Transcript: Chemical Engineering What's Chemical Engineering ? ` Any questions ? The difference between Chemist & Chemical Engineering. Petrochemical Our work fields
Transcript: Chemical Engineering Chemical Engineering Job Description This branch of engineering combines science and engineering to design equipment for manufacturing plants They also test the production and the byproducts of the manufactured tools The base annual job salary is ≈ $116, 360 What do they do? Chemical engineers can establish safety measures and estimate production costs of items. They primarily developing processes and perform tests Job Duties Topic 3 Societies Text Text Pictures Pictures Topic 4 Certification Map Map Chart Chart Topic 5 Schools Timeline Timeline 2019 Topic 6 Sources
Transcript: About Established in 1989, Espranza for scientific instruments is a leading company in the field as the company employs highly qualified staff and maintains close links with the industrial and educational worlds. Queens Award for Enterprise: International Trade. (Boxford, 2012) Business Partners Espranza is a Worlddidac platinum member and the exclusive agent in the Egyptian market for the largest worldwide educational equipment manufacturers such as:- •Boxford (U.K) • Bosch Rexroth DCA (Germany) •Armfield Ltd. (U.K.) •Terco A.B.( Sweden) •ELABO Training Systems (Germany) • Pasco (USA) •Heliocentris (Germany) •MVG (France) •Seabery International (Spain) •HP 3D scanner (Germany) • Daesung (South Korea) • Labtech International Ltd (Indonesia) Some of our Reference Projects AUC (+15M) Military technical college Alexandria University - Faculty of Engineering (+10 M) (Physics - Fluid mechanics - Nuclear - Control ) labs Egypt Japan University for Science and Technology E-JUST (+25 M) Arab Academy for Science and Technology (15 M) Damietta University - Faculty of Engineering (2.5 M , Phase 1) Ain-shams University - Faculty of Engineering (2.5 M) Cairo-University Faculty of Engineering (+10 M) Port Saeed University (+10 M) Ministry of Education/999 Military factory (+66 schools, +55 M) Technical schools-Ministry of Education (+30M) HTI 10th of Ramadan City (12 M) PVTD ($2.5 M) Our Partners Operating since 1963 . Armfield are Finalists in the GESS Awards * Fluid mechanics * Fluid machines * Hydraulics and hydrology * Water treatment * Thermodynamics * Heat transfer * Refrigeration & air-conditioning * Process control * Biochemical & Unit operation * Static and vibration lab * Internal combustion engines Armfield ( UK) PASCO (USA) Physics and Chemistry labs Modern tools and technology for Engineering and science. SPARKvue software runs directly on Mac® and Windows® computers, iPads®, Android tablets®, Chromebooks™. PASCO Wireless Sensors connect directly to your computers, Chromebooks, tablets, and even smartphones. Data Collection and Analysis Software Your choice of SPARKvue or PASCO Capstone The world leader in automation and hydraulics systems Training systems covering Mechatronics and automation for vocational, undergraduate & research levels Industrial standard components, cutting edge technologies (i4.0) Train the Trainer certification system Bosch Rexroth (Germany) Electronics Electrical Machines & Transformers Power Electronics Classic Control & Servo Systems PLC Robotics Microcontrollers Smart House Engineering & Technology Elabo Training Systems - Electrical Power Systems & Smart-grid Technology - High Voltage Engineering - Electrical Machines & Industrial Drives/Power Electronics - Material Testing Terco (Sweden) Modeling and Printing labs CAD/CAM labs Laser Cutting machines Plasma Cutting machines CNC Routers Boxford (UK) Leader in education & research of renewable energies Customers in more than 75 countries around the globe Energy management & energy storage Solutions that are optimally tailored to customer requirements in line with the best technologies currently available. Heliocentris (Germany) Seabery is a global technological company pioneering the development of Augmented Reality applied to professionaltraining. Soldamatic is the first AR welding simulator worldwide, which together with the Learning Management System (LMS) based on the concept of Augmented Training allows training future qualified welders in a more sustainable and efficient way. SEABERY.ES Chemical Engineering Department Labs Mass and Heat Transfer Fluid Mechanics