Transcript: Façades source: Dipl.Ing. Tillmann Klein Itay Cohen // 4118952 // Msc1AE.BT // Tu.Delft So, what should a well designed facade do? Openings: University of Utrecht Shelter from sun and rain Create a thermal barrier Enable visual contact with the exterior Enable extraction of moisture Material Selection - Visibility Re:Thinking Why Pneumatic? Source: Re-Face, Dr. Thiemo Ebbert Best Span to Volume ratio Air can used as an insulator Translucent Airtight by inflation Cool! Source: Prof. Andy van den Dobbelsteen Source: Maria Mandalaki, Berlage Institute
Transcript: cameras! Over the years... computers/laptops. In this PowerPoint you will get an insight into the world of product design and development. you will gain a good understand of a variety of users' needs and how product developers design products to meet these needs. And to understand some of the products made by Apple and Microsoft ect. Camera parts can be made from China, Japan, Thailand or Germany ect. The first camera was made in 1840 May 8th. It was made by Alexander Wolcott. It wasn't actually made to take a lot of pictures and didnt' look like a modern day camera instead it was a wooden box with a lens. Modern day cameras are now hand held portable cameras with better quality of the picture. I think that cameras have had an effect on the consumer because if you didnt have a camera then you wouldn't be able to capture the memories that may be lost later in life. Over the years TVs have got better. now they have smart TVs, HD, 3D and many more! They used to have a big box on the back of the TV and loads of wires at the back, now the TVs and really thin and they only have a scart lead and some other ones and now you can watch DVDs on the TV (if you have a DVD player.) TVs have had a massive impact on people's lives because if you didn't know how to read then you wouldnt hear the news about the world and you wouldnt see the programmes that everyone else would be watching. Thanks for watching!!! Over the years the technology has had a big effect on all the consumers' lives. In 2010, for the first time, a million PCs a day - built, shipped, and sold in the industry. Intel CEO Paul Otellini predicts PC sales will double to 2 million units per day by 2014. People have bought loads of electrical things over the years. Over the years computers and laptops have gotten faster, smaller and thinner. They started off as a just a screen with loads of wires coming out of it. Now the computers are portable and are now called tablets. The tablets are very fast working and very east to work. You can get different kinds of makes of tablets such as the Ipads by Apple and the tablets by Android. I think computers have had a big impact on people's lives because it's more fun to play on games and go on the internet and it could also make some people famous! Intro! TV phones! Year 8 product design project!! :) Alexander Graham Bell invented the first ever phone. Modern day phones are now smaller, faster and cooler! There are lots of different makers of the phones these are just a few of them- like Apple, Blackberry, Samsung, Nokia and HTC. They have been a great impact on the consumers because without them it would be harder to get in touch with people! By Emily Finn!
