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monetary policy powerpoint

Transcript: - Christchurch rebuild Housing Market -Increase consumption spending Business Confidence Current Inflation - Increasing the OCR could inhibit this growth Overall Inflationary Current Economic Conditions -Financial prospects and outlook risen - Inflation Rate 0.7% - Slight reduction in exports and therefore a small fall in aggregate demand -China, Christchurch and Auckland encouraging ventures Feilding High School - Inflationary features; upcoming sale of Meridian Energy and the reduction of ACC levies in income taxation. Inflation Threats Drought - Global Financial Crisis is still having a dampening effect on the economy Hence, the OCR should remain at 2.5% -Future investment & employment expanding - Reduced capital stock numbers, low birth percentages and higher costs of production for farmers results in lower production Overall Inflationary Reserve Bank Monetary Policy Challenge 2013 - Increase in GDP is largely due to Christchurch rebuild. - Housing market - New policy LVR to help - Increased consumption spending - Government to increase the housing supply in Auckland in an attempt to reduce rising prices - Nationwide values increased 7.1% in past year -Leading to increased investment - Low interest rates + insufficient supply An increase in demand for the NZ dollar leads to further appreciation of the currency hurting exporters - Negative impact on the New Zealand economy - Elevated exchange rate will continue to dampen tradeable inflation - More businesses have registered than left market since 2010 Business Confidence - An all-time high demand for milk powder has led to a strengthing in the $NZ Overall Deflationary - National Unemployment rate was 6.2% for the March 2013 quarter - Residential building has inceased by 72% Overall Deflationary Overall Inflationary - Easing credit conditions -Good time to purchase assets Budget Consumer Confidence Decision Increasing the OCR would encourage the carry trade with overseas investors seeing NZ as an appealing place to invest their funds - Construction costs increasing 1.5% per month (ANZ) Conclusion Overall Inflationary Keep the Official Cash Rate at 2.5% - Export receipts are increasing Exports & Imports Overall Inflationary Overall Slightly Inflationary - The high $NZ has impacted on import competing businesses - New home buyers affected NZ needs to promote a sustainable growth rate -ANZ report elevated level Unemployment & Christchurch Rebuild - Aim to reach a $75 million surplus by 2014 -Slow to medium growth expected (Goldilocks economy) - $4 billion deficit has led to expansionary fiscal policy - Rebuild has increased employment - ANZ Roy Morgan June = 123.9 points (above average-116.5)

Global Health Policy PowerPoint

Transcript: The Health Care Policy of Ireland The Irish Health System Geopolitical Environment Geopolitical Environment The 2019 population estimate for Ireland is 4.88 million people (this includes both Northern Ireland and the Republic of Ireland) About 2/3 of the population live in urban areas of the country, with Dublin being the largest city in the Republic of Ireland Ireland is the 3rd largest island in Europe The Republic of Ireland covers 5/6 of the island and Northern Ireland, part of the UK, covers the remaining land A largely European demographic- Ireland has been inhabited for 9,000 years… within the recent 1,200 years Ireland is made up of Viking, Welsh, Normans, Scottish, English, African, Eastern Europeans and South American descent Gaelic and Celtic influences dominate the Irish culture About 80% of the Republic of Ireland is Roman Catholic. There is a small and growing Muslim population and Jewish population. Protestant religion is dominant in Northern Ireland The Republic of Ireland is a parliamentary democracy with a President that is elected by the people every 7 years; with the Irish Parliament separated into two houses the Dail and the Seanad Eireann, acting as checks and balances of power Irish economy is booming with rising wages and almost zero unemployment rate, major industry include technology, life sciences and finance Ireland has one of the youngest populations in Europe who are highly educated; Ireland’s education system is ranked in the top 10 on a global scale Healthcare in Ireland is... A complex healthcare system operating as a Universal Healthcare System with Private health insurance available The Public Health System is free and is funded by taxes The population is covered 100% by state coverage 37% is covered for free with a Medical Card 9% of the population can file for a GP Card which allows free Doctor visits About 40% of residents opt for private health insurance due to long wait times and fees Health Statistics Similarities Similar to U.S.? U.S. and Ireland 1. Both countries have not achieved a completely universal health care system 2.Private health insurance companies are involved in both health care systems creating competition and diversifying the health care market 3.Both countries are facing reform measures to meet the needs of their populations 4. The Medical Card in Ireland is similar to Medicaid in the States Differences Differences to U.S.? The U.S and Ireland 1. The U.S. government is not as involved in the healthcare system, allowing insurance groups to act in a market based economy 2. The Irish government is very involved in its health care system and is at the forefront for its changes, it is continuing to strive for a universal health care system 3. Access to care regarding wait times for doctor visits is not as long in the States than in Ireland Leading cause of death Ischemic heart disease, Alzheimer’s, and Stroke Common health problems causing disability include lower back pain, headache disorders, depression, diabetes, COPD Under five mortality rate is 3.4 per 1,000 live births Life expectancy is 80 for males and 83.7 for females Health Statistics Health care and Financing Financial Aspect Primarily funded by the Irish Government through taxes Ireland has extended free general practice care to the youngest and oldest of the population A wholly universal healthcare system is limited by financial constraints of the government The Irish health care system might be more favorable for those who can access a Medical Card If an individual qualifies for a Medical Card almost all the services are free (depends on salary, childcare, or rent/mortgage) If an individual does not qualify for a medical card then he has to pay for GP visit, hospitalization, and medications at a subsidized rate Just above the threshold for a Medical Card is the GP Visit card which is the same application- and gives an individual access to free doctors visits Financial Aspect continued In the year 2000 data shows that there were 12,933 health care employees Peak at year 2007 with 28,470 health care employees More recently in 2017 with 24,714 health care employees In 2017 research shows curative/rehabilitation care is the major area where health care expenditure is direction (11.81 billion Euro) Workforce Supply and Demand Nursing is self regulated in Ireland by the An Bord Altranais The board was established in 1950 under the Nurses Act and was updated later on to the 1985 revision to this day There was over 82,000 nurses registered in 2006 as opposed to 65,000 in 2019 Ireland is experiencing a nursing shortage Yet Irish hospitals are spending thousands overseas in recruitment acts while many qualified nurses from the US are being rejected Education Secondary or High School is required to apply to a nursing program Nursing programs include 4 year specialty programs like Children’s and General, General Nursing, Intellectual Disability Nursing, Midwifery, and Psychiatric Nursing Further


