Transcript: Islamic Art Is a building that its on a hill overlooking at the city. Its build at Granada, Spain which was part of the Moorish rule, and captured by the Christians. Its protected by a wall, which can be entered by several fortified gates. The Justice Gate got its name fromthe tribunals held there for the thieves. On the outer horseshoe arch keystone is carved a great open hand, and on the smaller arch, a key. It represent Moorish law and faith. During the period of 1492, the last Moorish king, Boabdil, surrendered Granada and The Alhambra to the Christians monarchs. (king and queen of Spain) The Islamic religion had disappeared from Spain but its contributions of math, medicine, architecture, had deeply affected Europe, and help to make possible the European Renaissance. The Mosque on Al Mutawakk Teachings of Muhammad Mosque Interiors Madinat az-Zahra The End of Moorish Rule in Spain A Moorish ruler decided to construct a palace. When it was completed it was a self-contained city extending upward in three levels: a mosque below, gardens in the center and an alcazar (fortified palace) at the top More than 4000 marble columns The Alhambra Its on the heart of The Alhambra, built by Muhammad V. The arcade supported by the 124 columns is a sample of what were the covered walkways in the monasteries thought western Europe. The fountain, which gave the name to this court, seems out of place, but it has a poem carved in Arabic, it describes how fierce the lions would be if they weren't behaving themselves for respect for the king. The columns and walls around the Court of Lions have delicate stucco decorations, consisting of a variety of ornate designs. •The fertile crescent was the center of the Islamic world in its origins. •Present day Iraq, Syria, and Palestine. •The mixture of western and eastern cultures left magnificent ruins. •Amidst these ruins you can find mosques (Muslim place for worship). Islamic Art in Spain •Qur’an : the holy scripture of Islam (Muhhamad’s teachings). •Artists used decorative script to record Muhammad’s revelations, laws, and moral stories. •Arabic writing is read from right to left, and it was normally justified to create a pleasing whole. In spain and other parts of the Islamic empire the furnishings of places and mosques revealed a love for rich, decorative effects. This was used to illustrate Islamic Books. •Muhammad was the prophet of the Islam. •Born in Mecca around A.D. 570. •Dvine call: Last of the prophets. •One god: Allah (the God) •Preached in secret. •In 613 he began to teach openly. Opposed by tribal religious customs. •Today there are more than 925 million Muslims. The Mezquita The ancient brown walls of the mezquita marked by sealed, arched antries, offer litle hint of the pleasures that await inside the courtyard and the mosque were linked by the lines of orange trees outside and the rows of columns inside Islamic Book Illustration The largest mosque in the world was built at Samarra in Iraq. Measuring 384 by 512 feet . Minaret or tower attached to a mosque Muezzin or prrayer caller Islamic Art on the Fertile crescent Muslims worship five times a day: at sunrise, noon, afternoon, sunset and evening. In Moorish times, preparing for group worship involved ceremonial bathing. Muslim Worship The Court of the Lions They used flowing delicate lines to draw every figure, but they didn’t use shading, that made them look flat rather than round. The artist ignore realistic appearances, and they prefered rich, decorative patterns and intense, clear colors. Also they used bright, contrasting colors, to create the idea of freshness. This was to create dazzling effects. Use of Pattern and Colors Koran Christian artists created religious images as a way of teaching religion to the people who could not read. Artist decorated mosques with ornate calligraphy, geometric patterns and stylized plants and flowers.
Transcript: Caligraphy used to make a lion shape CERAMICS Islamic art is a style where people cannot draw humans, animals, or any living creatures. This makes the art very focused on nature and plants. This art is on paintings, walls, churches, glass art, or even sometimes on gold leaf style. There are different styles of islamic art, for example calligraphy, symbols, paintings, and wall paintings. CALLIGRAPHY Islamic art brought a bunch of new techniques and methods of art to other artists, it was also a very admirable art to have for decoration. A lot of pieces of art and craft were inspired by this art, which islam gave to the world. Apart from giving things to science and mathematics, islam had also impacted the world of arts and craft at the same time. Calligraphy is the art of using words and pictures in one. There are words that are in a shape of an animal or object, and the words would normally describe or relate to the picture it forms up to. Muhammad's (pbuh) symbol was a flame written in calligraphy, for example. BIBLIOGRAPHY Muslims were specialists at making art with ceramics and curves, they made those decorations for nearly all buildings. Nowadays, a lot of these are still used for decoration of houses and doors also have a lot of ceramic patterns and archs around them. http://www.spain-holiday.com/blog/wp-content/uploads/2010/10/islamic-ceramics2.jpg http://4.bp.blogspot.com/-gXk4nYN1vEY/T_6GzU7-2kI/AAAAAAAACB4/edbvsBs77Pg/s1600/Tiger-Blue-Islamic-Calligraphy.jpg http://www.wikipedia.com/en/islamic_art HOW ISLAMIC ART CHANGED THE WORLD ABOUT ISLAMIC ART ISLAMIC ART
Transcript: Ancient Islamic Art Dome of the Rock Moslem architects built grand mosques, mausoleums, and palaces, each variously decorated with mosaics, tiles, and relief carvings. The Umayyad Great Mosque, Damascus An Umayyad Palace in the Jordanian Desert The Umayyad rulers of Damascus constructed numerous palatial residences throughout the vast territories they governed. Ancient Islamic Art 3 5 1 4 Dome of the Rock Decorative forms include stylized plant motifs and abstract geometrical shapes (arabesques) arranged in ornamental patterns. Characteristically, no animals or human figures appear in ornamental or pictorial spaces in sacred buildings. 2
