Transcript: Common LD's Common Signs PATIENCE! Learning Disabilities Speaks later than most children Pronunciation problems Difficulty rhyming words Restlessness or easily distracted trouble interacting motor skills slow to develop difficulty following directions or routines Sadly, NLD's are Often go undiagnosed. Individuals with this disability are highly verbal, with the deficit being in the nonverbal. Lack of proper social skills and misunderstanding of non-verbal communications are the focus of this disability. Reverses letter sequences avoids reading aloud trouble with word problems slow recall of facts difficulty making friends & socializing trouble understanding body language & facial expressions High school and Adults 5-8 Ideas for Managing An LD Classroom A writing disability in which a person finds it hard to form letters or write within a defined space. Lack fine motor skills but can write on some level. Neurological Disorder Get students' attention: Use storytelling, signals (bells), visual signals, colored markers/chalk, and enthusiasm Focus students' attention: position students so all can see the board, use a flashlight/laser pointer, visuals, do illustrations Maintaining Students' attention: move around the classroom, use manipulatives, pair students up for maximum involvement Fast Facts: Problem with the wiring?? Dyslexia Dyscalculia Use a read along/aloud technique allow students to tape lessons or share notes allow for a table of facts or calculator use the computer for illegible handwriting misspeller's dictionary mnemonic devices large print, typed handouts, or double spaced materials multi-sensory approach (speaking, spelling, & writing) encourage students to draw illustrations But most of all- Children are often as smart or smarter than their peers K-4 Sensory disabilities in which a person has difficulty understanding language, recognizing and interpreting information, despite normal hearing and vision. Dysgraphia Nonverbal LD's What is a Learning Disability? Preschool Can't be cured or fixed As a teacher, what are some ways to cope with a student that has an LD? A mathematical disability in which a person has a difficult time solving arithmetic problems and grasping math concepts. A difference in the way a person's brain is "wired" Slow to learn connection between letters and sounds confuses basic words (run, eat, want) Consistent reading and spelling errors Slow to remember facts & learn new skills trouble learning time poor coordination Input - the brain receives information through either auditory or visual channels Integration - the brain integrates or organizes the information Memory/Storage - the brain retains the information so that it can be used appropriately Output - the information is presented either verbally or visually (writing, visual expression) Nearly 2.9 million students are currently receiving special education services for LD's in the US. 44% of parents waited a year before acknowledging their child might have an LD. More than 27% of children with learning disabilities drop out of high school, compared to 11% of the general student population. 90% of students will read normally if they receive help by the first grade. Ld's often run in families. Attention Disorders often occur at the same time as an LD but the two are not the same. one in seven Americans have some type of learning disability. Auditory and Visual Processing Orders continues to spell incorrectly trouble summarizing & open-ended questions weak memory skills works slowly difficulty adjusting to new settings A language-based disability in which a person has trouble understanding written words. Difficulty with reading fluency, word recognition, spelling, and writing.