Chemical Reaction Engineering Process Control Unit Operations Mass & Heat Computer Controlled Heat Transfer Teaching Equipment Linear Heat Conduction Radial Heat Conduction Laws of Radiant Heat Transfer and Radiant Heat Exchange Combined Convection and Radiation Extended Surface Heat Exchanger Mass and Heat Transfer lab Computer Controlled Heat Transfer Teaching Equipment Radiation Errors in Temperature Measurement Unsteady State Heat Transfer Free and Forced Convection Conductivity of Liquids and Gases Computer Controlled Heat Exchanger Extended Tubular Heat Exchanger Jacketed Vessel Plate Heat Exchanger SHELL & TUBE HEAT EXCHANGER CROSS FLOW HEAT EXCHANGER Fluid Mechanics Energy Losses in Pipes Basic Hydraulics Bench Pitot Tube Demonstrator Flow Over Weirs Cavitation Demonstration Particle Drag Coefficients Fluid Mechanics lab Gaseous Diffusion Coefficient Apparatus Liquid Diffusion Coefficients Apparatus Wetted Wall Gas Absorption Column Solid/Liquid Extraction Unit Distillation Columns Chemical Reaction Computer Controlled Chemical Reactor Teaching Equipment continuous stirred tank reactor TUBULAR REACTOR TRANSPARENT BATCH REACTOR PLUG FLOW REACTOR Laminar Flow Reactor is Chemical Reaction Engineering lab Aerobic Digester Anaerobic Digester Catalytic Reactors Batch Enzyme Reactor Process Control Level Control Flow Control Temperature Control Pressure Control Process
Transcript: RECYCLING OF USED GASOLINE ENGINES OILS BY USING ORGANIC SOLVENTS Submitted by: Retaj Nuri Aljafaai Enas Jamal Fakron Supervised by: Assoc.Prof. Faraj AlTaher (2023-2024) Introduction Oils are a very important component, playing a major role in moving and operating machinery and cars that rely on engines to function. After combustion, motor oils are altered and discarded so that they become worthless and even pose a deadly threat to the environment and surroundings. Therefore, the issue of recycling used oils plays an important role. Introduction : Used car oils Used oils are waste harmful to health. This research presents waste recycling. Oil and how it can be recycled and chemically treated Car oils differ in terms of the type of components used in their manufacture, as well as their degree of density, as well as the mixture of chemical additives included in their composition to improve their performance and quality rates from one brand to another, according to the brand of each of these oils. With the development of technologies used in the production of motor oils, many measurement standards have been developed by some concerned international institutions in order to establish controls that can be used by the user to determine and choose the type of oil suitable for his car. Recycling used car oils Recycling used car oils is a process aimed at obtaining the useful parts in motor oils that have been damaged by combustion, separating them from the damaged parts, and adding some components to them to make them usable again. It is worth noting that governments in European countries and the United States have issued legislation that criminalizes the disposal of used oils personally so as not to harm the environment and obliges engine owners in general to collect damaged oils and deliver them to specialized centers for recycling, provided that useless parts that were separated during the process are disposed of. Environmentally safe recycling. Objectives Objectives: The goal of recycling used oils: 1-Reducing environmental pollution rates. 2-Optimal use of available resources. 3-Reducing production costs, as recycled materials cost less money than those that are made again. 4-The final products of the project can benefit factories in obtaining energy at a low cost. Types Types of car oils : 1\Mineral oils: It is derived directly from the refining of crude oil. 2\Synthetic oils: It is produced by modifying the chemical properties of the oil molecules. 3\mixed oils: It is a mixture of the two previous types, in varying proportions. •The work in this research will be on a type of mineral oil called (LUKOIL 20W50). It was chosen for its abundance and cheapness. HYDRATION HYDRATION The good and the bad THE GOOD AND THE BAD EXERCISE EXERCISE Ideas GOALS GOALS 1 2 4 3
