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Carbon Presentation

Transcript: Element Name: Carbon Element Symbol: C Atomic Number: 6 Atomic Mass: 12.01 Most common isotope: Carbon-12 6 protons and 6 neutrons Percent abundance: 98.93% Silicon, Germanium, Tin, Lead, and Flerovium four valence electrons solid at room temperature melting point: 6,422 degrees Fahrenheit boiling point: 8,721 degrees Fahrenheit. Carbon History Carbon Presentation By Caleigh Sherman Bohr Model Simple Facts 1. Carbon is one of the few elements whose existence has been known and used since ancient times. 2. Carbon has the highest melting point of all elements. 3. 30% of car tires are Carbon black which gives them the black color. 4. 18.5% of human body’s mass is formed by Carbon. 5. The word carbon comes from the Latin word carbo, meaning coal. 6.About 20% of the weight of living organisms is carbon. 7.More compounds are known which contain carbon than don’t. 8.The carbon atoms in your body were all once part of the carbon dioxide fraction of the atmosphere. 9.Carbon undergoes nuclear fusion reactions in heavy stars to make neon, magnesium and oxygen. 10.Carbon is the fourth most abundant element in the universe. 11. There are 548 carbon minerals on Earth meaning over 100 are waiting to be discovered. Carbon uses no one actually knows who discovered carbon discovered around 3750 BC. discovered in charcoal. Carbon means charcoal in many languages. wasn't recognized as an element until the seventeenth century Additional information Annotated Bibliography other elements in CArbon's group -Perkins, Sid. "Digging Carbon. (cover Story)." Science News 190.8 (2016): 18. MasterFILE Premier. Web. 11 Dec. 2016. -Gagnon, Steve. "The Element Carbon." It's Elemental - The Element Carbon. Jefferson Lab, n.d. Web. 11 Dec. 2016. -"Isotope Abundances of the Elements." Isotope Abundances for All the Elements in the Periodic Table. Wolfram Research, Inc., n.d. Web. 11 Dec. 2016. -"Carbon Facts - Uses, Properties, Atom, Structure, Fiber, Graphite, Element C." Carbon Facts - Uses, Properties, Atom, Structure, Fiber, Graphite, Element C. Science Kids, June-July 2016. Web. 11 Dec. 2016 Carbon is very common most fizzy drinks, dry ice, toothpaste, diamonds and charcoal have carbon in them.

Carbon background Radiation

Transcript: CBR Carbon Background Radiation How does it affect our knowledge of the universe today CBR Cosmic Background Radiation greatly influenced our current understanding of the universe. How? Cosmic Background Raditation (CBR) impacts how we see the universe today because it helped support on of the biggest astromical discoveries, the big bang. The big bang is a theory that has been around for a long time. Georges Lemaître came up with it in the 1920s and scientists have been trying to prove it since then. That's when two guys named Robert Wilson and Arno Penzias. They were originally trying to find radiation in cities but this humming sound kept getting in the way. They eliminated many factors trying to figure out what was causing the humming. It wasn't until they called NASA that they realized there discovery of CBR. Atoms Protons and electrons Nasa "Thus, photons wandered through the early universe, just as optical light wanders through a dense fog," - NASA This essentially means that the protons that were left over from the big bang are still floating through space as CBR Whats Happening The universe started almost 14 billion years ago and CBR started around 400,000 after. At this time the universe was about one-hundred-millionth the size that it is today. It was extremely hot almost 237 million degrees above absolute zero. The atoms that were there broke apart into pieces, proton and electrons. Protons are are radiating which means there CBR How it started The beginning Hydrogyn 380,000 years after the universe began hydrogen formed due to the cooling temperature. The hydrogen protons are also emitting radiation. These protons eventually started to travel. This is known as "Surface of Last Scattering". All of the protons travel in a straight line, but when bumped they can change direction. This can help see the growth of the universe. cmb Cmb Cosmic micro background radiation Microwaves Cosmic Background radiation otherwise known as Cosmic Micro- Background Radiation is a spectrum of waves. These waves have a frequency of 300 MHz meaning they are microwaves. Looking at a diagram of CBR (CMB) the wavelengths are growing and the time between crests is growing. This means that the wavelengths are getting longer which is evidence for the universe expanding.