Transcript: Learning Disabilities What is a Learning Disability A learning disability (also known as LD) is a hidden handicap. Learning disabilities do not leave any visible signs that would invite others to be understanding or offer their support to the person who has learning disabilities. LD is a disorder that affects what a person has to say and they are unable to connect different information from different parts of the brain. These symptoms can affect school work and at times the ability to control yourself. What are warning signs for learing disabilities Some warning signs may be that the student is saying the words on the board are fuzzy( not visibly seen), placed out of order, or they cannot put the words together. People get teased everyday just because they have a learning disabilty. Take Kathleen for example. She feels isolated at times both socially and emotionally. One of her friends decided she didnt want to be friends with Kathleen and that was before an exam. Having an anxiety disorder she was already worring about the test. She blacked out and a friend she told thought it was hysterical. Some learning disabilities are reading (dyslexia), writing (dysgraphia), math (dyscalculia), language (communication), and behavior disorders. Some of these affected Max and others around him because they might have to slow down something for him or explain something differently. Most kids with learning disabilities would benefit from a classroom that was multisensory. Multisensory means students with LD would have to heve to hear, feel, and see the task being done. It would be helpful for kids who have LD to have learning broken down into small chunks. Also modeling the activity is helpful. This means it gives the student time to watch the task being done. Lesson Plan for the Class: How to write a short story Introduction paragraph Beginning Middle End Something catchy at the end to get the readers attention Lesson Plan for the LD Student: How to write a short story Write the main idea of the story How the story begins Main action End of the story Also i would make sure they worked on each part indevidually before putting all the parts together. Focus on one part at a time. By: Ashley Lewis Double click to crop it if necessary (cc) photo by Metro Centric on Flickr Budapest San Francisco Results Notes Place your own picture behind this frame! (cc) photo by Metro Centric on Flickr Stockholm (cc) photo by jimmyharris on Flickr (cc) photo by Franco Folini on Flickr
Transcript: Learning disAbilities Learning Difficulties Awareness Thinking Skills Social Skills RTII Tips for Effective Instruction Tips for Classroom Management NIMH Key Features of IDEA 2004 Tri-State Transition Guide Different Types of LA Sample IEP, NOREP/PWN NCLD Understanding Memory
Transcript: Students with Learning Disabilities Lovett & Lewandowski (2006),“Learning disabilities are defined as discrepancies between a student’s ability and his or achievement or performance.” - Feel Unprepared for College - Feel that they are on an uneven playing field - Experience psycho-social difficulties - Feel academic anxiety and have difficulty with academically orientented tasks - Have difficulty with transfer of accomodations Greenbaum, et al., (1995) “Adults with learning disabilities: Educational and social experiences during college”. “Students with learning disabilities considered the following factors important to their college success: support from family and friends, availability of campus support services, testing accommodations, priority registration, counseling, and advocacy assistance”. -study aids -supplemental lectures -note takers -audio and visual materials -extended time on tests -separate proctored test locations -active hands on learning -braille -sign language Research has proven that students with learning disabilities tend to have a better success rate when they can receive help from multiple avenues and/or more intensive involvement. (The University of Toronto) Self-Advocacy Challenge LD students are exposed to an array of accommodations in high school and elementary school when entering college there is an adjustment The Disabilities Act of 1990 (ADA) assure that the students have the right to services and accommodations, however, they are required to self-advocate their own accommodations Assess availble services, Descibe their disability and how it affects their learning, Suggest effective accomodations, and disccuss course concerns with instructors and also provide appropriate documentation Lack of programing students may not want to self identify until it is too late rely on faculty to act as a safe haven for student who need assistance or accommodations Challenges Students Face academic anxiety difficulty learning new skills, relying on memorization acadmic self-efficiency lack of belief that they are academically capable lack of academic self-control unable to manage stressful demands of the academic environements Student Success Course - One way to provide learning strategies to students with learning disabilities is to integrate them into success courses that target the general first-year student population M.J. Reed et.al conducted research on this idea