Transcript: The Jungle by Upton Sinclair The Jungle by Upton Sinclair Historical fiction/political fiction Summary Summary "Packingtown" Durham's meatpacking plant Corrupt government and businesses Large impoverished class and small wealthy class Chicago - early 1900s Setting Jurgis Rudkus Ona Rudkus Marija Teta Elzbieta Jack Duane Characters Characters Conflict Conflict Jurgis and his family are Lituanian immigrants hoping for a better life in America their lives depend on keeping their jobs they start off strong, but slowly deteriorate making it difficult to survive the corrupt system is working against them, makes it impossible for the working class to come out ahead Born September 20, 1878 in Baltimore, Maryland Investigated working conditions of Chicago stockyards in 1905 Socialist, wrote for Appeal to Reason "I aimed at the public's heart and by accident I hit it in the stomach" The Jungle led to Pure Food and Meat Inspection Act and other reforms Upton Sinclair Author Info Connections to Foster Foster Weather Baptism Never Stand Next to the Hero Spring - rain "It was now April, and the snow had given place to cold rains... but he did not mind this much- it was a promise that summer was coming" (236). Winter - snow "There came another heavy snow-storm... they had to give up trying to get to the yards and had nearly perished in a drift (Sinclair 134). Weather & Seasons Weather Rain - " Rain is the principle element of spring" (Foster 27). "Spring is the season not only of renewal but of hope, new awakenings" (72). They are able to tolerate rain with hopes of better weather ahead. Snow - Foster describes snow as "severe, inhospitable, suffocating" (74). The snow makes it difficult for them to keep their jobs Connections to Foster Connections Jurgis takes a bath in a river after his son dies. He leaves the city to start a new life. He is not the same person when he gets out of the water. Baptism: "death and rebirth through a medium of water" (Foster 163) Baptism Baptism Jurgis = Hero Hero "Leave it to me. I will earn more money- I will work harder" ( Sinclair 21). Protagonist Round character Progresses the plot, without him there would be no plot Ona - provides Jurgis with his son Marija, Teta Elzbieta, and Jonas - help pay the bills When the characters cannot provide the hero with their needs, they are no longer needed. Plot cannot progress without their deaths "Pretty much everyone else... is subject to cancellation when the plot demands a sacrifice" (Foster 84). Other characters (next to the hero) other characters Likes: Jurgis's character development Learning about early 20th century in Chicago How differently the story went than originally predicted Dislikes: Socialist message at the end Challenging, time consuming Lost interest when politics overshadowed the plot Review - 3/5 stars Review People who like politics and history Someone who has the time to read it Wants to learn more about early 20th century Chan!!! Recommendation Recommendation Works Cited Coodley, Lauren. “Upton Sinclair.” Encyclopædia Britannica, Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc., 21 Nov. 2018, www.britannica.com/biography/Upton-Sinclair. Foster, Thomas C. How to Read Literature Like a Professor: a Lively and Entertaining Guide to Reading between the Lines. Harper, an Imprint of HarperCollins Publishers, 2017. “The Jungle in Appeal to Reason.” Crawford County Convention and Visitors Bureau, visitcrawfordcounty.com/wp-content/uploads/2017/02/visitcrawfordcounty-the-jungle-appeal-to-reason-nologo.jpg. Sinclair, Upton, et al. The Jungle. Penguin Books, 2006. Works Cited
Transcript: Go on Exchange present your country abroad Work with different mentalities Diversity Explore different cultures Be a Member Develop your skills Have an impact Enrich your knowledge AIESEC Be a Leader Lead your team Achieve your vision Coach others Be a mentor EXPERIENCE YOUR AIESEC JOURNEY Gives you a great experience
Transcript: 14th Week Consulting interns can be expensive Time and Money Personal Experience Preliminary Design Stage NFPA 101 and NFPA 13 New and Existing Education, Business, and Mercantile Definition of Project This app would be used to provide interns and recent graduates with an outline of guidelines for how to design and review designs of specific occupancies. With the given time frame, I will be writing the information that will go into the app Begin parametric study: Speak with my mentor and Jason to understand more about what critical variables I could concentrate on for this app. Choose those parameters and begin my study Gather information from NFPA 101 and NFPA 13 for new and existing education, business, and mercantile occupancies. By: Breanne Thompson Next Steps (Continued) Finish preparing for Draft of Analysis Pull together and discuss results of project Draw my conclusions and state future work needed Turn in Final Paper! 10th and 11th Week Turn in my parametric study Begin draft of analysis Map out the process of the app for the key elements 15th Week References Next Steps 7th Week Prepare for Final Presentation Summarize my draft of analysis into presentation Work on how to incorporate a live demonstration for my presentation App Development Background Information 8th-9th Week Continuous Process Objective-C for Apple products Java for Android products 6 months of studying Places to Learn: Codecademy, iOS Dev Center, Android Developers Training Hire App Developer will cost thousands Prepare Final Paper Dive into Shark Tank! 1. http://lifehacker.com/5401954/programmer-101-teach-yourself-how-to-code 2. http://www.bluecloudsolutions.com/blog/cost-develop-app/ 6th Week Background Presentation 12th-13th Week
