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Final Presentation- Background Research

Transcript: Background Literature Presented by PERSON for COMPANY TOPIC 1 Article 1 Brief Summary The goal of this study was to look at the relationship between socioeconomic status and risky behaviors for on-going disease in American adolescents. Data was collected through the Youth Risk Behavior Survey and 1992 National Health Interview Survey. The participants were 6321 adolescents ranging in ages 12-17. Researchers found that risky behaviors for on-going disease are 1. common but 2. inversely related to socioeconomic status. SUBTOPIC 1 study seeks to understand the relationship between socioeconomic status and use of substances. This piece of literature supports the hypothesis that socioeconomic status influences risky behaviors one of which could be drug usage. How it Applies to My Study Article 2 topic 2 The goal of this study was to look at the effects, both together and separately, of family structure, race, and poverty on the health of people under 20 years of age in the United States during two distinct time periods, 1978-1980 and 1989-1991. A multivariate regression was used to analyze data collected by a National Health Interview Survey. Those who grew up in a two-parent family, white, in a family above the poverty line, or any combination there f tended to be in a more healthy condition. Researchers also found that poverty had the strongest effect on children during both time periods. Researchers concluded that race and the structure of the family explain the relationship between the health of children and them living below 150% of the poverty index. Continued TITLE This article specifically talks about how socioeconomic factors such as family structure, race, and income effect the health of a child; however, in my research I will focus on how socioeconomic factors influence depression specifically. My research also adds onto it and looks at then how substance use places into this whole conversation. Related To My Research TITLE Article 3 TOPIC 3 The goal of this study was to look at how socioeconomic status impacts adolescent use of marijuana. Participants were aged 11-17. Indirect and direct measures were used to look at how socioeconomic status (Hollingshead measure of socioeconomic status, urbancity, neighborhood problems) could be used to predict the usage of marijuana in adolescents. The study found there to be a difference in males and females. When the analysis had been conducted, a nonlinear relationship was found between Hollingshead measure of socioeconomic status and marijuana. In women, Hollingshead measure was not significant when alcohol use and having friends who use marijuana were added to the model. These results suggest that alcohol use and friends who use marijuana mediates the relationship between the effects of socioeconomic status and the use of marijuana. Some of the other variables that were looked at in the study are: employment, friends who use marijuana, alcohol consumption, grade point average, commitment to friends, urbanicity, amount of time spent with friends, and peer strain. These variables were looked at in relation to the start of marijuana usage. The researchers found that psychosocial risk factors for initial marijuana usage are much different for men than for women. Continued TITLE TITLE This study primarily focuses on how socioeconomic factors influence both men and women separately on their initial marijuana usage. My research will further the study by not breaking the participants up according to sex; but rather, look at the participants as a whole and how socioeconomic factors as well as depression effect substance use. This article serves as a building block for my paper because it looks at one of the substances I will be using as well as psychosocial risk factors, something that I also will be looking into with depression being the psychological side and socioeconomic factors being the social side Relates to My Research TITLE TOPIC 4 TOPIC 4

Background/Research

Transcript: Synesthete- someone with synesthesia Associater Synesthete- someone who knows a strong sense between the stimulus(something that evokes a physcological response) and the sense that triggers it Projector Synesthete- someone who sees actual colors,forms,or shapes when stimulated Cognitive- relating to mental processes of perception,memory,judgement,and reasoning versus emotion and will Photisms- a visual sensation produced by the effect of something felt.heard,tasted,smelled or thought of Grapheme Color Synesthesia Chromesthesia Spatial Sequence Number Form Auditory-Tactille Ordinal Linguistic Personification Misophonia Mirror-touch Lexical-Gustatony Synesthesia is a medical condition where one sense is activated involuntarily by the stimulation of another sense. In the brain, senses would overlap. What is Synesthesia? Some quotes by synesthetes Vocabulary Thank you! Now for my experiment data and information... The word Synesthesia comes from the Greek words syn(together) and aisthesis(perception).So the word means joined perception Synesthesia doesn't appear to affect anyone's intelligence These are 9 major categories. I've also learned that synesthesia is not considered a disease, so there is no "cure". Also, many people who have synesthesia have accepted it and actually like ther lifestyle with synesthesia. Synesthesia has been found more well known in females and left handed people Some famous people such as Pharell Williams and Claude Monet have had synesthesia Background/Research By:Varshini m. My actual experiment "Do certain numbers or lettes make a high percentage of people think of the same color?" is not directly related to synesthesia, it is related to behavioral science. Although, my question can be affected by synesthesia so I've researched on synesthesia for extra information. "The word love has always tasted like the scent of fresh ink and soft paper to me..." Types of Synesthesia " I always see colors when I isten to music. It's difficult to explain...warm and glittery..." The image shows a book that has a character with synesthesia. Fun Facts

