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Russian Presentation

Transcript: Anti-Gay Sentiment in Russia "To serve you I'll be all too happy With all my soul, my verse, my prose, But Vigel, you must spare my rear!" Tolstoy Revolution: 1905 &1917 Kuzmin: A Summer Affair – 7 trans. Michael Green I cannot sleep: my spirit pines, My head is going round and round And empty is my bed – Where are the shoulders, where the arms, Where the broken sentences And the lips that I adore?. . . The sheet had twisted about me, My sweltering body burned, Night was black against the pane… My heart is pounding, dry my hands. To drive away love’s longing I have no strength, I am too weak… We held each other tight, we kissed, Each with the other intertwined Like paladin and serpent… The smell of mint came drifting in, And the pillow’s rumpled quite, And I’m alone, I’m all alone. Stalin/Article 121 Perestroika LGBT Literature of the Last 20 Years Present and Future: Hope? Mikhail Kuzmin, Sophia Parnok, and LGBT Literature after 1905 TO DANCIE Perhaps the muzhik hath a gay and gallant wife To serve his beastly lust, yet he will lead a bugger’s life. The monster more desires a boy within his bed Than any wench, such filthy sin ensues a drunken head. -George Turberville Peter 1706 Military Code Nicholas I Article 995 Alexander II reformer "With regards to what the heads of regions say, I normally try not to comment. I don't think it is my business. My relation to gay parades and sexual minorities in general is simple – it is connected with my official duties and the fact that one of the country's main problems is demographic. But I respect and will continue to respect personal freedom in all its forms, in all its manifestations." - Vladimir Putin, 2007 Gogol Chris Engebretson & Andrew Andell Boris and Gleb VCIOM Survey Nov 1989 33% extermination 30% isolation 10% leave alone 6%offer help Pushkin: Repressed homosexual Argues against marriage in "Marriage" Suicide Leontiev "Soviet legislation does not recognize so-called crimes against morality. Our laws proceed from the principle of protection of society and therefore countenance punishment only in those instances when juveniles and minors are the objects of homosexual interest.” 1994 18% 23% 29% 8% LGBT in Russia "Khamid and Manoli" Men prosecuted under Article 121 1987 - 831 1988 - 800 1989 - 538 1990 - 497 1991 - 482 "...while recognizing the incorrectness of homosexual development ... our society combines prophylactic and other therapeutic measures with all the necessary conditions for making the conflicts that afflict homosexuals as painless as possible and for resolving their typical estrangement from society within the collective.”

