Transcript: Plastic pollution Interesting Facts 500 billion plastic bags are being used each year A plastic milk jug will take 1 million years to decompose Plastic recycling Animals get strangled in plastic bags Petrol is the main ingredient in plastic bags People are not aware of plastic pollution 14% of plastic bags are returned for recycling The Pacific Garbage Patch Burning plastic produces carbon Problem
Transcript: Solving Our Plastic Problem Is created when styrofoam, meat trays, egg containers, and other deli containers are burned. In gas form it can be easily absorbed through the skin and lungs. long term exposure can damage the central nervous system causing symptoms such as depression, headache, fatigue, and weakness, and can cause minor effects on kidney function and blood. BPA Styrene Dioxins Type 1 plastic: Soft drink, water and beer bottles; mouthwash bottles; peanut butter containers; salad dressing bottles Recycled into: Polar fleece, fiber, tote bags, furniture, carpet, paneling Type 2 plastic: Milk jugs, juice bottles; bleach, detergent and household cleaner bottles; shampoo bottles; some trash and shopping bags; motor oil bottles; butter and yogurt tubs; cereal box liners Recycled into: Laundry detergent bottles, oil bottles, pens, recycling containers, floor tile, drainage pipe, lumber, benches, fencing Piping & plumbing fixtures Sinks, shower screen, bath tubs Counter-tops Flooring (vinyl) Paint, adhesives, sealants Lighting covers Insulation material Car bumpers Headlamp and tail lights covers, and reflectorsDashboard, buttons, instrument panelsInterior trimCar seatsSpeakers and audio devicesTruck bed linersPetrol tank and other lubricant tanksEngine parts MBA polymers has created a way to recycle every type of plastic. The Great Pacific Garbage Patch photo credit Nasa / Goddard Space Flight Center / Reto Stöckli Polychlorinated Biphenyls Plastic Pollution TED.com - http://www.ted.com/talks/lang/en/mike_biddle.html How plastics are made - http://www.reachoutmichigan.org/funexperiments/quick/plastic.html Dangerous Effect of Burning Plastic - http://www.wecf.eu/cms/download/2004-2005/homeburning_plastics.pdf What are plastics used for? - http://www.whatisplastic.com/?p=114 Exporting trash - http://www.cbsnews.com/8301-18560_162-4579229.html Health effects of PCBs - http://www.epa.gov/osw/hazard/tsd/pcbs/pubs/effects.htm Health effects of Bisphenol A - http://environment.about.com/od/healthenvironment/f/bisphenol-a-health-effects.htm Health effects of Dioxin - http://cfpub.epa.gov/ncea/CFM/nceaQFind.cfm?keyword=Dioxin Kitchen Utensils – ladles, spatula, spoons, knives, forks, chop sticksCups, plates, bowlsFood storage containersTrash cans, pails, buckets, tanksFurniture – plastic chairs, tables, cabinets Ways to Recycle Plastic The Waste They use a process called above-ground mining to collect the plastic. Then the plastic is sorted into different grades. The plastic is ground down, melted, formed into strings, and then cut into small pellets. This chemical leaches from plastic when exposed to high temperatures, such as a microwave or a dish washer. It has been linked to an increase in heart disease, diabetes and liver abnormalities in adults. Brain and hormone development problems in fetuses and young children. Other tests have shown that it can promote human breast cancer cell growth. Food Wrappers Tupperware Shampoo Laundry Detergent Cleaning Supplies Water bottles Soda and Juice bottles Shopping bags Cosmetic boxes The plastic disintegrates into smaller pieces but never fully breaks down. The smallest particles are ingested by oceanic wildlife, causing plastic to enter the food chain Resources Is released when plastic starts to decompose. Causes cancer, damage to the immune system, reproductive system, nervous system, and endocrine system. Computer monitor casing, keyboard & mouse, printer casing & ink cartridges Cables and wire coatings, connectors, plugs, socketsCasing and components for TV, DVD players, MP3 players, stereos setsCassette, tapes, CDs, DVDsWashing machines, refrigerators, air-conditioners, dishwashers Circuit boards The Pollutants Plastics are used in many different applications: Packaging Textile Medical Electronics Recreation Construction Home and Kitchen Automotive TBBA, PBB, PBDC Jackets Umbrellas Carpets Fabric for furniture and draperies Nylon stockings Luggage http://www.ted.com/talks/mike_biddle.html Caused