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monetary policy powerpoint

Transcript: - Christchurch rebuild Housing Market -Increase consumption spending Business Confidence Current Inflation - Increasing the OCR could inhibit this growth Overall Inflationary Current Economic Conditions -Financial prospects and outlook risen - Inflation Rate 0.7% - Slight reduction in exports and therefore a small fall in aggregate demand -China, Christchurch and Auckland encouraging ventures Feilding High School - Inflationary features; upcoming sale of Meridian Energy and the reduction of ACC levies in income taxation. Inflation Threats Drought - Global Financial Crisis is still having a dampening effect on the economy Hence, the OCR should remain at 2.5% -Future investment & employment expanding - Reduced capital stock numbers, low birth percentages and higher costs of production for farmers results in lower production Overall Inflationary Reserve Bank Monetary Policy Challenge 2013 - Increase in GDP is largely due to Christchurch rebuild. - Housing market - New policy LVR to help - Increased consumption spending - Government to increase the housing supply in Auckland in an attempt to reduce rising prices - Nationwide values increased 7.1% in past year -Leading to increased investment - Low interest rates + insufficient supply An increase in demand for the NZ dollar leads to further appreciation of the currency hurting exporters - Negative impact on the New Zealand economy - Elevated exchange rate will continue to dampen tradeable inflation - More businesses have registered than left market since 2010 Business Confidence - An all-time high demand for milk powder has led to a strengthing in the $NZ Overall Deflationary - National Unemployment rate was 6.2% for the March 2013 quarter - Residential building has inceased by 72% Overall Deflationary Overall Inflationary - Easing credit conditions -Good time to purchase assets Budget Consumer Confidence Decision Increasing the OCR would encourage the carry trade with overseas investors seeing NZ as an appealing place to invest their funds - Construction costs increasing 1.5% per month (ANZ) Conclusion Overall Inflationary Keep the Official Cash Rate at 2.5% - Export receipts are increasing Exports & Imports Overall Inflationary Overall Slightly Inflationary - The high $NZ has impacted on import competing businesses - New home buyers affected NZ needs to promote a sustainable growth rate -ANZ report elevated level Unemployment & Christchurch Rebuild - Aim to reach a $75 million surplus by 2014 -Slow to medium growth expected (Goldilocks economy) - $4 billion deficit has led to expansionary fiscal policy - Rebuild has increased employment - ANZ Roy Morgan June = 123.9 points (above average-116.5)

