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Transcript: Wisdom does not flow like water Plato’s Critique of Pederasty Pederasty Background Symposium Pederasty My Project Pausanias' Speech Pausanias' Speech Two Aphrodites Uranian Heavenly Pandemos Common Text Text Pictures Pictures "Here, Socrates, lie down alongside me, so that by my touching you, I too may enjoy the piece of wisdom that just occurred to you while you were in the porch. It is plain that you found it and have it, for otherwise you would not have come away beforehand." Agathon and Socrates “It would be a good thing, Agathon, if wisdom were the sort of thing that flows from the fuller of us into the emptier, just by our touching one another, as the water in wine cups flows through a wool thread from the fuller to the emptier. For if wisdom too is like that, then I set a high price on my being placed alongside you, for I believe I shall be filled from you with much fair wisdom. My own may turn out to be a sorry sort of wisdom, or disputable like a dream; but your own is brilliant and capable of much development, since it has flashed out so intensely from you while you are young; and yesterday it became conspicuous among more than thirty thousand Greek witnesses." "You are outrageous, Socrates," Agathon said. "A little later you and I will go to court about our wisdom, with Dionysus as judge, but now first attend to dinner." how water flows Principle at play When they do engage in a contest about love Timeline YEAR Alcibiades' Speech Socrates, he claims, is like “those silenuses that sit in the shops of herm sculptors, the ones that craftsman make holding reed pipes or flutes; and if they are split in two and opened up they show they have images of gods within.” (215b) Alcibiades' Speech You, in my opinion,' I said, 'have proved to be the only deserving lover of mine; and it seems to me that you hesitate to mention it to me. Now I am in this state: I believe it is very foolish not to gratify you in this or anything else of mine—my wealth or my friends—that you need; for nothing is more important to d me than that I become the best possible; and I believe that, as far as I am concerned, there is no one more competent than you to be a fellow helper to me in this. So I should be far more ashamed before men of good sense for not gratifying a man like you than I should be before the many and senseless for gratifying you.' Seduction Scene 'Really, my dear Alcibiades, you're no sucker if what you say about me is really true and there is some power in me e through which you could become better. You must see, you know, an impossible beauty in me, a beauty very different from the fairness of form in yourself. So if, in observing my beauty, you are trying to get a share in it and to exchange beauty for beauty, you are intending to get far the better deal. For you are trying to acquire the truth of beautiful things in exchange for the seeming and opinion of beautiful things; and you really have in mind to exchange "gold for bronze." But blessed one do consider better: Without your being aware of it—I may be nothing. Thought, you know, begins to have keen eyesight when the sight of the eyes starts to decline from its peak; and you are still far from that.' Conclusion conclusion If Socrates were to have sex with Alcibiades, he would perpetuate: 1) the idea that people can make each other wise. impact: prevent Alcibiades from realizing his ignorance about wisdom 2) Alcibiades belief that his physical attractiveness is the most important thing about him impact: the belief could harm Alcibiades as he begins to decline from his physical peak, when “Thought begins to have keen eyesight.” (219a) 3) Socrates would be no better than the sophists who cannot acknowledge the ways in which they are ignorant, and thus, risk self-deception. Advantages Advantages to my account: -Fits with the well-known picture of a Socrates who: 1) proclaims his own ignorance. 2) critiques the Sophists for i. both not acknowledging what they do not know ii. exchanging money for wisdom -Makes explicit the way Plato critiques the customs of his time -Throws into question a vision of Socrates as someone who consistently denies bodily urges -Makes clear that the container model is supposed to function in opposition to the image of pregnancy and birth. Accounts of “Plato’s Appropriation of Reproduction” run these two images together.


