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plastic presentation

Transcript: The history of plastic Credits Time line who? Who? the first ever plastic used was created by leo hendrick it was made of phenol and formaldehyde Leo hendrick was an awarded chemist and reconised for his research in plastic He also was known for creating photographic paper what? What? The first ever man made plastic was made by alexander parks It was created from synthesizing cellulose It was a thermosetting plastic (Once heated it stayed that way) Oil when? When? The first ever man made plastic was made in 1862 The cheaper more flexible version we have was made in 1907 During this period of time it was a substitute for ivory Where? where? It was first made in newyork. It is now manufactured in many factories across the world There are 16 plastic factories in the bay area why? Why? Plastic was invented because people needed packeging and needed something to store food inside of. Since people realized how moldable the plastic was it then was used to make consumer goods. It benefited the cost of items it made things cheaper since they didn't have to use expensive materials. Fun facts Not really fun facts? an estimated 13 billion water bottles are recycled each year Most helmets in WWII where made of plastic 100,000,000 marine creatures and over 1 million sea birds die a year due to plastic entanglement the average american throws away 185 pounds of plastic a year 26 million pounds of plastic end up in the ocean each year How i would improve this invention what i would do to improve this invention? I would improve this invention by making a plastic that is biodegradable and can decompose naturally. pros and cons Pros cons Its cheap and easy to make easy to mold/shape Its convienent Takes a long time to dispose people can get contaminated from toxic chemicals in plastic kills many animals every year Time line first man made plastic 1862 bakelite was made in 1907 Water bottles were made in 1950 plastic bags were introduced in 1979 Bangladesh banned plastic bags from stores in 2002 Credits https://www.reusethisbag.com/articles/learning-how-plastic-bags-decompose/ https://wonderopolis.org/wonder/who-invented-plastic https://www.alive.com/lifestyle/plastic-pros-and-cons/ https://www.acs.org/content/acs/en/education/whatischemistry/landmarks/bakelite.html

Plastic Presentation

Transcript: October 26, 2018 By: Hunter Liu, Evan Smith, and Santi Hernandez Roger Quist Middle School Should We Sell Plastic Bottles At Lunch What's the problem? Plastic Water Bottles Plastic is destroying our environment Our Oceans Oceans Landfills Landfills Plastic that sits in land fills leak toxins and pollute our water Incinerated Incineration When plastic is burned it releases toxic gases. Why should we fix it? Plastic is affecting every aspect of our world Why should we care How do plastic bottles affect us? How Sea Ocean life will eat plastic thinking that its food and will die slowly of starvation. Plastic also attracts industrial toxins and when they are eaten by fish it can travel up the food chain to us and cause lots of problems. Our Oceans Land Landfills The Plastic in land fills takes around 1,000 years to fully degrade and during that time they leak toxins like BPA (bisphenol A) into our water and soil which disrupts development and can cause heart problems Air Air Materials like benzene and vinyl hydrochloride are produced when plastic is made and cause cancer. They can affect both land and air. Phthalates are also used in plastics to make them more flexible and they can cause many developmental problems. they also evaporate into the air easily because they don't chemically bond to materials. Information Research Question 1 Does plastic ever fully degrade? Research Question 2 How much does it cost to make a plastic water bottle? Research Question 4 & 5 How many bottles are recycled/How many plastic bottles are produced every year in the U.S. every year. Information Yes, it actually does. It is believed to take up to 450+ years for it to fully degrade. And plastic bags are believed to take from 10-10,000 years to degrade. Does plastic ever fully degrade? Does plastic ever fully degrade It costs about 1 to 4 cents per bottle. The country that pays the most money per bottle is China at 4 cents a bottle. How much does it cost to make a plastic water bottle? How much does it cost to make a plastic water bottle? It estimated that the U.S. produces 50 billion plastic bottles every year. And studies show that we only recycle 14% of plastic. So about 43 billion plastic bottles are not recycled every year. And if it costs about 2 cents to create a plastic bottle in the U.S. Which means that we spend 1 billion dollars on plastic bottles in every year. In the U.S. alone. Which means that if tap is 10,000 cheaper we could be spending only 100,00 dollars every year. How many bottles are recycled/How many plastic bottles are produced every year in the U.S. every year? How many bottles are recycled/How many plastic bottles are produced every year in the U.S. every year? Should Quist sell plastic bottles? What should Quist be doing? No, Quist should not sell plastic bottles. All of this evidence shows that we are slowly killing our planet with plastic. Picture the possibilities What could we be doing We can use plastic for many things for example building houses or having a bank that collects plastic for money. We could promote the use of multi-use water bottles. Houses They fill bottles with trash. And then they stack the bottles as support for the house when they put in the concrete. You can build houses. Social Plastic Bank Social plastic Social plastic is where there is a bank in developing countries and they use plastic as currency. So when people come up with plastic they can turn it in and buy things with the amount of plastic they have. Which we can use here to collect plastic and trash. And there are certain companies that take the plastic and create multiple use products. https://www.ted.com/talks/david_katz_the_surprising_solution_to_ocean_plastic#t-697919 Multiple use bottles Multiple use water bottles. We can get quality water bottles for students that can be used hundreds of times. No, we should not sell plastic bottles at Quist. There is lots of evidence that shows that it takes a long time to degrade. It can hurt animals and even you. And we are spending more money on it than we should be. Conclusion Conclusion https://www.ted.com/talks/david_katz_the_surprising_solution_to_ocean_plastic https://www.weforum.org/agenda/2018/06/how-the-world-is-fighting-plastic-pollution/ https://www.healthline.com/nutrition/what-is-bpa#section2 https://www.thebalancesmb.com/how-long-does-it-take-garbage-to-decompose-2878033 https://www.quora.com/How-much-does-it-cost-to-manufacture-a-plastic-bottle https://superbee.me/dump-the-plastic-why-plastic-is-bad-for-your-health/ https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Se12y9hSOM0&t=139s https://www.ted.com/talks/emma_bryce_what_really_happens_to_the_plastic_you_throw_away?language=en#t-195076 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Se12y9hSOM0&t=139s https://www.ted.com/talks/emma_bryce_what_really_happens_to_the_plastic_you_throw_away?language=en#t-195076 http://www.theworldcounts.com/stories/Pollution-from-Plastic Citations Citations

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