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Machu Picchu

Transcript: Machu Picchu INTRODUCTION Machu Picchu is one of the wonders of the world. It is a very impressive sight and one of the most intresting topics to research Where is Machu Picchu? It is located in the Andes in Peru. Its 7,970 meters above sea level. Its in the Cuso Region of Peru. What is Machu Picchu ? Machu Picchu is an ancient Inca site high atop the cloud-shrouded Andean mountains of Peru. It is thought to have been built for Pachacuti Inca between 1460-70, and is sometimes called City of the Gods. Machu Picchu, which means "Old Peak" in the Quechua language, was lost for nearly 400 years, but rediscovered in 1911 by Yale archaeologist Hiram Bingham. Who built Machu Picchu and why? It was built by the Inca civilization around 1450 in the jungle and mountains. Machu Picchu is actually a city. The Incas needed to move away from the Spanish invaders so they built Machu Picchu. It was built from 1460 to 1470 by Pachacuti Inca Yupanqui an Inca ruler. How old is Machu Picchu? Machu Picchu is about 550 years old. It was built from 1460 to 1470 by Pachacuti Inca Yupanqui an Inca ruler. What does it tell scientists? Although the archaeological discovery of Machu Picchu came nearly a hundred years ago, historians/scientists are still unsure of the function of this ancient Inca citadel. What language did the people speak who lived there? Most people speak Spanish in Machu Picchu, but a significant number speak Quechua or other native languages. What can we learn from Machu Picchu? The plateau on which the city was built was also the place where the construction materials were extracted. The rock quarry - this can still be found in the city of Machu Picchu. So, the Incas had no major difficulties in constructing the stone blocks.The majority of construction bricks, rocks are rather small. About 5000 people must have worked to build Machu Picchu. But it could only accommodate 750 - 1000 inhabitants. Strangely there were only about 200 - 250 skeletons found... About 140 building remains were found. Most of these are houses, some are temples. There also are depots and even a guard house at the edge of the city. What were the people like and what happened to them? It was thought that Small Pox killed off most of the people within fifty years of its founding. Soon after the government failed and the City was forgotten. Though it is possible for a city's inhabitants to be wiped out to the last soul, by floods, vulcanoes, mudslides, wars or very bad diseases, it has happened more often that thriving civilisations are laid low by crop losses and small climate changes affecting plant growth or water supply from rivers. Survivors move away. Can we vist Machu Picchu today? Yes we can!! By far the most popular way to enjoy a Machu Picchu tour is taking the train from nearby Cusco. The train takes four hours and travels through stunning scenery full of hills and villages. This is an ideal option for travelers who want to see the Sacred Valley and Machu Picchu, but don’t have the time required to hike to these dramatic ruins via the Inca Trail. A shorter train journey to Machu Picchu is from Ollantaytambo. Leaving from this ancient town is a popular choice because you can spend more time in the Sacred Valley itself. Ollantaytambo is also home to some enormously impressive ruins and many travelers enjoy spending a night in the town before departing for Machu Picchu. However, if you love the outdoors, walking along the world famous Inca Trail is an incredible experience. This 28-mile hike takes you past villages, forests, valleys and mountains and is an excellent way to taste the flavor of the local culture. The Inca Trail hike takes about four days and a unique way to experience this world wonder. Travelers who want to combine an Inca trail trek with visits to Cusco and Machu Picchu can easily take a Sacred Valley tour if they have a week to spend in the area. To discover ideal itineraries about how to get to Machu Picchu, one of the most unforgettable destinations in the world. References THE END By James That was a pretty cool prezi. You have to admit. Intruduction Machu Picchu is one of the wonders of the world. Its one of the most impressive sights you will visit when you go to Peru… Jam is Jam By James Who built Machu Picchu and why?.. It was built by the Inca civilization around 1450 in the jungle and mountains.Machu Picchu is actually a city. the Incas needed to move away from the Spanish invaders so they built Machu Picchu. It was built from 1460 to 1470 by Pachacuti Inca Yupanqui an Inca ruler.