Transcript: STRENGTHS Current Best Practices Resources will become a challenge as the nursing shortage persists and resources become increasingly limited. Resources such as Health Stream has built an on-line university tailored to healthcare and has developed technology to manage, deliver and measure the use of educational content over networks. But, many nurses refuse to spend time on such resources because they are "too busy". Nurses are constantly bombarded with the "new" medical discoveries, new treatments, new technology, new rules, new equipment, new policies and procedures, new expectations, new forms, and a lot more. WEAKNESSES Great opportunities for the nursing staff is to get to know their fellow colleagues and physicians. An example would be that the hospital I work at like to set up days where physicians come and educate the staff about procedures and what to do and look for. It is a great way to get to know your physicians and get educated as well about current best practices that they prefer. THREATS Policy makers - make health care decisions based on the best evidence available. Also the decisions they make are based on what the public needs at the time and not necessarily what 'your' community needs. This would be an obstacle to overcome because nurses would have to convince policy makers that their policy needs to be implemented. OPPORTUNITIES Current best practices can be sought out from nurse leaders. Nurse leaders are clinical teachers, role models and attribute to professionalism, honesty, willingness to share knowledge and approachability. Nurses understand that the pursuit of patient quality care is dependent on their ability to engage and use nursing resources effectively. Current best practices leads to better patient care and patient satisfaction. Also, less re-admissions.

Public Policy Design Template 1

Transcript: Offering additional services to children who get screened if they share the results with schools. This rewards compliance. Even without the word "toxic," any mention of the word "stress" placed parents on edge; parents said the word made them feel judged or accused of wrongdoing. Framing it as targeted "counseling" was more productive, especially if it was framed through identifying "universal threats" such as bullying, classroom performance, etc. We think it would be interesting to dive deeper on evaluating 'neutral' tests [like personality tests] versus 'radical transparency' ["Because you physically abuse your child, he is X% more likely to develop X"] Offering additional services is an attractive incentive, but it may not benefit those who need it most. A school-wide stress program (like the anti-bullying program currently being implemented in Palo Alto schools) may be more effective. Tiffany Yang Alistair Thornton Karl Kumodzi Alexandra Welch Substituting the language of a "toxic stress test" by: Framing it as a "stress health measurement," "tranquility test", or Referring to it as a "counseling session" that best positions each student for success At the molecular level? Vitamin C, for example. At the psychological level? Introducing CBT, for example. How might we improve the response to a screening requirement? Focus 1: Framing; Focus 2: Incentives Design Thinking: How Might We Expand and Improve Toxic Stress Screening Initial Brainstorming and Prototyping Takeaways: Framing of "toxic stress screening" Privacy concerns The tensions between conveying urgency/responsibility and not scaring people so much that they are discouraged from participating Divergence between parent's interests and child's interests Testing reactions to non-doctor administrators v. medical professionals If can't change household factors, minimize impact? Prototyping: Round 1 How might we make toxic stress screening a requirement for school enrollment? How might we change patient interpretation of toxic stress screening from a yes/no test to a spectrum? Takeaways

