Transcript: Pile Spacing plays an important role in the efficient performance of the piles as a system Effects of Too Closed Pile Spacing are: 1. Can manage to create a large horizontal pressure in driving, that could avoid damage unto incompressible underground layer. 2. The carrying capacity of the soil can act less than the whole of the fractional capacity which is encloses the individual piles . Effects of wider Spacing of Piles: 1. It has a tendency of readily permitting the later piles in a group to penetrate the same depth that result to uniform bearing and settlement. 2. Reduces heaving and tension damage including the possibility of crushing the outer surface of piles. 3. The value of the group maybe increased, yet the piles serves efficiently even if the spacing is increased. Piles intended to serve a marine structure that are exposed to receive wave action should be spaced at a minimum of 5 times its diameter apart to reduce counter current whirlpool and abrasion. Driving Piles Through Obstruction In case of obstruction encountered during the pile driving, an advance rod sounding jets or diamond drill rigs is driven first before the piles. A pilot Pile is also used before driving timber or concrete pile. An I-beam, H-Pile or Mandrel serves the purpose as pilot pile to penetrate the obstruction. SPUDDING is also applied by raising and lowering the piles with heavy precast piles every little driving sequence. The Different Methods of Installing Piles are: 1. By driving 2. Jetting 3. Boring 4. Ramming 5. Jacking 6. Pulling down 7. Washing out 8. Sand pumping 9. Blowing out 10. Coring 11. Drilling 12. Explosive Causes of Pile Deflection in Driving 1. Piles may glance-off to an obstruction or hit a scooping bed rocks. 2. In soft clay, piles tend to bend toward a previously installed close-by piles. This is due to the soil softening from remolding during driving. 3. Bowing of the jet pipe due to the weight of the hose that causes piles in jetting group to penetrate out of plumb. 4. Sometimes the lower portions of a batter pile tend to sag and cause curvature. Settlement of Foundation The different causes of foundation settlement due to load imposed on the soils are: 1. Soil bearing capacity failure including partial failure or creep. 2. Failure or deflection of the foundation structure. 3. Sheer distortion of the soil. 4. Compression of the soil. Failure of the Pile Foundation The failure of the pile foundation may result from any one of the following causes: 1. Lack of adequate boring. 2. Inaccurate soil classification. 3. Soft strata under tip of pile. 4. Inadequate driving formula(wrong data). 5. Improper size of hammer. Too light may cause insufficient penetration. Too heavy may damage the pile. 6. Misinterpretation of load. 7. Damage to encased piles. 8. buckling of piles. 9. Breaking of piles. 10. Vibration that causes lateral or vertical movement. 11. Flowing strata caused by adjacent excavation or bank sloughing. 12. Tension failure of concrete pile-lack of reinforcement. 13. Eccentricity due to bowing or falling out of plumb. 14. Decay due to lower ground water level. 15. Insect and marine borer attack and corrosion. 16. Disintegration of concrete due to poor quality of concrete or reactive aggregates. 17. Collapse of the thin shell of the piles. 18. Overweight due to earth fill. THE END
Transcript: Detail 2 Building Construction Topics we will cover -Building Classifications -Difficult to ventilate -Steel must be protected by blown in insulation Type 1 Fire Resistive -Construction Material -Building Components Detail 3 -All structural components must be non-combustible -Difficult to breach Disadvantages -Confines fire to the department Building Classifications Advantages -Resists direct flame impingement Properties Detail 4 -Constructed from Steel, or Reinforced Concrete
Transcript: RIT STAGE Events Red Arrow carver supply 3" Blue D side Wareham Ladder Dark Grey: Onset Engine Light Grey: Marion Ladder Blue A side: Wareham E 1 A/D Corner Fire Originated Capt. Lofgren Red New Route Engine Locations Before Fire Wareham Fire 211 Main Street
Transcript: STRUCTURAL CHARACTERISTICS The strength of a suspended structure is derived from the parabolic form of the sagging high-strength cable. Keywords Arch, arch bridge, steel bridge, special structures Summary: The City of Tianjin is currently implementing a Haihe River Area redevelopment plan to revitalize the downtown area. The Dagu Bridge is located right in the center of the entire redevelopment area and is one of the first projects in this redevelopment plan. The city of Tianjin asked for a bridge that can be a new symbol of the city. The final design is a double arch that compliments the surroundings. The bridge, with two arches, one larger and one smaller, is called the “Sun and Moon Bridges”. The site posts several severe geometric restrictions with respect to construction depth, maximum allowable vertical slope and navigation requirements. The final bridge scheme satisfies all those restrictions. Truss bridge is deemed aesthetically not acceptable. The cable-stayed bridge was also rejected for aesthetic reasons. Consequently, the final alternatives are self-anchored suspension bridges and tied-arch bridges. Finally, the tied-arch was selected based on its superior aesthetics. PROJECT HIGHLIGHTS Haihe’s navigation clearance Maximum vertical slope of 3.5% Low elevation at both ends of the bridge No pier in the river The soft