Transcript: Real action and accountability Amnesty International Non-state actors/ Rebel Groups?? ...and what about men?? ignoring male rape victims? would rape exist without a man? Weapons of War: Rape UN as an Arena - NGO's - Discussion and dialogue Arena Instrument Actor Critical Thinking Weapons of War: Rape UN as an instrument UNSC Resolution 1820 (2008) UN as an Actor - UN Action Against Sexual Violence in Conflict Weapons of War: Rape Problems with 1820 "Roles and Functions of International Organizations" "Sexual violence, when used as a tactic of war in order to deliberately target civilians or as a part of a widespread or systematic attack against civilian populations, can significantly exacerbate situations of armed conflict and may impede the restoration of international peace and security… effective steps to prevent and respond to such acts of sexual violence can significantly contribute to the maintenance of international peace and security" (UNSC Resolution 1820, p. 2)" http://www.stoprapenow.org/uploads/advocacyresources/1282164625.pdf Background Presentation- Kristin Mann Weapons of War: Rape Brief Insight - used to manipulate social control - destabilize communities - weaken ethnic groups and identities Examples: - Sudanese Militia - Rwanda Genocide - DRC Critical Thinking http://www.womenundersiegeproject.org/blog/entry/the-need-for-numbers-on-rape-in-warand-why-theyre-nearly-impossible-to-get Critical Thinking Increased Data Collection by international organizations - determine humanitarian responses - ensures justice and reparation - provides recognition and dignity
Transcript: Greece ΡRethymno, Crete 4 C I T I E S ? - Religion & Political Theory - Theories of Democracy - Social Theory: K. Marx - M. WeberΣοψι - Plato's Republic - State & Regulation - State & Public Policies - Urban & Regional Policies 6-month voluntary teaching of Greek language to migrant kids (primary school) Constantinos Kogiomtzis Background Presentation Magouliana, Arcadia Vienna ΑλεχανδροθπολισAlexandroupolis, Thrace Customs broker Political Science - Political Theory - Public Policy - Political Economy (Thesis: "Debate between structural and instrumental Marxism on the State: Miliband vs. Poulantzas") Transport company department of exports & customs clearance Thank you for your attention!!! Istanbul Istanbul - a city with rich heritage and diverse population - currently under rapid transformation - large-scale projects (gated communities, business centres, malls, touristic developments) # environmental threats, segregation, gentrification of inner-city - motivations/socioeconomic consequences of grassroots resistance movements to the new urban regime. Property transfer and displacement. Physical upgrading or improvement of the inhabitants' living conditions?
Transcript: Progressive Era Early 20th Century The Jungle Book Upton Sinclair Jurgis' Wife Kind Raped by Boss Setting and Plot Jurgis Rudkus Socialism! Style and Theme History! Symbols Cans of Rotten Meat The Jungle Social Darwinism Family CAPITALISM IS EVIL The Jungle Ona's Cousin Irony: Lith. Employer was Mean Resists Defeated ...but the husband winds up becoming Bad Luck Brian. The Jungle heavily influenced the Progressive Movement and was a story of great literary worth. Wording emphasizes the negative ~ positive. Point of View: Suffering lower class (Jurgis) WRONG Totes Bad Luck Brian Husband Lithuanian Determined "It is difficult to get a man to understand something, when his salary depends upon him not understanding it." Literary Merit? Vampirism Corporate Cruelty Historical Context Depicts a Lithuanian family attempting to survive in the corrupt Lasseiz Faire ruled Chicago. Why? Ona's Stepmother Old, Mentally Strong Home and Family* Forgiving By: Liam Shotwell Lasseiz Faire Capitalist Paradise Muckrakers Historical Impact. The Progressive Era was quite new for America, but all of its changes we can still see in our world today. Historical Fiction ...persuasive/political fiction. Published: 1906 Industrial Chicago Reccomendation Ona Lukoszaite Other Characters Progressive Era Chicago (Early 20th Cen.) Teta Elzbieta Lukoszaite Muckraker Socialist 6 Months Investigating EVERYTHING paints the picture of Capitalism = Jurgis and family move to Chicago. His wedding reception with Ona leaves him broke. He promises to work off the debt, but the weight of Capitalism destroys him. As his family crumbles, he decides to abandon them after his wife dies. Over the course of his struggles, he is jailed many times, is forced to switch jobs various times (almost all of them cruel and taxing) and often resorts to drinking and crime. Bosses are cruel and unforgiving. The novel ends with him being captivated by a socialist rally. Unions Socialism Progressivism Book's imagery and use of literary devices is very persuasive. Marija Berczynskas Literary Devices