Transcript: Chemical engineering General info General Info Chemical engineering entails using math, physics, chemistry, and biology to design and improve materials, equipment, and products. By converting raw materials into useful products, these professionals can minimize costs and maximize productivity while maintaining or increasing the quality of goods and materials. It is more desingning than it is any form of hand labor but both are part part of the process. general info continued.. More info Chemical engineers work in nearly every sector, including pharmaceutical, consumer products, biotechnology, manufacturing, materials, medicine, aerospace, automotive, and fuel so that does not mean their job is a specific one. Typical duties performed in chemical engineer jobs include research and testing, designing and evaluating equipment and processes, and ensuring compliance with safety and environmental regulations. Because of the rapid advances in technology, engineers must stay informed of emerging trends in their field and industry. Some of the top industries employing chemical engineers include chemical manufacturing, architecture and engineering, scientific research, petroleum and coal product manufacturing, and the federal government General info continued ...again... just a bit more... Demand for chemical engineers’ services depends largely on demand for the products of various manufacturing industries. Many chemical engineers work in manufacturing firms that provide products to other firms. For example, environmental and sustainability concerns have led chemistry and manufacturing firms to research alternative fertilizers, resulting in a need for chemical engineers. Nearly all chemical engineers work full time. Occasionally, they may have to work additional hours to meet production targets and design standards or to troubleshoot problems with manufacturing processes. Some chemical engineers work more than 40 hours per week so the job can be very demanding Statistics of US Bureau state that the median annual wage for chemical engineers was $108,540 in May 2020 (The median wage is the wage at which half the workers in an occupation earned more than that amount and half earned less) The lowest 10 percent earned less than $68,430 (higher than the average american salary being 56,310), and the highest 10 percent earned more than $168,960 $$$ Pay General Requirements Requirements out of high school Minimum GPA: 3.academic Requirements: Many programs require four years of mathematics through differential equations and several classes in organic and physical chemistry Degree Requirements: Bachelor's degree in engineering or a physical science GRE (general records examinations) Scores: Currently, many schools are not requiring these test scores Typical Courses Transport Phenomena Advanced Thermodynamics Kinetics and Applied Math Advanced Chemical Reaction Fluid Mechanics Microhydrodynamics Steps to becoming a chemical engineer Steps To Becoming A Chemical Engineer Step 2: Earn a Bachelor's Degree in Chemical Engineering To become a chemical engineer, you need a bachelor's degree in chemical engineering. You should also consider attending a program accredited by the Accreditation Board for Engineering and Technology (ABET). This accreditation lets employers and educators know that you have received a rigorous education and meet the quality standards of the profession. This accreditation also qualifies you to pursue licensure in some states. Most chemical engineering bachelor's programs require 120-130 credits and take about four years of full-time study to complete. You'll learn about analysis and invention of chemical products and processes through classroom, laboratory, and field studies. You'll also explore how to design equipment and processes for manufacturing. Step 1: Study Chemistry, Physics, and Math in High School Chemical engineering applicants face stiff competition. As a high school student, you should start preparing early in your studies by taking classes in chemistry, biology, physics, and math. Taking college preparatory or AP courses in these areas may also increase your chances of admission, and specific coursework in trigonometry, algebra, and calculus can prepare you to meet college admission requirements. You can also benefit from extracurricular activities in science, technology, engineering, and math. Many universities and research centers offer engineering summer camps and the opportunity to perform research. Step 3 (optional): Consider a Master's Degree in Chemical Engineering While you can pursue a lucrative rewarding career as a chemical engineer with a bachelor's degree, an advanced degree paves the way to additional job opportunities. In addition to qualifying for managerial positions, a master's degree provides a deeper understanding of chemical reactions, independent research methods, and advanced laboratory skills. A career in research or academia typically requires a master's. Some schools