soil at the riverbanks High seismic zone The 58,400m Dubai Creek Crossing Bridge is located in one of Dubai City’s most prominent waterfront location, an area where cultural importance is reflected in a unique mixture and blend between modern buildings and heritage quays. The bridge will provide pedestrian accessibility between the car park building and three proposed towers with a total GFA of 50,000m2, where it will provide pedestrian strip, travelator, and a path for a user-friendly electrical and the towers, fully air-conditioned with automated conveying system. The connection bridge is themed to give a complex and appropriate spots along the footpaths of Beniyas Road. It will also provide access for service and emergency vehicles as well as emergency escape through the existing service road along each quay. Power and mechanical plants will be incorporated within the towers and/or be part of the car parking building site. The design competition that is launched by Mizin JV with Dubai Municipality. Aedas was the Design Architect for this project. DUBAI CREEK CROSSING SIGNATURE BRIDGES,Dubai to James Finley Golden Gate Bridge,USA Vine Suspension Bridge Materials The steel structure of the bridge is clad in polished silver coloured metal sheets that are inspired by the oyster shell, a poignant symbol for Dubai and its famed history of pearl diving.The dynamic form of the infinity loop is accentuated by a patterned chord that weaves around the structure. The pattern is based on Islamic art and will be lit at night by a programmed lighting system.The design is technically suitable to the site, an important aspect of good design. AR 3310 Building Construction IV Cable Suspension 2002 March TYPICAL MATERIALS The horizontal surface is most commonly a steel structure because of its relative lightness, or a steel and concrete composite. the towers may be of either stone, concrete, or steel. The cables are steel. Locale San Francisco, California and Marin County, California Designer Joseph Strauss, Irving Morrow, and Charles Ellis Design Suspension, truss arch & truss causeways Material Steel Construction January 5, 1933 End April 19, 1937 begin Opened May 27, 1937; 74 years ago Connects San Francisco Peninsula with Marin County Longest span 4,200 ft (1,280.2 m). Height 746 ft (227.4 m) Width 90 ft (27.4 m) Total length 1.7 mi (2.7 km) or 8,981 ft (2,737.4 m) Background RULES OF THUMB DESIGN The tower height is usually about 1/9 of the span. Longest Spans: Golden Gate Bridge: 4200 feet = 1280 meters (built in San Francisco in 1937 by O.H. Ammann) Humber Estuary Bridge: 1410 meters (Germany) Dagu Bridges Tianjin China Roebling Bridge Pass DEFINITION Suspension structures are those with horizontal planes supported by cables hung from the parabolic sag of large, high-strength steel cables. Present
Transcript: Example of a Jeopardy Template By: Laken Feeser and Rachel Chapman When creating without a template... http://www.edtechnetwork.com/powerpoint.html https://www.thebalance.com/free-family-feud-powerpoint-templates-1358184 Example of a Deal or No Deal Template PowerPoint Game Templates There are free templates for games such as jeopardy, wheel of fortune, and cash cab that can be downloaded online. However, some templates may cost more money depending on the complexity of the game. Classroom Games that Make Test Review and Memorization Fun! (n.d.). Retrieved February 17, 2017, from http://people.uncw.edu/ertzbergerj/msgames.htm Fisher, S. (n.d.). Customize a PowerPoint Game for Your Class with These Free Templates. Retrieved February 17, 2017, from https://www.thebalance.com/free-powerpoint-games-for-teachers-1358169 1. Users will begin with a lot of slides all with the same basic graphic design. 2. The, decide and create a series of questions that are to be asked during the game. 3. By hyper linking certain answers to different slides, the game jumps from slide to slide while playing the game. 4. This kind of setup is normally seen as a simple quiz show game. Example of a Wheel of Fortune Template https://www.teacherspayteachers.com/Product/Wheel-of-Riches-PowerPoint-Template-Plays-Just-Like-Wheel-of-Fortune-383606 Games can be made in order to make a fun and easy way to learn. Popular game templates include: Family Feud Millionaire Jeopardy and other quiz shows. http://www.free-power-point-templates.com/deal-powerpoint-template/ Quick video on template "Millionaire" PowerPoint Games Some games are easier to make compared to others If users are unsure whether or not downloading certain templates is safe, you can actually make your own game by just simply using PowerPoint. add logo here References Example of a Family Feud Template PowerPoint Games are a great way to introduce new concepts and ideas You can create a fun, competitive atmosphere with the use of different templates You can change and rearrange information to correlate with the topic or idea being discussed. Great with students, workers, family, etc. For example: With games like Jeopardy and Family Feud, players can pick practically any answers. The person who is running the game will have to have all of the answers in order to determine if players are correct or not. However, with a game like Who Wants to be a Millionaire, the players only have a choice between answers, A, B, C, or D. Therefore, when the player decides their answer, the person running the game clicks it, and the game will tell them whether they are right or wrong.
