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Alaska Presentation

Transcript: HISTORY WHY CHOOSE HERE MCCANDLESS? "ALASKAN ODYSSEY" Still, Gallien was concerned... Gallien offered to drive Alex all the way to Anchorage, buy him some decent gear, and then drive him back to wherever he wanted to go." (6) Capital: Juneau Population: 735,132 Size: 664,988 square miles Nickname: The Last Frontier Tree: Sitka Spruce Flower: Forget-me-not Bird: Willow Ptarmigan Akutaq "Eskimo Ice Cream" - fat of reindeer, seals, or bears, snow and wild native berries "A tall, loose limned woman walked by and struck up a conversation. Her name was Kai, she said, Kai Sandburn. She was cheerful, outgoing, easy to talk to...she invited me home for dinner...the pleasure I'd felt in this woman's company-the ring of her laughter, the innocent touch of a hand on my arm" (137) Seafood Alaskan salmon (smoked, jerky, candy) Alaskan king crab WORKS CITED "He bagged the biggest prize of all: 'MOOSE!'...overjoyed, the proud hunter took a photograph of himself kneeling over his trophy" (166) "true wilderness" hospitality isolation living off the land Jack London (The Call of the Wild and White Fang) ALASKA " The grinding, dusty haul up the Alaska Highway was Chris's first visit to the Far North. It was an abbreviated trip-he spent a short time around Fairbanks, then hurried south to get back to Atlanta in time for the start of fall classes- but he had been smitten by the vastness of the land, by the ghostly hue of the glaciers, by the pellucid subarctic sky. There was never any question that he would return." (124) adventurous generous friendly fish and hunt very traditional "People from outside" reports Gallien in a slow, sonorous drawl, "they'll pick up a copy of Alaska magazine, thumb through it, get to thinkin' 'Hey, I'm goin' to get on up there, live off the land, go claim me a piece of the good life.' But when they get here and actually head out into the bush--well, it isn't like the magazines make it out to be. The rivers are big and fast. The mosquitoes eat you alive. Most places, there aren't a lot of animals to hunt. Livin' in the bush isn't no picnic." (4) "Still, Galli Stinkhead- preserved salmon heads wrapped in grass and buried for several weeks MORE FOOD... Summers: 60-80 degrees Fahrenheit 18-21 hours of sunlight Winters 10-30 degrees Fahrenheit 79-178 inches of snow a year FOOD Meat moose caribou elk bear What is real wilderness then? WEATHER Seal meat and oil fats and oils to keep warm and to preserve dried fish, moose, and caribou meat BY: TIFFANY FUNG http://www.history.com/topics/us-states/alaska http://www.worldvoyagervaations.com/default.asp?pid=6409 http://www.infoplease.com/us-states/alaska.html http://www.travelalaska.com/Things%20To%20Do/Winter%20Activities/NorthernLightsViewing.aspx http://alaskawildberryproducts.com/education/alaskan-foods.html http://www.northernlightscentre.ca/northernlights.html http://www.alaska.net/weather.html http://www.travelalaska.com/Planning/Alaska%20Climate.aspx http://www.wisegeek.com/why-is-alaska-called-the-last-frontier.htm http://alaska.gov/kids/learn/facts.htm PEOPLE NATURE TRUE ALASKAN WILDERNESS 1741: Vitus Bering and Alexei Chirikov's discovery 1867: U.S. Secretary of State William Seward purchases land for $7.2 million from Russia 1890's: the discovery of gold Since then, Alaska has contributed billions of dollars worth of products to the U.S. economy. 1959: admitted into the union as the 49th state largest state