Transcript: nesra's last day at kindergarten 2 years old 4 years old ( soon to be 5) NESRA- 3 YEARS OLD AT KINDERGARTEN NESRA'S FIRST DAY AT KINDERGARTEN NESRA'S FIRST DAY OF PRIMARY SCHOOL
Transcript: Death rate 2012: 12.84 deaths/1,000 population (World ranking: 22) Infant (Child Mortality) Total: 79.02 deaths/1,000 live births (world ranking: 10) HIV/AIDS (2) Appropriate Technology Landlocked country Great African Rift Valley system: East – Lake Malawi South – mountains, tropical palm-lined beaches Mainly a large plateau, with some hills Lake Malawi (Lake Nyasa) Almost 1 million people have AIDS 60% of these are female Declining in urban areas, Rising in rural areas Leading cause of death amongst adults Contributes to the low life expectancy: 54.2 years 209th ranking (One of the lowest) 500,000 children have been orphaned due to AIDs Micro-finance Policy Framework and Strategies (Health SWAp) increasing the availability and accessibility of antenatal services; utilization of skilled health personnel during pregnancy, childbirth and postnatal period at all levels of the health system; strengthening the capacity of individuals and institutions to improve maternal and neonatal health; increasing the number of skilled health personnel; constructing and upgrading health facilities to offer essential health services particularly focusing on rural and underserved areas; and provision of ARVs and micronutrients during pregnancy. Geography of Malawi CCST 9004 Appropriate Technology for the Developing World Indicator 3: Literacy Rate of 15 – 24 year-olds According to the World Bank, microfinance is defined as: Microfinance is the provision of financial services to the entrepreneurial poor.This definition has two important features:it emphasizes a range of financial services—not just credit— and it emphasizes the entrepreneurial poor. Goal 2: Achieve Universal Primary Education Appropriate Technology: SIRDAMAIZE 113 Population: 16,777,547 (estimated in July 2013) Population growth rate: 2.758% (2012 est.) (World ranking: 18) Age structure Children: 50% of total population HIV/AIDS Human Resources Education Poverty Food Insecurity Erratic Rainfall Patterns/Droughts Corruption Lack of Foreign Investment Languages Indicator 5: Proportion of seats held by women in National Parliaments Central Region: 1-9 (Yellow) *Capital: Lilongwe Northern Region: 10-15 (Red) Southern Region: 16-27 (Green) Lake Malawi (Blue) Land surface area 45,747 square miles Challenges: · shortage of qualified primary school teachers; · inadequate physical infrastructure; · poor retention of girls mainly from standard five to eight; · high disease burden due to HIV and AIDS consequently leadinto absenteeism, especially among girls who take care of the sick · Poverty levels are high in rural areas. Malawi – Climate/Agriculture Trading partners: South Africa, Zambia, China, US Challenges: · shortage of qualified primary school teachers; · inadequate physical infrastructure; · poor retention of girls mainly from standard five to eight; · high disease burden due to HIV and AIDS consequently leading to absenteeism especially among girls who take care of the sick; and · poor participation of school committees and their communities in school management. · Poverty levels are high in rural areas. 1 Doctor per 50,000 people Hinders the ability to deliver medical services to people in need Reason: Emigration Lack of access to education Aggravated by AIDS > 4 nurses are lost each month This also affects other sectors: Government Business Farmers Human Resources HIV/AIDS - Contemporary GDP: US $14.58 billion (2012 est.) (World ranking: 142) Labor force: agriculture: 90%; industry and services: 10% (2003 est.) Countries main income Agriculture Main crops: maize, tobacco, tea, sugar cane, groundnuts, cotton, wheat, coffee, and rice Industry: tobacco, tea, sugar, sawmill products, cement, consumer goods Challenges: limited capacity in terms of human and material resources to facilitate adult literacy and continuing education; early marriages perpetuated by socioeconomic factors; socio–cultural factors that make people believe that men should be leaders while women are followers; and, poor learning environment which affects girls in primary and secondary schools e.g. sanitary facilities, long distances to education facilities, extra burden from domestic chores especially for adolescent girls resulting into high dropout rate. 1964: Independent from Britain Indicator 1: Maternal Mortality Ratio Malawi Demographics Problems - Outline Indicator 4: Share of Women in Wage Employment in the Non- Agriculture Sector measure of employment opportunities ( i.e equal proportions of men and women in formal employment) Yet, more women participate in the agriculture sector than in the formal wage employment especially in jobs that require professional qualifications. Due to: literacy levels, gender disparity and cultural values. Facts About the Product: Drought tolerant maize variant Able to mature under limited rainfall Suitable for marginal rainfall areas 136 days to mature Normally: 150 – 180 days Able to mature under limited rainfall Suitable for marginal rainfall areas
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