Transcript: 5 Pillars of Islam "There Can Be Only One" -The Kurgen 5 X Feed The Poor Fast During Ramadan Go to Mecca The Koran Minarets- towers minbar Islamic Art *help visual beauty that awaits them *prayer runs *most distinctive feature of islamic art *aids in fulfilling first and second pillars *daily prayer held there (5 times a day) *includes 7 minarets in mecca *establishes basis of fate *calligraphy became significant *considered pure and holy *presented on exterior of holy buildings *considered pure and holy *instructs something Mosque Architecture Great Mosque Cordoba, Spain hypostyle prayer hall Mosque Architecture qibla wall *points in the direction of which you pray *contains a mihrab (sits in center) Taj Mahal *holy building in Jerusalem *a pilgrimage site with walls covered in arabesques *constructed to show large symbol that Islam arrived *largest mosque in West *hypo style prayer hall *to overcome small interior space- double arches Mosque Architecture arabesque *useful in distinction *podium *where a religious teacher stands and reads from Koran Dome of the Rock Calligraphy *many columns and arches *pray in direction of qibla wall *where they do daily prayers Mosque Dome * renown for its symmetry and proportions *built in honor of famous leaders wife *appeared weightless and as beautiful as she was
Transcript: Arabesque A white marble mausoleum located in Agra, Uttar Pradesh, India The tomb is the central focus of the entire complex of the Taj Mahal. The marble dome that surmounts the tomb is the most spectacular feature. Its height of around 35 metres (115 ft) is about the same as the length of the base, and is accentuated as it sits on a cylindrical "drum" which is roughly 7 metres (23 ft) Great Mosque Cordoba A distinctive architectural feature of mosques. Generally a tall spire with an onion-shaped or conical crown, usually either free standing or taller than associated support structure. The main function of the minaret is to provide a vantage point from which the call to prayer Minarets basic form consist of three parts: a base, shaft, and a gallery Five Pillars of Islam The Islamic arabesque is a development of the Late Antique and Byzantine types of scrolling vegetal decoration that were inherited by Islam They were a fundamental element of Islamic art but they develop what was already a long tradition by the coming of Islam Begun in the 8th or 9th century in works like the Mshatta Facade Has a roof which is supported by columns The roof may be constructed of with bridging lintels of stone, wood or other rigid material such as cast iron, steel or reinforced concrete. With a combination of columns and arches, the hypostyle hall became one of the two main types of mosque construction. A visual art related to writing. It is the design and execution of lettering with a broad tip instrument or brush in one stroke Islamic calligraphy is associated with geometric Islamic art on the walls and ceilings of mosques as well as on page Calligraphy The wall in a mosque in which the Mihrab appears in A semicircular nichje which is used to indicate qibla which is the direction of the Kaaba which is found in Mecca Dome of the Rock The central religious text of Islam, which Muslims believe to be a revelation from God The Quran consists of 114 chapters of varying lengths, each known as a sura. Each chapter consists of several verses, known as ayat In addition to and independent of the division into chapters, there are various ways of dividing the Quran into parts of approximately equal length for convenience in reading. Islamic Art The first work of Islamic architecture The site's significance stems from religious traditions regarding the rock, known as the Foundation Stone, at its heart, which bears great significance for Jews, Christians and Muslims. Some Muslims believe the location of the Dome of the Rock to be the site of the Islamic miracle of the Isra and Miraj. Hypostyle Prayer Wall Qibla Wall Minaret A medieval Islamic mosque that was converted into a Catholic Christian cathedral in the Spanish city of Córdoba, Andalusia. The Mosque is regarded as the one of the most accomplished monuments of Moorish architecture. The main hall of the mosque was used for a variety of purposes. It served as a central Prayer hall for personal devotion, the five daily Muslim prayers and the special Friday prayers. It also would have served as a hall for teaching and for Sharia Law cases during the rule of Abd al-Rahman & his successors. Taj Mahal
Transcript: The three different periods after the revolution Islamic Art A lot of the art in Iran is painted on the walls as graffiti. The murals represented certain things. Art had become the center of the post-revolution in Iran, this caused the federalists to revolt against the Shah Trying to "Islamize" Art • 1979- end of the Iran-Iraq war 1. revolutionary Islamic art dominated 2. art was socialist-realist 3. religious subject matter • Late 80’s and early 1990’s 1. modern and contemporary 2. different from western art 3. non- religious and non- revolutionary art • 1997- 2005 1. connect with the outside world 2. the market grew 3. the study of calligraphy • The regime tried to bring culture and art under its control • The Ministry of Culture and Art became the Ministry of Culture and Islamic Guidance, with a authorization to Islamize all kinds of art and cultural activities • Women and love were absent from art work
Transcript: this is a example of islamic art. by: Lacey Wells an important lesson that islamic art provides is in challenging the notion that works of art from eairlier centuries need to be studied as historical 'phenomena', which belong to the past and have very little to do with the future. dose islamic art still exist? http://www.teachmideast.org/essays/37-culture/113-islamic-incontext-the-historical-background http://www.salaam.co.uk/theameofthemonth/march02index.php bibiliography what is islamic art and how is it historically important? i have no idea i couldn't find if it does but i think islamic art still exists. during the islamic civilization, around the 10th century , the activity of exploring pattern and symmetry truly blossomed. for a period of about 400 years there was vigorous creativity. this resulted in a large number of sophisticated geometrical patterns and two of the most sublime monuments to symetry that have ever been built- namely, the nasrid palace of alhambra in granada in spain and the taj mahal in agra in india. islamic art http://islamicamagazine.com/?p=268
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