Transcript: measles treatments Treatment includes bed rest, lots of fluids and medicine for fever and headache. Antibiotics do not help – either to cure measles or to prevent it. There are no anti-viral drugs for treating measles. causes Measles are caused from a microbe, virus, which is transmitted through contact with a person that caught them. the transmission period where the virus is contagious is about three weeks prior to a person getting them, usually direct contact, sometimes airborne also prevention The most effective way of preventing measles is through the MMR immunisation. Most children in the UK receive the MMR immunisation, usually at about 14 months old and then in a booster at four or five years old. symptoms • cold-like symptoms, such as runny nose, watery eyes, swollen eyelids and sneezing, • red eyes and sensitivity to light, • a mild to severe temperature, which may peak at over 40.6°C (105°F) for several days, then fall but go up again when the rash appears, • tiny greyish-white spots (called Koplik's spots) in the mouth and throat, • tiredness, irritability and general lack of energy, • aches and pains, • poor appetite, • dry cough, and • red-brown spotty rash measles you can prevent it by Ella Freudenau • cold-like symptoms, such as runny nose, watery eyes, swollen eyelids and sneezing, • red eyes and sensitivity to light, • a mild to severe temperature, which may peak at over 40.6°C (105°F) for several days, then fall but go up again when the rash appears, • tiny greyish-white spots (called Koplik's spots) in the mouth and throat, • tiredness, irritability and general lack of energy, • aches and pains, • poor appetite, • dry cough, and • red-brown spotty rash Treatment includes bed rest, lots of fluids and medicine for fever and headache. Antibiotics do not help – either to cure measles or to prevent it. There are no anti-viral drugs for treating measles.
Transcript: What is Measles? Measles is a highly infectious disease caused by the measles virus (MeV) Measles a common infection in children Measles virus is a genus Morbillivirus and is closely related to rinderpest virus, which is an infection amongst cattle It’s characterized by a red, blotchy rash that begins on the face The rash is than spread throughout the body within days Measles is very rare in North America. Due to widespread immunizations the number of measles cases has declined in the last 50 years. Before measles vaccination became available in the 1960s, more than 500,000 cases of measles were reported every year. From 2000 to 2007, just an average of 63 cases per year was reported. Measles is spread through direct contact with or inhalation of the secretions of an infected person’s nose or mouth. Signs and Symptoms Signs and symptoms of measles begin 7 to 10 days after infection has first entered the body The first symptom is a high fever along with runny rose, and irritability, drowsiness and red eyes 3 to 7 days after the start of the symptoms, small white spots known as “Kopliks spots”Signs and symptomsorehead first and then covers the rest of the body The measles rash is generally red or brown in colour and has a splotchy appearance Complications can include a high grade fever, nasal congestion, watery red eyes, “kopliks spot”, swelling of the neck glands, and ear infections Rash "Koplik spots" FEVER Prevention The measles vaccine is part of the measles-mumps-rubella immunization (MMR) or measles-mumps-rubella-varicella immunization (MMRV) given at 12 to 15 months of age and again at 4 to 6 years of age. The most important thing you can do to protect your child from measles is to have them vaccinated according to the schedule prescribed by your doctor. Complications Kids with measles should be closely watched. In some cases, measles can lead to other complications, such as otitis media(middle ear infection), croup, diarrhea, pneumonia, and encephalitis (a serious brain infection), which may require antibiotics or hospitalization. Recent Outbreaks In 2008 the United States saw an increase in measles cases and outbreaks (three or more linked cases), with 131 cases reported between January and July. More than 90% of those infected were not immunized or their immunization status was unknown. What can a PSW do to help? Give the patient plenty of fluids Encourage extra rest You may assist patient with fever medication such as acetaminophen or ibuprofen Check temperature Q4h Place damp cold cloth on the forehead to lower the fever Provide ADLs Report any changes to supervisor How Vaccines can help you? How is it spread? What is measle? MEASLES Measles is a highly infectious disease caused by the measles virus (MeV), is a common infection in children. Measles virus is a genus Morbillivirus and is closely related to rinderpest virus, which is an infection amongst cattle. It’s characterized by a red, blotchy rash that begins on the face. The rash is than spread throughout the body within days.
