Transcript: Lung cANCER The 2 main types of lung cancer are: Non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) is the most common type of lung cancer. It grows more slowly than small cell lung cancer. Small cell lung cancer (SCLC) grows quickly and often spreads to distant parts of the body. Stages Stage I: The cancer is located only in the lungs and has not spread to any lymph nodes. Stage II: The cancer is in the lung and nearby lymph nodes. Stage III: Cancer is found in the lung and in the lymph nodes in the middle of the chest, also described as locally advanced disease. Stage III has two subtypes: If the cancer has spread only to lymph nodes on the same side of the chest where the cancer started, it is called stage IIIA. If the cancer has spread to the lymph nodes on the opposite side of the chest, or above the collar bone, it is called stage IIIB. Stage IV: This is the most advanced stage of lung cancer, and is also described as advanced disease. This is when the cancer has spread to both lungs, to fluid in the area around the lungs, or to another part of the body, such as the liver or other organs. Risk Factors Smoking tobacco Second-hand smoke Radon Asbestos Outdoor air pollution Occupational exposure to chemical carcinogens Personal or family history of lung cancer Arsenic Previous lung disease Exposure to radiation Indoor burning of coal Weakened immune system Lupus sIGNS & SYMPTOMS a cough that worsens or doesn’t go away chest pain that is constant and made worse by deep breathing or coughing blood-stained sputum (mucus and other matter coughed up from the lungs) shortness of breath wheezing frequent chest infections (bronchitis or pneumonia) fatigue hoarseness loss of appetite weight loss collapsed lung (pneumothorax) Late S & S's buildup of fluid around the lungs (pleural effusion) bone pain jaundice difficulty swallowing superior vena cava syndrome neurological changes weakness headache numbness in a limb dizziness seizure enlarged lymph nodes in the neck or above the collarbone Treatment surgery chemotherapy radiation targeted therapies photodynamic therapy Alternative Medicine Anxiety : Hypnosis, massage, meditation, relaxation techniques Fatigue : Exercise, massage, relaxation techniques, yoga Nausea and vomiting : Acupuncture, aromatherapy, hypnosis, music therapy Pain : Acupuncture, aromatherapy, biofeedback, hypnosis, massage, music therapy Sleep problems : Exercise, relaxation techniques, yoga Stress : Aromatherapy, exercise, hypnosis, massage, meditation, tai chi, yoga Stigma Many lung cancer patients, whether they smoked or not, feel particularly stigmatised because the disease is so strongly associated with smoking. In fact, as many as 15% of lung cancer patients are life-long non-smokers, and 50% of patients diagnosed with lung cancer have quit before the time of diagnosis. The association of lung cancer with smoking often results in negative reactions and blame from others, assuming those patients ‘brought it upon themselves’. The IP TEAM Anesthesiologist Dietitian Family doctor Nurse Occupational therapist Oncologist Oncology nurse Pathologist Patient advocate Pharmacist Physiotherapist, Psychologist Radiologist Social worker Spiritual care worker Surgeon Technical staff psw role post surgery (personal care) observe and report changes support (emotional, sOCIAL, physical) check vitals (delegated) turn on oxygen tank Support Canadian Cancer Society hopespring.ca sOURCES CANADIAN CANCER SOCIETY CANADIAN LUNG ASSOCIATION MOSBYS TEXTBOOK FOR THE psw end
Transcript: Lung Cancer Caused by cancerous cells on the lungs Some symtoms of lung cancer... Shortness of breath Weight loss Chest pain Coughing or weezing Who can it affect? Lung cancer can affect anyone, but usually in adults. Some treatments are: Surgery Chemotherapy Radiotherapy * Over 219,000 people are diagnosed with lung cancer each year in the U.S. (hubpages.com) Person affected by Lung cancer... Lance Armstrong Lance was diagnosed with testicular cancer, and it soon spread to his lungs and brain. His chances for survival were less than 50%, so lance underwent an extreme amount of chemotharipy. Remarkably, the chemotharipy worked and Lance survived and was able to win Tour De France 7 times. Air pollution Biography: Smokeing Genetic factors * 85% of lung cancer cases are past and present smokers.(hubpages.com) www.webmd.com www.lancearmstrong.com/bio/cancer Risk factors / Causes of Lung cancer: Non commutable What is Lung cancer? Interesting Facts: www.mayoclynic.com By: Johnny Freeman Disease For Lance Armstrongs story: Cancerous cells can spread if not treated www.cbsnews.com
