Transcript: Mesopotamia! The word Mesopotamia means "the land between the rivers" it is located between the Tigris & Euphrates rivers. Northern Mesopotamia is made up of hills and plains. The land is fertile due to seasonal rains, and the rivers and streams flowing from the mountains. Southern Mesopotamia is made up of marshy areas and wide, flat, barren plains. Cities developed along the rivers which flow through the region. Early settlers had to irrigate the land along the banks of the rivers in order for their crops to grow. Since they did not have many natural resources, contact with neighbouring lands was important. The Sumerians made their clothing by using the natural resources that were available to them. Clothing was made from wool or flax which Sumerians could raise and harvest. Like us, heavier clothing would be worn in the winter and lighter clothing would be worn in the summer. Men were barechested and wore skirt-like garments that tied at the waist. Women usually wore gowns that covered them from their shoulders to their ankles. The right arm and shoulder were left uncovered. Both men and women wore earrings and necklaces. During celebrations, even more jewelry was worn. Necklaces were set with bright, precious stones. Some of these stones were the lapis lazuli and the carnelian. Date palms were a very important food source to the Mesopotamians. These palms grew in southern Mesopotamia by the river marshes and supplied fibers, fodder, wood, and rich food. Products from these palms were very important to Mesopotamian trade and help make Mesopotamia a very rich and powerful leader in international trade. Some other crops included leeks, onions, lentils, wheat, and barley. The Mesopotamians believed: The world was a flat disk that was surrounded by a vast hollow space and that this was enclosed in an over-arching heaven. The sea was all around the earth...top bottom and sides. The universe had been born of these waters. The burial rites of Sumerians are tied to their belief in the spirit world and they followed a strict pattern. The body was wrapped in reed matting, or occasionally placed in a coffin. The corpse was laid on its side with a bowl of water between the hands near the mouth. Some treasured belongings might go in the grave. Vessels filled with food and water were place near the body so the spirit wouldn't be hungry and return for food. The tombs were furnished according to what the family could afford...so the royal tombs were filled with treasures. TIAMAT(dragon of created chaos) ISHTAR(goddess of sex,love, & fertility)symbol is the eight pointed star. ENKI(creator god.) MARBUK(god of fertility &chief of gods.) ABSU(God of wisdom & fresh water) ANU(Lord of heavens) HUMBABA( Monster of cedar forest) INANNA(goddess of words, language, &meanings.) GILGAMESH(hero 2/3 god.) ERESHKIGAL(goddess of death, darkness, &dust. Queen of the Underworld.) Babylonian mythology tells that the Scorpion Men were sons of Tiamat. These giant warrirors had the body of a man above the waist, but the tails of scorpions. They fought both with their tails and with bows and arrows to guard the sun god Shamash. How many mountains? What was economy based on? What did men wear? What was the myth based on? name one crop grown/produced. Food: Crown of earth! TOP 10 GODS & GODDESSES RELIGON: History textbook Google Goolge Images http://www.fordham.edu/halsall/ancient/asbook03.asp www.kidspast.com/world-history/0037-mesopotanian-empire.phpCached - Similar Lapis Lazuli! Bibliography; Leeks Shamash MESOPTAMIAN MYTH: Geography! Most women wore this dress, but only royals wore bright colors. Typical clothing found on men! (Picture also shows the Tree of Life) Carnelian Tiamat. Wardrobe; Map of Mesopotamia Religon: Remember what type of map we showed. Quiz: Women wore headresses while entertaining guests.