Russian Presentation

Transcript: Through RUSSIA ANISHA REYES A S S I U R Introducing Russia Russia, a nation that extends through a wide expanse of eastern Europe and northern Asia. Russia had become an independent nation after the Soviet Union division in December 1991 after the preeminent republic of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics Russia's a superlative country. It occupies almost twice the territory of Canada, the second largest by far, the world's biggest nation. It covers eleven time zones, and contains a wide array of climate and land types, ranging from deserts and semi-arid steppe to dense woodland and the Arctic tundra. Russia includes the Volga River and its main lake, Ladoga, which is Europe's longest river. Russia is also home to the deepest lake in the world, Baikal, and it has the northern and southern poles that have registered the lowest world temperature. GOVERNMENT The period of Russia as a democracy is brief. The very first election of the world, in 1917, was immediately overturned by the Bolsheviks, and it was not until the 1991 election of Boris Yeltsin that democracy occurred. Russia is an union of 86 monarchies, regions, divisions and counties, all governed by the Moscow government. The Head of State shall be the President chosen by the people. The Russian parliament has been governed by the United Russia Party for more than a decade, most notable for not possessing a set long-term agenda. A semi-presidential structure is one in which there is a prime minister who heads the legislature and holds some power, but there is also a president who plays an administrative role in the government. Called a "catch-all party," the party refers to various political problems or personalities when they emerge, or on a case-by-case basis. The party formally describes itself as a Russian Conservative Party, but the ideological significance of the party is vague except in its opposition to the rival Communist Party. ECONOMY The economy is built on a large supply of natural resources, including crude, coal, iron ore, gold and aluminum. After the advent of the Federation in the 1990's and the fall of Communist leadership, Russia has introduced many market-oriented reforms; the main change has been to deregulate assets nationalized under the Soviets. Withstanding everything, the Russian government still plays a significant role in steering the economy of the region. The Kremlin maintains near control of seemingly private businesses. MOSCOW Moscow has played a crucial role in Russian history ever since it was documented in the chronicles of 1147. In the late 13th century, it became the capital of Muscovy (the Grand Principality of Moscow), which is why the inhabitants of Moscow are known as Muscovites. Today, Moscow is not only Russia's political base, but also the most populated metropolitan in Russia, as well as its industrial, cultural, science and educational capital. PEOPLE & SOCIETY Russia is known all over the world for its intellectuals and musicians, including authors such as Leo Tolstoy and Fyodor Dostoevsky, composers such as Piotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky, and dancers such as Rudolf Nureyev. There are 120 ethnic groups in Russia that speak more than 100 languages. Approximately 80 per cent of the Russians trace their ancestry to the Slavs who arrived in the country 1500 years ago. Other large groups include the Tatars, who arrived with the Mongolian settlers, and the Ukrainians. NATURE As big as Russia is, a huge proportion of biodiversity and creatures are home to this is no surprise. The forests, steppes and tundrums of the area help compensate many exotic species, such as the Asiatic black bears, snow leopards, polar bears, and small, rabbit-like mammals called pikas. The first national parks were built in Russia in the 19th century, but many areas in the world have been plagued by decades of unchecked emissions. Presently, roughly one percent of Russia's land area, or zapovedniks, is secured in preserves. HISTORY Russia was a major player in international relations during the post-World War II era, wrapped up in a Cold war battle with the United States. In 1991, with many other former Soviet Republics after the disintegration of the Soviet Union, Russia entered a loose alliance, the Commonwealth of Independent States. Immediately after the 1917 Russian Revolution, Russia became a Union Republic in 1922. While Soviet-style communism has collapsed and Soviet Union has brought profound political and economic changes, including starting to form a big middle class, the Russians have endured a generally poor economy and high inflation for much of the post-Communist period, along with a whole set of social ills, which have significantly decreased life expectancy. Ivan IV, the Moscow ruler became the first Russian tsar to force the Mongols out of Kiev and bind the region together. It fought alongside the United States during the Second World War, but soon after the 1945 war ended, relations between the two powers and their STATE

Russian Presentation

Transcript: By Audrey and Brittany The Russian Empire The Russian Empire was located in Russia. When Catherine the Great was crowned, there was a large ceremony in Moscow. Russia was surrounded by other empires, like the Mughals, which made it hard for trade and expansion. Where was the Empire Located? Empire Location This time period covered 1462 - 1796. There were many weak rulers in this time period. When does this Time Period cover? Time Period Here's a picture of Catherine the Great and Ivan the Great. Pictures Between 1462-1796, Russia's political system was very complex. Ivan the IV created the first real system of government for Russia. This system limited the strength of nobles and created a strong centralized government. The next major reform was by Peter the Great. He created a new government structure that had a local and central level. There were boyars, who controlled the bureaucracy. Then, Peter the Great needed a way to tax his citizens. So, Peter the Great replaced the boyars with merit-based employees. What was Russia's Political System like? Political Structure Pictures This is what Boyars would've looked like Social structure in Russia was based on the idea of stability and hierarchy. There were three main ways to move up the hierarchy of social status: military, government, and church. Upper class: Royalty and Nobility Middle class: Merchants and bureaucrats Working class: Artisans, soldiers, sailors, and factory workers Peasants: farmers What was Russia's Social Structure like? Social Structure Chart Chart Peter the Great and Catherine the Great both helped expansion by improving the Navy and army. Peter the great built an army by offering better pay and drafting peasants as soldiers. He created a navy by importing western engineers and craftsmen to build shops and shipyards. Russia had a large arsenal of powerful weapons at its disposal Russian nobility sent Cossacks to colonize and settle. What was Russia's Military Structure like? Military Structure Russia's economy was based on a system of feudalism. They also relied heavily on trade and expansion which helped the growing nation. What was their Economic Structure like? Economic Structure The main religion of Russia during this time period was Orthodox Christianity. What was Russia's main religion? Main Religion In 1917, there were 2 revolutions, one being the February Revolution. The royal family was executed by the Bolsheviks in 1918. The February revolution was caused by people losing faith in the Czar's ability after WW1. There was a large protest with over 90,000 participants. The army was supposed to fix it, but instead switched sides. This forced the imperial government to resign. What happened to Russia? Decline

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