Transcript: Medieval Presentation John Gower 1330-1408 Kent or Yorkshire Wealthy Family Poets Timeline 1376-1379 Mirour de l'Omme 1377-1381 1378 - recieve Power of Attorney from Chaucer Vox Clamantis 1386 Confessio Amantis Questions Lifetime: In the End... In the Middle... In the Beginning...
Transcript: Medieval Presentation The Black Death was one of the most devastating pandemics in human history, peaking in Europe between 1348 and 1350. Thought to have started in china, it travelled along the Silk Road and had reached the Crimea by 1346. From there, probably carried by Oriental rat fleas living on the black rats that were regular passengers on merchant ships, it spread throughout the Mediterranean and Europe. It was transferred via the air when somebody sneezed or coughed then left their DNA on the rim of a glass or something used by many family members. Many people tried many different kinds of cures, Placing frogs on the buboes to draw out the disease until the frogs stopped exploding then supposedly the disease would be gone. Placing leaches on the body so they could suck out the disease. Symptoms of the plague included fevers, loss of body control, boils or buboes (pimple like things, full of black pus) and many other unpleasant things. There were 2 forms of the disease, Bubonic and Pneumonic. Bubonic was how it all started which is the transference of the disease via fleas from black rats (where the term ‘ Black Death/Plague ‘) and the other variety of the disease proved to be the most infectious and deadly form of the plague. Lancing the buboe and then squeezing the pus out. There were many different 'so called' cures many of which did not work. The governments solution to the problem was locking the whole family up in their house, padlock the door, and paint a red ‘X’ on it and leave them locked up for 40 days. After the 40 days were up they would unlock the door and collect the dead and cart them away. The problem was with leaving them all locked up for 40 days was even the healthy people received the disease from the ill and then most likely died before their family members. The Feudal System is the order and status of different kinds of people. There are four different types or classes of people and they’re Villeins, Knights, Barons and the Kings but there is also Popes. As it says in the picture, the King grants land to the Barons who divide the land between the Knights, who hire Villeins to work for them and harvest the land. They provide services and food to Knights when asked and the Knights give protection and military service to the Barons. The barons offer the King money and the service of knights in the time of war. Entertainment Did your social class determine the entertainment they had and what games could each class play? A. Generally poor people didn’t have a lot of money to spend on games and they had to make do with what they had. A lot of poor people (referred to as peasants) turned to stealing things from others to sell and then buy games. Although this was only a small percentage of the population, it still occurred. B. The games the peasants used to play were; Morra – played with your hands and up to 3-4 players at a time, everyone counts to 3 by bobbing their hand and then showing a number of fingers, players then yell out their guess of the total amount of fingers there will be shown, the player closet to the correct number will receive one point. C. Dice – a simple game that could be played with any number of people, this involved rolling the dice and recording the number shown, the first player to reach 100 points is the winner Cards – probably the easiest game of which there were many ways to play, but the simplest version is pairs which involves placing all the cards face down on the table and then turning them over to match up the same numbers or pictures with an identical card. E. Sometimes on special occasions the whole family would venture to the carnivals to watch the men jousting and swordplaying. F. The wealthy people often enjoyed more sophisticated games like back- gammon, which involved moving your pieces on a board then rolling the dice, the first player to reach the end and remove all of their pieces from the playing board was the winner. G. Sometimes a village would collect money to buy an expensive game to share amongst each other. H. So in many ways your social class greatly determined what entertainment you experienced. Black Plague Feudal System
Transcript: Go on Exchange present your country abroad Work with different mentalities Diversity Explore different cultures Be a Member Develop your skills Have an impact Enrich your knowledge AIESEC Be a Leader Lead your team Achieve your vision Coach others Be a mentor EXPERIENCE YOUR AIESEC JOURNEY Gives you a great experience
Transcript: Power Magna Carta or "Great Charter" This document was signed between the feudal barons and King John The Magna Carta was a series of written promises between the King and his subjects that he the king would govern England and deal with its people according to the customs of feudal law This was a way to limit/restrict the kings power The king would now have to consult with the barons before making any big decisions such as taxes, as well as promise to protect the freedoms of the church and guarantee certain freedoms to all free men The Magna Carta was not only intended for the present King but for future Kings and Queens The Feudal System Feudalism - Feudalism was a combination of legal and military customs in medieval Europe that flourished between the 9th and 15th centuries. Broadly defined, it was a way of structuring society around relationships derived from the holding of land in exchange for service or labor. The King - is in complete control. The Barons - Leased land