Global Health Policy PowerPoint

Transcript: The Health Care Policy of Ireland The Irish Health System Geopolitical Environment Geopolitical Environment The 2019 population estimate for Ireland is 4.88 million people (this includes both Northern Ireland and the Republic of Ireland) About 2/3 of the population live in urban areas of the country, with Dublin being the largest city in the Republic of Ireland Ireland is the 3rd largest island in Europe The Republic of Ireland covers 5/6 of the island and Northern Ireland, part of the UK, covers the remaining land A largely European demographic- Ireland has been inhabited for 9,000 years… within the recent 1,200 years Ireland is made up of Viking, Welsh, Normans, Scottish, English, African, Eastern Europeans and South American descent Gaelic and Celtic influences dominate the Irish culture About 80% of the Republic of Ireland is Roman Catholic. There is a small and growing Muslim population and Jewish population. Protestant religion is dominant in Northern Ireland The Republic of Ireland is a parliamentary democracy with a President that is elected by the people every 7 years; with the Irish Parliament separated into two houses the Dail and the Seanad Eireann, acting as checks and balances of power Irish economy is booming with rising wages and almost zero unemployment rate, major industry include technology, life sciences and finance Ireland has one of the youngest populations in Europe who are highly educated; Ireland’s education system is ranked in the top 10 on a global scale Healthcare in Ireland is... A complex healthcare system operating as a Universal Healthcare System with Private health insurance available The Public Health System is free and is funded by taxes The population is covered 100% by state coverage 37% is covered for free with a Medical Card 9% of the population can file for a GP Card which allows free Doctor visits About 40% of residents opt for private health insurance due to long wait times and fees Health Statistics Similarities Similar to U.S.? U.S. and Ireland 1. Both countries have not achieved a completely universal health care system 2.Private health insurance companies are involved in both health care systems creating competition and diversifying the health care market 3.Both countries are facing reform measures to meet the needs of their populations 4. The Medical Card in Ireland is similar to Medicaid in the States Differences Differences to U.S.? The U.S and Ireland 1. The U.S. government is not as involved in the healthcare system, allowing insurance groups to act in a market based economy 2. The Irish government is very involved in its health care system and is at the forefront for its changes, it is continuing to strive for a universal health care system 3. Access to care regarding wait times for doctor visits is not as long in the States than in Ireland Leading cause of death Ischemic heart disease, Alzheimer’s, and Stroke Common health problems causing disability include lower back pain, headache disorders, depression, diabetes, COPD Under five mortality rate is 3.4 per 1,000 live births Life expectancy is 80 for males and 83.7 for females Health Statistics Health care and Financing Financial Aspect Primarily funded by the Irish Government through taxes Ireland has extended free general practice care to the youngest and oldest of the population A wholly universal healthcare system is limited by financial constraints of the government The Irish health care system might be more favorable for those who can access a Medical Card If an individual qualifies for a Medical Card almost all the services are free (depends on salary, childcare, or rent/mortgage) If an individual does not qualify for a medical card then he has to pay for GP visit, hospitalization, and medications at a subsidized rate Just above the threshold for a Medical Card is the GP Visit card which is the same application- and gives an individual access to free doctors visits Financial Aspect continued In the year 2000 data shows that there were 12,933 health care employees Peak at year 2007 with 28,470 health care employees More recently in 2017 with 24,714 health care employees In 2017 research shows curative/rehabilitation care is the major area where health care expenditure is direction (11.81 billion Euro) Workforce Supply and Demand Nursing is self regulated in Ireland by the An Bord Altranais The board was established in 1950 under the Nurses Act and was updated later on to the 1985 revision to this day There was over 82,000 nurses registered in 2006 as opposed to 65,000 in 2019 Ireland is experiencing a nursing shortage Yet Irish hospitals are spending thousands overseas in recruitment acts while many qualified nurses from the US are being rejected Education Secondary or High School is required to apply to a nursing program Nursing programs include 4 year specialty programs like Children’s and General, General Nursing, Intellectual Disability Nursing, Midwifery, and Psychiatric Nursing Further


Transcript: STRENGTHS Current Best Practices Resources will become a challenge as the nursing shortage persists and resources become increasingly limited. Resources such as Health Stream has built an on-line university tailored to healthcare and has developed technology to manage, deliver and measure the use of educational content over networks. But, many nurses refuse to spend time on such resources because they are "too busy". Nurses are constantly bombarded with the "new" medical discoveries, new treatments, new technology, new rules, new equipment, new policies and procedures, new expectations, new forms, and a lot more. WEAKNESSES Great opportunities for the nursing staff is to get to know their fellow colleagues and physicians. An example would be that the hospital I work at like to set up days where physicians come and educate the staff about procedures and what to do and look for. It is a great way to get to know your physicians and get educated as well about current best practices that they prefer. THREATS Policy makers - make health care decisions based on the best evidence available. Also the decisions they make are based on what the public needs at the time and not necessarily what 'your' community needs. This would be an obstacle to overcome because nurses would have to convince policy makers that their policy needs to be implemented. OPPORTUNITIES Current best practices can be sought out from nurse leaders. Nurse leaders are clinical teachers, role models and attribute to professionalism, honesty, willingness to share knowledge and approachability. Nurses understand that the pursuit of patient quality care is dependent on their ability to engage and use nursing resources effectively. Current best practices leads to better patient care and patient satisfaction. Also, less re-admissions.

