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Transcript: Papyrus Calendar Papyrus an important role in keeping their land vigorous. Papyrus brought nothing but satisfaction and benefits to the Pharaoh and his people. The papyrus reed was used as a universal materiel by the Egyptians. It will amaze you in how many ways it pervaded the lives of the ancients. The plant Papyrus was found along the banks of the Nile River. Today we don't use Papyrus as the material to make paper, we use trees but we use paper the same way. It is helpful today because even though we make paper with trees, if Egyptians didn't make paper with Papyrus we wouldn't know how to create paper. Ancient Egyptians had medical knowledge. The treatment of illnesses was no longer carried out only by magicians and medicine men. We have evidence that people existed who were referred to physicians and doctors. Their knowledge almost came from the discoveries of papyrus documents. Today it helps people get better from the illness. Without medicine a lot of people would have died already. Everyday at least one person Ancient Egyptians Contributions Hieroglyphics Egyptians wrote the calendar in Hieroglyphics. It was based on the lunar cycle of 12 months the Egyptians grouped into three seasons of four months. The seasons of the Egyptians calendar were believed o have been chosen to correspond t the cycles of the Nile which was central to the life of the Egyptians. The calendar today helps us a lot by keeping us track by what moth, day, year we are in. It also helps us in the seasons. Back in Egypt there calendar only had 360 days but toady's calendar has 365 days. Hieroglyphics was an important contribution to the Egyptians because they wold use hieroglyphics to communicate. Egyptians used hieroglyphics for writing or carvings. Today we don't use hieroglyphics for writing, we use letters, and numbers. Now we don;t use hieroglyphics because people don't know what each symbol would represent only Egyptians would know. Ink is one of the greatest invention and most used contributions Egyptians invented. Its was made out of soot mixed with vegetable gum and beeswat, subtituted soot with other organic material to make ink of different colors. Now in days we make ink by mixing tannates, gallates of the proto and sesquioxide of iron. Today we don;t use ink like egyptians did now we use it on pens. Ink Medicine


Transcript: (Zibas, "The History of the Horses of St Marks Cathedral Venice Italy.") (Zibas, "The History of the Horses of St Marks Cathedral Venice Italy.") Napoleon invaded Venice in 1797 and took the horses from St. Marks Square to the Arc de Triomphe (Wikipedia, "Lysippos") "Fotos Brandenburger Tor, Fotos Siegessäule Und Bilder Vom Ku'Damm."(Bilder) "Arc De Triomphe Du Carrousel." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, 15 Nov. 2013. Web. 18 Nov. 2013. "HIPPODROME." HIPPODROME. N.p., n.d. Web. 18 Nov. 2013. Island of Chios "Horses of Saint Mark." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, 11 Sept. 2013. Web. 18 Nov. 2013. The horses were moved to Venice in 1204 after the sack of Constantinople during the 4th crusade and were installed on the terrace of St. Mark's Basilica in 1254 Renaissance Example "Wallpapers Creativity Cosmos." Old Europe Map Wallpaper. N.p., n.d. Web. 18 Nov. 2013. Journey of the Horses of St. Marks Inspiration on the Renaissance (Wikipedia, "Lysippos") This piece along with many other Hellenistic pieces were the founders of a new style of art called "Realism". This involves the body in natural positions without being setup in a fake pose. Showing the body or bodies are natural and free flowing. (Wikipedia, "Lysippos") Horses of St. Marks Square ("- St. Mark's Basilica -." ItalyGuides) (Zibas, "The History of the Horses of St Marks Cathedral Venice Italy.") "Horses of Saint Mark." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, 11 Sept. 2013. Web. 18 Nov. 2013. "Lysippos." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, 19 Oct. 2013. Web. 18 Nov. 2013. "Lysippus." Encyclopaedia Britannica. Encyclopaedia Britannica Online. Encyclopædia Britannica Inc., 2013. Web. 18 Nov. 2013. "- St. Mark's Basilica -." St. Mark's Basilica ( The Basilica of San Marco ), Venice Italy. N.p., n.d. Web. 19 Nov. 2013. "The History of the Horses of St Marks Cathedral Venice Italy." By Christine Zibas. N.p., n.d. Web. 18 Nov. 2013. "The Horses of St. Mark's." The Horses of St. Mark's. N.p., n.d. Web. 19 Nov. 2013. Paris The horses were believed to had been transported to Constantinople around the 8th-9th century . The horses were placed on the Hippodrome. An artists rendition of the Byzantine Hippodrome Why did it move? St. Marks Basilica Museum Since the Horses of St. Marks Square were one of the first pieces of realism, many of the renaissance pieces were inspired by it. (Wikipedia, "Lysippos") These horses were very valuable because every time they were taken, they were taken as a token of the conquerors success. An example of this was when the Venetians pillaged Constantinople and took the horses with them back to Venice. They did this because the horses represented/represent, strength and and freedom. These horses were made between 370-300 B.C. by Lysippos Horses were brought back to Venice after Napoleon was defeated. Then around the 1980's the horses were replaced by exact replicas because of the damage done to the originals from modern day air pollution. Constantinople This piece shows realism because the body is in a relaxed and natural position Thank You Venice • Sculpture of 4 bronze horses (although 96% is made of copper & tin) • Sculpted by the Greek sculptor Lysippos - Known as one of the 3 greatest sculptors of the Classical Greek Era - Helped the transition into the Hellenistic Era - Was sculptor to Alexander the Great • Original sculpture had a chariot - Believed to be apart of a Quadriga (Zibas, "The History of the Horses of St Marks Cathedral Venice Italy.") The original horses were moved to the St. Marks Basilicas museum, where they can be seen to this day What are the horses of Saint Mark's Square? Works Cited ("Lysippus." Encyclopaedia Britannica) Venice


Transcript: "Since 1980, the Make-A-Wish Foundation has enriched the lives of children with life-threatening medical conditions through its wish-granting work. The Foundation's mission reflects the life-changing impact that a Make-A-Wish experience has on children, families, referral sources, donors, sponsors and entire communities. The Make-A-Wish Foundation was founded in 1980 after a little boy named Chris Greicius realized his heartfelt wish to become a police officer. Since its humble beginnings, the organization has blossomed into a worldwide phenomenon, reaching more than 250,000 children around the world. Although it has become one of the world's most well-known charities, the Make-A-Wish Foundation has maintained the grassroots fulfillment of its mission. A network of nearly 25,000 volunteers enable the Make-A-Wish Foundation to serve children with life-threatening medical conditions. Volunteers serve as wish granters, fundraisers, special events assistants and in numerous other capacities. As the Foundation continues to mature, its mission will remain steadfast. Wish children of the past, present and future will have an opportunity to share the power of a wish" Step 1: Referral We rely on medical professionals, parents and children themselves for referrals. Children who have reached the age of 2½ and are under the age of 18 at the time of referral who have not received a wish from another wish-granting organization may be eligible for a wish.

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