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Background Presentation

Transcript: 14th Week Consulting interns can be expensive Time and Money Personal Experience Preliminary Design Stage NFPA 101 and NFPA 13 New and Existing Education, Business, and Mercantile Definition of Project This app would be used to provide interns and recent graduates with an outline of guidelines for how to design and review designs of specific occupancies. With the given time frame, I will be writing the information that will go into the app Begin parametric study: Speak with my mentor and Jason to understand more about what critical variables I could concentrate on for this app. Choose those parameters and begin my study Gather information from NFPA 101 and NFPA 13 for new and existing education, business, and mercantile occupancies. By: Breanne Thompson Next Steps (Continued) Finish preparing for Draft of Analysis Pull together and discuss results of project Draw my conclusions and state future work needed Turn in Final Paper! 10th and 11th Week Turn in my parametric study Begin draft of analysis Map out the process of the app for the key elements 15th Week References Next Steps 7th Week Prepare for Final Presentation Summarize my draft of analysis into presentation Work on how to incorporate a live demonstration for my presentation App Development Background Information 8th-9th Week Continuous Process Objective-C for Apple products Java for Android products 6 months of studying Places to Learn: Codecademy, iOS Dev Center, Android Developers Training Hire App Developer will cost thousands Prepare Final Paper Dive into Shark Tank! 1. 2. 6th Week Background Presentation 12th-13th Week

Background Presentation

Transcript: Real action and accountability Amnesty International Non-state actors/ Rebel Groups?? ...and what about men?? ignoring male rape victims? would rape exist without a man? Weapons of War: Rape UN as an Arena - NGO's - Discussion and dialogue Arena Instrument Actor Critical Thinking Weapons of War: Rape UN as an instrument UNSC Resolution 1820 (2008) UN as an Actor - UN Action Against Sexual Violence in Conflict Weapons of War: Rape Problems with 1820 "Roles and Functions of International Organizations" "Sexual violence, when used as a tactic of war in order to deliberately target civilians or as a part of a widespread or systematic attack against civilian populations, can significantly exacerbate situations of armed conflict and may impede the restoration of international peace and security… effective steps to prevent and respond to such acts of sexual violence can significantly contribute to the maintenance of international peace and security" (UNSC Resolution 1820, p. 2)" Background Presentation- Kristin Mann Weapons of War: Rape Brief Insight - used to manipulate social control - destabilize communities - weaken ethnic groups and identities Examples: - Sudanese Militia - Rwanda Genocide - DRC Critical Thinking Critical Thinking Increased Data Collection by international organizations - determine humanitarian responses - ensures justice and reparation - provides recognition and dignity

Russia Presentation

Transcript: Flag -The Cold War was half a century of tension between the US and the Soviet Union -It was called "The Cold War" because there was no physical conflict because of the fear of nuclear destruction -The war ended with the fall of the Soviet Union -After World War II The Soviet Union emerged as an acknowledged superpower in the world. -In 1949 the Soviet Union tested it's first nuclear weapon, starting the arms race. -In 1954 the Cold War, a struggle between Russia and the US for dominance began. -Russia is a federal semi-presidential republic, meaning it has a president and prime minister. -The President of Russia is a president named Vladmir Putin -The Prime Minister is Dmitry Medvedev -Russian is also not apart of the European Union The Cold War Russia By Michael Seamans -One of Russia's current conflicts is with the the country of Georgia -The tensions are still high, but in 2008 the conflict escalated into an all out war. The Five Day War aka The South Ossetia war -Russian bills are called rubles -The coinsare called kopecs. -There are 100 kopecs in 1 ruble -1 ruble is equivalent to 3 American cents Government History -Russian is a Slavic language. -It's the most widespread language in Europe and Asia. -Russian is an official languages of the United Nations. -Three quarters of the Russian population live in cities -There are 160 ethnic groups living in Russia -Russia has a current population of 141 million Any Questions? Georgia-Russia Conflict Population Currency Economic Activity -Some of Russia's largest economic activities is oil rigging and farming -Much of Russia's vast land is used for Forestry -Few areas aren't used in Russia for these. Language