powerpoint template

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Policy powerpoint

Transcript: Elizabeth A. Ingraham Angelo State University use of Deadly Force Introduction One of the most prevalent social justice issues of recent years is the insurgence of police shootings on unarmed civilians. This has shown to be an alarming violation of human rights as American citizens, particularly minorities, are being harmed for unsubstantial reasons, with little to no repercussions. In light of these incidences the Use of Deadly Force law will be analyzed. Introduction The Policy The Policy Use of Deadly Force In Section 1047.7 of the public law under the Code of Federal Regulations the legal allowances and defintions of deadly force are dileniated The law The law What is Deadly Force? What is Deadly Force? Deadly Force Deadly Force According to the statute: "force which a reasonable person would consider likely to cause death or serious bodily harm" "Its use may be justified only under conditions of extreme necessity, when all lesser means have failed or cannot reasonably be employed" Officers are authorized under: Officers are authorized under: "Self Defense" "Serious Offences against other persons" "Nuclear Weapons" "special Nuclear Material" "Apprehension" (Use of Deadly Force, 2011). "When deadly force reasonably appears to be necessary to protect a protective force officer who reasonably believes himself or herself to be in imminent danger of death or serious bodily harm" Self-Defense Self-Defense (Use of Deadly Force, 2011). **This is a allows for a fairly subjective definition of what qualifies as self-defense Affected Persons Affected Persons an article from claims: An average of 358 police committed killings each year from 1991 to 2008 461 in 2013 These are legally referred to as "justifiable homicide" (Dwyer, 2010). Social Justice Social Justice It a social justice issue whether or not police should be allowed the authority to be "judge jury and executioner" (Amnesty International, 2015). Discrimination Discrimination The main reason this has been such a hot-button topic is the "dispraportionate" amount of unarmed African-American men that are being killed (Amnesty International, 2015). This leaves many different groups of men, women, and youths in unreasonable fear, violating their rights as equal citizens Perpetuates racism; furthers expectations of racism, corruption, disregard from police officers Regardless of what the law is supposed to imply, the intended or unintended consequences are that large amounts of minorities are losing their lives because of this Economic Justice Economic Justice This affects the economy by: creating lack of trust in police, lessens overall police functionality financial costs of representing officers when sued by families cost of restitution Incitement of protesting (both riots and peaceful) This affects the environment by: putting bystanders at risk with multiple shots being fired in urban areas creating fear in communities further discord between police and minority groups creates a perceived need for civilians to be armed in order to protect themselves Environmental Justice Environmental Justice Policy History Policy History TIMELINE TIMELINE Tennesse v. Garner created the statute for allowed force when other officers in people in threat of harm/death "fleeing felon" Rodney King beaten nearly to death by 4 officers w/ 'deadly weapons" (batons) -acquittal of police caused LA riots (1992)- 63 killed, 2,000 injured... led to 2 officers sentenced to 30 mo. Graham v. Connor established 'objective reasonableness' -use of 'force continuum' FL v. George Zimmerman George Zimmerman is acquitted in the shooting of Trayvon Martin -calls for national debate -upheld 'stand your ground', a law in 28 states, practice in 8 more 2017 Common-law rule: use of force only in self-defence *Common-law rule - law determined by judge mandates or court rulings (Flanders & Welling, 2016) 1985 1989 1991 2013 George Zimmerman was not an official officer, though he worked for a law enforcement authorized group Implies that these laws can be upheld under "self-defence" for untrained persons Many interest groups formed, but no resolution is yet to be put into action There are, of course, many other incidences, but it would be hard to list them all, some include: Eula Love, 1979 Amadou Diallo, 1999 Kelly Thomas, 2011 Michael Brown, 2014 Eric Garner, 2014 James Boyd, 2014 Notes: Notes: (La Ganga & Susman, 2014). Current Government Response Current Government Response Local government polices vary greatly, each county/city has own police force and individualized policies largely affected by the prevalence of violence in the community Local courts decide interpretation of the law unless it is appealed and sent to higher courts self-defense, defense of a third party, and protection of property are continued allowances for most southern state counties largely expected for people to carry weapons, and large support of deadly weapons Local Government Local Government State Government In

Seminar Powerpoint template

Transcript: What should we do? Body development Summary Reactions of people involved Recommendations Employees Employers Introducing the idea of principlism Improve quality of life Improving Preventative Healthcare Improve physical well-being Improving Healthy living in the Workplace What if we take a more direct approach? employing activities volunteers and/or occupational therapists Improving the education system Reactions of the people involved Benefits of healthy diet Overall recommendation Recommendations Effects of taking a direct approach Green prescription initiative Thank you! Balanced diet and physical activity Improve social situation provide cultural competency training cultural festivities Physical well-being Quality of life vs prolonging life Ethnic equality ----> social equality Social support Immune system Government School Parents Education system 1) Balanced diet and physical activity 2) Effect of education system 3) Key role of parents Ethical Implications Healthy living in Schools Active lifestyles at the workplace Support for the elderly skeletal condition Recommendations Improve ethnic equality Improving social well-being in elderly health care Recommendation Improving healthy eating and active living in schools Summary Recommendations Preventative Healthcare in New Zealand Physical well-being already gets significant attention Education parents Green initiative Cultural diversity, Quality of life Educating staff on social well-being Hiring palliative care physicians Hiring psychologist and social workers A programme based on the green prescription initiative Government actions Direct approach - Principlism Reactions of people involved Medical staff Elderly patients and relatives Government Recommendations more directive approach in: educating school children on healthy eating/active living improving active lifestyle in the workplace improving social well-being in the elderly healthcare by using principlism and taking into account people's autonomy Influence of school

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