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Transcript: What is Halloween? and What do people do on Halloween? Origins of Halloween Why we (as Ahmadi Muslims) should avoid celebrating halloween? What is Shirk? Do Muslims believe in ghosts and supernatural things? What is Halloween? Celebrated on the night of October 31st Traditional activities include: Trick-or-treating Carving jack-o-lanterns Costume parties Visiting "haunted houses" Origin of Halloween celebration of the end of the harvest season Samhain was a time used by the ancient pagans to take stock of supplies and prepare for winter The ancient Gaels believed that on October 31, the boundaries between living and the dead overlapped and the deceased would come back to cause havoc such as sickness or damaged crops Masks and costumes were worn in an attempt to mimic the evil spirits or appease them. Why we should avoid celebrating Halloween? Halloween is a harmful innovation among Christians which takes one closer to shirk. The Bible forbids witches, satanic practices etc. but Halloween is generally regarded as fun. Hudhur said it should always be remembered that any ‘fun’ that is based on shirk or any harmful way is to be avoided. We must give up on worldly traditions like these to follow the right path Faith Matters These practices makes children do wrong things in the name of “fun” These practices makes children do wrong things in the name of “fun” Agenda Friday Sermon October 29th 2010 ... small Conclusion Even a hint of shirk is unacceptable to God What is Shirk? Associate anyone in the name, action, or worship of Allah constitutes shirk Condition of Baiat number 6 says that we “shall refrain from following ______________ Ahmadi muslims do not believe in ghosts and other supernatural things (witches, goblins...) Do Muslims believe in ghosts and supernatural being? Heaven is a better reward than the candy get from you get from trick or treat QUESTIONS? “Badness attracts and leads man to adopt it with intensity, while forgetting traditions and beliefs. Some Ahmadis, considering such matters trivial, also get inclined in this way, resulting in very bad consequences” Shirk causes man to sink morally and spiritually. Belief in Divine Unity is a seed out of which grows all virtues, and lack of which lies at the root of all sins Halloween and what do people do on halloween? What other holidays do we not celebrate? Originated from the ancient celtic festival known as Samhain It is extremely wrong to believe in things that are supernatural even if it is for fun We must give up on worldly traditions like these to follow the right path Halloween is a tradition when many people celebrate it with extravagant parties, elaborate costumes and spending more $$$ Hudhur’s Friday Sermon October 29th 2010 Why should Ahmadi Muslims avoid celebrating Halloween? Bringing of dead spirits is WRONG and it goes against what we believe as Muslims

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Transcript: Nichole Jones , Rita Saidi, Emely Paz, and Sean Pen Literacy and Early Education How literacy levels in society affects early education in the community Many of the problems children face with literacy are impacted by their communnities. "Unfortunately, the quality of early childhood education a child receives is often determined by his or her economic status. Studies have shown that by age 5, half of children living in poverty are not academically or socially ready for school."-valeria garcia illiteracy in these areas start as early as a toddler. Implementing reading and writing can prevent illiteracy in these specific areas. “The Problem with Illiteracy and How It Affects All of Us.” Reading Partners, 25 July 2017, https://readingpartners.org/blog/problem-illiteracy-affects-us/. “Figure 2f from: Irimia R, Gottschling M (2016) Taxonomic Revision of Rochefortia Sw. (Ehretiaceae, Boraginales). Biodiversity Data Journal 4: e7720. Https://Doi.org/10.3897/BDJ.4.e7720.” doi:10.3897/bdj.4.e7720.figure2f. Perry, Nancy E., et al. “Teachers Developing Assessments of Early Literacy: A Community of Practice Project.” Teacher Education and Special Education: The Journal of the Teacher Education Division of the Council for Exceptional Children, vol. 22, no. 4, 1999, pp. 218–233., doi:10.1177/088840649902200404. Yurtoğlu, Nadir. “Http://www.Historystudies.net/dergi//birinci-Dunya-Savasinda-Bir-Asayis-Sorunu-Sebinkarahisar-Ermeni-isyani20181092a4a8f.Pdf.” History Studies International Journal of History, vol. 10, no. 7, 2018, pp. 241–264., doi:10.9737/hist.2018.658. Health problems low literacy levels are often correlated with poor health outcomes, including higher rates of hospitalization and more frequent outpatient visits, than when compared to adults with higher levels of literacy. -Garcia CEC Vista* "Reading ability and an individual’s health status are so closely correlated, that in recent years, the medical community has begun to treat reading as a public health issue."-valeria garcia Dropping Out According to the World Literacy Foundation, 1 in 5 children, adolescents, and youth is out of school. This shows that a majority of students are affected by their communities to a point where they are unable to attend school. This can be due to many factors including social classes, influence by parents' past education, and other social influences. Social Problems Children can learn literacy through social interaction between themselves and children and/or adults in or outside school. The american academy of pediatrics implements a toolkit to provide to parents to help aid their children in the importance of early childhood literacy. Unemployment the world literacy foundation states In order to receive a job offer in today’s society, it is a normal protocol to fill out a job application form. A candidate who is unable to fill out a form will be at a disadvantage How the Communities Students are a Part of Affect Their Literacy Levels The Connection Between Community and Literacy Various studies have found a correlation between the communities students live in and how well they do in school, specifically focusing on literacy. In these cases, two specific traits of these communities were often tied to lower literacy levels: poverty and the lack of family involvement in education. Poverty Poverty In one study, titled "The Relationship Between Income, Poverty, and Child Well-Being" by Ajay Chaudry, a correlation between poverty and inhibited educational success was justified. Chaudry found that families that were impoverished or less financially stable than peer families often had their children do worse in school. Chaudry, Ajay, and Christopher Wimer. “Poverty Is Not Just an Indicator: The Relationship Between Income, Poverty, and Child Well-Being.” Academic Pediatrics, Elsevier, 1 Apr. 2016, https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1876285915003836. Researcher Kelley Taylor found that 20% of children in the United States lived in poverty. Combining this data alongside data from the federal government suggested that a staggering 51 percent of pre-K through 12th grade students reside in low-income households. This data alongside other sources link poverty and lower literacy levels. Taylor, Kelley “Kelley Taylor.” INSIGHT Into Diversity, 25 July 2019, https://www.insightintodiversity.com/povertys-long-lasting-effects-on-students-education and-success/. Donald Hernandez, a researcher at the Annie E. Casey Foundation, found a link between poverty and third-grade reading levels. His research concluded that if students are impoverished, they're often not at the standard third grade reading level by third grade. This leads to, as Hernandez states, "...students...often falter[ing] in their later grades and dropping out before earning a high school diploma." Hernandez, Donald J. “Double Jeopardy: How Third-Grade Reading Skills and Poverty Influence High School Graduation.” Annie E. Casey Foundation, Annie E. Casey Foundation.

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