Transcript: Chemical Engineering Department Noor Alhouda Nizar its a chemical engineering blog specialized in subtract a set of topics that help the chemical engineering student in his specialty , plus general information and competitions between students to motivate positive competition within the department Thanks Dr. Omar & Alaa Abdallah Rawan Abu Nameh first achievements ل 1-Interviews with doctors in department 2_Chemical engineering magazine ............. Bloge Contest Rania Khaleefh About the blog Yasmmen Alali Walaa Alqasem chemical Engineering Bloge Future aspirations
Transcript: UNIVERSITY OF JORDAN FACULTY OF ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY DEPARTMENT OF CHEMICAL ENGINEERING DESIGN OF ELECTROCOAGULATION PLANT FOR WASTEWATER TREATMENT Objectives. Introduction. Experimental work. Results and Discussion. Process Selection. Material and Energy Balance. Equipment Design. Plant Layout. The electrocoagulation process control. Safety and hazards elimination. Conclusions and Recommendations. MASS BALANCE MASS BALANC MASS BALANCE (Cont'd) To perform batch electrocoagulation experiments on textile wastewater collected from Al Jawhara Textile Factories. To determine how various operating parameters affect on the removal efficiencies of COD, TSS and absorbance. To select the appropriate equipment for the design of the wastewater treatment plant. To perform material and energy balances using hand calculations. To design a continuous flow electrocoagulation plant based on results from the batch experiments. To estimate the economic aspects of the project. To propose different control strategies for the process. To decide the plant layout taking into consideration the most important aspects of the site. To investigate the safety and environmental issues related to the process INTRODUCTION Textile industries utilize a huge amount of water within its processes. It also produce a massive quantities of wastewater which are classified into four categories namely; hard to treat, dispersible, hazardous or toxic wastes and high volume wastes. JORDAN has one of the most stringent environmental regulations, especially those related to discharge limits. Wastewater is usually treated using different technologies such as chemical coagulation in which Alum and other chemicals are added to water to form tiny sticky particles called "flocs" which attract the dirt particles. The combined weight of the dirt and the flocs become heavy enough to sink to the bottom during sedimentation. On the other hand, chemical coagulation needs to additional chemicals and produce large amount of sludge which needs to be disposed or have a special treatment. One of promising methods for treating textile waste effluents is electrocoagulation. Electrocoagulation utilizes Aluminum or Iron anodes to produce hydroxides flocs which can effectively remove different types of pollutants. The process can be described as follow: OUTLINES General Equation: M input + M generation – M output – M consumption =M accumulation For the continuous-steady state process : accumulation= 0. (no build-up of anything in the system , generation and consumption= 0. (no chemical reaction occurs. The general equation becomes: M input = M output OBJECTIVES
Transcript: Jordan University Of Science & Technology Chemical Engineering Department Graduation Project II Project Super Visor: Dr. Mohannad AL_Jarrah Team members: Mohamma Kewan Fadi Zeiad Roba Ananzeh Sezar Zoubi Contents Outcomes Process Technology Detailed Design P&ID & HAZOP study Cost Estimation Conclusion & Recommendation Outcomes 1.Complete the design specification for the main unites. 2.Select appropriate material of construction for each unit. 3.Conduct cost estimation for the plant. 4.Calculate the capital and operating cost of the plant. 