Carbon Presentation

Transcript: All foods contain carbon in them is because they originate from plant and animals. Carbon, the sixth most abundant element in the universe it has been known since ancient times. Carbon is most commonly obtained from coal deposits, although it usually must be processed into a form suitable for commercial use. *Fizzy drinks *Carbon Dating *Teeth Whitening *Fire extinguishers *Dry Ice *Steel *Filters Abundance of Carbon Atomic Structure of Carbon. By: Sofia Renee Garcia 7th period 11-18-13 3 Fun facts about Carbon 1. Carbon can form into nearly ten million compounds. 2. Carbon is one of the elements that makeup the stars, although it was not formed in the Big Bang. 3. Carbon is the fourth most plentiful element in the universe. Carbon Isotopes: 15 known isotopes. From 8C to 22C. Two of which are stable 12C and 13C. The most common isotopes are 12C, 13C, and 14C. Other uses for Carbon Daily use of Carbon What is Carbon? Physical Properties Who Discovered Carbon? Is non-metallic naturally occurring element found in inorganic and all organic compounds containing carbon such as : -Diamonds -Coal -Lead Alltropes: Carbon is capable of forming many allotropes due to its valency. The three most common allotropes are amorphous carbon, diamond, and graphite. The ancients discovered carbon in the prehistoric times. The word Carbon comes from a Latin term "Carbo" meaning coal. Atomic number 6 Density: 2.26g/Cm3 Atomic mass: 12.011g Melting point: 3652c Boiling point: 4827c In the form of diamond it is translucent. While in the form of lead carbon is highly viscous, opaque, and lustrous (shiny) Vanderwaals radius 0.091 nm Ionic radius 0.26 nm Isotopes and Alltropes Coal Petroleum natural gas organic compounds in your body wood oil alcohol

Carbon Presentation

Transcript: Thanks Diamond Diamonds first became valuable in India around 3-6,000 years ago. The name diamond comes from the word adamas which means unbreakable. Diamond is the hardest naturally occuring material. Even though diamond is pretty, because of its hardness, it is ideal for cutting, grinding, and wearing away any material. Industrial Uses For Graphite For Crater of Diamonds State Park There is actually a place where you can dig for diamonds yourself! It's called Crater of Diamonds State Park and it's in Arkansas. Once you find diamonds, you can keep them yourself! They have rental equipment and low prices to dig. 8$ for adults, 5$ for kids ages 6-12, and free for kids under 6 years old. As early as the year 1500, Graphite was discovered in Cumbria, England. The word graphite comes from the greek word grephein which means to draw or write. Pencils are actually made out of graphite rather than lead. Around 1560, an Italian couple made the blueprints for the first pencil. Graphite The Chinese were known to have first used coal more than 3,000 years ago. Besides fuel, coal is used for electricity generation, steel production, and cement manufacturing. Coal generates 44% of our electricity. in 2006 the world consumed over 6,000,000,000,000 kilograms of coal. Symbol=C Atomic Number=6 Density=2.62 g/cm Discovered in ancient times and the discoverer is unknown Carbon is the fourth most common element in the universe. The name Carbon comes from the Latin word carbo which means coal. Every single cell in every living thing has some carbon in it. Today we will be viewing 3 things with Carbon in them. Diamond, Graphite, and Coal. Enjoy! Carbon, Things That You Should Know Carbon, The Element of Many Objects By Jonathan Solomon Watching! Graphite is not just used in pencils. It has some industrial uses too. It is also used in batteries, fire retardants, and reinforcements in plastics. Coal Coal mining is very dangerous. Modern mining in the US results in about 30 deaths per year due to mine accidents. You can also get Black Lung disease which has the long term effects of smoking. Dust explosions can also happen along with other dangerous things. Coal Mining

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