Transcript: Become Involved Bring your own bag Purchased recycled items VOLUNTEER!!!! How to Help THE END HARMS WILDLIFE http://www.projectaware.org photo credit Nasa / Goddard Space Flight Center / Reto Stöckli Loss in Tourism Plastic has been linked to Cancer and hormone disruption Dangerous to children Costs millions of dollars to clean up Plastic Pollution Reduce, Reuse, Recycle! http://www.nrdc.org/ Affects marine ecosystems for decades or even centuries Entangle seals, damage coral reefs Mistaken as food THE ISSUE PLASTIC MAKES UP 60-80% OF MARINE LITTER AFFECTS OUR LIVES Damaging Earth's Oceans
Transcript: Plastic pollution Interesting Facts 500 billion plastic bags are being used each year A plastic milk jug will take 1 million years to decompose Plastic recycling Animals get strangled in plastic bags Petrol is the main ingredient in plastic bags People are not aware of plastic pollution 14% of plastic bags are returned for recycling The Pacific Garbage Patch Burning plastic produces carbon Problem
Transcript: Solving Our Plastic Problem Is created when styrofoam, meat trays, egg containers, and other deli containers are burned. In gas form it can be easily absorbed through the skin and lungs. long term exposure can damage the central nervous system causing symptoms such as depression, headache, fatigue, and weakness, and can cause minor effects on kidney function and blood. BPA Styrene Dioxins Type 1 plastic: Soft drink, water and beer bottles; mouthwash bottles; peanut butter containers; salad dressing bottles Recycled into: Polar fleece, fiber, tote bags, furniture, carpet, paneling Type 2 plastic: Milk jugs, juice bottles; bleach, detergent and household cleaner bottles; shampoo bottles; some trash and shopping bags; motor oil bottles; butter and yogurt tubs; cereal box liners Recycled into: Laundry detergent bottles, oil bottles, pens, recycling containers, floor tile, drainage pipe, lumber, benches, fencing Piping & plumbing fixtures Sinks, shower screen, bath tubs Counter-tops Flooring (vinyl) Paint, adhesives, sealants Lighting covers Insulation material Car bumpers Headlamp and tail lights covers, and reflectorsDashboard, buttons, instrument panelsInterior trimCar seatsSpeakers and audio devicesTruck bed linersPetrol tank and other lubricant tanksEngine parts MBA polymers has created a way to recycle every type of plastic. The Great Pacific Garbage Patch photo credit Nasa / Goddard Space Flight Center / Reto Stöckli Polychlorinated Biphenyls Plastic Pollution TED.com - http://www.ted.com/talks/lang/en/mike_biddle.html How plastics are made - http://www.reachoutmichigan.org/funexperiments/quick/plastic.html Dangerous Effect of Burning Plastic - http://www.wecf.eu/cms/download/2004-2005/homeburning_plastics.pdf What are plastics used for? - http://www.whatisplastic.com/?p=114 Exporting trash - http://www.cbsnews.com/8301-18560_162-4579229.html Health effects of PCBs - http://www.epa.gov/osw/hazard/tsd/pcbs/pubs/effects.htm Health effects of Bisphenol A - http://environment.about.com/od/healthenvironment/f/bisphenol-a-health-effects.htm Health effects of Dioxin - http://cfpub.epa.gov/ncea/CFM/nceaQFind.cfm?keyword=Dioxin Kitchen Utensils – ladles, spatula, spoons, knives, forks, chop sticksCups, plates, bowlsFood storage containersTrash cans, pails, buckets, tanksFurniture – plastic chairs, tables, cabinets Ways to Recycle Plastic The Waste They use a process called above-ground mining to collect the plastic. Then the plastic is sorted into different grades. The plastic is ground down, melted, formed into strings, and then cut into small pellets. This chemical leaches from plastic when exposed to high temperatures, such as a microwave or a dish washer. It has been linked to an increase in heart disease, diabetes and liver abnormalities in adults. Brain and hormone development problems in fetuses and young children. Other tests have shown that it can promote human breast cancer cell growth. Food Wrappers Tupperware Shampoo Laundry Detergent Cleaning Supplies Water bottles Soda and Juice bottles Shopping bags Cosmetic boxes The plastic disintegrates into smaller pieces but never fully breaks down. The smallest particles are ingested by oceanic wildlife, causing plastic to enter the food chain Resources Is released when plastic starts to decompose. Causes cancer, damage to the immune system, reproductive system, nervous system, and endocrine system. Computer monitor casing, keyboard & mouse, printer casing & ink cartridges Cables and wire coatings, connectors, plugs, socketsCasing and components for TV, DVD players, MP3 players, stereos