Transcript: Decaffeinating tea brewing machine Diane BERNARD-BRULS Marie TAVERNIER Luka MILOSEVIC Scope of the project design Scope of the design project Tea = most manufactured consumed beverage in the world. 130 kg of tea is produced per second. FAO encourages tea producing countries to increase their production knowing all the benefits tea have. Global tea consumption Global tea consumption America 5.14% Europe 8.28% Decaffeinated tea consumption: 6% of the tea consumption in the UK Asia 61.63% Africa + Australia 24.95% Most important market for decaffeinated tea: North America and Europe. http://www.fao.org/3/a-i4480e.pdf Current products Current products Only decaffeinated tea from dry modified leaves Alter the taste of the tea Not possible to brew single cups from loose leaves tea: only capsules sold by the machine manufacturer Poor flexibility in terms of temperature, infusion time and size of the cups No start at distance function Not possible to have delayed start for single cups Needs and key specifications Needs Essential needs Essential needs Should lower the caffeine level Safe for consumption Soluble in water Short time preparation Preserve as much as possible of the original taste (gourmet tea) Preserve the aspect/odor as a classic tea One tea dose should infuse a cup Useful needs Useful needs Doses compatible with already existing tea brewing machines Price should not be excessive Should also work for infusions Desirable needs Desirable needs No precipitations of particles at cold temperature Wringing sachet Fair trade, organic, gluten free tea Eco-friendly production Can brew different kind of teas/infusions Capsules resistant to water and not decompose Capsules not contaminating tea leaves Capsule packaging not contaminate the tea leaves The tea leaves need to be dried enough to ensure the tea conservation Key specifications Key specifications Lower caffeine level by at least 30% 1 dose should infuse between 170 mL and 300 mL of water Should be infused from 50 to 90°C Infusion time from 2 to 10 minutes Overall preparation time should not exceed 30 minutes Cost should not exceed twice the price of the existing machines Advancement of the design Advancement of the design Needs Scope Ideas Top ideas Final choice Final product Absorbent devices Idea n°1 Develop a device able to absorb the caffeine from the brewing tea. Principle Principle This could be as an additional device to put in the beverage. It also can be included directly in the cup, on the surface of the internal wall and so washable. Advantages Advantages Broad applicability Reusable eco-friendly Safe process Not cumbersome Tea "on the go" Disadvantages Disadvantages Not scientificaly mature enough Takes long time (no flow, no mixing) Not efficient enough Hard washing of the device Extraction of caffeine with organic solvents Idea n°2 Design a new tea brewing machine that can lower the caffeine level in your tea with organic solvent. Principle Principle Methylene chloride and ethyl acetate are the main solvents used in industrial scale. Brew tea leaves and contact it with organic solvents to eliminate caffeine. Finally, a separation step to remove the remaining solvent. Advantages Advantages Ethyl acetate: More natural Used industrially High level of caffeine removed Methylene chloride: Main industrially used method High level of caffeine removed Disadvantages Disadvantages Substantial loss of flavors Midly toxic/carcinogen Not safe/suitable for consumers: trace of solvents left in the tea Swiss water process Idea n°3 Design a new tea brewing machine that can lower the caffeine level in tea using the Swiss Water Process. Principle Principle A decaffeinated tea extract (DTE) contacted with the tea leaves: Saturated in flavour compounds Removal of caffeine by difference in chemical potentials, without removing the main tea flavour compounds DTE recycling on an active carbon adsorbent (ACA) which retains caffeine. The whole process takes place in a closed system, many cycles could be applied to lower the caffeine level efficiently. Assessment Assessment Advantages: Safe process Organic process Keep the quality of the tea Eco-friendly: recycling of the DTE Main drawback of this process: time about 20 minutes Developping an application, tea could be brewed at distance, which make this preparation time acceptable. Matrix selection Matrix selection The Swiss Water Process obtained the best grade, it is chosen for designing our final product. Final product Final product Final design includes 2-step process : - Caffeine extraction by particular tea extract - Caffeine adsorption from the extract Caffeine extraction Caffeine extraction Fick’s second law was used to model extraction: Using several assumptions the equation gives us following analytical solution (A. Jafari et al. (2009)): Leaves’ thickness 2L~0.2mm t = 15 min f1 = 0.9 Solution: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cherd.2013.10.001 Caffeine adsorption from the extract Caffeine adsorption from the View