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Transcript: Symptoms of Lung Cancer Asbestos Smoking Lung Cancer BY: Dannielle Faaui Common symptoms of lung cancer include: Persistent cough or a new or changed wheeze (or both) Breathlessness Blood-streaked phlegm (mucus) Pains in the chest when coughing or taking a deep breath Recurring pneumonia or chest infections Recurring bronchitis Excessive tiredness (fatigue) Unexplained weight loss. There are even some symptoms mistaken for the common flu! Lung Cancer Statistics Lung cancer is the uncontrolled growth of cancerous tumors in the lungs. Lung cancer is the leading cause of death due to cancer and is also the fifth most common cancer in Australia. There are two types of lung cancers; non-small cell lung cancer and small cell lung cancer. Causes of Lung Cancer In Australia each year about 9,200 people (65% male, 35% female) are diagnosed with lung cancer. More than 7,000 people die due to lung cancer each year. People between the age of 65-79 are mostly diagnosed and are mostly at risk! Lung Cancer is one of the biggest killer cancer in Australia. Second-Hand Smoking As you may know smoking is the most common risk factor causing Lung Cancer. 80% of lung cancer is caused by smoking! This is because a tobacco cigarette has over 60 causing chemicals known as carcinogens. When smoke is inhaled through the mouth, throat and into the lungs, the carcinogens in the smoke are absorbed through the lining of the lungs into the bloodstream. It then spreads to particular cells causing them to grow uncontrollably. Statistics from December 2012 Non-Smokers Lung Genetics What is Lung Cancer? Smokers Lung Detail 4
Transcript: Did you know? There are various treatment options to help reduce lung cancer for example surgery radiation therapy for tumors that cannot be removed by surgery chemotherapy the primary treatment to demolish cancer cells target therapy lifestyle changes towards diet and exercise Thank You! By:Jessica Facts Symptoms usually don't become noticeable until the cancer had advanced. Which why it often goes undetected in earlier stages. Although symptoms include. coughing up blood recurring chest infections such as bronchitis Swelling in the neck shortness of breath pain under your ribs Lung cancer is the growth of abnormal cells in the lungs. Which instead of forming healthy lung tissue divide creating tumors. ( respiratory system ) Lung cancer is the most common type of cancer for both men and women, taking more lives every year than breast, colon, and prostate cancer combined. The survival rate of lung cancer is about 17% More men are diagnosed with lung cancer each year, but more women live with the disease Blacks are more likely to develop and die from lung cancer than people of other racial or ethnic group About 1 in 12 canadian men and 1 in 15 canadian woman are expected to develop lung cancer during there lifetime What is lung cancer? ( cancer cells) The respiratory system breathes in oxygen while breathing out carbon dioxide. Lung cancer ruins this process by damaging the lungs. Later effecting other organ systems as well such as the circulatory and nervous system. Symptoms ( cancer cell ) Transmission of the disease Lung Cancer what it looks like How does it affect the respiratory system? Treatment options Lung cancer is not contagious. Although lung cancer can occur from air pollution previous diseases associated with the lungs radiation radon gas The number one cause of lung cancer occurring about 87% of time is a result of smoking
Transcript: 1940- Increase of tobacco Scientists look at cancer cells and see how they behave. Cells taken from tumors of people with cancer are studied in a test tube or injected in an animal, mainly a mouse. They also study to see how normal cells turn into cancerous cells. Research that scientists are discovering are leading to find more cures to either stop cancer or remove it from the body once you have it. Many charity organizations are putting money towards cancer research. 1990's- First lung cancer charity organization 1929- The connection between lung cancer and smoking had been realized. Studying about cancer Types of Lung Cancer By: Rhia Lung Cancer - Chemotherapy: Using special medicines to shrink or kill the cancer in the body or drugs/medicines given in your veins. -Radiation therapy: When using high-energy rays. It's part of cancer treatment to control or kill malignant cells. ( similar to x-ray ) -Surgery: Where an operation is done to cut out cancer tissue. 1878- Lung tumors represented 1% of cancers. What causes Lung Cancer? What is Lung Cancer? Time line There are two major types of lung cancer. Small cell lung cancer and non-small cell lung cancer. Small cell lung cancer occurs in heavy smokers, it grows more fast and spreads to other parts of the body. It's more responsive to chemotherapy. Non-small lung cancer is majority of lung cancers. It is any carcinoma that is not a small cell lung cancer. Carcinoma is a cancer that starts in the tissue that lines the inner or outer surfaces of the body. Non-small lung cancer is the most common type. 1930's- They noticed the increase. 