setsCassette, tapes, CDs, DVDsWashing machines, refrigerators, air-conditioners, dishwashers Circuit boards The Pollutants Plastics are used in many different applications: Packaging Textile Medical Electronics Recreation Construction Home and Kitchen Automotive TBBA, PBB, PBDC Jackets Umbrellas Carpets Fabric for furniture and draperies Nylon stockings Luggage http://www.ted.com/talks/mike_biddle.html Caused by north and south currents combining carrying trash from land and waste from ships The organic materials biodegrade leaving plastic Blood bags Dental fillings, bridges, temporary crownsEyeglass frames and lensesToothbrush, toothpaste tubes, combs Disposable surgical gowns, gloves, masksHip joint replacement partsX-ray tables Artificial legs, feet and armsArtificial organs Syringes PCB All Krogers accepts blastic bags. Make sure to recycle electronics, they have plastic surrounding the metal parts The Murfreesboro recycling center only accepts type 1 and 2 plastics. Are a group of toxic chemical compounds that are released into the air when burned. The chemicals are deposited on land or in water and build up over time. They accumulate in our body fat and can be passed down through breast feeding. In nature, effects associated with these pollutants includes cancer, deformed offspring, reproductive failure, immune diseases and subtle neurobehavioral effects. Humans can be
Transcript: When you throw plastic in the trash, you are hurting marine life. You may not know it but, the average american throws 3.5 pounds of trash away a day. Vortex, the floating island of trash. Part of our class is crocheting plastic bags. You can recycle plastic bags and crocheting them into sandles, mug holders, dresses, and even hair! DID YOU KNOW? If you think that throwing one little plastic bag away is okay, but if the whole world thought that? Then we would have a problem. We don't want our animals to go extinct. :( By Sydni and Sophia Did you know that there is a island of trash called Vortex. floating around all over the world? It is twice the size of Texas! The island has plastic bottles, plastic bags, and all other types of junk. Plastic Pollution!!!
Transcript: Plastic Pollution The Problem There is too much littering in our oceans and water resources. They are becoming filthy and animals and fish are starting to die. We need to take act now. Facts -Plastic accounts for 60-80% of marine litter in our oceans today. -So much littering occurs that marine life are dying and our water sources and beaches are are polluted. Need to Know -Plastic contributes to 60% of all marine debris in our water resources. -They pose as a serious problem to our environment. -Plastics are leaching potentially toxic chemicals such as bisphenol into our oceans. -Ocean pollution effects at least 267 species worldwide. -Plastic pollution effects every water way. -It costs California approximately 72 million per gear to collect and dispose used cups and bags. It costs them an estimate of 52.2 million oer year to keep our beaches clean. -Pthalates is another toxic chemical that gets in our oceans. Study show that this can cause cancer, premature breast development, birth, asthma, and miscarriage. Solutions -Best ways to keep plastic pollution is to make sure it doesn't reach our waters. -Using waste management practices, individuals, companies, and our government can all make a big impact if they help out. -We need to RECYCLE. -Take responsibility- conduct a waste audit and share the information. -Set specific goals to reduce or eliminate your plastic waste generation. -Clean up our beaches. By:Cole Kuiper, Eric lopez, Austin Slates
Transcript: Beat Plastic Pollution-Need of the Earth. What is Plastic and Pollution? Introduction Plastic is a non-biodegradable and it cannot be broken down by natural organism therefore it act as a source of pollution. Pollution is the introduction of harmful materials into the environment. These harmful materials are called pollutants. Effects of plastic pollution Effects of Plastic Pollution It seems rather obvious that this amount of material that isn't meant to break down can wreak havoc on natural environments, leading to long-term issues for plants, animals and people. Long term effects Long term effects of plastic pollution land Pollution: When plastic is dumped in landfills, it interact with water and form hazardous chemicals. When these chemicals seep underground they degrade the water quality. Air Pollution: Burning of plastic in the open air leads to environmental pollution due to release of poisonous chemicals It kills animals: Plastic pollution is the most widespread problem affecting the marine environment. It is expensive: It cost millions of dollars each year to clean affected area after exposure not to mention the loss of plants and animals. As land become more valuable, just finding a place to put garbage is becoming a problem in Kiribati due to lack of space. Pictures Pictures Solutions to plastic waste/pollution Shop Friendly Recommendations Get involved Do not throw your rubbish (Plastic) anywhere Recycle everything Awareness in communities and in Schools