5.Conduct HAZOP study for the ATP retorter. Process Technology ATP Process had been chosen to produce our oil shale. The ATP retorting process is a shale oil production which consists from five main systems including feed system,thermal processor unit, a flue gas treatment system,steam treatment system and vapor recovery system. Design Calculations Crusher calculation: To obtain 7mm particle diameter we need 3 crushers (2 primary& 1 secondary): Primary Crushing: Crusher (1) Gyratory Crusher Power (KW) = 553 KW Primary Crushing: Crusher (2) Gyratory Crusher Power (KW) = 737.2 KW Secondary Crushing: Crusher (3) Gyratory crusher Power (KW) = 921.4 KW Design Calculations Screener calculation : Screener (1) Grizzly Screener with Vibrating Grates and also a grid of rotating gratings to keep the openings clear. Material Of Construction: manganese steel for bars (wear resistant) Distance between Parallel Bars = 300 mm Screen Surface Area (m2) = 7 x 2 = 14 m2 Screener (2) Grizzly Screener Distance between Parallel Bars = 50 mm Screen Surface Area (m2) = 7 x 2 = 14 m2 Design Calculations Pump Design: Material of construction: Carbon Steel H Total Dynamic Head = ΔP = 1.85 MPa Then Wo = 34 KW Assume →η AVG = 85 % W Required = 40 KW Max. Power for Centrifugal Pump = 300 KW the number of pumps required = 6 ṁv = (0.0183 m3/s) / Pump ṁv = 0.0183 m3/s ρ= 966.6 kg/m3 H: column head in Pascal Hopper Design (Self-dumping hoppers) Advantages of self-dumping hopper: Used for rocks, ash, and metal powders Self – dumping mechanism Less expensive than mass and funnel flow Design Calculations Hopper Calculation: Feed= 132.5 Kg/s ρ Bulk = 1800 Kg/m3 Capacity = 66.5 m3 hold for MAX. 15 minutes before self dumping to Belt Conveyor Design Calculations Cyclone Design ṁ Flue Gas = 11106000 Kg/Day = 128.5 Kg/s T = 350 C ρ Flue Gas = 0.571 Kg/m3 V Flue Gas = 225 m3/s Assume Gas Inlet Velocity (Vi = 43 m/s) (Common Velocity) Assume (High Throughput) Cyclone Diameter (D): (D) =((Vflue gas)/((H/D)*(W/D)*Vi))^0.5 = 4.324 m H = 3.459 m W = 1.5134 m De = 3.243 m S = 3.6754 m Lb = 7.3508 m Lc = 8.648m Dd = 1.7296 m Standard Cyclone Dimensions Design Calculations ATP Retorter ( Preheating & cooling zone): Heat Exchanger design: Material Of Construction: Stainless steel Flow rate of feed ( kerogen and inorganic) =11449000 kg/day Q = 34 MW TC1 = 25 C → TC2 = 250 C Cp kerogen = 0.243*1700 = 413.1 J/Kg.K m feed = 132.5 Kg/s Cp inorganic = 0.7327*1000 = 732.7 J/Kg.K CP avg = 1145.8 J/Kg.K Q = U A ΔTm ΔTm = 356 C ΔT LM = 375 C Counter-Current Shell side (ho) Clearance: surface-surface Distance ≥ 0.25 OD tube → 0.5 m ID Shell > BAFFLE SPACING > (0.2) ID Shell → 1.686 m PITCH = ID Tube + CLEARANCE = 2.5 m Ѵo = 0.011 m/s ho = 38.16 w/m2.K (1/U ACTUAL) = 0.0268 U ACTUAL = 37.23 W/m2.K Error = 26 %. Not accept NOW Assume U1 = 32 W/m2.K Retort zone : ( rotary kiln ) stainless steel . Combustion Zone: CFB Column: Fluidization Calculations: ΔPbed=100 kpa Ut=6.96 m/s r = 7.02 m H.E ( steam condenser ) : Total Income (T.I) = 365 + 50 = 415 MM Dollar Profit Indicators: From the study on oil shale in Jordan that has been discussed in this project, oil shale forms a large source of energy that has not been used yet. The process that had been selected depends on the wanted product, as we look for a source of electricity; we decided that best process to achieve this objective of our project is ATP technology. As a development country that does not have natural resources (i.e. water) as well as energy resources (i.e. crude oil), oil shale plant extraction is promising, with (T.C.I) = 3 billion dollars and 9 years Payback-Period. We conclude that producing oil shale is very effective since 1000 kg of oil shale is enough to generate 36 gal of oil (138 L of oil). Increasing the capacity of production to become more feasibility production. Environmental emissions should be controlled during processing to meet the standard international conventions that promote environmental protection and sustainable development and carefully consider the Equator Principles in structuring environmental management programs for oil shale projects. Uo = 738 w/m2.K Ut (two pass) = 1.775 m/s Design Calculations Storage Tank Design: Cylindrical tank, With hemispherical head.low-alloy steel for resistance to H2 and H2S (SA-385,Gr.12C1.1) For vertical storage 420000gal/100000(gal/tank) = 5 tanks are needed. Vtank (90% filled) = 422.3 m3 D= 5.5519m L= 16.6556 m
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