Russia - historical background

Transcript: February Revolution - Vladimir Lenin called for a coup > successful > RSFSR was founded Stucture -first world war: many russians killed > lost faith in the regime -abdication of tsar Nicholas II >government of dual power between the Provisionual Government and the Petrograd Soviet October Revolution Sources: -november 1917-october 1922 - red army against the white army > red army won the war -> USSR was founded (Soviet Union) -> leader was Vladimir Lenin > after his death: Josef Stalin Nicholas II. - Tsar of Russia Russian Revolution Russian Revolution 1905 - general situation -Russian revolution -February revolution -October revolution -Russian civil war Russian civil war general situation - 1905 -started with the bloody sunday > 22nd January 1905 -many strikes and demostrations > unsuccessful revolution Russia - historical background -lots of social and economic problems -military collapse -autocratic monarch -dissatisfaction (= Unzufriedenheit) -Nicholas II -> Tsar of Russia -RSDLP was founded > divided into two groups

Russia Presentation

Transcript: Result of Crisis: Stock market loses 75% in total value GDP decrease: 4.9% in 1998 CPI Inflation near 90% Reforms Failed! Why? Asian Financial Crisis forces Central Bank to "defend" ruble by using $6 billion of foreign exchange reserves to keep ruble pegged to USD. Asian crisis causes price of crude oil to fall by nearly 50% Boris Yeltsin fires all cabinet, and taps 35-year-old unknown banker, Sergei Kiriyenko, to be new Prime Minister The international community, rattled by Asian crisis, does not respond well. This is compounded by additional public relations blunders that fail to communicate Russian efforts to undertake austerity measures AN INCREASE IN COUNTRY RISK (A), CAUSING AN INCREASE IN RUSSIAN INTEREST RATES (particularly on Russian T-Bills, TKOs) THEREBY INCREASING DEBT FURTHER! Post-Soviet Economic Reform Rise of the Managerial Class Reforms in two Stages Stage 1: Macro Reform: Financial and Monetary stabilization Stage 2: Consolidate reform and initiate mass privatization Российская Федерация Sharp depreciation in currency cut demand for imports and increased domestic production. Also made Russian goods more competitive!!! Provided policy window for Putin to implement sweeping economic reforms, specifically austere fiscal policy (higher taxes on oil revenue, plus lower government spending). Spitting in the Wind <<Higher investment needed for higher y Blessing in Disguise? GDP growth on average 6.9% between 1999-2008 ( Russian Economy at a Glance Russian Privatization On August 17, 1998, the Russian government was forced to float the ruble and default on on it’s domestic debt (halting payments on primarily Russian GKOs), and declare a 90-day moratorium for Russian banks on payments to foreign creditors. Crushing debt from USSR: $56.5 Billion (Russian Federation) 9th Largest Economy, 6th by PPP (IMF) Economic Activity Breakdown (CIA Factbook, 2012): 3.9% Agriculture 36% Industry 60.1% Service Population/Workforce: Labor Force: 75.6 million Unemployment: 5.7% (but high underemployment) Under Poverty Line: 12.7% (CIA Factbook) Exports: 530.7 Billion in 2012 (CIA Factbook) include petroleum (2nd in exporting petroleum only to Saudi Arabia, 8th Largest petroleum reserves, natural gas (global #1), metals, wood and wood products, chemicals, and a wide variety of civilian and military manufactures = VULNERABLE Primary Export Partners: Netherlands 12.2%, China 6.4%, Italy 5.6%, Germany 4.6%, Poland 4.2% (2011) Imports: $335.4 Billion; machinery, vehicles, pharmaceutical products, plastic, semi-finished metal products, meat, fruits and nuts, optical and medical instruments, iron, steel Primary Import Partners: China 15.5%, Germany 10%, Ukraine 6.6%, Italy 4.3% (2011) Current Account $81,300,000,000 (by comparison, US: negative 487,200,000,00. Money Supply WHY?! Solutions to inequality? -Due in large part to oligarchs, there is a large level of inequality in Russia today 2008 Gini was 42.3 - lower than all other BRICS, as well as the US (Telegraph) -Gini does not show the entire picture: Billionaires - overseas accounts Low cu (CU/DEP): Russians do not trust banks, and often store rubles in mattresses Max Gross, Daniel Robbins, Simon Jerome SPECULATIVE ATTACK! Roman Abramóvich Vladimir Potánin Vitaly Málkin Mikhail Frídman Russians call them "nuvorishy" (nouveau riche) 14 Republics issuing credits in Rubles Russians Abandon Peg -Due in large part to oligarchs, there is a large level of inequality in Russia today 2008 Gini was 42.3 - lower than all other BRICS, as well as the US (Telegraph) -Gini does not show the entire picture: Billionaires - overseas accounts Low cu (CU/DEP): Russians do not trust banks, and often store rubles in mattresses -GNI growth on the whole, but not equally distributed Despite an $11.2 Billion dollar rescue package from the IMF, between May and August nearly $4 billion dollars left Russia in capital flight, while they simultaneously lost an estimated $4 billion in revenue due from a decrease in oil prices. Despite calls to devalue ruble by many, the Russian Finance Minister declares that people should "spit in the eye" of anyone who suggest devaluation. On August 13, 1998, Russian stock, currency, and bond market all collapse on investor fear that the government would devalue to ruble, default on it's debt, or both. Stock market had to be closed for 35 minutes as a result of the hemorrhaging. "Privatization check" Simultaneously, the multiplier decreased and the money supply further contracted.The government began collecting taxes in cash and Russians began keeping money away from banks (CU/DEP ratio increases). Russian banks also became skeptical about purchasing Russian t-bills (TKOs) and began to lend significantly less (effectively increasing RES/DEP ratio). Wealthy Russians put money in real estate - does not encourage growth -Late '80s: legislature decides to privatize state-owned enterprises -'80s-early '90s: bulk of privatization through voucher program Had been

