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Transcript: Wisdom does not flow like water Plato’s Critique of Pederasty Pederasty Background Symposium Pederasty My Project Pausanias' Speech Pausanias' Speech Two Aphrodites Uranian Heavenly Pandemos Common Text Text Pictures Pictures "Here, Socrates, lie down alongside me, so that by my touching you, I too may enjoy the piece of wisdom that just occurred to you while you were in the porch. It is plain that you found it and have it, for otherwise you would not have come away beforehand." Agathon and Socrates “It would be a good thing, Agathon, if wisdom were the sort of thing that flows from the fuller of us into the emptier, just by our touching one another, as the water in wine cups flows through a wool thread from the fuller to the emptier. For if wisdom too is like that, then I set a high price on my being placed alongside you, for I believe I shall be filled from you with much fair wisdom. My own may turn out to be a sorry sort of wisdom, or disputable like a dream; but your own is brilliant and capable of much development, since it has flashed out so intensely from you while you are young; and yesterday it became conspicuous among more than thirty thousand Greek witnesses." "You are outrageous, Socrates," Agathon said. "A little later you and I will go to court about our wisdom, with Dionysus as judge, but now first attend to dinner." how water flows Principle at play When they do engage in a contest about love Timeline YEAR Alcibiades' Speech Socrates, he claims, is like “those silenuses that sit in the shops of herm sculptors, the ones that craftsman make holding reed pipes or flutes; and if they are split in two and opened up they show they have images of gods within.” (215b) Alcibiades' Speech You, in my opinion,' I said, 'have proved to be the only deserving lover of mine; and it seems to me that you hesitate to mention it to me. Now I am in this state: I believe it is very foolish not to gratify you in this or anything else of mine—my wealth or my friends—that you need; for nothing is more important to d me than that I become the best possible; and I believe that, as far as I am concerned, there is no one more competent than you to be a fellow helper to me in this. So I should be far more ashamed before men of good sense for not gratifying a man like you than I should be before the many and senseless for gratifying you.' Seduction Scene 'Really, my dear Alcibiades, you're no sucker if what you say about me is really true and there is some power in me e through which you could become better. You must see, you know, an impossible beauty in me, a beauty very different from the fairness of form in yourself. So if, in observing my beauty, you are trying to get a share in it and to exchange beauty for beauty, you are intending to get far the better deal. For you are trying to acquire the truth of beautiful things in exchange for the seeming and opinion of beautiful things; and you really have in mind to exchange "gold for bronze." But blessed one do consider better: Without your being aware of it—I may be nothing. Thought, you know, begins to have keen eyesight when the sight of the eyes starts to decline from its peak; and you are still far from that.' Conclusion conclusion If Socrates were to have sex with Alcibiades, he would perpetuate: 1) the idea that people can make each other wise. impact: prevent Alcibiades from realizing his ignorance about wisdom 2) Alcibiades belief that his physical attractiveness is the most important thing about him impact: the belief could harm Alcibiades as he begins to decline from his physical peak, when “Thought begins to have keen eyesight.” (219a) 3) Socrates would be no better than the sophists who cannot acknowledge the ways in which they are ignorant, and thus, risk self-deception. Advantages Advantages to my account: -Fits with the well-known picture of a Socrates who: 1) proclaims his own ignorance. 2) critiques the Sophists for i. both not acknowledging what they do not know ii. exchanging money for wisdom -Makes explicit the way Plato critiques the customs of his time -Throws into question a vision of Socrates as someone who consistently denies bodily urges -Makes clear that the container model is supposed to function in opposition to the image of pregnancy and birth. Accounts of “Plato’s Appropriation of Reproduction” run these two images together.

Raven Presentation

Transcript: Personification is giving inanimate, nonliving objects life-like or human characteristics The Raven Summary Stanzas 14-17 Chaos is personified into Tempter to explain the Raven's sudden, menacing, and purposeful presence. The narrator's apprehension is personified into Horror to show he is not merely controlled by his emotions but some other, sinister force. Personification Introduction Edgar Allan Poe, a renowned 19th century author, is considered to be one of the most unique writers to ever grace literature. Poe dove into the deepest realms of darkness and gloom, a style that heavily contrasted from other writers at the time. Poe's style of negativity perfectly reflects his own life, one that was void of happiness. Poe was well acquainted with death as he experienced the passing of almost every one he knew, tearing his heart open, with the blood dripping onto his poems. One of the most known is "The Raven." What is it? Examples of Personification "Then, methought, the air grew denser, perfumed from an unseen censer Swung by Seraphim whose foot-falls tinkled on the tufted floor. “Wretch,” I cried, “thy God hath lent thee—by these angels he hath sent thee Respite—respite and nepenthe from thy memories of Lenore; Quaff, oh quaff this kind nepenthe and forget this lost Lenore!” Quoth the Raven “Nevermore.” “Prophet!” said I, “thing of evil!—prophet still, if bird or devil!— Whether Tempter sent, or whether tempest tossed thee here ashore, Desolate yet all undaunted, on this desert land enchanted— On this home by Horror haunted—tell me truly, I implore— Is there—is there balm in Gilead?—tell me—tell me, I implore!” Quoth the Raven “Nevermore.” “Prophet!” said I, “thing of evil!—prophet still, if bird or devil! By that Heaven that bends above us—by that God we both adore— Tell this soul with sorrow laden if, within the distant Aidenn, It shall clasp a sainted maiden whom the angels name Lenore— Clasp a rare and radiant maiden whom the angels name Lenore.” Quoth the Raven "Nevermore."" All of us will die someday... The story begins in the home of a narrator, who is reading books while suffering grief for his dead Lenore when he hears a knocking. Eventually, he discovers the sound resonated from a Raven that flew onto a bust. Strangely, the Raven is able to speak the word "Nevermore." Continuously, it responds "Nevermore" every time the narrator inquires for the cure of his misery. The narrator, in frustration, demands the Raven takes its leave, but it stays, along with the narrator's despondency. Atmosphere of the Raven The purpose of for this is to emphasize the sheer desperation and negativity to establish the grief he feels for Lenore. Ironically, personification involves bringing the element of life, yet death is the focused aspect. Possibly, this is to demonstrate the narrator's perplexity and waning sanity. "The Raven" Summary and Analysis by Toby Liu, 5th Period "Whether Tempter sent, or whether tempest tossed thee here ashore... On this home by Horror haunted—tell me truly, I implore..." An overwhelming amount of darkness and hopelessness is present in "The Raven. " The death of Lenore causing suffering and despair is immediately recognized as a negative element. Darkness overtakes positivity. The narrator's hope and sanity is crushed when the Raven refutes the provision of any relief for death's painful sting. Stanzas 14-17 demonstrate this. (Lines 2-4, Stanza 16)

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