Transcript: by: Anthony Rubick, Jacob Krissoff, and Drew Smith Plastic Pollution What is plastic pollution? What is plastic pollution? Plastic pollution is defined as: when toxins carried by broken up microplastics leachate into the environment and the flesh of animals who live in the environment, those animals predators, the predatos predators, ect. which effects all animals in the polluted environment when plastic enters an environment, animals mistake it for food and eat it, the plastic fills up their stomachs making them feel full and they starve to death when plastics enter an evironment. when plastics enter an evironment. How do plastics get into the ocean? How do plastics get into the ocean? A watershed is an area where water flows to and from many different rivers, lakes, streams, creaks, ponds, and other bodies of water. our local watershed is the marsh creek Watershed, some of the waterways that exist in Marsh Creek are sand Creek, Biones Creek, deer Creek, Dry Creek, and Marsh creek. Watersheds Watersheds The reason that plastics are so harmful is because animals miskake plastics for food that they can eat, the plastic makes them feel full whn they have no food in them, causing them to starve to death. Another thing that makes plastic so dangerous is that over times plastic breaks up into microplastics which absorb water soluable toxins and then leachate those toxins into the environment, the food chain, and eventually... us. why are plastics harmfull? why are plastics harmfull? Plastics are able to get from the sidewalk (or anywhere else) to the ocean thanks to their resilience, and durablitity. What allows it to get to the ocean? What allows it to get to the ocean? a gyre is a rotating current system, there are 5 gyres in the oceans of planet earth, and 8 garbage clumps of pastic soup. Ocean Gyres Ocean Gyres there are 3 types of ocean gyres types of gyres. types of gyres. subpolar gyres form in the polar regions in areas of low atmospheric pressure by upwelling Subpolar Gyres Subpolar Gyres tropical gyres form near the equater primarily by wind, these gyres tend to flow in a east west pattern instead of a circular pattern. Tropical Gyres Tropical Gyres subtropical gyres are the most common type of gyre, they form between the polar and equatorial regions of the earth in areas of high atmosperic pressure. subtropical gyres subtropical gyres gyres are primarily form by the rotaion of the earth, global wind patterns, and earths land masses how they are formed how they are formed the coriolis effect shifts surface currents by angles of about 45 degrees, in the northern hemisphere the currents shift counterclockwise and in the southern hemisphere the currents shift clockwise. each layer deeper in the water colum is affected slightly less by the corialis effect, which results in a spiral pattern the can descend up to 330 feet deep and is called an Ekman spiral. Coriolis effect Coriolis effect garbage patches form when plastics flow into the calm water in the middle of gyres. garbage patches garbage patches plastics are a group of materials that are used for many things in our society, they are durable, resilient, and never biodegrade. What are plastics What are plastics the 7 recycling codes the 7 recycling codes Pros: inexpensive durable versitile incredibly strong insulating can make clothing can make many different products pros and cons of plastic pros and cons of plastic Cons: doesn't biodegrade breaks up into even more dangerous microplastics rarely recycled kills animals which mistakingly eat it animals often eat it mistaking it for food blue whales are majestic creatures that can be found in almost every ocean on the planet. They eat krill by filter feeding, a feeding method that often causes them to ingest plastic. Blue whales and how they are affected Blue whales and how they are affected the reason that we need to do something is the extinction of the blue whale, which is a keystone specieces, would cause the collapse of the ocean ecosystem as a whole. Why should we care? Why should we care? How can we help clean up our city? Take action Take action people need to use the trash and recycle bins that have been placed around the city in the proper manner. What we can do as a community What we can do as a community We have been getting more recycling bins, trash bins, and water bottle refill stations placed around the city of brentwood. What we have done What we have done the fear of long words is called: Hippopotomonstrosesquippedaliophobia unrelated fun fact unrelated fun fact
