him. He said it was his brother, Masud. Masud is a traitor and is defaming my country. He's been robbing primary energy sources of many countries. I brought water bottles, food, clothes, and a tent with me. The quickest route to Egypt was the desert way. It would be hard but I have to, for my father. Now it was time to get back at the enemies. They made my father cry, now its time for them to cry. They are going to pay for every one of my father's tears. Masud robbed our oil barrels and ruined our fields in Saudi Arabia, I told him. Because of your brother, my happy little family was ruined. That was just the beginning of bad things. The next day was even worse! My father had come home crying that night. He told me people from Egypt's Science Center came at night and took all of our oil barrels and ruin our oil fields. We're ruined, dear! Those people have been trying to ruin us for years and now they have accomplished.
Transcript: Saudi Arabia Background... In 1938, the first oil reserves were discovered in Saudi Arabia. Shortly after, Aramco (Arabian American Oil Company) was formed. By 1960, the Saudi Arabia government joined OPEC (Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries). Now, we know that Saudi Arabia contains the largest proven oil reserves in the world, nearly 19.1% of Earth's oil lays in Saudi Arabia. Also, it is the world's largest oil exporter, and ships to countries such as Japan, South Korea, US, China, India, Taiwan and Singapore. Oil in Saudi Arabia makes up: - 40% of the country's gross domestic product - 75% of government revenues - 90% of export receipts How much income is generated from oil revenue? Saudi Arabia made 311.8 billion dollars in 2011 by exporting oil. What are the environmental impacts of oil resource development? In recent years, Saudi Arabia has greatly increased efforts in trying to aid in the reduction of environmental impacts. As always, offshore drilling poses a large threat to the surrounding ecosystems and ocean life. Saudi Arabia has implemented many programs to prevent and provide control if a distaster of this sort were to occur. Does the country use oil revenues to support social programs for it's citizens? Saudi Arabia uses oil revenues to provide a wide range of programs to aid in areas such as improving standards of living and quality of life. Some other focuses also include: -the unemployed -widows and widowers -females who have no living family members to support them -orphans -the disabled -families of those serving custodial sentences -victims of natural disasters Does the country provide aid to help support other less developed countries? According to the GHA (Global Humanitarian Assistance), Saudi Arabia funded amost 52 million dollars towards less developed countries. Sources: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_governments_by_development_aid http://www.saudinf.com/main/h811.htm http://www.fco.gov.uk/en/travel-and-living-abroad/travel-advice-by-country/country-profile/middle-east-north-africa/saudi-arabia/?profile=all http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-middle-east-14703523 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Economy_of_Saudi_Arabia http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Saudi_Arabia#Law_and_human_rights http://188.8.131.52/countries/cab.cfm?fips=SA http://www.offshore-mag.com/articles/print/volume-69/issue-9/middle-east/saudi-arabia-aims.html http://www.saudiaramcoworld.com/issue/197906/arab.aid-an.introduction.htm
Transcript: Saudi Arabia The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia was originally founded in 1932 It is the worlds second largest oil exporter, with the second largest oil reserves in the world which accounts for 90 % of its exports,and 75% of the countries revenues It is a monarchy ruled by the royal family 7000 princes, highly corrupt political system Photo based on: 'horizon' by pierreyves @ flickr Challenges Police Since Drug Trafficking is considered a capital offense, it is not considered to be a problem. Most crime is petty theft usually in a crowded marketplace, and amputating a hand for theft is extremley rare. Under Sharia Law The 345 reported executions between 2007 and 2010 were all carried out by public beheading. The last reported execution for sorcery took place in 2011Under Sharia law Ulema has strong roles in judical decision No homosexual rights , homosexual acts punished public lashings often used fo religious offenses Family of a murder victim can give death or have the offender repay them in Diyya, or blood money Some difficulties in determing crime rate because not all of crime is offically reported. Also sexual offenses tend to be hard to prove. This could lead to a dark figure in crime. Description of the country Women are treated as minors with little to no Social rights Crime is not statistically a large problem for Saudi Arabia http://www.nationmaster.com/country/sa-saudi-arabia/cri-crime Although criminal activity does not seem to be a problem in Saudi Arabia, Corruption, high unemployment ,and most importantly terroism plague the country. Recent associations with the west have caused deep social tension. Along with the minority Shiite population causing civil unrest, the Saudi police have to be trained, and prepared for many situations.