Transcript: Product Design Presentation Creating a new jig design Project Overview My task was to create a new jig design for SETA's machinists. Project overview Client's Brief Client's Brief The company requires a design solution to the reliability, quality, time and numbers produced with a new or modified jig or jigs and would like to use some type of gauge that can be used to accurately and quickly inspect the finished components. Key Requirements Key Requirements From the brief I found four key requirements for the new jig design: Create a new and modified jig that is more reliable. Create a jig that will produce a good quality product. Create a jig that will reduce the time being spent on securing and releasing the product. Create a jig that will produce a larger amount of spirit levels than the original jig does in the same time span Client's Suggestion From the brief I also found that the client would like a new way of accurately and quickly inspect the finished components. Client's suggestion Planning techniques To aid me with my project I have completed some planning techniques that will help me to know what to do and when to do it. Planning Techniques My Gantt Chart Gantt Chart I created a gantt chart as one of my planning techniques, as it will be able to tell me: What tasks need to be complete How long to spend on a task Planned and actual start times When a task should be finished If I have completed a task The amount of task i have completed and have left My Gantt Chart Gantt Chart My CPA After completing my gantt chart, I then created a critical path analysis to inform me on the best route to take to ensure I would get all the tasks done on time. Critical Path Analysis Initial Designs Before finding my final jig design, I created three initial designs. From these designs I used two evaluation methods to choose the best design to take forward as my final design. Initial Designs My Three Initial Designs I have created three designs that I feel fit the brief and will improve the existing jig design. At first I draw three simple sketches, then I created the three designs on a software called Auto CAD. The designs Design 1 Design 1 Design 2 Design 2 Design 3 Design 3 Evaluation Methods Evaluation Methods After I created three initial designs, I needed to evaluate the designs in order to find the most appropriate design to use as my final design. To do this I used three evaluation methods to make sure I was evaluating the designs correctly and picking the best design for my client. Eisenhower Matrix Firstly, I used an Eisenhower matrix to find the best criteria/categories to evaluate my three design against. As well as making sure the evaluation was suitable for the clients needs. Eisenhower Matrix My Eisenhower Matrix My Eisenhower Matrix My Pugh Matrix Pugh Matrix My Concept Scoring Matrix Concept Scoring Matrix My Final Design I've chosen my second design to be the design that I use. My Final Design Securing The Jig Securing the jig I have chosen to use the same method as the existing jig, as this way is proven to work. Two M8 bolts will be used to secure the jig to the bed of the milling machine. Securing The Spirit Level I have chosen I new method, which is using a magnet that will fit into the two holes within the spirit level and jig. Securing the spirit level Jig Assembly I have used a simulation to show the spirit level in my jig. Jig assembly I have also used a simulation to show the magnet fixing in my jig. Assumption/Limitations After looking at the design of my jig there may be some assumptions and limitations that you are wodering about. I will try and talk about them now. Assumptions/Limitations Assumptions There may be some assumptions that you have of my jig design which I will try and confirm for you now: Will it hold the spirit level securely when milling? Will it be able to fit onto the milling machine? Assumptions Limitations There are a few limitations to my jig design which are: Only holds two spirit levels Only on can be cut at a set time Limitations Who's Involved There are different parts of the jig that need to be supplied to SETA so that the machinists can use the jig correctly for producing the spirit level. Who's Involved The Main Body The Main Body The main body of my jig will be made out of tool steel as this is what my research show me would be the most beneficial material to use. To manufacture the main body of my jig I will be using a process called casting, which my research showed would be the best method, with a company called Dean Group. Material research Material Research Casting Method Research The manufacturing process I will be choosing to manufacture my jig will be casting. I have chosen to use casting because: Make the complex structure of my jig economically. Die casting will allow me to reuse the mold as many times as I wish and therefore create a large amount of my jigs for SETA. The size of the object does not matter. Casting objects have high compressive strength