Transcript: FLOODS KINGS GODS GEOGRAPHY MESPOTOMIA ZIGGURAUT TYPES POLYRHEISTIC ROLES TIGIRIS PRIESTS LAND BETWEEN TWO RIVERS RELIGION PLACE OF WORSHIP LEADERS RITUALS EUPHRATES POLOTICS CONSEQUENCES MONOTHESTIC LAWS TAX'S
Transcript: by Hunter, Thomas, Cassidy, and Frank 1. The hanging gardens of Babylon: The hanging gardens of Babylon were considered one of the 7 wonders of the world. It was a complex irrigation system that brought water from the Euphrates river to the top of the gardens. From there the water flowed down from each levels of the gardens. 2. The great ziggurat of Ur: Built of sun-baked bricks, was dedicated to the moon god, Nanna, who's statue stood at the summit of the temple and was washed clothed and fed by priest. It was important to the people of Ur because they needed to worshiped the moon god, Nanna. Some of the most important inventions are: 1. The Sailboat:They made this for the need for transporting goods across bodies of water. they effect us today by allowing us to travel and to transport goods. 2. Irrigation: They invented this method because of the flooding in the spring, so they made this to use the flood water to water their crops. it affects us today because we can grow crops. 1. Mesopotamia religion was the first to be recorded 2.What we only know about Mesopotamian religion comes from archeological evidence uncovered in the region 3.Ziggurats were built by Sumerians, Babylonians, Assyrians, and Akkadians The royale game of Ur VIDEO! THANKS FOR WATCHING 1.The Mesopotamians believed their kings and queens were descended from the City of Gods but un-like ancient Egypt, they believed that their kings WERE gods! 2.Each city state were always fighting with each other for more power and control! Religion Ancient Mesopotamia :) Inventions or contributions Points of interest government,rulers and laws The royal games of Ur also known as the game of 20 squares refers to the boards found in the royal tomb of Ur. it was made around 2600 BC It was made of red limestone and shells. There are 4 designs each with 5 of them on the board. to win you need to place a chip on all 5 of 1 design
Transcript: Mesopotamia invented Centralized government A centralized government is : A government which controls all aspects of society from a central location or through a central system It passes laws and regulates society -established the first true empire the world has ever seen -monarchy -gained control over north and south -invented law code King Hammurab is depicted receiving his authority from god shamash on their famous stone pillar Agriculture Intesification Mesopotamia Produced and traded a wide range of goods The Assyrians The king had a prominent role in society due to his religious dimension. Writing was used only for record keeping Sumerian Society -monarchy Babylonians Sumerian Society society was divided into 4 main classes State Religion -The written language of Mesopotamia is called "cneuiform" -A scribe would record info by pressing a wedge shaped stylus into a slab or soft clay. -Used abstract thoughts in time. Society became complex-specialist were needed (tax collector, record keepers, judges ). Specialized traders could now develop (teachers, weavers). Sumerian Development of Science and Writing The Babylonians Overall Assessment Because of centralized government and specialized trades equality among individuals and access to land. private ownership of land developed unequal distribution of wealth led to formation of classes Planning and coordination of irrigation projects, building of dikes to reclaim land, planting and harvesting crops, year round food supply. Sumerian Society Made sure the land was properly irrigated Religion legitimized the authority of government. Without gods to sanctify a social order, it would have been difficult for members to surrender their place in society. The religions of these civilizations were legitimate expressions of their beliefs and spiritual needs. Centralized Government Sumerian Society Have a piece of farmland called "fertile crescent" Belt of fresh farmland that stretches from Northeast Mesopotamia to Syria, and southwest to Egypt. The Assyrians Assyrians Akkadians Class Structure Specialization in Occupations
Transcript: Points of interest 2 Hanging Gardens Output Points of Interest 2 Ziggurats Input Temples were originally built during the third millennium. They were built higher and bigger than other structures. Eventualy it was decided to build even higher temples on platforms which were stepped. The stepped towers were called Ziggurats. By 2000 BC, mud brick Ziggurats were being constructed by Babylonian and Assyrian cities. No one knows for certain why the Ziggurats where built or how they were used . They are part of temples complex so they were probably connected with religion. Started as a pottery wheel. Invented in 3500 B.C. in Ur Humans realized that things could be moved easier by rolling it on the wheel. The wheel was a very important tool used for trading. This contributed to society because wheels are everywhere, cars, bikes, and even watches. The Plow Invented a simple metal plow pulled by oxen the plow could dig trenches. This contributed to life by enabling us to grow crops without