Transcript: Microplastic Pollution in Hong Kong The Effect of Plastic Pollution What Happens to Plastic? China follows the linear economy model Plastic waste is discarded into oceans Microplastics (MP) are less than 5 mm long MP abundance for Hong Kong is 5595 items/m2 Gerdes, Z, Ogonowski, M., Nybom, I. Ek, C., Adolfsson-Erici, M., Barth, A., & Gorokhova, E. (2019). Microplastic-mediated transport of PCBs? A depuration study with daphnia magna. Retrieved from https://www.researchgate.net/publication/331248103_Microplastic-mediated_transport_of_ Bharati, B. (2017). Utilization of Plastic waste in construction of Roads. Icsesd-2017. doi: 10.24001/icsesd2017.5 Not recycled properly 58 milion tonnes of plastic is produced in Hong Kong Discarded into the oceans at the Pearl River Estuary The Severity of Microplastics Plastic Pollution Fok, Lincoln, and P.k. Cheung. “Hong Kong at the Pearl River Estuary: A Hotspot of Microplastic Pollution.” Marine Pollution Bulletin, vol. 99, no. 1-2, 15 Oct. 2015, pp. 112–118., doi:10.1016/j.marpolbul.2015.07.050. Pollution Diagram at the Pearl River Estuary Pearl River Estuary Lebreton, L., van der Zwet, J., Damsteeg, J. et al. River plastic emissions to the world’s oceans. Nat Commun 8, 15611 (2017). https://doi.org/10.1038/ncomms15611 Plastic pollution is killing oceans Aquatic life and humans are being harmed It is spreading all across the world Adverse Effects of Microplastic Pollution Why Should You Care? Zhang, K., Shi, H., Peng, J., Wang, Y., Xiong, X., Wu, C., & Lam, P. K. S. (2018, March 20). Microplastic pollution in China's inland water systems: A review of findings, methods, characteristics, effects, and management. Retrieved from https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0048969718307009 Where Does The Plastic Go? Traveling Plastic Gordon, A. L., & Cenedese, C. (2018, May 30). Ocean current. Retrieved from https://www.britannica.com/science/ocean-current Roads made of disposed plastic Last up to 3 times longer Strength of road increased by 100% Maintenance costs almost nothing Plastic Roads Plastic Roads Shenk, S. (2020, January 12). Getting there: are plastic roads the future? The Free Lance-Star. Retrieved from https://www.fredericksburg.com/news/local/getting-there-are-plastic-roads-the-future/article_ecd566d5-7a67-5f2f-a1c4-686b567d5862.html Workers at risk Expensive to replace Inconvenience to residents Drawbacks of the Plastic Roads Disadvantages Strongylis, Georgios. “Plastic Will Replace Asphalt Pavements? Pros and Cons.” Lythea, lythea.com/plastic-will-replace-asphalt-pavements-pros-and-cons/. Prevents millions of plastic items from entering the ocean Replaces 30% of aggregates Disposable plastic put to good use Advantages Advantages Shenk, S. (2020, January 12). Getting there: are plastic roads the future? The Free Lance-Star. Retrieved from https://www.fredericksburg.com/news/local/getting-there-are-plastic-roads-the-future/article_ecd566d5-7a67-5f2f-a1c4-686b567d5862.html Can be installed in many places People get money if they dispose using the machine Plastic Collecting Vending Machines Reverse Vending Machines Reversible vending: features and world practice. (n.d.). Retrieved January 27, 2020, from https://www.thefreelibrary.com/Reversible vending: features and world practice.-a0415697899 It costs between $10,000 and $25,000 People do not get much money in return The Downside of Reverse Vending Machines Disadvantages Strongylis, G. (2014, November 13). Plastic will replace asphalt pavements? Pros and Cons . Lythea, 64–66. https://lythea.com/plastic-will-replace-asphalt-pavements-pros-and-cons/ Easy to use Will get used often in busy places Makes people more aware of the problem Pros of Reverse Vending Machines Advantages Strongylis, G. (2014, November 13). Plastic will replace asphalt pavements? Pros and Cons . Lythea, 64–66. https://lythea.com/plastic-will-replace-asphalt-pavements-pros-and-cons/ More cost effective Gets rid of more plastic at a quicker pace Can be implemented in more areas Why Plastic Roads Work Best Concluding Solution
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