Transcript: Final Product Pitch Deck Janhavi Ghosh | 12/12/2021 The Product Bartable 360°™ This product is a modern take on the dining experience and is a space-saving, convenient option with a unique storage system in the form of four shelves and can be broken apart and stored easily. The Market The Market Educated Upper-middle to Upper class socio-economic echelons. Mainly Gen Z (10-24 year olds), may be even millennials (24-40 year olds). Market Size 83 $27 40% Market Size/Trends The furniture industry is booming within the millennial market. Million Billion Amount Millennial spent on furniture in 2014. Millennial Say their home furnishings must reflect their personal style. Millennial in the U.S. alone. *Sources at the end of the presentation Key Insights Key Insights Student apartments are small and furniture is shared between suite mates. Students rank comfort and easy to move around (portable) as a significant criteria when purchasing furniture. Students have to maximize space and want furniture that has a multi-functionality to it. College students like to entertain many guests, but don’t have space or furniture to accommodate guests. Competitive Analysis Competitive Analysis The Opportunity The Problem College students live in small apartments and share space between multiple suite-mates. But they like having friends and guests over to entertain, which causes need for more accommodation and disruption which is a pain-point for other suite mates. The Opportunity The Opportunity When college students entertain multiple guests in their small apartments it causes a lot of disruptions in the apartment and resentment with other suitemates, thus an opportunity arises to make furniture that helps accommodate more guests eases disruption and helps the host entertain comfortably. Design Criteria Design Criteria Ideation + Prototypes Ideation Stage 1 2016 Process First Prototype The initial idea consisted of the interlocking mechanism of chairs in the form of a table. Iteration 1 - Place for legs - Better placement for notch of the chair - Shelf space well defined - Chair shape finalized - Start to think about production - How to maximize efficiency of shelf? - How to create a raised bottom? - How to reduce torsion? Prototype 2 Final Iteration - Notches for different disks (layers) - Tiny wedges where disks could be places - Final calculations via research of standard furniture 1980 Stage 2 Final illustrator Mockup Final Pieces 1/4 to scale of original The Solution The Solution: Bartable 360°™ Storage space in the form of shelf space Leg space Detachable backrest Nes- table™ Portable Can accommodate more guests Cause less disruption MRP: $100 Conclusion Conclusion + Sources Thank you so much! Would love to hear any feedback/advice! https://www.microdinc.com/blog/marketing-millennial-shoppers/ https://www.bdiusa.com/blog/age-of-style-the-millennial-furniture-buyer Sources
Transcript: Products of Nascafe The main office of Nestle Dolce gusto Product design : presentation Product type : coffee Owner : Nestle Country : Switzerland Introduced : 1938 Producent : Max Morgenthaler Markets : Worldwide
Transcript: Since earliest times people have worn fur garments for their warmth, durability or glamour. In fact, the wearing of animal pelts can be traced back to man’s very beginnings, as referenced in the Book of Genesis. In America, the fur trade has played a vital role in the shaping of our history as many of our leading explorers, such as Lewis & Clark, were actually fur traders who forged westward in search of pelts, establishing important settlements along the way. Today the fur trade ranks as one of America’s oldest, continuously operating industries with over 350 years of history. Long gray/black guard hair with silvery tips over a woolly, dense undertur makes it a very durable fur. Finn raccoon or Asiatic raccoon has long, thick tan guard hair with black tips and dense underfur. Animals on fur farms are killed by electrocution (through the use of electrodes in the mouth and anus), gassing, lethal injection or neck breaking. These crude methods are employed to ensure that the pelts (the animals’ skins and fur) are not damaged. Chinchilla Fox Lamb is the chameleon of fur with a host of personalities. The queen of lamb is broadtail: of Russian origin, it is sleek, lightweight, shiny and flat, with a slight wave, like fine moiré fabric. Mongolian is an extroverted fur that is both longhaired and curly. Often white, its silky hair is frequently dyed in a kaleidoscope of hues. Mouton pelts are sheared closely for a soft, thick flat fur. How would you feel if your skin was valued so highly that everyone was trying to kill you for it? Ermine Notes Sable Tanuki Ideas and is available in the widest range of natural colors of any fur, apart from mink, including