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History of Maritime Transportation

Transcript: The structure and flexibility of junk sails make the junk fast and easily controlled. The sails of a junk can be moved inward toward the long axis of the ship, allowing the junk to sail into the wind. Classic junks were built of softwoods with the outside shape built first. Then multiple internal compartment/bulkheads accessed by separate hatches and ladders, reminiscent of the interior structure of bamboo, were built in. Ancient Times 5,000 BC - Earliest depictions of Sailboats A steamboat is a boat in which the primary method of marine propulsion is steam power, typically driving propellers or paddlewheels. The steamboats that traveled the rivers shared a basic design; they had a hull, or body, made of timber (later steel was used), and a wooden paddlewheel. The paddlewheel had a circular center with spokes coming from it like a bicycle wheel. Planks were attached to the spokes to make the paddle, which was placed on either the side or rear of the boat. Boats with paddles on the side were called sidewheelers, while boats with a paddle at the rear were called sternwheelers. Thank You! A sewn boat is a type of wooden boat which is clinker built and held together with tendons or flexible wood, such as roots and willow branches. Sewn boat construction techniques were used in many parts of the world prior to the development of metal fasteners, and continued to be used long after that time for small boats to reduce construction costs where metal fasteners were too expensive. 1000 AD - Viking Long Ships were developed A trireme was an ancient vessel and a type of galley that was used by the ancient maritime civilizations of the Mediterranean, especially the Phoenicians, ancient Greeks and Romans. The trireme derives its name from its three rows of oars, manned with one man per oar. The early trireme was a development of the penteconter, an ancient warship with a single row of 30 oars on each side (i.e., a double-banked boat), and of the bireme, a warship with two banks of oars,of Phoenician origin. History of Maritime Transportation 542 BC - First written record of a Trireme - or simply dugout is a boat made from a hollowed tree trunk. Other names for this type of boat are logboat and monoxylon. Dugouts are the oldest boats archaeologists have found, dating back about 8,000 years to the Neolithic Stone Age.This is probably because they are made of massive pieces of wood, which tend to preserve better bark canoes. About 1190 AD - Alexander Neckam writes the first European description of a magnetic compass, which started the Age of Navigation 15th Century - Caravel, the most effective sailing ship developed in the Mediterranean but subsequently adapted by the Spanish and Portuguese for service in the Atlantic. Turbinia was the first steam turbine-powered steamship. Built as an experimental vessel in 1894, and easily the fastest ship in the world at that time, Turbinia was demonstrated dramatically at the Spithead Navy Review in 1897 and set the standard for the next generation of steamships, the majority of which were turbine powered. A steam turbine is a device that extracts thermal energy from pressurized steam and uses it to do mechanical work on a rotating output shaft. 200 AD - Junks were mainly used by the Chinese 1859 - The first Ironclad Warship, the Gloire, is launched. These boats were made of bundles of bound papyrus reeds. Papyrus is different from paper because papyrus is a laminated material made from thinly cut strips from the stalk of Cyprus Papyrus plant. These boats were made of bundles of bound papyrus reeds, and were lashed together into a long thin hull form in the style of a slight crescent. This lifted the ends out of the water. The bundle was made as wide as possible for stability, and an extra bundle was put on top so that the cargo and crew were kept reasonable dry. Longships were a type of ship invented and used by the Norsemen for trade, commerce, exploration, and warfare during the Viking Age. The longships were characterized as a graceful, long, narrow and light wooden boat, with a shallow-draft hull designed for speed. The ship's shallow draft allowed navigation in waters only one metre deep and permitted random beach landings, while its light weight enabled it to be carried over portages or used bottoms up for shelter in camps. Longships were also double-ended, the symmetrical bow and stern allowing the ship to reverse direction quickly without a turn around; this trait proved particularly useful at northern latitudes, where icebergs and sea ice posed hazards to navigation. Longships were fitted with oars along almost the entire length of the boat itself. Reported By: Editha L. Bautista MaEd The Ictineo II was 14 metres (46 ft) long, 2 metres (6.6 ft) wide, and 3 metres (9.8 ft) high. Her displacement was 46 tonnes and her interior volume was 29 cubic metres (1,000 cu ft). She was built of olive wood with oak reinforcements, and a 2 mm thick layer of copper. Her upper side had a