Background Research

Transcript: “The worst part about being lied to is knowing that you weren’t worth the truth”-Mishaela. I believe that technology will & help us in the modern world right now. It made things more simpler and relaxing to work on. 1.) Rausas, Matthieu Pélissié Du. "Insights & Publications." Internet Matters: The Net's Sweeping Impact on Growth, Jobs, and Prosperity. Matthieu Pélissié Du Rausas, James Manyika, Eric Hazan, Jacques Bughin, Michael Chui, Rémi Said, May-June 2011. Web. 09 Dec. 2013. <http://www.mckinsey.com/insights/high_tech_telecoms_internet/internet_matters>. 2.) "Education World: How Can Schools Make Better Use of the Internet?" Education World: How Can Schools Make Better Use of the Internet? Education World, June-July 2000. Web. 09 Dec. 2013. <http://www.educationworld.com/a_tech/tech036.shtml>. 3.) "Importance of Technology." How Does Technology Affect Communication. SRS Solutions, 2013. Web. 09 Dec. 2013. <http://importanceofmoderntechnology.com/tag/how-does-technology-affect-communication/>. 4.) Epstein, Jeremy. "Internet Voting Security: Wishful Thinking Doesn't Make It True." Freedom to Tinker. N.p., Apr.-May 2013. Web. 09 Dec. 2013. <https://freedom-to-tinker.com/blog/jeremyepstein/internet-voting-security-wishful-thinking-doesnt-make-it-true/>. 5.) "Life Made Simple." Life Made Simple. ©1994-2013 1105 Media Inc, Ed-Tech Group. See Our Privacy Policy and Terms of Use, 1994-2013. Web. 11 Dec. 2013. <http://livesimplechicago.wordpress.com/2010/12/06/life-before-technology/>. Thesis My thought “Technology and science have to be looked at individually. Technology, when thought of, is what man has created (“tech” means craft.) Technology can govern what is said about art or applied sciences. Technology affects our society because technology is all around us. It what allows us to advance forward though our eras,” (wiki.answers.com). Sites for my draft What Helps My Thesis The technology that we use today made a better modern world. Technology has made life more simple, as it helps people not to do as much as they did before. Background Research Technology has made life more simple, as it helps people not to do as much as they did before. It helps us to communicate better within our school and jobs. It even made us a better community. “The thing we are trying to do at Facebook, is just help people connect and communicate more efficiently”.- Mark Zuckerberg. Quotes

BACKGROUND RESEARCH

Transcript: (Shane Zbrodoff (2014)) THE CROWD IN PICTURE Example solution from GE Developing & Manufacturing companies. E.g Mai Srl (Italy) Why knowledge sharing Employees of Prima Power University of Vaasa Students Customer requirements, customer attributes Stakeholder needs Functional requirement How are the target group trained now? Who trains them and how (what material is used)? - Are the target able to produce training material by themselves, or should / could someone (maybe external) be involved? - How much of their working time could the target group devote to this? Any extra incentives (financial / other)? WHAT WE WANT TO DO Technical and service engineers (Leonard, D (2014) ) BACKGROUND RESEARCH GRIT Relationships (smart people know other smart people) Reputation (successor might not be viewed as good) Re-work (because the experts just know how to get things done) Regeneration (ability to continue business as usual) No company can afford these.. (Dorothy Leonard,Walter Swap and Gavin Barton (2014)) GE is an expert organisation, and GEGRC is the heart of it Massive retirement problem ahead… Have to come up 'with something! Prolong the employment of retiring experts and make them mentors to their successors. Constantly evaluate these practices and make them better. Background what we want to do importance of knowledge sharing what is lost when experts are gone constraints to why people don't share knowledge some existing solution and case example Stakeholders categories of the stakeholders of the project who they are Questions we want to ask Questions we have The Community The Media The Government The Share Holders Why are experts NOT sharing knowledge (constraints) - Could be lack of time / resources Three often-overlooked reasons: Financial incentives Personal ego Discontent / frustration with the company “My skills are hard-earned. Why should I share them for free? What do I owe the company?” Design a method for enhancing learning using crowdsourcing Application and customers trainers Why they matter to the project Moral & Philosophical reasons Identify opportunities and Threats.(Strategic Planning) Help In decision Making. STAKEHOLDERS e.g IMTS Machinery Those who are directly affected by the project Those who are indirectly affected by the project. 01-10-2015 List of references “Deep smarts” = Business-critical, experience-based knowledge What is at stake (http://www.primapower.com/en/Powerline_July-2015) Categories of stakeholders of the project (Dorothy Leonard,Walter Swap and Gavin Barton (2014)) Stakeholders Collective knowledge power Global views Increased solution diversity Cost Savings – Resource pool Remove bias, better trends (statistically) No organizational limits(not afraid to speak out) Achieve better efficiency End users-end users customer. (B2C & C2C) TABLE OF CONTENT THANK YOU THE CROWD IN PICTURE Many companies are using Salesforce that has feature called “Chatter” Chatter is like corporate Facebook – you can create groups and make public posts about interesting stuff Salesforce is expensive… Existing solution to knowledge sharing http://www.forbes.com/sites/benkerschberg/2015/02/05/how-strategic-cmos-use-crowdsourcing-to-win/ Factories developing and manufacturing products Subsidiaries for sales, service and training Target organizations http://www.forbes.com/sites/benkerschberg/2015/02/05/how-strategic-cmos-use-crowdsourcing-to-win/ Social Tools and Crowdsourcing .Shane Zbrodoff Director Projects, Pilot Project International Inc Calgary Airport Authority (2014) Leonard, D & Swap, W (2014) What's lost when experts retire. Harvard Business review Leonard, D (2014) How to prevent experts from hoarding knowledge. Harvard Business Review Leonard, D., Barton, G. & Swap, W (2014) Critical knowledge transfer: tools for managing your company's deep smarts. Harvard Business Press http://www.forbes.com/sites/benkerschberg/2015/02/05/how-strategic-cmos-use-crowdsourcing-to-win/ http://www.primapower.com/en/Powerline_July-2015 What is lost when experts are gone

