Transcript: Fire Alarm Systems By Jake Caughell Why we need Fire Alarm Systems A Fire Alarm systems main purpose is to identify a developing fire emergency as fast as possible, and to alert the building's occupants and local fire department. Today you have about three or four minutes to escape a house fire. This is mainly due to newer homes and buildings have furniture and combustible material inside them that burn faster. In less than 30 seconds a small flame can turn into a major fire. It only takes minutes for thick black smoke to fill a house or for it to be engulfed in flames. Why we need Fire Alarm Systems Fire is a chemical reaction between oxygen in the air and some kind of fuel. For a fire to take place, you have to heat up the fuel to a high enough temperature for it to ignite. In every building there is many combustible material that can fuel a fire. How fires start How fires start The types and parts of Fire Alarm Systems There are two main types of Fire Alarm Systems: Addressable and Conventional. Conventional fire alarms include a number of different zones that are connected to your central control panel. Addressable fire alarms are also called intelligent systems as they monitor the fire alarms in your building. Each alarm has its own address which allows you tell which ones are working. The types and parts of Fire Alarm Systems #1 Components - Fire alarm control panel (FACP) - Initiating devices - Power supply - Notification appliances #2 Devices - Manual pull stations/manual call points - Smoke detectors - Water flow switches - Rate-of-Rise and heat detectors - Valve supervisory switch - Carbon monoxide detector - Notification appliances - Magnetic door holder Passive and Active Fire Protection The buildings fire and life safety components are reffered to as either passive or active features. Passive and Active Fire Protection - Roof construction types - Fire rated walls - Fire rated floors and ceilings - Fire rated doors - Interior finishes - Smoke/Fire dampers - Means of egress - Fire stops Passive Passive - Sprinkler systems - Standpipes - Detection and alarm systems - Smoke controlled systems - Building configuration - Special hazard systems - Elavator controls - Vegatation management Active Active Ontario Building Code references In Ontario there is only one building code that is universal throughout the province for both large and small municipals 220.127.116.11. installation and Verification of Fire Alarm Systems (1) Fire alarm systems, including those with voice communication capability, shall be installed in conformance with CAN/ulc-S524, "installation of Fire Alarm Systems". (2) A fire alarm system shall be verified in conformance with CAN/ulc-S537, "Verification of Fire Alarm Systems", to ensure satisfactory operation. Ontario Building Code references Part 3: Fire Protection, Occupant Safety and Accessibility Part 3 contains the requirements with respect to health and fire safety, which depend upon the use of a building and type of occupancy. The section contains material relating to occupancy classification, occupancy and fire safety within floor areas, exit requirements, requirements for service spaces and health requirements. 18.104.22.168. Compliance Alternatives (1) A compliance alternative shown in Table 22.214.171.124.A., 126.96.36.199.B., 188.8.131.52.C., 184.108.40.206.D/E. or 220.127.116.11.F. may be substituted for a requirement contained in Part 3 Part 3 Buildings Part 3 Buildings Part 9: Housing and Small Buildings Part 9 provides detailed requirements for the construction of houses and small buildings up to 600m2 per floor and 3 storeys in height, and applies to occupancies other than assembly, care, or detention and industrial-high hazard A compliance alternative shown in Table 18.104.22.168.A., 22.214.171.124.B., 126.96.36.199.C., 188.8.131.52.D/E. or 184.108.40.206.F. may be substituted for a requirement contained in Part 9 Part 9 Buildings Part 9 Buildings Qualifications and Fire Alarm systems OBC refferences 220.127.116.11. Determination of Requirement for a Fire Alarm System 18.104.22.168. Continuity of Fire Alarm System 22.214.171.124. Types of Fire Alarm Systems 126.96.36.199. Description of Fire Alarm Systems 188.8.131.52. installation and Verification of Fire Alarm Systems Qualifications and Fire Alarm systems OBC refferences BCIN's provides qualifications for people performing work on an early warning system. This information can be found and is part of the City of Oshawa building bylaw. Qualifications Qualifications The standard for installation of fire alarm systems is CAN/ulc-S524 Standard Standard Thank you for watching. Thank you for watching. - BuildingCode.Online. (n.d.). Retrieved January 07, 2018, from http://buildingcode.online/238.html - (n.d.). Retrieved January 06, 2018, from https://www.google.ca/search?q=sprinkler%2Bsystems&source=lnms&tbm=isch&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwiSyvP37svYAhVk1oMKHf7NBbIQ_AUICigB&biw=1600&bih=745#imgrc=G0c7hs4BgVhumM: - Law Document English View. (2015, April 13). Retrieved January 06, 2018, from
Transcript: Develop Policies Develop Handbooks Student/Family Staff Hire Staff Monitor Performance Corrective Action Reward Action Dismissal Action Benchmarks Standards Concepts (Big ideas, understandings). Essential Questions. Skills Knowledge Vocabulary Resources Budget Project Expenses. Project Revenues. Confirm Revenues. Set Levy Monitor Expenses. Public Relations Standards Learning Activities What is it that we want kids to know/do/understand? "Unpacking the Standards." Assessment School System Human Resources Work of Staff Implement a grading system that reflects the standard/concept-based curriculum and fully integrated effective, student-performance-based learning. Common Core State Standards 21st Century Standards Work of the System Curriculum Maps/Unit Guides Grading and Reporting Implement the viable and articulated curriculum that is aligned with common assessments, which drive instruction towards deeper understanding. Formative Summative Authentic State Test District Test Homework? Open and listen to concerns of all stakeholders. Adjust policy where possible. Correct performance issues. Lead a data-driven story about the district and its work.