Transcript: Measles Photo credits: 'horizon' by pierreyves @ flickr It could be much larger! Here is some context. Provide some common ground. Or something from the present, that we should look beyond. Wowing template. Click through in 20 steps. An Example: So... Here is something small... 30 But we can move beyond the present. Why? Let me give you some perspetive....
Transcript: World Impact Immunization (MMR vaccine) Treatment There is no treatment to kill Rubella. Symptoms: the measles virus Transmitted by respiration. lasts for a lifetime for 95% of children Rubella: coughing fluids from an infected person's nose or mouth sneezing Rubella can be found in any population. Prevalence: Prevention: three-part vaccine In nonimmunized populations, almost every child will get measles. MMR VACCINE Vitamin A supplements can prevent blindness or eye damage. fever, runny nose, cough, full-body rash, red eyes 20 million cases 164,000 deaths
Transcript: Signs/Symptoms Global Figures Contagious Live attended viral measles vaccine - one does given vy the intramuscular or subcutaneous route, with opportunity for second does at least one month after the first vaccine. By Jai Smith 90% of people who haven't been vaccinated for measles will get it if they live in the same household as them, it is highly contagious. - 344,276 reported cases in 2011 -188,000 stimated deaths in 2008 -84% estimated vaccination coverage Cause Description The cause of measles is an infectious disease called Rubella How it is spread It is spread by droplets or direct contant with nasal or throat secretions of infected people, less commonly by airborne spread or by articles freshly soild with secretions of nose and throat. Prevention Measles are highly contagious, spread by droplets or direct contact with the nasal or throat secretions of infected people. Measles is one of the most readily transmitted communicable diseases and probably the best known and most deadly of all childhood rash/fever illnesses Measles are bad!! Some signs and synptoms of measles are full body rash., cough, runny nose, high fever, red eyes, Koplik spots, small red spots with blue-white centers that appear inside the mouth.
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Transcript: is a highly infectious viral illness, The virus is contained in the millions of tiny droplets that come out of the nose and mouth when an infected person coughs or sneezes. Red eyes and sensitivity to light Fever Greyish white spots in mouth and throat And cold-like symptoms MMR (measles, mumps, rubella) is the most effective way of preventing measles. The first vaccination should be given at 13 months and then a booster before starting school. Pregnant ladies also get this vaccine. By Amy Hensman The symptoms for measles include: There is not a medicine that cures the measles, the immune system should fight it off within a couple of weeks How to treat measles: Measles: Measles What is measles? To make you feel more comfortable you can- Draw the curtains, making the room darker, to help reduce light sensitivity Use damp cotton wool to clean their eyes Take paracetamol/ibuprofen Drinking water The virus spreads very easily, and measles is caused by breathing in these droplets or by touching a surface that has been contaminated with the droplets and then placing your hands near your nose or mouth. Vaccines
Transcript: (cc) photo by Metro Centric on Flickr doodles The infection is spread by contact with droplets from the nose, mouth, or throat of an infected person. Sneezing and coughing can put contaminated droplets into the air. TREATMENT notes Budapest San Francisco stay clean wash hands cover mouth with elbow when you cough. Notes Stockholm Our Project (cc) photo by jimmyharris on Flickr (cc) photo by Franco Folini on Flickr Double click to crop it if necessary PREVINTION TRANSMISION Research outlook SYMTOMS Bloodshot eyes Cough Fever Light sensitivity (photophobia) Muscle pain Rash Itchy Redness and irritation of the eyes (conjunctivitis) Runny nose Sore throat Tiny white spots inside the mouth (Koplik's spots) photo frame INTERSETING FACTS Place your own picture behind this frame! (cc) photo by Metro Centric on Flickr details Jacqualyn Tipton Assets map Important Details Antibiotics are useless against viral infections. This is because viruses are so easy to use host cells to carry out their activities for them. Therefore, antiviral drugs work differently to antibiotics, by interfering with viral enzymes instead. In 2008, there were 164 000 measles deaths globally – nearly 450 deaths every day or 18 deaths every hour. Measles
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