Issue Background - Russia

Transcript: ISSUE BACKGROUND Allies and Enemies Economic Data - 79.8% Russian - 3.8% Tatar - 2% Ukrainian - 1.2% Bashkir - 1.1% Chuvash - 12.1% unspecified (based on 2002 census) - People are already worried about Putin's growing power *He's been in power for 12 consecutive years -Archimandrite Tikhon Shevkunov, a prominent figure in the Russian Orthodox Church, is widely recognized as Putin's spiritual leader *Russia is a largely secular culture, so most Russians don't like the idea that Putin is "advised" by a man who doesn't represent the ideas of most Russians *Many Russians think Shevkunov is trying to impose fundamental orthodoxy on Russia - In August, a female music group, Pussy Riot, staged an anti-Putin/Russian Orthodox Protest * They wanted to make a statement against the church patriarch, Kirill I's support of Putin's 3rd presidential term *They were sentenced to 2 years in a prison camp *The story has sparked outrage across the world in governments and human rights groups Moscow RUSSIA - GDP of $2.414 trillion; 7th largest economy in the world - Unemployment rate: 6.6% (74th lowest in world) - World's leading oil producer, 2nd largest producer of natural gas - Largest exporter of steel and primary aluminum - Mining/Extractive (coal, oil, gas, chemicals, metals, etc.) and Machine Building (aircrafts, defense products, heavy equipment) industries are very important - Imports: pharmaceuticals, vehicles, meat, fruit, nuts, semi-finished metal products * China, Germany, Ukraine, Italy - Exports: petroleum, natrual gas, metals, wood, chemicals, military manufactures *Netherlands, China, Italy, Germany, Poland - Close allies with India and China *All part of the BRIC nations; they also compete economically - Relationship with the United States *Formally ALLIES *BUT (in polls of American citizens): - Russia was included in a list of countries considered to be America's greatest enemy - People are split almost even on whether or not they view Russia favorably - 52% of people consider Russia's military power an "important" threat - 37% of people say that Russia is "not friendly but not an enemy" - 73% of people think that a nuclear Russia would pose a serious threat to the USA Summary: Current Leadership photo credit Nasa / Goddard Space Flight Center / Reto Stöckli Troubling bond between the Church and the Kremlin - President (Chief of State): Vladmir Putin *Prime Minister (1999-2000, 2008-2012) *President (2000-2004, 2004-2008, 2012 present) - Prime Minister (Head of Government): Dmitriy Anatolyevich - Both members of the United Russia party - Russian Orthodox: 15-20% - Muslim: 10-15% - Other Christians: 2% *** Russia has a huge population of non-practicing believers due to Soviet Russia's discouragement of religious worship Religious Composition - Federation * Formal Name: Russian Federation - Semi-Presidential Constitutional Republic * Constitution Adopted December 12, 1993 - Executive, Legislative, and Judicial Branches - NOT under the jurisdiction of the International Court of Justice Type of Government Languages Spoken - Spends 3.9% of GDP on education (108th in world) - 99.6% of population is literate - Primary to Tertiary Education: 14 years - Official Language: Russian - Many other minority languages also spoken ISSUE Educational Data Ethnic Composition

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