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Jigsaw Puzzle

Transcript: --------- ------------ This Presentation will show you how Jigsaw Puzzles are made, their history , steps, and materials --------------- ------- --------------- -------- --------- --------------- --------- Introduction Shop Project Sydney How it's made;Jigsaw Puzzles History History In 1767, a British cartographer named John Spilsbury was credited for making the first puzzle. However in the early 1760's Cartographers made their maps on pieces of wood and cut them into multiple small pieces. When Jigsaw puzzles were first invented, they were handmade on thin sheets of Birch Wood then cut out by hand. This made the puzzles very expensive. Throughout time ,however, they were cut out using Jigsaws , hence , giving them the name. Although they were not mass produced at first, they became mass produced in the times of the great depression as a form of entertainment. Some people still will handmake them for customizing. Materials Materials To start off, the raw materials listed are the materials used to make the puzzle. Paper Pulp is used to make the Paperboard & Paper. Paper pulp is what is used to make all sorts of paper products. Paper pulp is the fibers of wood. It is then compressed to make a single piece of paper. Carbon Black is used to make the ink. It is made out of a type of carbon that can be made into petrolleum.It is also used in tires. Animals Bones and tissue are used to make the glue that is used to put the paperboard and picture together. Machines used are die cutters and presses Steps Steps First, the picture in selected and printed. The most common process used to print the pictures for puzzles is called lithography. Lithography uses a plate, which is made to absorb oils and water. The spots on the plate that will not have anything printed on it is wetted with water while spots where things will be printed are coated with grease, to attract the oil-based ink. When ink is applied to the plate, it sticks only to the grease coated area. As the plate is brought into contact with paper, the image is transferred. Many puzzle pictures may be prepared on the same lithography sheet to save paper and minimize press time. After printing, the sheets are laminated onto paperboard. They dried for several days before they are sent to the die cut press. Puzzle pieces today are mass-produced in a process known as die cutting. A die cutting press uses a sharp, flat metal ribbon to stamp out the individual pieces. The drawings of the cuts are sent to experts who bend sharp steel pieces into the shape of the puzzle pieces. For a 500-piece and uncomplex puzzle,it could take up to 17 days. Three or four dies could be made for puzzles of the same size and shape. The metal pieces are then pounded into a wooden die. One side is fixed in a wooden block. When this block is pressed onto the soft paperboard backing, the backing surface is cut into the shape. After leaving the die press, the sheets go through a breaker, which separates the puzzle pieces and puts them into the boxes, typically a cardboard box. Today,the puzzle boxes will have a picture of the puzzle to use as a guide. This, began in the mid-1930s. These boxes then go through final packaging, such as shrink wrapping. Finally, they are shipped to retail stores. Conclusion Conclusion In summary, although the mass production of jigsaw puzzles doesn’t have very many steps, the process is very interesting. However, since they are mass produced it is easier than custom making one at a time because while one is drying you could glue together hundreds of others. I hope this presentation helped you learn how jigsaw puzzles are made, materials, steps, and history. Credits Credits https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jigsaw_puzzle ----Wikipedia http://www.madehow.com/Volume-4/Jigsaw-Puzzle.html ---- How it's made, Jigsaw Puzzle https://www.google.com/ ----Google Pictures Puzzle pieces are mass produced in a process known as die cutting. A die cutting press uses a sharp, flat metal ribbon to stamp out the individual pieces. The artists drawings of the cuts are sent to rule-bend experts who bend razor sharp steel rules into the shape of the puzzle pieces. The metal rules are then pounded into a wood mounted die. One side of this metal ribbon is fixed in a wooden block. When this block is pressed with sufficient force onto the softer cardboard backing, the backing surface is cut into the desired shape. Puzzle pieces are mass produced in a process known as die cutting. A die cutting press uses a sharp, flat metal ribbon to stamp out the individual pieces. The artists drawings of the cuts are sent to rule-bend experts who bend razor sharp steel rules into the shape of the puzzle pieces. The metal rules are then pounded into a wood mounted die. One side of this metal ribbon is fixed in a wooden block. When this block is pressed with sufficient force onto the softer cardboard backing, the backing surface is cut into the desired shape. Puzzle pieces are mass produced in a process known

Jigsaw Puzzle

Transcript: Improve the quality of life for the next generations Engagement Improve the quality of life in a sustainable way Improving the world by collecting and combining useful pieces. Improve long-term quality of life Achieving goals Relationships Improve short-term quality of life Society Do things that are bigger than yourself The goal: A better World positive Emotions The overall structure Question Sphere Do things for the greater good Question Sphere Question Sphere Improve long-termn quality of life of society The startingpoint of this project One day before christmas I watched "Start with Yourself: A Conversation with William Ury and Simon Sinek" on Youtube. William and Simon completed their conversation with the following sentences. William Ury "I hope it's really ... I mean it's its it's very congruent with your work and I do, I really hope there is enough work coming to the culture which inspires people to kinda think boldy, think more generously about and think in a new way about leadership, negotiation [and improving the world]" Simon Sinek "I think it's what we all do. You know ... it's a Jigsaw-puzzle right. Each of us shows up with a piece of the puzzle. By itself it kinda might be colorful and shared in a shape but it's pretty useless. You know - It's when we find all the different pieces and put them together that that the world changes." These few sentences just made something click inside my head. The goal of this Jigsaw-Puzzle-Project I really want to improve the the world a tiny bit, changing things to the better for individuals and for our society and I believe that we can approach this goal a little bit by collecting these pieces and putting them together. By creating a Jigsaw Puzzle. That's the reason behind starting this project and also my personal goal. A lot of intelligent people in the world already created a huge amount of puzzle-pieces via books, scientific papers, speeches, talks and articles and so on. With this project I want to collect the key ideas/messages from each useful piece of information, so that can start puzzling and maybe also change the world to the better. How to form a piece to a puzzle-piece Every piece should have some key-information: Improve the long-term quality of life Improve short-term quality of life of the society Individual Question Sphere overcome obstacles/ solve problems Improvement Meaning&Purpose Achievements The Jigsaw-Puzzle-Project Question Sphere Question Sphere Improve the short-term quality of life Question Sphere