from the King and are considered as Manors. They were in complete control of their leased land. The Knights - Were given land from the Barons in return for their military service. Villeins or "Serfs" - Given land from the knights in return they provided free labor, food, and service. How it started: The need for society to pull back together grew. Everyone believed that following one King made life easier to follow and easier to survive. They ultimately fell back on the idea of personal bonds between the leaders and their followers. The Decline: The Feudal System worked for many hundreds of years. There were many events that actually took down the Feudal System. For example: The Crusades, The Black Death, more trading leading to the growth of more towns, peasants moving away, and many other aspects that slowly destroyed the Feudal System. Overall, it declined because it switched from a land-based economy to a money-based economy. The Serfs - The Serfs make up 90% of the people in the feudal system and they were usually very poor, worked six days a week, and were likely to die by age 30. It is said that if you work hard and save your money, you will move up in the food chain. In the Feudal System, it was almost impossible to change classes. You either had to be born into it or move to a new place and start over. They were technically considered as the slaves of the time period. http://www.historyonthenet.com/medieval_life/feudalism.htm http://www.hierarchystructure.com/feudal-system-social-hierarchy/ http://www.castlesandmanorhouses.com/life_10_feudal.htm The 100 Year War! *The war lasted 116 years, from 1337 to 1453 being fought on many farms and lands; the whole point of the war being England gaining all control over France. *The war inflicted misery on France farmlands were wasted, population declined from plagues and famine and marauders terrorized the countryside. *Edward led raids into the land called chevauchées, striking deep into the land of the French burning crops, plundering cities, and causing havoc. For more money on the war and campaigning, taxes had to be increased on the Common People. The result of the war was the fall of Feudalism and giving the common people and monarchs more power and control which then made them feel more patriotic to their country and lords. War of the Roses Henry was part of the Lancastrians and Richard was part of the House of York. The House of York wore a white rose to represent their family The Lancastrian House wore a red rose to represent their family Henry VI lapsed into insanity in 1453 and his cousin Richard III was appointed king in 1454 then in 1454 Henry recovered and dismissed Richard In 1455, York raised an army of 3000 men and marched to London the bloody encounter lasting less than an hour and Yorkists carried the day, the Duke of Sumerset was killed and Henry was captured by the Yorkists Gathering forces in Northern England, Lancastrians surprised and killed Richard outside his castle in Wakefield in December of 1460.Then marched South to London defeat Warwick on the way at the second battle of the Albans William the Conqueror William brought England together by introducing modern castle building. He gained control over the people of England by the Feudal system as well as the Domesday book. Even after his death he financially tied down many people by the Domesday book because he had records of the citizens. The book was records of who owned what around England and who owed the king money. William the Conqueror didn't benefit from the Domesday book because of his death but his successor, William Rufus did benefit from it. Joan of Arc Modern day doctors would diagnose her with epilepsy, or schizophrenia. At age 12 Joan of Arc started hearing voices and seeing images that she claimed were signs from God While commander of the French army, Joan of Arc didn't participate in combat. She never fought or killed. Joan of Arc asked Charles of Valois to give her an army to lead to Orleans,
Transcript: By: Mohith, Jayla, Billy, Catherine Medieval Background: Lords and Peasants of Europe Hierarchy Hierarchy in Europe Usually Separated by Status: Lords were always above peasants Lords Lords Benefits of Status: Absolutism Divine Right of Kings Were all in deference to the king Unchallenged masters of their peasants Constitutionalism Parliament Status came from ancient bloodlines and sacrifice on battlefield Ate pretty well, white bread was a primary element in their diet Patrons of the arts Relationship with Peasants Local lords had significant power over certain areas Unchallenged masters of their peasants Mercantile families could buy their way into nobility Increased taxation Relationship with Peasants Peasants Peasants Status of the Peasants: Lived in small villages Importance of religion Led by independent farmers Famine and Disease Poor diet of brown bread and soup Only enough land to feed themselves Smallpox and typhoid killed many Merchant class Lower tier of society Relationship with Lords At mercy of nobles Serfdom Service in army Taxation Often exploited by nobility Lowest was dependent laborers and servants Relationship with Lords