Transcript: Why? They're Criminals Description: Halden Prison is considered one the most human prisons in the world, the poster-child for restorative justice programs across the globe. The jail holds some of Norway’s more heinous criminals and yet has been described by some as being “better than some hotels” There are no bars on windows, rooms are about the size of apartment bedrooms and come with amenities like TV’s, personal toilets and decent beds. The prison resembles a college campus walled off from the rest of the world. “Your whole day is structured around the meals. Without food you’re starving in there. I lost a lot of weight my first week or two, and the food quality is horrible, its just disgusting shit. You don’t know what it is. But its true, its based around breakfast lunch and dinner." - Frank Sherman on Cook County Jail Chicago, IL -Cook County Jail - Thomas J Dart – Cook County Sheriff - Prison Guard - Prison therapist Norway – Halden Prison The Solution Subjects a film by Tony S. Rosellini Restorative Justice Description: On the other extreme of prisons, a contrast with Halden, Cook County Jail is considered one of the worst prisons in the United States. Over populated and frequently in the news for riots, overcrowding and violence, Cook County serves as an example of traditional jail environment. “After they’ve been there for so long that’s all they know. Some people are 40 years old and they’re not gonna go back to school. They have a family to support, so they’re gonna do the only thing they know how to do. When they’re in jail, all their family is taking care of them. They have TV, they have food. They don’t have to worry about paying bills. It’s a retirement home. Its comfortable in there.” - Frank Sherman on prisoners in Cook County Jail San Quentin, California Prison University Project Prison as a home San Quentin, California – San Quentin State Prison - Prison University Project -Amy Jamgochian – Academic Program Director -Kate Robinson- Math Teacher -Jeffrey Kaplan – introductory philosophy course National institute of justice. • Within three years of release, about two-thirds (67.8 percent) of released prisoners were rearrested. • Within five years of release, about three-quarters (76.6 percent) of released prisoners were rearrested. • Of those prisoners who were rearrested, more than half (56.7 percent) were arrested by the end of the first year. • Property offenders were the most likely to be rearrested, with 82.1 percent of released property offenders arrested for a new crime compared with 76.9 percent of drug offenders, 73.6 percent of public order offenders and 71.3 percent of violent offenders. A 2006 report from the U.S. Department of Justice -about 56 percent of state prisoners - 45 percent of federal prisoners - 64 percent of jail inmates had a mental health problem IDLENESS 2014 study by RAND “How Effective is Correctional Education, and Where Do We Go from Here?” - inmates who participated in correctional education programs had a 43% lower chance of recidivating than inmates who not. - Correctional education is a cost effective initiative; every dollar spent on prison education could save up to five dollars on three-year reincarceration costs. - the mean dollars spent per student for correctional education was $3,370 in FY2012 “Your whole day is structured around the meals. Without food you’re starving in there. I lost a lot of weight my first week or two, and the food quality is horrible, its just disgusting shit. You don’t know what it is. But its true, its based around breakfast lunch and dinner. Halden, Norway – Halden Prison -Are Høidal, the governor of Halden, -Janne Offerdal - english teacher at Halden prison Description: The San Quentin Prison Project is one example of successful restorative justice programs in the U.S. The program provides higher education programs to inmates in San Quentin State Prison. The courses are on par with liberal arts standards and help prepare inmates for employment outside of prison. In the past 11 years, non-PUP graduate has been returned to prison for committing a violent crime. The Problem Arguments against are categorized as the following: - Restorative justice programs are to expensive and not cost-effective - Criminals are incapable of being reintegrated into civil society - Criminals should be punished, not placed in a welcoming environment Chicago, IL -Cook County Jail -Frank Sherman, formerly incarcerated in Cook County Jail for 18 months - Javier Perez, professor of criminology at DePaul University - Bea Aldrich, Journalist reporting on mass incarceration Restorative justice looks at sentencing and imprisonment as an opportunity to better the individual for release back into civil society. It promotes humane prison conditions, where the proper resources are offered to inmates to assist them during their time in prison. These resources include education programs, physical and psychological medical treatment, and job programs. RETURN

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