2015- Still doing research to find a cure. Doctors are finding ways to improve the effectiveness of surgery while reducing side effects. 1940's- Chemotherapy began with the use of nitrogen mustards. Smoking,air pollution and genetics are the main reasons to get lung cancer. Smoking is the number one reason as smoking damages the cells that line the lungs.The risk of lung cancer increases with the number of cigarettes smoked over time. 80% of deaths from lung cancer are caused by smoking.Exposure to highly polluted air can be similar to passive smoking. In your genetics if there is a history of lung cancer it is likely it would happen to you as well. Ways to cure Lung Cancer 1914- Had risen to 14%. Lung cancer is uncontrolled growth of abnormal cells,it starts off in either one or both lungs, which affects the lungs. It's usually in the cells that line the air passages. The abnormal cells do not develop into healthy lung tissue, they divide fast and form tumors. When cancer starts in lung cells,it is called primary lung cell. Tumors that stay in one place and don't spread are known as benign tumors.
Transcript: Lungs-helps oxygen enter red blood cells. Trachea-allows air to past through the neck. Bronchi-carries air from trachea to lungs. Diaphragm-main muscle expanding when you inhale. No you can not live without lungs but a healthy lung can be transplanted to replace the diseased lung usually by deceased organ donors. You can also use a oxygen tank to help someone who has trouble breathing. Respiratory System The function of the respiratory system is to help oxygen from the air we breath enter red blood cells and help the body to unlock faster. Other Organs -Lungs, trachea, bronchi, diaphragm Structures- Airway: includes mouth and nose. Lungs: Helps breath. Muscles of respiration: what surrounds lungs and helps air be inhaled and exhaled. LUNGS Other Systems websites used Main Functions Lung cancer:interferes with process of breathing and makes it difficult to breathe. Bronchitis: often seen in heavy smokers and can leave to chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Asthma: affects the airways by causing the walls of the airways become sore and swollen . Diseases Can you live with out lungs? www.webmd.com www.medlineplus.com www.lung.org Circulatory system- after oxygen passes through airway and lungs and blood enters vessels, it then carries to the heart. Nervous system-sends messages and signals through the body and helps regulate the gas exchange in the lungs.
Transcript: How the lungs work The alveoli are small balloon-like structures that are attached to the bronchioles. Lung Diseases This is what the lungs look like ------------------------- There are many fatal diseases that your lung can suffer if you don't care for it, such as, Pneumonia is a bacterial and virus infection. Asthma is a chronic lung disease that inflames the airway. Bronchitis is the swelling of the bronchi. Tuberculosis is an infectious disease that damages the lungs. Lung Cancer is uncontrolled tumors growing in both lungs Emphysema limits airflow, making it harder to breathe. Period 1 When you inhale, the diaphragm contracts and your chest cavity expands. This causes air to from outside to get sucked through your mouth. Air then flows in through the bronchus and goes into the lungs. When you exhale, the diaphragm relax and the chest cavity gets smaller, with the decrease in volume, the pressure inside increases, the air then rushes outside where there is lower pressure. The process then repeats with each breath. Kiet Tran Caleb Hewitson Justin Martin Andre Nalasco Reyes Rinna Gamiao Viviana Orozco Owners Manual Project The Lungs How to extend the warranty of your lungs The bronchioles are the passageways that air passes to get to the alveoli. Capillaries are blood vessels inside the alveoli. There are multiple ways to keep your lungs healthy, such as participating in a sports activity like swimming or sprinting, stop/do not smoke, and wearing mouth protection in dusty areas. Some other ways are, using a humidifier, staying away from second hand smoke, taking respiratory therapy, and exercising. Doing all of these instructions will help your lung stay at its prime state and support you for your whole life! The lungs serve the purpose of bringing oxygen into the body, and to expel carbon dioxide from the body. The lungs consists of 3 parts. The bronchioles, capillaries, and alveoli. Pneumonia Asthma Bronchitis Tuberculosis Lung Cancer Emphysema What the lungs do
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