taking to much time and energy . The invention of the plow helped them dig deeper and faster.It also made planting faster.It helped boost productivity of farms and more food.It gave opportunities for other people to do more inventive things. Mesopotamia Religion Process Daily Life Food The Hanging Gardens are located in Babylon, and there one 7 wonders of the world. It was built around 600 B.C and was destroyed by an earthquake in the second century B.C. It was said to have stood on the banks of the Euphrates. Babylonian king Nebuchadnezzar 11 at his royal palace for his wife who missed her home in the lush forest of the north. The gardens where about 80 ft tall and they where made of mud brick. There was No mention of them in ancient Babylonian record. Jack, Patrick, Benny, Will The government was a combination of monarchy and democracy. Kings and elected officials rule people, even the king had to ask the officials for permission on some things. Hammurabi ruled Babylon from 1792 to 1750 B.C.E. Hammurabi is best known because of his law code of 282 laws engraved on stone. His laws had to do with all parts of life. His motto was an "eye for an eye and a tooth for a tooth." Laws rulers and Government Men and women celebrated rituals or participated in banquets (big meals.) One or more animals was brought in to be slaughtered by two slaves for the banquet. Beef, lamb, pork, goat, duck, and geese were some of the favorite meats. Over 300 words for bread. Ate locust swarms even though they destroyed their crops. Mesopotamian Invention #2 Mesopotamian Invention #1 The Wheel Believed in nature spirits( could be good or evil or a little bit of both.) -They worshipped gods in a temple called a ziggurat. It got its name because it rose into the sky like a mountain - Preists made offerings, sacrifices, and prayers to god to keep their gods happy -Every city had their own patron god or goddess -A god lived in a room in the top of the temple called a cella. Preists and slaves lived around the cella to attend the god
Transcript: huddle Mrs. Rossi huddle to crowd together crowd huddle separate
Transcript: Uses machines for farming but our technology in the Usa is different than Mesopotamia and Egypt we have phones, computers, ect we are loseing many jobs in the Usa but getting some back.We have class systems low class is the poorer people, middle class has good jobs and high class is the wealthy people. We belive in one god.Some jobs in the USA are computer programing teaching sports,and public works are building new roads for the city.Some arts and arcuticure is painting and there are countless art gallerys but there are more I am just going to mention those dew to we have a short time presenting.Our great country has a great number of land features including the Rocky Mountain,Mount Rushmore,Niagra Falls ect.The majority of the American population speak English.Our government is a loud and proud democrocy. the land between two rivers cuneiform writing system invented written language,calenders were the first to write a story Class system was the unskilled workers were the lowest class middle class was farmers highest class was pharaohs priest and nobles they worshoped many gods.The closer you were to the gods the higher you were. Government emerged to plan and directed pharaohs to rule the government.They used the Nile to drank, bathed, farmed, cooking and cleaned. pharaohs had the power over life death. hunted and gathered from 6000bc 5000bc used the Nile for many things like drinking, bathing cooking, and cleaning they made baskets sandles river rafts wove clothes made pottery carved statues and shaped copper into weapons or tools. hirogliphics united into kingdoms both had a pharaoh they also have simular land features but have diff.land features too.They also both got conquered they also used irrigation ditches Egypt and Mesopotamia Mesopotamia crushed reeds to make bricks made metal products, potery, clothes and invented the wheel polythesim many gods zigguret mountain of god or hill of heaven.The Mesopotamian people believed the afterlife was gloomy. they also used a stylus for writing and also made and the first to use the wheel good farmers class systems were lowest class was slaves. The middle class were farmers fishermen and artisians.Upper class was kings and priests they were born into their social class.Barted for trade. Egypt pharaohs ruled Egypts government the main god was sun god Re USA
Transcript: Archeologist-a scientest who study's history by looking at artifacts Slit Ziggurats A group of countries or people under the control of one ruler or government. Artifact a rich mud made from fine soiland particals from the bottom of a river or a lake. Empire Cuneiform Objects that were made by people such as tools/or weapons. Civilizations an ancient writing system that used symbols made of wedge-shaped marks. States- and the villages around them that have their own independent government. specially educated people in ancient time who were able to read and write. City tall platforms with many steps that usually had a emple at the top. Civilizations-A group of people with a highly organized way of life. Archeologist. Scribes
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