by north and south currents combining carrying trash from land and waste from ships The organic materials biodegrade leaving plastic Blood bags Dental fillings, bridges, temporary crownsEyeglass frames and lensesToothbrush, toothpaste tubes, combs Disposable surgical gowns, gloves, masksHip joint replacement partsX-ray tables Artificial legs, feet and armsArtificial organs Syringes PCB All Krogers accepts blastic bags. Make sure to recycle electronics, they have plastic surrounding the metal parts The Murfreesboro recycling center only accepts type 1 and 2 plastics. Are a group of toxic chemical compounds that are released into the air when burned. The chemicals are deposited on land or in water and build up over time. They accumulate in our body fat and can be passed down through breast feeding. In nature, effects associated with these pollutants includes cancer, deformed offspring, reproductive failure, immune diseases and subtle neurobehavioral effects. Humans can be
Transcript: When you throw plastic in the trash, you are hurting marine life. You may not know it but, the average american throws 3.5 pounds of trash away a day. Vortex, the floating island of trash. Part of our class is crocheting plastic bags. You can recycle plastic bags and crocheting them into sandles, mug holders, dresses, and even hair! DID YOU KNOW? If you think that throwing one little plastic bag away is okay, but if the whole world thought that? Then we would have a problem. We don't want our animals to go extinct. :( By Sydni and Sophia Did you know that there is a island of trash called Vortex. floating around all over the world? It is twice the size of Texas! The island has plastic bottles, plastic bags, and all other types of junk. Plastic Pollution!!!
Transcript: Beat Plastic Pollution-Need of the Earth. What is Plastic and Pollution? Introduction Plastic is a non-biodegradable and it cannot be broken down by natural organism therefore it act as a source of pollution. Pollution is the introduction of harmful materials into the environment. These harmful materials are called pollutants. Effects of plastic pollution Effects of Plastic Pollution It seems rather obvious that this amount of material that isn't meant to break down can wreak havoc on natural environments, leading to long-term issues for plants, animals and people. Long term effects Long term effects of plastic pollution land Pollution: When plastic is dumped in landfills, it interact with water and form hazardous chemicals. When these chemicals seep underground they degrade the water quality. Air Pollution: Burning of plastic in the open air leads to environmental pollution due to release of poisonous chemicals It kills animals: Plastic pollution is the most widespread problem affecting the marine environment. It is expensive: It cost millions of dollars each year to clean affected area after exposure not to mention the loss of plants and animals. As land become more valuable, just finding a place to put garbage is becoming a problem in Kiribati due to lack of space. Pictures Pictures Solutions to plastic waste/pollution Shop Friendly Recommendations Get involved Do not throw your rubbish (Plastic) anywhere Recycle everything Awareness in communities and in Schools
Transcript: by: Anthony Rubick, Jacob Krissoff, and Drew Smith Plastic Pollution What is plastic pollution? What is plastic pollution? Plastic pollution is defined as: when toxins carried by broken up microplastics leachate into the environment and the flesh of animals who live in the environment, those animals predators, the predatos predators, ect. which effects all animals in the polluted environment when plastic enters an environment, animals mistake it for food and eat it, the plastic fills up their stomachs making them feel full and they starve to death when plastics enter an evironment. when plastics enter an evironment. How do plastics get into the ocean? How do plastics get into the ocean? A watershed is an area where water flows to and from many different rivers, lakes, streams, creaks, ponds, and other bodies of water. our local watershed is the marsh creek Watershed, some of the waterways that exist in Marsh Creek are sand Creek, Biones Creek, deer Creek, Dry Creek, and Marsh creek. Watersheds Watersheds The reason that plastics are so harmful is because animals miskake plastics for food that they can eat, the plastic makes them feel full whn