Transcript: Fun, Exciting, Active Sick Uniforms They are PURPLE Lacrosse h Gets you adrenaline pumping You get to hit!
Transcript: Domains Search engine optimisation Convenient for beginners: tools, professional templates and guidelines Questions? Easily add alt text for images in the blog posts Editing the page with wordpress.com Disadvantages Advantages Great selection of themes to choose from Drag and drop content onto the page Really intuitive interface - very simple to understand and easy to learn It's possibly to edit your site on a mobile or table using the app Great site for people who aren't very "tech savvy" Advantages Website Building Websites -v- Content Management Systems Price Price Easily add keywords to posts in the blog Less control over SEO than some other main competitors More expensive than the main competitors + even the starter plan does not remove Wix ads from the site Cannot change template Website ownership: You do not have access to website files or source code, nor can you edit the code. You can still add custom HTML to your ste using a widget. Not the best option for an ecommerce website since you need to manually add store widgets, create cart pages and then link the two together Advantages We each selected one of the above to create a "blogging" website Analysis of all three - listing advantages/ disadvantages of each Different features, prices, integrations offered etc We will provide a recommendation at the end of the comparison Comparison - Ease of Setting Up a Website on Three Different Website Building Websites Custom layouts and themes can be difficult to learn about Domain name and navigation Lisa Warren Berfu Sahin Eoin Corcoran Google analytics Domains Easy Content Updates SEO Integration Flexible E-commerce Options Optimized for Tablet/Mobile/PC Built-In Blogging Big Companies Use It Large Developer Community Comparison - What are you looking for? Alt titles and title tags Alt tags and title tags Very easy to add new pages - one click and select the new page format More expensive than the main competitors. Starter plan does not remove ads Convenient for beginners: tools, professional templates and guidelines Optimized for PC/Tablet and Mobile All websites are hosted on Wix’s servers which means they are fast and secured Ability to register your own domain on Wix Content Management Systems Integrations Excellent choice for beginners or people who are less "tech savvy". Drag and drop functionality is great Search engine optimisation Very easy to find how to use the alt tag feature Option to tag a picture is also very easy to find and simple to use Easily add text, image, gallery, slideshow, button (CTA), video, music, social media, menu, list and blog From the Wix app market, many tools are available for many categories Plugins Possible to add menu header, new pages and subpages Possible to link to a web address, document, lightbox, etc Possible to add navigation menu to each page Ease of use and templates Drag and drop text/ images onto the home page https://brfsahin.wixsite.com/feelslikehomeblog Themes Very intuitive interface – just click background picture to change it Website Building Websites Alt tags and title tags At the moment – I don’t want to pay anything, so I’ll use the Weebly sub domain Search engine optimisation Pick a theme Disadvantages Changing themes Released in 2003 with 75 million websites/ 39 million hosted on wordpress.com 160 million downloads with 58% market share stats show that since March 2016, WordPress is actually powering 26.4% of the web Google Analytics is available only for upgraded plans and you need to connect your own domain Google Analytics allows you to track information about your site including: The number of people that have visited your site The geographical location from where your site's traffic is coming from The length of time that your visitors stay on each page The statistics can be broken down to individual pages so you can see the traffic on each page There was an option to change themes, but unfortunately it did not seem to be too effective. There were only minor changes to the pages after I switched themes, overall the site did not change as I expected it to. More than 325 million unique visitors now going to over 40 million Weebly sites monthly Offers a range of pricing options, including free and premium consumer plans The highest rated website building mobile app in the App Store and Google Play Wide range of responsive themes and features perfectly suited for websites, blogs or online stores Find a domain Powers almost 25% of websites on the internet. Most versatile of all three reviewed Custom Layouts and Themes Can Be Tricky WordPress Software Needs to be Updated Regularly Web Development and Marketing Experience Helps Simply a case of click and edit - couldn't be easier Google analytics and html code In terms of site set-up, very few apparent disadvantages from the outset Load time for pages after edits can be quite slow Premium plans seem to be quite expensive Forum posts about Weebly suggest issues with reliability are somewhat frequent