Transcript: 14th Week Consulting interns can be expensive Time and Money Personal Experience Preliminary Design Stage NFPA 101 and NFPA 13 New and Existing Education, Business, and Mercantile Definition of Project This app would be used to provide interns and recent graduates with an outline of guidelines for how to design and review designs of specific occupancies. With the given time frame, I will be writing the information that will go into the app Begin parametric study: Speak with my mentor and Jason to understand more about what critical variables I could concentrate on for this app. Choose those parameters and begin my study Gather information from NFPA 101 and NFPA 13 for new and existing education, business, and mercantile occupancies. By: Breanne Thompson Next Steps (Continued) Finish preparing for Draft of Analysis Pull together and discuss results of project Draw my conclusions and state future work needed Turn in Final Paper! 10th and 11th Week Turn in my parametric study Begin draft of analysis Map out the process of the app for the key elements 15th Week References Next Steps 7th Week Prepare for Final Presentation Summarize my draft of analysis into presentation Work on how to incorporate a live demonstration for my presentation App Development Background Information 8th-9th Week Continuous Process Objective-C for Apple products Java for Android products 6 months of studying Places to Learn: Codecademy, iOS Dev Center, Android Developers Training Hire App Developer will cost thousands Prepare Final Paper Dive into Shark Tank! 1. http://lifehacker.com/5401954/programmer-101-teach-yourself-how-to-code 2. http://www.bluecloudsolutions.com/blog/cost-develop-app/ 6th Week Background Presentation 12th-13th Week
Transcript: Real action and accountability Amnesty International Non-state actors/ Rebel Groups?? ...and what about men?? ignoring male rape victims? would rape exist without a man? Weapons of War: Rape UN as an Arena - NGO's - Discussion and dialogue Arena Instrument Actor Critical Thinking Weapons of War: Rape UN as an instrument UNSC Resolution 1820 (2008) UN as an Actor - UN Action Against Sexual Violence in Conflict Weapons of War: Rape Problems with 1820 "Roles and Functions of International Organizations" "Sexual violence, when used as a tactic of war in order to deliberately target civilians or as a part of a widespread or systematic attack against civilian populations, can significantly exacerbate situations of armed conflict and may impede the restoration of international peace and security… effective steps to prevent and respond to such acts of sexual violence can significantly contribute to the maintenance of international peace and security" (UNSC Resolution 1820, p. 2)" http://www.stoprapenow.org/uploads/advocacyresources/1282164625.pdf Background Presentation- Kristin Mann Weapons of War: Rape Brief Insight - used to manipulate social control - destabilize communities - weaken ethnic groups and identities Examples: - Sudanese Militia - Rwanda Genocide - DRC Critical Thinking http://www.womenundersiegeproject.org/blog/entry/the-need-for-numbers-on-rape-in-warand-why-theyre-nearly-impossible-to-get Critical Thinking Increased Data Collection by international organizations - determine humanitarian responses - ensures justice and reparation - provides recognition and dignity
Transcript: The crusades Reasons for the Crusades One purpose of the crusades was for the english soldiers to gain back the hold land, Jeruselum, from the Saracens. In time, the crusades were expanded from the holy land to seizing Spain from the Moors, The Slavs and pagans from Eastern Europe, and the islands of the Mediterranean. There were nine Crusades total! The Crusades and the Orders of Religious Knights The crusades also gave rise to the important knightly orders, the Knights Templar, the Teutonic Knights and the Hospitallers. These were orders of religious knights, working from monastic rule to defend the holy land and pilgrims en route to Jerusalem The Effects of the Crusades The effects of the Crusades on Europe of the Middle Ages were an important factor in the history of the progress of civilization. The effects of the Crusades influenced the wealth and power of the Catholic Church, Political matters, commerce, feudalism, intellectual development, social effects, material effects and the effects of the crusades also prompted the famous Voyages of discovery. The Crusades - The Kingdom of Jerusalem The Kingdom of Jerusalem was ruled by European Kings and Queens between 1099 and 1291. This section details the founding of the Kingdom of Jerusalem by by Godfrey of Bouillon, the first ruler of the Kingdom of Jerusalem and its fall into the hands of Saladin. The Magna Carta King John of England agreed, in 1215, to the demands of his barons and authorized that handwritten copies of Magna Carta be prepared on parchment, affixed with his seal, and publicly read throughout the realm. Thus he bound not only himself but his "heirs, for ever" to grant "to all freemen of our kingdom" the rights and liberties the great charter described. With Magna Carta, King John placed himself and England's future sovereigns and magistrates within the rule of law. The End of the Medieval Crusades The crusading movement came to an end by the close of the thirteenth century. The emperor Frederick II for a short time recovered Jerusalem by a treaty, but in 1244 A.D. the Holy City became again a possession of the Moslems. They have never since relinquished it. Acre, the last Christian post in Syria, fell in 1291 A.D., and with this event the Latin Kingdom of Jerusalem ceased to exist. The Hospitallers, or Knights of St. John, still kept possession of the important islands of Cyprus and Rhodes, which long served as a barrier to Moslem expansion over the Mediterranean. Middle Ages Castles This section is all the information about how Middle Age castles illustrate the strength, magnificence and power of the Medieval warlords. The way the castle's were built changed from wood and morter to stone facades over a period of 300 years. The kings, knights and warlords who travelled to the crusades and who embarked on siege warfare in the Holy Land were influenced by the design and architecture of the fortresses in the far East. The bigger the fortress, he more fear you would embark onto your attackers. The Holy Wars
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