they have no food in them, causing them to starve to death. Another thing that makes plastic so dangerous is that over times plastic breaks up into microplastics which absorb water soluable toxins and then leachate those toxins into the environment, the food chain, and eventually... us. why are plastics harmfull? why are plastics harmfull? Plastics are able to get from the sidewalk (or anywhere else) to the ocean thanks to their resilience, and durablitity. What allows it to get to the ocean? What allows it to get to the ocean? a gyre is a rotating current system, there are 5 gyres in the oceans of planet earth, and 8 garbage clumps of pastic soup. Ocean Gyres Ocean Gyres there are 3 types of ocean gyres types of gyres. types of gyres. subpolar gyres form in the polar regions in areas of low atmospheric pressure by upwelling Subpolar Gyres Subpolar Gyres tropical gyres form near the equater primarily by wind, these gyres tend to flow in a east west pattern instead of a circular pattern. Tropical Gyres Tropical Gyres subtropical gyres are the most common type of gyre, they form between the polar and equatorial regions of the earth in areas of high atmosperic pressure. subtropical gyres subtropical gyres gyres are primarily form by the rotaion of the earth, global wind patterns, and earths land masses how they are formed how they are formed the coriolis effect shifts surface currents by angles of about 45 degrees, in the northern hemisphere the currents shift counterclockwise and in the southern hemisphere the currents shift clockwise. each layer deeper in the water colum is affected slightly less by the corialis effect, which results in a spiral pattern the can descend up to 330 feet deep and is called an Ekman spiral. Coriolis effect Coriolis effect garbage patches form when plastics flow into the calm water in the middle of gyres. garbage patches garbage patches plastics are a group of materials that are used for many things in our society, they are durable, resilient, and never biodegrade. What are plastics What are plastics the 7 recycling codes the 7 recycling codes Pros: inexpensive durable versitile incredibly strong insulating can make clothing can make many different products pros and cons of plastic pros and cons of plastic Cons: doesn't biodegrade breaks up into even more dangerous microplastics rarely recycled kills animals which mistakingly eat it animals often eat it mistaking it for food blue whales are majestic creatures that can be found in almost every ocean on the planet. They eat krill by filter feeding, a feeding method that often causes them to ingest plastic. Blue whales and how they are affected Blue whales and how they are affected the reason that we need to do something is the extinction of the blue whale, which is a keystone specieces, would cause the collapse of the ocean ecosystem as a whole. Why should we care? Why should we care? How can we help clean up our city? Take action Take action people need to use the trash and recycle bins that have been placed around the city in the proper manner. What we can do as a community What we can do as a community We have been getting more recycling bins, trash bins, and water bottle refill stations placed around the city of brentwood. What we have done What we have done the fear of long words is called: Hippopotomonstrosesquippedaliophobia unrelated fun fact unrelated fun fact
Transcript: Microplastic Pollution in Hong Kong The Effect of Plastic Pollution What Happens to Plastic? China follows the linear economy model Plastic waste is discarded into oceans Microplastics (MP) are less than 5 mm long MP abundance for Hong Kong is 5595 items/m2 Gerdes, Z, Ogonowski, M., Nybom, I. Ek, C., Adolfsson-Erici, M., Barth, A., & Gorokhova, E. (2019). Microplastic-mediated transport of PCBs? A depuration study with daphnia magna. Retrieved from https://www.researchgate.net/publication/331248103_Microplastic-mediated_transport_of_ Bharati, B. (2017). Utilization of Plastic waste in construction of Roads. Icsesd-2017. doi: 10.24001/icsesd2017.5 Not recycled properly 58 milion tonnes of plastic is produced in Hong Kong Discarded into the oceans at the Pearl River Estuary The Severity of Microplastics Plastic Pollution Fok, Lincoln, and P.k. Cheung. “Hong Kong at the Pearl River Estuary: A Hotspot of Microplastic Pollution.” Marine Pollution Bulletin, vol. 99, no. 1-2, 15 Oct. 2015, pp. 