Background Research

Transcript: Chaser Cola Co. c.c c.c Competition... Soft Drink Sales: $5 billion/year Direct: 12,000 + Canadians Salaries/Wages: $500 million Indirect: 30,000 + Target Market "Cut for Bieber" Who is Chaser Cola Co? Charlie Sheen is a bad role model/ spokesperson because: Knife attacks Giving up custody of his kids Constantly doing drugs Using prostitutes c.c Sold out MSG in 30 seconds 13,800,000 + albums sold $83,341,886 ticket revenue; My World Tour Not a good role model for teens Fame and negative publicity got to her Not as trendy for teens anymore Too provocative and rebellious In 1990, Darlene and John sold their company to another mid-sized pop industry. They make a profit of $100,000,000 per year!! Kennedy, Chelsea, Trisha Chaser Silver Justin Bieber Chaser Wild The Industry as a Whole Uses racial slurs 200 + wishes; MAW Believe Charity Drive Guatemala Champ of Charity Award c.c Charlie Sheen Shailene Woodley More Background Research Why is Shailene Woodley a good role model? Animal Abuse Deposition Competition Charity Work Britney Spears Established 1982 by two childhood sweethearts, Darlene Lanovaz and John Meindl. Energy Drinks Red Bull Gatorade Alcoholic Drinks Canadian Brands Sugar Drinks and Juices Minute Maid Cool Aid Amanda Bynes Claiming to be disabled Cons on Hiring Justin Bieber. Chaser Cola Destruction of property Arrested/ DUI Other Soda Drinks Rivalry between Coke and Pepsi Fanta Ginger Ale etc. Caffeine Drinks Starbucks Tim Horton's Second Cup Why Hire Justin Bieber? Pros. Teenagers/Pre-Teens Prefer soda drinks apposed to juice Look up to their idols Following trends Need to stay energized Cherry-flavored cola Bolder, alternative #5 in Canada $100,000,000 /year Canadian #4 most searched on Google; 2013 1982 Southern Ontario Donated 3% of revenue Social advocacy