Alaska Presentation

Transcript: By: Secci Valle Period:7 Alaska History History Bought from Russia and sold to America, Alaska is the 49th state to join the union, but Alaska's first inhabitants were indeed not the Russians, but instead people from Siberia, crossing through the land bridge, dating about 15,000 to 13,000 B.C. Then later in the 18th century, the Russians had discovered the land and all of its natural beauty. attracted by the luxiourios furs brought by the unique animals the Russians had claimed the land to be theirs... But by the 1860s the Russians had began to lose intrest in Alaska, selling it to America for $7.2 million ( which is less than 2 cents per acre). "Seward's Folly", or now better known as Alaska, was a nickname given to Alaska, after U.S Secretary of State William Seward, who arranged to purchase the land from Russia. Critics of the purchase belived that the land had nothing to offer, but the discovery of gold in the 1890s brought a stampede of settlers in the hopes of striking gold. Seward's Folly Seward's Folly The Yup'ik were a native tribe found by Canada and in Alaska. The Yup'ik are commonly pictured when talking about Eskimos. The Yup'ik were one of the most commonly widespread Native Americans in Alaska. The name Yup'ik actually means "The Real People", according to Lawrence Kaplan of the Alaska Native Language Center at University of Alaska Fairbanks. Yup'ik Yup'ik Alaska and Hawaii were the 2 last states to be admitted into the United States. Alaska was officially a state on January 3, 1959. The Final Admission The Final Admission Alaska's geography can be categorized into four main areas including two mountain ranges, a central plateau, and the Arctic slope or coastal plain. Geography Geography State Bounderies State Bounderies The Yukon River originates in Atlin Lake, Canada ( British Columbia) and travels north through Canada's Yukon Territory. It enters Alaska near Eagle to the west of Fairbanks. It's the longest in North America running 1,980 miles until it empties into the Bering Sea at the Yukon, Kuskokwim Delta in Alaska. The Colville River originates in the De Long Mountains, above the Artic Cirlce, and flows 350 miles to drain into the Beaufort Sea. The Yukon and Coleville Rivers The Yukon and Coleville Rivers Alaska's Government Alaska's Government Lisa Murkowski (since 2002) and Dan Sullivan ( since 2015) are the two U.S senates of Alaska. Senators Senators Bryce Edgmon ( democrat), Chris Tuck (democrat), Charisse Millet ( republican) are the three representatives of Alaska. Representatives Representatives Beggining from Alaska's first Presidential election in 1960, Alaska recieves 3 electoral votes. Electoral Votes Electoral Votes Alaska, other than being known for its humoungous coastline, or bearing the biggest peak in North America, Alaska still has more to offer. Alaska's Unique Features Alaska's Unique Features The Willow Ptarmigan is the official state bird of Alaska. There are 3 different types of Ptarmigan and all of them can be found in Alaska.The Willow Ptarmigan has a special adaptation feature in which its feathers become white in the winter and brown in the summer. The Willow Ptarmigan The Willow Ptarmigan The Willow Ptarmigan Photo The Willow Ptarmigan Photo The blue background represents the sky , the ocean, the lakes as well as Alaska's wildflowers, Emblazoned on the flag are eight gold stars: seven in the constellation Ursa Major, or the Big Dipper. The eighth being the North Star, representing the northern most state. Alaska adopted the flag for official state use in 1959 Alaska's Flag Alaska's Flag Alaska's Flag Photo Alaska's Flag Photo The current population of Alaska is 737, 979 . Current Population Current Population Alaska's main natural resource is seafood, mainly consisting of salmon, cod, Pollock and crab. This most infdefinetley matches the geography and culture of Alaska. Seafood Seafood http://www.history.com/topics/us-states/alaska http://www.localhistories.org/alaska.html https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4119478/ http://www.netstate.com/states/geography/ak_geography.htmhttp://www.netstate.com/states/geography/ak_geography.htm http://akleg.gov/house.php https://statesymbolsusa.org/symbol/alaska/state-bird/willow-ptarmigan https://www.50states.com/alaska.htm Sources: Sources:

Alaska Presentation

Transcript: Alaska has seen 20 years of job growth — the longest stretch since statehood and a streak only seven other states can match. Even today, with a future of high energy prices, Alaska's economy will continue to grow much more. That’s because Alaska’s energy economy gives a counter-cyclical boost. When high energy prices hurt the other country's, they help Alaska. Southeast If you love nature then Alaska is just your cup of tea. Alaska is the largest state in the Union, 2x the size of Texas, and largely still natural and unexplored. Alaska has everything from snowy mountain peaks, glaciers, fresh water streams, swamps and forests as far as the eye can see. Economic Features Of Alaska English, Inupiaq, Siberian Yupik, Central Alaskan Yup'ik,Alutiiq, Unangan, Dena'ina,Deg Xinag, Holikachuk,Koyukon, Upper Kuskokwim,Gwich'in, Tanana, Upper Tanana, Tanacross, Hän,Ahtna, Eyak, Tlingit, Haida,Tsimshian Extremes The People: Population Density In Alaska When you think of Alaska, Russian Orthodox influenced architecture is probably not the first thing that comes to mind. Combine that with museums about the Alaskan pipeline, gold rush and most of all the history of the native population, Alaska’s history is sure to broaden your horizon. Alaska’s Unique History: While some of us dream about beaches, sun and surf, outdoor sportsmen dream of Alaska. You can fish everything from Salmon and Arctic Char to Lake Trout or Halibut. As a matter of fact the town of Homer is known as the Halibut capital of the world. Avid hunters need not limit themselves to the well known Moose and Bear populations in Alaska. Wolverines, caribou, mountain goats, wolves, and muskox are just a few of the other species you can hunt in Alaska’s backyard. Like Fried, Bill Popp, president and CEO of the Anchorage Economic Development Corporation, says forecasting carries a lot of unknowns. Yet reading the writing on walls of the next thirty years does carry a few presumptions worth keeping in mind, he says. “I think we can look at international trade as one place where our opportunities lie in the immediate future and beyond, and Alaska will continue to have a resource extraction-based economy for generations to come,” Popp says. Alaska’s small population spread over a huge geography will continue to influence its limitations and opportunities. “The ability to sell our resources to a global marketplace—our minerals, oil and gas, and wild seafood—will be a major driver,” he says. The immediate years ahead, however, put Alaska in a precarious position in the downward direction of oil prices, the consequent need to ratchet down state spending, and a debt-riddled federal government. “Use the wealth wisely: that will be our challenge, in [this year’s] new fiscal reality of $60 to $70 a barrel of oil,” Popp cautions. “Alaska’s location and global logistics and position in the supply chain—that’s an opportunity for us. After the global recession, the ability to take advantage of the logistics supply chains could present opportunities we don’t expect.” Alaska’s preeminence as a seafood source is one such opportunity. “If we can maintain the integrity of our seafood industry, we will continue to see Alaska seafood command premium prices,” Popp says. “A vast amount of protein comes from here. We can continue to grow in markets like China, given the awful environmental conditions there that present an opportunity because they value pristine, wild seafood.” Climate change in Arctic and sub-Arctic conditions also bodes challenges and opportunities well into the next thirty years, Popp notes. The ability to develop technologies offers small clusters of growth in the years ahead. These days, even when it’s tough, the market shows more resiliency than in the 70s and 80s and less vulnerability to boom-and-bust doom historically true of Alaska, Popp says. “[Alaska] is in a better fiscal situation in terms of the overall economy. We have to be mindful of what is going on, protect ourselves when we need to, and be smart with our dollars and smart with our policies.” Popp predicts solving the energy challenges of rural Alaska will be one of the “greatest issues facing our state in the next thirty years. “It shouldn’t take that long to solve. It’s an intractable issue—it slows economic growth or reverses the economies of rural communities. We have to address that issue,” Popp says. “I hope that we solve it. If the challenges are overcome, then we will see significant activity that we can’t even begin to fathom. ”The Knik Arm Crossing, the giant Susitna-Wantana Hydro Project, and new roads to resources are all future possibilities with economic and government hurdles to overcome. A variable that could impact these projects and others is how Alaska’s population growth pans out in the decades ahead, Popp says.. More Info On Jobs In Alaska Alaska's Land Marks The climate in the extreme north of Alaska is what would be expected for an area north of the Arctic Circle. It is an