Transcript: Go on Exchange present your country abroad Work with different mentalities Diversity Explore different cultures Be a Member Develop your skills Have an impact Enrich your knowledge AIESEC Be a Leader Lead your team Achieve your vision Coach others Be a mentor EXPERIENCE YOUR AIESEC JOURNEY Gives you a great experience
Transcript: 14th Week Consulting interns can be expensive Time and Money Personal Experience Preliminary Design Stage NFPA 101 and NFPA 13 New and Existing Education, Business, and Mercantile Definition of Project This app would be used to provide interns and recent graduates with an outline of guidelines for how to design and review designs of specific occupancies. With the given time frame, I will be writing the information that will go into the app Begin parametric study: Speak with my mentor and Jason to understand more about what critical variables I could concentrate on for this app. Choose those parameters and begin my study Gather information from NFPA 101 and NFPA 13 for new and existing education, business, and mercantile occupancies. By: Breanne Thompson Next Steps (Continued) Finish preparing for Draft of Analysis Pull together and discuss results of project Draw my conclusions and state future work needed Turn in Final Paper! 10th and 11th Week Turn in my parametric study Begin draft of analysis Map out the process of the app for the key elements 15th Week References Next Steps 7th Week Prepare for Final Presentation Summarize my draft of analysis into presentation Work on how to incorporate a live demonstration for my presentation App Development Background Information 8th-9th Week Continuous Process Objective-C for Apple products Java for Android products 6 months of studying Places to Learn: Codecademy, iOS Dev Center, Android Developers Training Hire App Developer will cost thousands Prepare Final Paper Dive into Shark Tank! 1. http://lifehacker.com/5401954/programmer-101-teach-yourself-how-to-code 2. http://www.bluecloudsolutions.com/blog/cost-develop-app/ 6th Week Background Presentation 12th-13th Week
Transcript: Real action and accountability Amnesty International Non-state actors/ Rebel Groups?? ...and what about men?? ignoring male rape victims? would rape exist without a man? Weapons of War: Rape UN as an Arena - NGO's - Discussion and dialogue Arena Instrument Actor Critical Thinking Weapons of War: Rape UN as an instrument UNSC Resolution 1820 (2008) UN as an Actor - UN Action Against Sexual Violence in Conflict Weapons of War: Rape Problems with 1820 "Roles and Functions of International Organizations" "Sexual violence, when used as a tactic of war in order to deliberately target civilians or as a part of a widespread or systematic attack against civilian populations, can significantly exacerbate situations of armed conflict and may impede the restoration of international peace and security… effective steps to prevent and respond to such acts of sexual violence can significantly contribute to the maintenance of international peace and security" (UNSC Resolution 1820, p. 2)" http://www.stoprapenow.org/uploads/advocacyresources/1282164625.pdf Background Presentation- Kristin Mann Weapons of War: Rape Brief Insight - used to manipulate social control - destabilize communities - weaken ethnic groups and identities Examples: - Sudanese Militia - Rwanda Genocide - DRC Critical Thinking http://www.womenundersiegeproject.org/blog/entry/the-need-for-numbers-on-rape-in-warand-why-theyre-nearly-impossible-to-get Critical Thinking Increased Data Collection by international organizations - determine humanitarian responses - ensures justice and reparation - provides recognition and dignity
Transcript: Utopian Project After reading The Giver, by Lois Lowry, the 7th grade students were put together in groups to create their own utopian society, using information that they gained from the reading and from Social Studies. There are six different themes of world history that they had to incorporate into their utopian society. Geography Culture Economny Government Belief Systems Technology After the initial explanation of the project to the students, each group had to brainstorm their society's name and decide what each person was going to be responsible for completing. Additionally, they needed to make sure that their society had a theme that it was based upon. The four themes were diversity, nature, war, and money. They then went through the process that was outlined in their project handout. The whole group was responsible for the concepts developed, but then the task of writing the paper or creating the artifact was individual. This process took about three weeks for them to complete. Pictures of them presenting Our Project (cc) photo by Metro Centric on Flickr doodles notes Budapest San Francisco End Results Technology Use Notes Stockholm (cc) photo by jimmyharris on Flickr (cc) photo by Franco Folini on Flickr Double click to crop it if necessary At the end, they were graded based on their understanding of an utopian society, the six themes of world history, teamwork, overall product and individual product. iPads Weebly Google Docs http://www.sugarrobia2012.weebly.com The Steps outlook photo frame More Pictures Place your own picture behind this frame! (cc) photo by Metro Centric on Flickr details Assets map Important Details