Background Research

Transcript: Our Data/ Anaylsis Trash is produced in many forms and also in many different areas. Most things can be recycled but not everything. We did research and found that some items were thrown away more than others. Some of the most common things in our trash cans were water bottles and plastic bags, but everybody thinks of those. There were however, a few other things littering our earth. Keurig cups, otherwise know as K-Cups, are being used more and more. We decied that we would find a solution to this problem. Once we knew that we were going to use the K-Cup, we had to figure out a solution. We all looked up ways the parts could be used and found a lot. Coffee grounds can repel bugs and get rid of headaches. Pictures After a long time, and inspired by one of group member's inventions for engineering fair, we came up with the idea of making a water filter. We cleaned out a Keurig Cup, and then put in activated cabon. On top we put ripped-up coffee filters. Wen testing it out, the water was filtered, but tasted a little like coffee. Background Research design by Dóri Sirály for Prezi Sharing our Project We wanted to share our ideas with multiple people and explore new possibilities with others -Sent an email to the company to compare our solutions and get feedback from them -Teaches,Coaches, and other FLL Mentors -We shared with national team Our Solution We d One was to use plastic bags to help greenhouse gasses, but it was a little too broad. There were several ideas that we wanted to do, but everyone seemed fixated on the K-Cup Trash is produced in many forms and also in many different areas. Most things can be recycled but not everything. We did research and found that some items were thrown away more than others. Some of the most common things in our trash cans were water bottles and plastic bags, but everybody thinks of those. There were however, a few other things littering our earth. Keurig cups, otherwise know as K-Cups, are being used more and more. We decied that we would find a solution to this problem.Once we knew that we were going to use the K-Cup, we had to figure out a solution. We all looked up ways the parts could be used and found a lot. Coffee grounds can repel bugs and get rid of headaches. After a long time, and inspired by one of group member's inventions for engineering fair, we came up with the idea of making a water filter. We cleaned out a Keurig Cup, and then put in activated cabon. On top we put ripped-up coffee filters. Wen testing it out, the water was filtered, but tasted a little like coffee.We wanted to share our ideas with multiple people and explore new possibilities with others -Sent an email to the company to compare our solutions and get feedback from them -Teaches,Coaches, and other FLL Mentors -We shared with national team Design Process K-Cup Ideas Operation K

Background Research

Transcript: Wangari Muta Maathai was a Kenyan environmental and political activist. In the 1970s, Maathai founded the Green Belt Movement, an environmental non-governmental organization focused on the planting of trees, environmental conservation, and women's rights. In 1986, she was awarded the Right Livelihood Award, and in 2004, she became the first African woman to receive the Nobel Peace Prize for "her contribution to sustainable development, democracy and peace". Maathai was an elected member of Parliament and served as assistant minister for Environment and Natural Resources in the government of President Mwai Kibaki between January 2003 and November 2005. She was also an Honorary Councillor of the World Future Council. Bishop Desmond Mpilo Tutu He has campaigned to fight AIDS, tuberculosis, poverty, racism, sexism, the imprisonment of Chelsea Manning, homophobia and transphobia. He has recieved: Nobel Peace Prize in 1984 Albert Schweitzer Prize for Humanitarianism in 1986 Pacem in Terris Award in 1987 Sydney Peace Prize in 1999 Gandhi Peace Prize in 2007 Presidential Medal of Freedom in 2009. He has also compiled several books of his speeches and sayings. The League of Nations was an intergovernmental organisation founded as a result of the Paris Peace Conference that ended the First World War. It was the first international organisation whose principal mission was to maintain world peace. Its primary goals, as stated in its Covenant, included preventing wars through collective security and disarmament, and settling international disputes through negotiation and arbitration. Other issues in this and related treaties included labour conditions, just treatment of native inhabitants, human and drug trafficking, arms trade, global health, prisoners of war, and protection of minorities in Europe. At its greatest extent it had 58 members. First World War aka WWI was a global war centred in Europe. More than 9 million combatants were killed. It was the fifth-deadliest conflict in world history, paving the way for major political changes, including revolutions in many of the nations involved. The war drew in all the world's economic great powers, which were assembled in two opposing alliances: the Allies and the Central Powers of Germany and Austria-Hungary. Although Italy had also been a member of the Triple Alliance alongside Germany and Austria-Hungary, it did not join the Central Powers, as Austria-Hungary had taken the offensive against the terms of the alliance. These alliances were both reorganised and expanded as more nations entered the war: Italy, Japan and the United States joined the Allies, and the Ottoman Empire and Bulgaria the Central Powers. Ultimately, more than 70 million military personnel, including 60 million Europeans, were mobilised in one of the largest wars in history. Wangari Maathai quote: 7 October 1931 - ~ Desmond Mpilo Tutu is a South African social rights activist and retired Anglican bishop who rose to worldwide fame during the 1980s as an opponent of apartheid. He was the first black Archbishop of Cape Town and bishop of the Church of the Province of Southern Africa. I don't really know why I care so much. I just have something inside me that tells me that there is a problem, and I have got to do something about it. I think that is what I would call the God in me. Mihkel, Arli, Chris The First World War Free Nobel Peace Prize Professor Wangari Muta Maathai 1 April 1940 – 25 September 2011 Original look 28 July 1914 - 11 November 1918 The League of Nations 26.02.2014 Background Research 28 September 1934 - 23 February 1935

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