Alaska Presentation

Transcript: The arctic circle is a parallel of latitude that is 66º 33' 43" (or 66.5619°) north of the Equator. Ice Fog A)In Alaska, how does Upslope Caribou affect take-off or landing distance if confronted (Best Answer)? i)It Uplifts the Aircraft’s Spirit, and distance is extende ii)Distance depends on the size and mating season, but generally distance is cut short of anything natural and distance is traded for dinner. iii)It does not affect distance whatsoever because Santa traded Downslope Reindeer for Upslope Caribou and it is no longer an issue for pilots in Alaska iv)Distance is relative, and therefore cannot not be changed. What weather phenomenon difuses and relects rays of sunlight between a cloud layer and a snow covered surface? a) Whiteout b)Ring of fire c) Flat Light d) Aurora borealis What Advisory Circular states that all control surfaces and critical components must be free of snow, frost, or other ice formations before flight? a) AC 20-117 b) AC 20-123 c) AC 20-456 d) AC 20-789 The End! Includes the Aleutian Chain and the Southeast and Southcentral regions. Temperatures are relatively mild in the winter and cool in the summer with heavy precipitation (50-200" per year). Aviation hazards: Summertime fog. Winter ice fog, blowing snow and turbulence associated with winter storms. Spring and Fall icing, turbulence, and advection fog cause icing problems which can be quite severe. Volcanoes Winter Hazards By: Eric Buntrock & Sean Lail Winds can range from 10 to 60 MPH. Where is the arctic circle? DUH! Alutian Low Pressure Where is Alaska? Questions? Area north of the Brooks Range. Cold winters & cool summers with low precipitation (3-7" per year). Summers are generally cloudy and winters are clear and cold. Aviation hazards: summertime clouds, and wintertime ice fog, winds, blowing snow and whiteouts. Geography The new requirements omit the rule of carrying a one pistol, revolver, shotgun or rifle and ammunition. Laws: The FAR & (AC) 20-117 state that all critical components, wings and flight control surfaces must be free of adhering snow, frost, or other ice formations before flight. Survival When: Febuary 19, 2009 What: Piper PA-31-350, N41185 Where: Nome, Alaska How: Landing during whiteout condition Chinook Winds: January 1990 Pressure Systems Redoubt Alaska Seasonal Visibility When: October 16, 1972 What: Cessna 310C, N1812H Where: Between Anchorage and Juneau, Alaska How: VFR flight into IFR weather Accidents C - Keep clothing CLEAN O - Avoid OVERHEATING L - Wear clothes LOOSE and in LAYERS D - Keep clothing DRY Continental AS 02.35.110. Emergency Rations and Equipment Covers the majority of Alaska. Extreme temperatures and low precipitation (5-15" per year). Aviation hazards are wintertime ice fog and summertime cloudiness, scattered cumulus occasionally grow into small thunderstorms. Exists along Alaska's western coast and in the area between the coastal mountains and the Alaska Range. This zone has less precipitation than the Maritime zone. Aviation hazard: summertime winds, and wintertime ice fog and blowing snow. Flying conditions are generally worse in mountain passes than at stations along the route. The minimum equipment to be carried during summer months is as follows: rations for each occupant sufficient to sustain life for one week; one axe or hatchet; one first aid kit; an assortment of tackle such as hooks, flies, lines, and sinkers; one knife; fire starter; one mosquito headnet for each occupant; two small signaling devices In addition to the above, the following must also be carried from October 15 to April 1 of each year: one pair of snowshoes one sleeping bag one wool blanket for each occupant over four Interesting Facts Maritime A massive dust storm of glacial sediments swept off the coast of Alaska on November 5, 2005; Summer Alaskan Survival Kit Regulations The sun is continually below the horizon from November 19th until January 23rd. It is an area of semi-permanent Low Pressure system in the winter off the Aleutian Islands in the North Pacific Fog Summer Hazards Primary Weather Factors Alaska is 365 million acres in size and has 33,000 miles of coastline. It has two time zones and seven different climactic regions. There are less than 12,000 miles of paved road in the state, so aviation is a major form of transportation. There are approximately 600 published airports and more than 3,000 airstrips. The highest recorded temperature for the state is 100 degrees in June 1915. The coldest temperature ever recorded was in Alaska, - 80 degrees on January 23, 1971. Climate Regions Snow & Ice buildup Arctic Snow and ice buildup Extreme cold White Out Conditions Flat Light: occur when a uniform ceiling overlies a snow or ice-covered surface and the parallel rays of the sun are reflected and diffused between these two surfaces. Blizzards: Visibility less than 500 feet, high winds exceeding 32 mph, temp at or below 20°F Severe Blizzard: Visibility near 0, winds in excess of 45mph, temp at

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