silver, crystal blue, red, grey and white. Running neck and neck with mink in the popularity race, this luxurious fur makes an ideal trim for collars, cuffs, wraps and stoles. Lamb Woolly and coarse, opossum is often used for liners and men’s coats. The very different American variety has long silvery black-tipped guard hair with thick underfur while the New-Zealand variety has a short, dense plush-like fur in colors ranging from yellow-grey to natural brown. Argument For Using Fur Why is wearing fur made out to be bad ? It's painless it looks good and the animals aren't sentient so why shouldn't it be allowed to wear fur? And i don't agree with killing animals for fashion its is a animalistic. However animals do die, so what is wrong with using their fur after death? This wily North American critter has a hardy kind of fur. Dense and durable, it’s creamy, tan or grey and often used for men’s jackets. Raccoon 40 million animals are killed for their fur world wide. 85% are bred and killed on fur farms and the rest are trapped in the wild. Most commonly bred animals on fur farms are mink and fox, but the industry also breeds and kills polecats, raccoons and chinchillas. 6,500 fur farms in the EU. Europe is responsible for 70% of global mink fur production, and 63% of fox fur production. The countries that farm the most animals for their fur are Denmark, China and Finland. Ideas Opossum Lynx Mink An unusual wild North American fur, fisher is longhaired, dark and silvery. Also called Japanese raccoon, has very long guard hair and a full texture. Color is light amber brown with dark, distinctive markings. Russian sable is still the most prized fur in the world, renowned for its legendary silky quality, rarity and light weight. Brown with a silver cast, it is the most expensive fur, especially when there is an abundance of silver hair. Canadian sable (brown or golden) is somewhat less expensive. Wildly furry, lynx has an exaggerated edge to it and is indigenous to both North America and Russia. The whiter the fur, the higher its value. Ideas 50 million animals are violently killed for use of fashion every year. Sales are at an all time high. In 2010, sales were over $14 billion worldwide, up 70% from 2000. FUR From the pre-historic cave dwellers wrapped in hides to the rugged trappers in their coonskin caps, from the glamorous movie stars of the thirties and forties in their sumptuous stoles and sable coats to today’s fashionistas in their sexy, sophisticated fur jackets, ponchos and scarves, fur has been the fabric of choice. Beaver has very long, lustrous hair, but sheared beaver is also a favorite with designers who create elaborate, surface effects of varying color and pattern. Rabbit The real price of fur must be measured in deaths--not dollars. To make 1 fur coat you must kill at least: 55 wild mink 35ranched mink 40 sables 11 lynx 18 red foxes 11 silver foxes 100 chinchillas 30 rex rabbits 9 beavers 30 muskrats 15 bobcats 25skunks 14 otters 125 ermines 30 possums 100 squirrels or 27 raccoons About Fur Done by: Aysha Albunnia & Rund Al Dwaik chinchilla has always had snob appeal, though it is also quite fragile. It’s very silky (in fact no fur is softer) and is mainly grey to slate blue. Mink has never been knocked off its pedestal as the all-time diva of furs.
Transcript: Ethnography empathize define ideate prototype test Browns and tans Sombre simple shapes Neon for girls Subtle colors with bright accents for guys lots of chrome finishes IDEATE Design Thinking follows the simple idea of Color, Finish, Material and Form This involves trend research, materials and processes R&D, analysis, strategy and lots of creative thinking. Tesla PayPal Zip2 HyperLoop SpaceX Dr. Edward de Bono is widely regarded as one of the foremost experts in the fields of creativity and Lateral thinking. Dr. de Bono was the first person to propose that the human brain is a self organising system. It was from this understanding that he had for the underlying principles that he developed his thinking tools and creativity methods that have helped people and organisations revolutionize their thinking by bypassing the normal thought-blocks that impede their everyday thinking. PROTOTYPE TEST CFM & Form Glitter Shiny stuff Gold + Silver Extremely Bright Colors Chandni Chowk Methods Employed systematic study of people & cultures. its is designed to explore cultural phenomena where the reseacher observ Elon Musk Product Design Halo Presentation qualitative data direct observation Design Thinking Select City Mall Saket Sketches focus on needs of the user understand in terms of context & culture done by People and Groups Started by David Kelly and Tim Brown in Stanford University. It's ideals are: Learn from people Find patterns Design Principles Make tangible Iterate Relentlessly Design Thinking helps solve complex problems by a repeatable process Design Thinking
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