Transcript: nesra's last day at kindergarten 2 years old 4 years old ( soon to be 5) NESRA- 3 YEARS OLD AT KINDERGARTEN NESRA'S FIRST DAY AT KINDERGARTEN NESRA'S FIRST DAY OF PRIMARY SCHOOL
Transcript: Death rate 2012: 12.84 deaths/1,000 population (World ranking: 22) Infant (Child Mortality) Total: 79.02 deaths/1,000 live births (world ranking: 10) HIV/AIDS (2) Appropriate Technology Landlocked country Great African Rift Valley system: East – Lake Malawi South – mountains, tropical palm-lined beaches Mainly a large plateau, with some hills Lake Malawi (Lake Nyasa) Almost 1 million people have AIDS 60% of these are female Declining in urban areas, Rising in rural areas Leading cause of death amongst adults Contributes to the low life expectancy: 54.2 years 209th ranking (One of the lowest) 500,000 children have been orphaned due to AIDs Micro-finance Policy Framework and Strategies (Health SWAp) increasing the availability and accessibility of antenatal services; utilization of skilled health personnel during pregnancy, childbirth and postnatal period at all levels of the health system; strengthening the capacity of individuals and institutions to improve maternal and neonatal health; increasing the number of skilled health personnel; constructing and upgrading health facilities to offer essential health services particularly focusing on rural and underserved areas; and provision of ARVs and micronutrients during pregnancy. Geography of Malawi CCST 9004 Appropriate Technology for the Developing World Indicator 3: Literacy Rate of 15 – 24 year-olds According to the World Bank, microfinance is defined as: Microfinance is the provision of financial services to the entrepreneurial poor.This definition has two important features:it emphasizes a range of financial services—not just credit— and it emphasizes the entrepreneurial poor. Goal 2: Achieve Universal Primary Education Appropriate Technology: SIRDAMAIZE 113 Population: 16,777,547 (estimated in July 2013) Population growth rate: 2.758% (2012 est.) (World ranking: 18) Age structure Children: 50% of total population HIV/AIDS Human Resources Education Poverty Food Insecurity Erratic Rainfall Patterns/Droughts Corruption Lack of Foreign Investment Languages Indicator 5: Proportion of seats held by women in National Parliaments Central Region: 1-9 (Yellow) *Capital: Lilongwe Northern Region: 10-15 (Red) Southern Region: 16-27 (Green) Lake Malawi (Blue) Land surface area 45,747 square miles Challenges: · shortage of qualified primary school teachers; · inadequate physical infrastructure; · poor retention of girls mainly from standard five to eight; · high disease burden due to HIV and AIDS consequently leadinto absenteeism, especially among girls who take care of the sick · Poverty levels are high in rural areas. Malawi – Climate/Agriculture Trading partners: South Africa, Zambia, China, US Challenges: · shortage of qualified primary school teachers; · inadequate physical infrastructure; · poor retention of girls mainly from standard five to eight; · high disease burden due to HIV and AIDS consequently leading to absenteeism especially among girls who take care of the sick; and · poor participation of school committees and their communities in school management. · Poverty levels are high in rural areas. 1 Doctor per 50,000 people Hinders the ability to deliver medical services to people in need Reason: Emigration Lack of access to education Aggravated by AIDS > 4 nurses are lost each month This also affects other sectors: Government Business Farmers Human Resources HIV/AIDS - Contemporary GDP: US $14.58 billion (2012 est.) (World ranking: 142) Labor force: agriculture: 90%; industry and services: 10% (2003 est.) Countries main income Agriculture Main crops: maize, tobacco, tea, sugar cane, groundnuts, cotton, wheat, coffee, and rice Industry: tobacco, tea, sugar, sawmill products, cement, consumer goods Challenges: limited capacity in terms of human and material resources to facilitate adult literacy and continuing education; early marriages perpetuated by socioeconomic factors; socio–cultural factors that make people believe that men should be leaders while women are followers; and, poor learning environment which affects girls in primary and secondary schools e.g. sanitary facilities, long distances to education facilities, extra burden from domestic chores especially for adolescent girls resulting into high dropout rate. 1964: Independent from Britain Indicator 1: Maternal Mortality Ratio Malawi Demographics Problems - Outline Indicator 4: Share of Women in Wage Employment in the Non- Agriculture Sector measure of employment opportunities ( i.e equal proportions of men and women in formal employment) Yet, more women participate in the agriculture sector than in the formal wage employment especially in jobs that require professional qualifications. Due to: literacy levels, gender disparity and cultural values. Facts About the Product: Drought tolerant maize variant Able to mature under limited rainfall Suitable for marginal rainfall areas 136 days to mature Normally: 150 – 180 days Able to mature under limited rainfall Suitable for marginal rainfall areas
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