Transcript: Saudi Arabia Transportation Saudia Arabia's goverment is in charge of the airlines Ras Tanura which is a Persian port deals with most of the Saudia Arabian oil exports They have 47,529 kilometers of paved railways and 173,843 kilometers of unpaved railways This is a Saudi Arabian airplane Economical Impact The world's largest exporter of crude oil Agriculture products: wheat, barley, tomatoes, dates, melons, and citrus fruits Millions of tourists visit each year which makes a large income. Most of the tourist are pilgrims to Mecca Government officials are focusing on employing their youth population This is a Saudia Arabian oil plant Religious Influence 90% of all Saudi's belong to the Sunni branch of Islam Wahhabism is an interpertation of Sunni Islam. They think Muslims have to understand the laws of Allah and live following them Friday is the Muslim holy day- sort of like Sunday for Christians Muslims must pray five times per day. At dawn, noon, mid afternoon, sunset, and evening always facing towards Mecca. This is a Muslim praying Thanks for watching!! (: http://www.airplane-pictures.net/images/uploaded-images/2008-7/3/18597.jpg Produces 20% of the world's petroluem resources http://cache4.asset-cache.net/xc/56511121.jpg?v=1&c=IWSAsset&k=2&d=77BFBA49EF878921F7C3FC3F69D929FD86974F9B729E246E6BCC4ED2D420318C2E9B993BB70B3027B01E70F2B3269972 Saudia Arabia has 217 aiports Islam has many rules for behavior. Non-Muslims must follow these rules too. Foreigners are the only people who aren't Muslim http://img.timeinc.net/time/daily/2008/0803/saudi_oil_0313.jpg The countries Dhahran, Jiddah, and Riyadah have international airports. Products made in plants or factories: chemicals, steel, and fertilizers One percent of the land is farmland. Therefore, a big percentage of their food is imported
Transcript: holydays Alsharqiah Riyadh Aseer & Albahah 3- Ramadhan. What is Zakat al-Fitr? Thanks for paying attention 2-holidays. How long is it? Saudi Arabia Saudi Arabia divided to 13 parts Why can we have 4 wives ?? Makkah Ramadhan 1-five parts of Saudi Arabia. I'll talk about: Aljomoaah Eid Alfeter Eid Aladha Alqassim Why do we fast?
Transcript: The birthplace of Islam, Saudi Arabia is home to the two holiest shrines located in Mecca and Medina. Located in the Middle East, it is surrounded by Egypt, Iraq, Iran, Sudan, and other smaller countries. Being a leading producer of oil and natural gas, it holds more than 20% of the world's proven oil reserves, accounting 95% of oil for exports and 70% of government revenue. It is the largest Arab state in Western Asia (according to land size), constituting the bulk of the Arabian Peninsula. The estimated population is about 27 million. Natural resources include petroleum, natural gas, iron ore, gold, and copper. It has the largest mineral deposits in the Middle East. Oil production in Saudi Arabia began in 1933 and exported in 1939. Every day they extract over 7.5 billion standard cubic feet of natural gas Saudi Arabia's GDP was estimated in 2011 to be $687.7 billion and the GDP per capita was $587.5 billion. Compared to the U.S. where the GDP was an estimated $15.08 trillion and the GDP per capita was $14.83 trillion. Major imports include machinery and equipment, foodstuffs, chemicals, motor vehicles, and textiles. About $120 billion worth of products was imported in 2011. 90% of exports include petroleum and petroleum products. About $364.7 billion worth of goods were exported in 2011 as well. The currency used is called Saudi riyals (SAR) In 2011, the exchange rate of SAR per US dollar was 3.75 Three other economic indicators: The inflation rate in 2011 was at 5% Unemployment was at 10.9% Real GDP was 7.1% Inflation decreased from 2010 into 2011 however real GDP increased. Generally as a whole, prices overall have decreased and more people weren't working. Real GDP measures the value of all final goods and services produced using the prices of a base year, whereas nominal GDP uses current prices. Saudi Arabia's standard of living seems to be high because of the 12.6% of debt in the GDP and high unemployment rates. At one point the U.S. also reached a 10% unemployment rate however it is much larger and consists of more people. A 10.9% unemployment rate in a country with only 27 million people is very high. Although real GDP was at 7.1%, showing that the economy grew, it didn't grow by much. The inflation rate decreased, but it doesn't say much when more people are out of work and cannot afford to buy the wants that they used to. In the U.S. during 2011: Unemployment was 9% Inflation was 3.1% Real GDP was 1.8% Inflation increased from 2010, and both unemployment and GDP decreased. The U.S. also imported more than exported. The rates are all about the same and the standard of living is high in both countries. However the GDP in Saudi Arabia is much higher than that of the U.S., meaning that the economy grew more.
Transcript: Basic Information Middle East, bordering the Persian Gulf and the Red Sea, north of Yemen Population Density Capital City Military Government Monarchy Abdullah bin Abdul-Aziz Al Saud makes laws Solves criminal cases Highest position in the government History Natural Resources petroleum natural gas iron ore gold copper Interesting Facts Female 1953 82% of total population (2010) Social Structure Royal Saudi Air Defense Forces Riyadh 1932 oil is discovered and production begins under the US-controlled Aramco (Arabian American Oil Company) Religion 70.8% Literacy 100% Muslim Saudi Arabia leads an oil boycott against the Western countries that supported Israel in the October War against Egypt and Syria. As a result,oil prices quadruple. Saudi attacks Iraq TOTAL Population: modern state was founded Royal Saudi Air Force Royal Saudi Land Force 1938 Men can marry girls at the age of ten, allowing to lower woman's education 50%~60% women happen to dropout Male Saudi Arabia Current King DESERT Arab 90%, Afro-Asian 10% 84.7% causes dropouts there is no god but God; Muhammad is the Messenger of God Saudi Arabian National Guard Royal Saudi Strategic Rocket Forces Landforms PEOPLE 1973 Royal Saudi Naval Force (includes Marine Forces and Special Forces) ppl/sqkm Urban Population 9 King Abd-al-Aziz dies and his brother and the new King's brother, Faysal is named Crown Prince. 25,391,100 Ethnic Groups Thank You About 25% of the women do not attend college 1990
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