Machu Picchu

Transcript: History of Machu Picchu First we'll start at the roots. The Inca. THE INCA The Inca army can turn an ordinary villager or farmer into a soldier, ready for battle. The Inca army had many kinds of weapons. Both long distance and man-to-man weapons. The Incas in the east were experts in the use of a bow. In the rain forest there is much resilient wood. With this wood you can make a very good bow. The bows were short and the arrows were made of hard wood. In the west of the Inca empire, there wasn't resilient wood, that's why there weren't many warriors who used a bow in the west. Each part of the empire had their own traditional weapons. The tribes who lived by the coast used spears or shafts. Another tribe had two or three stones attached to ropes, which was attached to a stick. This weapon was called a Bolla. The Bollas could get entwined around legs from warriors or horses. In that way, it could make nasty wounds. The Bollas were very effective against the Spaniard cavalry (soldiers on horses). The Incas used slings which could fire stones as big as eggs. This weapon is very exact and it could wound warriors over a distance of 30 metres. When a city was besieged, the Incas throw red-hot stones down the walls. The Incas also used spears, swords, bludgeons, and axes. The swords were made of wood with bronze edges. Some swords were completely bronze. Machu Picchu Machu Picchu is the only city of the Inca that wasn't destroyed by the Spanish. I think Machu Picchu is the coolest historical city ever. A highly sophisticated civilization began in the year 1200 A.D. The Inca were people with high intellect, evident through their advancement. Their power was one that was unstoppable, and the testament to that fact is clear through the size of the Empire. The Inca borders spread though vast lands of what is now Peru, Equador and parts of Bolivia, Chile and Columbia. To acquire all that land, one can capture whatsoever one desires, and that was just what the Inca had. Under the aegis of the sun god they ruled enormous portions of land. Through complex tactics, weapons, and armor, they triumphed over their adversaries and secured their place as one of the most cunning and ingenious people in history. To triumph, ones military must not only have advanced weapons, armor and technology. One too needs effective strategies and useful advantages; and the Inca had many different methods to further increase their chances of winning. First of all, because the Inca lived in highlands, their lung capacity was greatly increased and therefore, their stamina was improved as well. When they fought their lowland enemies, it was a big advantage that aided them greatly. Secondly, although the Inca were illiterate, they were able to implement highly complicated plans and techniques. But the knowledge was limited to the commanders and nobles only. On top of that, there would be an experienced officer caste leading the army of about thirty thousand soldiers and a few thousand professional imperial bodyguards. And last but not least, like the Romans, the Inca had their own way of speedy travel. They used roads as well, but in addition, they had storage forts known as a quolla. The storage forts are placed within a days travel from each other and are filled with weapons, armor, food, and other much needed provisions. With the quolla, the Inca army can march at full speed towards their destination and rest once they reach the fort. This system of movement was so effective that it was in fact the fastest system of movement for the military prior to the steam age. We can see that the Inca tactics and methods truly were useful. It aided them greatly and it was because of it, that they attained victory in many battles. But an army too must have advanced weaponry and armor. The Incas had many different types of these, each with their own specific use. First of all, they had a total of three main ranged weapons; the slings, bow and arrow, as well as the bolas. A sling is a long piece of rope tied around a large rock. It is usually swung around in a circular motion until you are ready to release the rock and send it hurtling toward your enemy. Next, the bow and arrow is a simple weapon where you would draw your arrow back on the bowstring, and release to send the arrow soaring to your target. Last but not least, the bola is a weapon that has a rope that is tied to three (usually three) rocks. It is thrown by swinging it around in a circular motion as well and releasing your hold, when ready, to let it fly. All these ranged weapons were effective because during those days, many of the Inca adversaries used short weapons. Therefore, it was easy to strike them down from a distance. But although the Inca had some amazing ranged weaponry, their melee weapons too is another important topic. When the Inca entered melee combat, they used clubs, bronze knives, scythes, axes, and serrated two-handed wooden swords (akin to teeth). Each one of these weapons had

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