Transcript: DANIEL CIFUENTES Best products are produced and sold in competitive market. HISTORY OF WATER-BASED TRANSPORTATION better quality and lower prices when it does not have to be quick designed by Péter Puklus for Prezi limited areas of operation wider distribution means greater demand it characterized by high security efficient production GENERAL CARGO ANDRES LOZANO with the scale economies it is the cheapest transportation mode BULK CARRIERS safety larger capacity bad weather deeper penetration into markets the new administration helps Colombia to advance in ports and waterways the slowest mode of transportation DANIEL RODRIGUEZ TIFFANY OCAMPO ALEXANDRA GARCIA Bill of lading sea waybill MAGEMENT OF COLOMBIAN PORTS AND WATER WAYS large dimensions (volumetric weight) DISADVANTAGES of water transportation types of maritime transportation THE CARGE SIZE COLOMBIA nowadays it is managed by the private company named "ports of Colombia" (colpuertos). success in supply chain Phoenicians. Exploration of north America identified large amounts of natural resources. 16th-18th Market of crops to Europe Increase of world trade levels since the end of WWII. USA take advantage of trading opportunities as new world markets opened. ROLL ON-ROLL OFF WATER FREIGHT TRANSPORTATION PASSENGER VESSELS DANIELA ARBELAEZ ANDRES HOYOS heavy charge (real weight) documents JULIAN CORONADO Process of transporting commodities, goods and cargo. Lifeblood of the word economy carrying almost 80% of international trade. Rivers, canals, barges are used to carry bulk cargo. Port operations needed (infrastructure). The ports and water ways were managed by the navigation and ports department. Low cost delays at ports INTERNATIONAL LOGISTIC II The complement to these ports are placed in Tumaco, Turbo and San Andrés Island and other ports which are maritime oil terminals. WHAT THE MARITIME TRANSPORTATION IS? Buenaventura, Cartagena, Barranquilla y Santa Marta. TRANSPORTATION ROLE IN INTERNATIONAL TRADE WHEN TO CHOOSE THIS MODE OF TRANSPORTATION? Colombia has 4 main ports. ADVANTAGES OF WATER TRANSPORT

Maritime transportation in Vietnam

Transcript: - Increasing cargo volume and vessel size from/to ports, maintain the competitiveness in the global integration process, as well as uphold the momentum role. -Establish and develop connecting points for logistics system. - Improve and upgrade existing ports to improve conditions in quality and technology. - Total investment cost is: 46 ÷ 56 bil.USD in the stage to 2030, 20 ÷ 25 bil.USD in the stage to 2020. - State budget takes 12% ÷ 15%. - Investment cost mobilized from investors and enterprises. - located in the South East Asia - 329,000 square kilometers and a population of nearly 80 million - Facing toward the Pacific Ocean in the East - Has a long coastline of more than 3,000 kilometers along which a considerable number of ports are internationally opened. Seaport system - Decision of the Government No. 1195/QD-TTg, Ha Noi, November 4th, 2003. - (n.d)., J. G. (2008). Maritime Transportation Issues, Merchant feet Linh Nguyen Solutions The maritime transportation system in Vietnam - Lack of comprehensiveness both in scale and implementation process (specialized ships, advanced technology and so on) - Low quality and backward technology - Average age of crew is higher than other country neighbors. - Lack of investment and appropriate future plan. -Group 1: Northern seaport group from Quang Ninh to Ninh Binh -Group 2: Northern Central seaport group from Thanh Hoa to Ha Tinh -Group 3: Middle Central seaport group from Quang Binh to Quang Ngai -Group 4: Southern Central seaport group from Binh Dinh to Binh Thuan -Group 5: Eastern South seaport group including Con Dao and ports on Soai Rap river, Tien Giang -Group 6: Mekong delta seaport group including Phu Quoc and Eastern south islands. International Maritime transport and climate policy. Pg. 127. Intereconomics; May/Jun 2000., C.V. (n.d). of Rijeka. (2005 References Overview of the Maritime Transportation in Vietnam Finally Content Issues - Almost ships are in small and medium sizes - Statistics of the national merchant feet 1 - Location of Vietnam 2- The maritime transportation system in Vietnam 3- Issues and Solutions Geographical location -17 seaports class I, 23 seaports class II and 9 seaport class III -Close to 350 berths with a total length of 40,000m (double higher than 1999) -35 access points to national ports and 12 points to dedicated ports -Cargo through puts have reached 196.6 Mil. Ton, including 5.02 Mil TEU -Average growth rate: 13% annually

Career in Transportation PowerPoint

Transcript: Air Traffic Controller In Transportation My Career Job Description Air traffic controllers regulate air traffic either within an airport's airspace or air traffic between airports. They communicate weather changes, visibility issues, wind conditions and nearby aircraft to pilots, using radar, computers or visuals to monitor aircraft in the assigned airspace. Air traffic controllers may give landing and departure authorization and instructions. They may also determine and direct flight path changes as necessary. Controllers supervise ground traffic, such as baggage vehicles, airport workers and taxiing airplanes. What a air traffic controller Education & Requirements Must be U.S. citizens and pass a background investigation and medical examination. There are three ways to become an air traffic controller with the FAA. The first option is to gain military experience as an air traffic controller. The second is to complete an aviation degree at a college or university through the FAA's Air Traffic Collegiate Training Initiative program. The final option is to complete either three years of progressively responsible job experience, a bachelor's degree or a combination of the two. Requirements Other Requirements Those who fulfill the requirements of either of the latter two options will also be required to attend the FAA's Air Traffic Control Academy, which takes several weeks or months to complete. Students in this program are reimbursed for living costs. Air traffic controllers work shift work and their job requires total concentration at all times. This is a high-stress field that is currently experiencing job decline, and those planning to become air traffic controllers will face a lot of competition for available jobs. Other Requirements Statistics Median pay (annual): 122,950 USD (2015) Median pay (hourly): 59.11 USD (2015) Entry level education: Associate's degree Projected 10-year growth: -9% (2014) Number of jobs: 24,500 (2014) Job Statistics Best chance to get employed In recent years, Air Traffic Controllers have the highest job vacancies and job growth rate in the following states North Dakota 87.50% Guam 33.33% North Carolina 31.58% West Virginia 28.57% Idaho 20.00% Nebraska 16.67% Colorado 14.93% FASTEST JOB GROWTH

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