Transcript: Economics is the social science that analyzes the production, distribution, and consumption of goods and services. Economy is just one of a number of forces affecting the society, our behavior and our lives. It is, however, one of the most important of those forces. (10) PENYAKIT TERBANYAK For example, sociologists would like to understand why some societies value environment more than economy, and vice versa. Microsociologists study economic institutions just like they study all other institutions in society. For example, microsociologist would try to understand how corporate culture shapes companies. Hofstede's cultural dimensions theory would classify corporate culture along five different axis, such as "power distance" - how much inequality in power do members of an organization accept as normal. Can you question an order from a superior? Macrosociologists study how different economies arrive at different solutions to the common human problem or providing for members of society. They compare pre-industrial economies, industrial economies and post-industrial economies Macrosociologists also study the operation of the world-economy as a whole. Many macrosociologists focus on understanding the overall structure of the world economy. A major theory of world economy from the sociological perspective is the WORLD SYSTEM THEORY. WORLD-SYSTEM refers to the inter-regional and transnational DIVISION OF LABOUR, which divides the world into core countries, semi-periphery countries and the periphery countries. Core countries focus on higher skill, capital-intensive production, and the rest of the world focuses on low-skill, labor-intensive production and extraction of raw materials. This constantly reinforces the dominance of the core countries. Core countries economy is capital-intensive, high-wage, high-tech, and is based upon exploitation of periphery economies for low-cost labor and resources. Semi-periphery countries are transitioning from periphery to core and have qualities of both. Periphery economies are labor-intensive, low-wage, low-tech, and focus on labor exploitation and coercion. Nonetheless, the system is dynamic, in part as a result of revolutions in transport technology, and individual states can gain or lose the core (semi-periphery, periphery) status over time. For a time, some countries become the world hegemon; throughout last few centuries during which time the world system has extended geographically and intensified economically, this status has passed from the Netherlands, to the United Kingdom and most recently, to the United States. The major economic factors of production are capital, labor, technology and entrepreneurship. Macrosociologists and economic sociologists also study how the global economy changes over time. For example, they want to understand the history of GLOBALIZATION. Of course there are many definitions of globalization. Turner (2006:379) defines it as "process whereby most nations of the world are connected by communication and transportation technologies and market relations." We talk about increasing globalization, but throughout history there have been periods when globalization have been reversed. What may cause reduction in globalization (trade and contacts between different countries)? World Wars Another example considers archaic globalization - the big economy crisis of the 14th century, when the Black Death devastated most countries of Euroasia and caused a massive and long term reduction of the nascent international trade. Could globalization collapse again? Wars are unlikely, but how about a new plague? Broad economic history Agricultural revolution (or Neolithic Revolution) occurred roughly 12,000-3,000 years ago and saw the rise of agricultural economies which begun steadily replacing the hunter-gatherer societies. HUNTER/GATHERER SOCIETIES had only rudimentary levels of capital goods, such as grinding stones and arrow heads. AGRICULTURAL SOCIETIES represented the first significant accumulations of capital in human history. People owned land, houses, equipment, tools. Those societies first applied capital intensively to the production of food in surplus quantities. Some scholars also distinguish the horticultural societies as an intermediate step between hunter-gatherers and agricultural societies. Horticultural societies had no knowledge of plow or domestication of animals. Discovery of those technologies marks the difference between horticultural and agricultural societies. Agricultural societies were much more complex than hunter-gather, and growing complexity led to major changes in our society (Durkheim). Differences in capital intensity also led to differences in SOCIAL STRATIFICATION systems. Hunter/gatherer societies had LOW levels of income and wealth stratification. Most stratification was WITHIN the household. Stratification was based primarily on gender and age. Horticultural and agricultural societies had HIGH levels of income and wealth
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