pollution effects and envionmental policy powerpoint

Transcript: Research and technology have changed how a lot of things are done, The design of new buildings it now more eco-friendly putting in clean energy sources like solar panels and using less products that cause harm. Environmental Research Research and technology have impacted these international treaties and protocols. In the Environmental Antarctic Treaty System 50 countries signed the treating saying that Antarctica will stay of peaceful purpose and will not become a scene or object of international discord. Over-harvesting provides more food even though it takes out nutrients from the soil. Policy Research and technology have shown us problems like pollution, over use of our natural resources, and how we destroy animals natural habitats. This is why we have The Clean Air Act, The Clean Water Act, The Soil and Water Conservation Act, and the Endangered Species Act. Economics Economics It is cheaper to farm in the U.S. because we don't have to import our food from other countries. by: Megan Ford Economics Economics EPA first began setting emission standards for motor vehicles in the late 1960's. Since that time, the standards have changed multiple times, becoming more and more strict as technology advanced and policymakers gained a greater understanding of the impact of vehicular emissions on the environment and human health Environmental Research The Kyoto Protocol is aimed at fighting global warming. Policy Municipal development is good because it provides places to work, live, eat, etc. It can also cause harmful chemicals to be released into the air. Environmental Research Pollution Effects and Environmental Policy Economics In the 1980s scientist observed that the stratosphere ozone layer was getting thinner. The Montreal Protocol is an international treaty designed to protect the ozone layer by phasing out bad substances believed to cause depletion Deforestation provides jobs for the people that cut down the trees there is also more lumber to build houses with even though it ruins habitats Mining provides jobs and gives us coal to burn for fuel but it releases harmful waste into the air. Policy Environmental Research According to the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, recycling and composting activities prevented about 64-million tons of material from ending up in landfills and incinerators in 1999. Today, this country recycles 32 percent of its waste; a rate that has almost doubled during the past 15 years A lot of people don't think global warming exists they say its just a pattern of the earths weather but other people have looked at the ozone under thermal scans and believe it is depleting. Policy Work Cited Environmental Research Ethical beliefs can impact scientific research like in food production. People don't want to see others starve so they they think of ways to help.

Public Policy Design Template 1

Transcript: Offering additional services to children who get screened if they share the results with schools. This rewards compliance. Even without the word "toxic," any mention of the word "stress" placed parents on edge; parents said the word made them feel judged or accused of wrongdoing. Framing it as targeted "counseling" was more productive, especially if it was framed through identifying "universal threats" such as bullying, classroom performance, etc. We think it would be interesting to dive deeper on evaluating 'neutral' tests [like personality tests] versus 'radical transparency' ["Because you physically abuse your child, he is X% more likely to develop X"] Offering additional services is an attractive incentive, but it may not benefit those who need it most. A school-wide stress program (like the anti-bullying program currently being implemented in Palo Alto schools) may be more effective. Tiffany Yang Alistair Thornton Karl Kumodzi Alexandra Welch Substituting the language of a "toxic stress test" by: Framing it as a "stress health measurement," "tranquility test", or Referring to it as a "counseling session" that best positions each student for success At the molecular level? Vitamin C, for example. At the psychological level? Introducing CBT, for example. How might we improve the response to a screening requirement? Focus 1: Framing; Focus 2: Incentives Design Thinking: How Might We Expand and Improve Toxic Stress Screening Initial Brainstorming and Prototyping Takeaways: Framing of "toxic stress screening" Privacy concerns The tensions between conveying urgency/responsibility and not scaring people so much that they are discouraged from participating Divergence between parent's interests and child's interests Testing reactions to non-doctor administrators v. medical professionals If can't change household factors, minimize impact? Prototyping: Round 1 How might we make toxic stress screening a requirement for school enrollment? How might we change patient interpretation of toxic stress screening from a yes/no test to a spectrum? Takeaways

powerpoint template

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