112–118., doi:10.1016/j.marpolbul.2015.07.050. Pollution Diagram at the Pearl River Estuary Pearl River Estuary Lebreton, L., van der Zwet, J., Damsteeg, J. et al. River plastic emissions to the world’s oceans. Nat Commun 8, 15611 (2017). https://doi.org/10.1038/ncomms15611 Plastic pollution is killing oceans Aquatic life and humans are being harmed It is spreading all across the world Adverse Effects of Microplastic Pollution Why Should You Care? Zhang, K., Shi, H., Peng, J., Wang, Y., Xiong, X., Wu, C., & Lam, P. K. S. (2018, March 20). Microplastic pollution in China's inland water systems: A review of findings, methods, characteristics, effects, and management. Retrieved from https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0048969718307009 Where Does The Plastic Go? Traveling Plastic Gordon, A. L., & Cenedese, C. (2018, May 30). Ocean current. Retrieved from https://www.britannica.com/science/ocean-current Roads made of disposed plastic Last up to 3 times longer Strength of road increased by 100% Maintenance costs almost nothing Plastic Roads Plastic Roads Shenk, S. (2020, January 12). Getting there: are plastic roads the future? The Free Lance-Star. Retrieved from https://www.fredericksburg.com/news/local/getting-there-are-plastic-roads-the-future/article_ecd566d5-7a67-5f2f-a1c4-686b567d5862.html Workers at risk Expensive to replace Inconvenience to residents Drawbacks of the Plastic Roads Disadvantages Strongylis, Georgios. “Plastic Will Replace Asphalt Pavements? Pros and Cons.” Lythea, lythea.com/plastic-will-replace-asphalt-pavements-pros-and-cons/. Prevents millions of plastic items from entering the ocean Replaces 30% of aggregates Disposable plastic put to good use Advantages Advantages Shenk, S. (2020, January 12). Getting there: are plastic roads the future? The Free Lance-Star. Retrieved from https://www.fredericksburg.com/news/local/getting-there-are-plastic-roads-the-future/article_ecd566d5-7a67-5f2f-a1c4-686b567d5862.html Can be installed in many places People get money if they dispose using the machine Plastic Collecting Vending Machines Reverse Vending Machines Reversible vending: features and world practice. (n.d.). Retrieved January 27, 2020, from https://www.thefreelibrary.com/Reversible vending: features and world practice.-a0415697899 It costs between $10,000 and $25,000 People do not get much money in return The Downside of Reverse Vending Machines Disadvantages Strongylis, G. (2014, November 13). Plastic will replace asphalt pavements? Pros and Cons . Lythea, 64–66. https://lythea.com/plastic-will-replace-asphalt-pavements-pros-and-cons/ Easy to use Will get used often in busy places Makes people more aware of the problem Pros of Reverse Vending Machines Advantages Strongylis, G. (2014, November 13). Plastic will replace asphalt pavements? Pros and Cons . Lythea, 64–66. https://lythea.com/plastic-will-replace-asphalt-pavements-pros-and-cons/ More cost effective Gets rid of more plastic at a quicker pace Can be implemented in more areas Why Plastic Roads Work Best Concluding Solution
Transcript: Plastic pollution Table of content Content - Introduction (group of islands) - Three interesting facts about plastics in the ocean - “how did this happen” - Plastic effects on humans - Shocking plastic statistic - Facts on plastic pollution in the ocean - Animals suffer - Marine litter - Geographical issue Philippine islands Philippines VS Philippines: General info - made up of 7107 islands - fifth largest island nation in the world - is of volcanic origin, still active volcanoes - state and archipelago (group of islands in Southeast Asia) - capital: Manila, located on Luzan in Manila Bay -> fourth largest city in the world Philippine records Records - third biggest polluter after China and Indonesia in Asia - Philippines contribute largest amount of global plastic waste to the world´s ocean - Might be, because population of Philippines live near waterways, rivers and in costal areas more facts Some more facts: Each year about 2.7 million tons of plastic waste generated in Philippines - Plastic Dump in Philippines as large as France, Germany and Spain - Many animals get harmed Animals in Philippines - One dead Whale, 40kg plastic in his stomach History History Map Map Chart Chart How did this happen? - we are saying that the modern age would not recognise life without plastics - There is medicine with live-saving devises revolutionized plastics - Land contributes to around 80% of plastic waste, with one of the biggest contributors being single-use plastics such as bags and packaging - and illegal dumping all contribute to the vast sum of plastics entering our oceans How did this happen? Impact of global crises on the marine life impact - can starve to death if they are consuming to much plastic, because the plastic fills up the stomach interesting facts and shocking statistics how it happened interesting facts and shocking statistics how it happened Three interesting facts Three interesting facts about plastics in the Ocean: - two garbage trucks of plastic are dumped into our oceans ->8 million metric tons of plastic winds up in the oceans - By 2050 there will be more plastic in the oceans than there are fish (by weight). - The chances of disease on a coral reef are enhanced by 22-fold by plastics. The facts about plastic effects on humans effect on humans - we also consume micro plastic - seafood lovers eat about 11000 pieces of toxic plastic every year micro plastic can be found in tap water - Micro plastics are full with toxic chemicals statistic SHOCKING OCEAN PLASTIC STATISTICS - Over 1 million seabirds and 100000 marine animals die from plastic pollution every year - The world produces 381 million tonnes in plastic waste yearly - 88% of the sea's surface is polluted by plastic waste - Plastic packaging is the biggest culprit - More than 1 million plastic bags end up in the trash every minute - 1 in 3 fish caught for human consumption contains plastic PLASTIC POLLUTION IN THE OCEAN FACTS Facts - How much plastic is in the ocean - 8 million pieces of plastic pollution find their way into our ocean daily - 79% of plastic waste is sent to landfills or the ocean - 25 trillion macro & 51 trillion micro plastics litter our oceans - billion plastic microfibers per square kilometer clutter the sea - One garbage truck of plastic is discarded into our oceans every minute - 165 million tonnes of plastic currently circulate in Earth's marine environments - Plastic has been found as far as 11km deep - Plastic in the sea is predicted to increase tenfold by 2020 Micro plastic and marine plastics Micro plastic and marine plastics What are marine micro plastics? what is it? - These are less than five millimeters long fragments of plastic debris - Secondary they are fragmented particles of plastic resulting from the“weathering” of larger pieces of plastic debris Where are micro plastics found? - There are large plastics flouting in the oceans - those pieces are called micro plastics - Micro plastics are breaking down further into smaller and smaller pieces Where is it? Who is known to consume micro plastic? - Plankton and fish larvae are known to consume micro plastics - Plastics contain toxic chemicals like phthalates - Plastics exposure directly to cancer and other human health Who is known to consume it? Advice and the geographical issue How to prevent more plastic pollution and the geographical issue. Advice number 1. 1. Reduce Your Use of Single-Use Plastics - reduce plastic bags, bottles and straws Advice 1. Advice number 2. Recycle Properly Advice 2. Advice number 3. Advice 3. 3. Participate In (or organize) a Beach or River CleanUp - remove plastics from the ocean and prevent them from getting there Advice number 4. Advice 4. 4. Avoid Products Containing Microbeads - Microbeads are found in face scrubs, toothpastes, bodywashes, and they readily enter our oceans and waterways through our sewer systems Advice number 5. Advice 5. 5. Support Organizations Addressing Plastic Pollution Geographical issue: Geographical
Transcript: Plastic Pollution Canada Consumes 30 billion bottles per year Thats 100 bottles per seccond. ...and only 12% of those Bottles are recycled. Not only do these bottles ruin the enviroment.. ..But they are also bad for your health In The bottle contains a chemical called bisphonel. This chemical can cause abnormality, most likely to babies Fossil Fuels are used to make these bottles.. Fossil fuels lead to air pollution and global warming There are some ways you can help stop this Recycle your plastic bottles Look for this sign It means Thats this item has been recycled and reused ..Or buy a SIGG bottle They are enviromentally friendly ..Or just say no! ..And stop buying plastic bottles! By:Neha 7E Dont trash Your Future, Recycle . T
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