Jigsaw Puzzle

Transcript: Cape Sorell saw a island on the southern coast. He sailed around the really cool southern part of the island which he claimed for the Netherlands. He named the island Van Diemen' s land in lots in honour of the dutch governor. Then the motivation or the British settle on the island. In fear of the French colonising part of the island between 1803 and 1804. Brittan and France were forced together at war due to the increasing amount of fear. Timeline Jigsaw Puzzle Push And Pull Factors Kangaroos have a very strong tail and also have small front legs. They are the biggest marsupial and are over 6 foot tall. Koalas eat gum leaves. They live in a eucayptus forest. They are marsupial. Echidnas eat termites and ants. Echidnas body length is 30 to 45 centimetres. They live in grassy habitats. Echidnas use their spikes to project themselves. The Tasmanian flag has a Union Jack surrounded by blue with a red line. A red lion on a badge is where they got the flag from. Tasmania gets to feature the southern cross. Macquarie Island is an island of Tasmania. The state consists of the British blue Ensign. Animals George Arthur is the Governor, he is a great man. He was British and organised the penal system. He instructed that people needed to practice being safe and well behaved. The settlers were given favour because they were building houses and creating a new country. People were adventurous because Tasmania was founded after NSW. Indigenous People were in Tasmania because they thought that Tasmania would be a good place to live and it would be safe. In Australia there are heaps of floral emblems. The golden wattle is Australia's floral emblem; it is a bright and beautiful yellow. The Tasmania floral emblem is the Tasmania blue gum.Emblems of Australia represents the coat of arms. The Tasmania devil represents Tasmania because it is their animal emblem. Interesting Person Van Die's Land The English settlers moved to Australia to 'settle' and to have more farm land. They also moved because the French were really interested in Australia. They also moved for safety reasons to. The land in Australia was a really good price. They had lots of merchandise, more publicity and heaps more agents for the land. They moved because the taxes were rising so much in Britten. Thank you for looking at my prezi I hoped you liked it :) Symbols George Arthur Tasmania Flag This is the Tasmania's flag Symbols By Grace Bull

Jigsaw Puzzle

Transcript: ALL edge pieces should be set aside into a separate pile and it is a good idea to begin sorting interior pieces into smaller piles based on what section of the puzzle they appear to be from. For example, if you're doing a puzzle with some mountains that have a house in the foreground, a sample group of piles might look something like this: In the interest of family harmony, however, it's very important to be sure that you spread the jigsaw puzzle out on a table or other flat surface big enough that nobody is bumping heads trying to put it together, and nobody is blocking anybody else's light! If you don't have a table big enough, consider investing in a puzzle mat. This sounds tedious, and it is, but believe me, it will make putting the puzzle together much easier! In fact, as the puzzle progresses into the harder sections, many experienced puzzle users start dividing pieces into small piles with similar colors, patterns, AND shapes. So, all blue sky pieces with 2 holes and 2 knobs go together in one pile, all blue sky pieces with 3 knobs and 1 hole go together in another, etc. That way, if you have a hard to find puzzle piece and you know it has at least 2 knobs, you can easily ignore every piece from the 4 hole and 3 hole piles without wasting your time sorting through them or testing them. Jigsaw Puzzle Once you've got the pieces separated out into a few piles, you can start assembling the puzzle. Getting Started For most people, color is the easiest way to find matching pieces, but also pay careful attention to lines and other patterns on the puzzle piece. Sometimes the color is right, but its on the wrong side of the piece to work, or there's the edge of a wall or window or bush or something that shouldn't be in the piece you're looking for. Another important thing to pay attention to is the shape of the piece. Jigsaw puzzle pieces come in six basic shapes, ranging from zero "knobs" and four "holes" to four knobs and zero holes, and all permutations in between. The more experienced you are, the more easily you'll be able to tell at a glance if an individual piece has the slightest chance of fitting where you want it to go. 1. every single edge piece you can find (don't worry if you miss a few - they'll turn up later) 2. pieces with house on them 3. pieces with other bits of foreground on them (grass? trees? garden?) 4. pieces with mountain on them 5. pieces with sky on them (sometimes separated further into blue and cloudy) The first thing you should do when you open up the puzzle and spread it out on the table or other flat surface is to turn every single piece over so the picture side is facing upward. While you're turning pieces over, start sorting them. One Last Tip Next, start working through your other piles. (If you're doing the puzzle with family or friends, it's a good idea to assign one pile per 1-2 people.) We usually start with the easy stuff to avoid getting frustrated early on and giving up. In the example mountain scene above, the easy stuff is likely to be the house and foreground. Like I said, jigsaw puzzles make great family activities. It's best to start with the border, because that defines the space you'll be working in. Again, don't fret if you're missing a couple pieces. They'll turn up soon enough. Putting Together the Puzzle

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