of success courses and found that student with learning disabilities GPA’s, self-efficacy, and academic self control increased. Training For Faculty and Staff - Install appropriate training throughout universities for faculty and staff who work with this particular population. -Ensure policies and procedures documentated -Confidentiality -Find extra financial support -Support day to day living -Adaptive computer equipment is avaiable -Ensure the classroom is suitable for all students with disabilities Who are they? How do they learn? What are their challenges? How can we help them? Barnard-Brak, L., & Sulak, T. (2010). Online Versus Face-to-Face Accommodations Among College Students With Disabilities. American Journal Of Distance Education, 24(2), 81-91. doi:10.1080/08923641003604251Greenbaum, B., Graham, S., & Scales, W. (1995). Adult with learning disabilities: Educational and social experiences during college. Exceptional Children, 61, 460-471.Hadley, W. M. (2007). The Necessity of Academic Accommodations for First-Year College Students with Learning Disabilities. (Cover story). Journal Of College Admission, (195), 9-13.Hartman-Hall, H., & Haaga, D. (2002). College students’ willingness to seek help for learning disabilities. Learning Disability Quarterly, 25, 263-274Foley, N. E. (2006). PREPARING FOR COLLEGE: IMPROVING THE ODDS FOR STUDENTS WITH LEARNING DISABILITIES. College Student Journal, 40(3), 641-645.Lovett, B. J. & Lewandowski, L. J. (2006). Gifted students with learning disabilities: Who are they? Journal of Learning Disabilities, 39 (6), 515-527McDermott, P.A., Goldberg, M. M., Watkins, M. W., Stanley, J. L., & Glutting, J. J. (2006). A nationwide epidemiologic modeling study of Id: Risk, protection, and unintended impact. Journal of Learning Disabilities, 39 (3), 230-251. Orr, A. C., & Goodman, N. (2010). "PEOPLE LIKE ME DON'T GO TO COLLEGE:" THE LEGACY OF LEARNING DISABILITY. Journal Of Ethnographic & Qualitative Research, 4(4), 213-225.Reed, M. J., Kennett, D. J., Lewis, T., Lund-Lucas, E., Stallberg, C., & Newbold, I. L. (2009). The relative effects of university success courses and individualized interventions for students with learning disabilities. Higher Education Research & Development, 28(4), 385-400. doi:10.1080/07294360903067013. American with Disabilities Act (ADA) of 1990, 42 U.S.C. 12818 (7)(J) and 12101, et seq. Black, E. N. (2004). Blessing or curse? Distance delivery to students with invisible disabilities. Journal of Library Administration 41(1/2), 47-64. Patton, R. J., & Polloway, A. E.
Transcript: Learning Disabilities Causes? Characteristics? Identifing? Educating? Specific learning disability means a disorder in one or more of the basic phychological processes involved in understanding or in using language, spoken or written, that my manifest itself in imperfect ability to listen, think, speak, read, write, spell, or do mathmatical calculation, including conditions such as perceptual disabilities, brain injury, minimal brain dysfunction, dyslexia, and developmental aphasia. Specific learning disability does not include a learning problem that arises primarily as the result of visual, hearing, or motor disabilities, of mental retardation, of emotional disturbance, or enviromental, cultural, or economic disadvantage. Learing disabilities is a general term that refers to a heterogeneous group of disorders manifested by significant difficulties in the acquisition and use of listening, speaking, reading, writting, reasoning, or mathmatical abilities. These disorders are intrinsic to the individual, presumed to be due to central nervous system dysfunction, and may occur across the lifespan. Problems in self-regulatory behaviors, social preception, and social interaction may exist with learning disabilities but do not by themselves constitute a learning disability. Although learning disabilities may occur concomitantly with other handicapping conditions (for example, sensory impairment, mental retardation, serious emotional disturbance), or with extrinsic influences (such as cultural differences, insufficient or inappropriate instruction), they are not the result of those conditions or influences. IDEA: Definitons NJCLD:
Transcript: Abbey Hill 21 years old From: Lincoln, NE Dual Elementary & Special Education Major Work Places: Old Chicago Beyourself Boutique Hobbies: Sand Volleyball Family&Friend Time Helping children understand nothing is impossible Learning disabilities are problems that affect the brain's ability to receive, process, analyze, or store information. These problems can make it difficult for a student to learn as quickly as someone who isn't affected by learning disabilities. It is difficult to learn to read when the words don’t stand still. Can you imagine what it is like to read when the words and letters move up and down on the page? Reading is not my favorite school activity. It helps to use my finger or a ruler to keep my place so I can read. How does reading this make you feel? This is what it would be like for a student to read that has a learning disability Experts estimate that 6 to 10 percent of school-aged people in this country have learning disabilities. For people with learning disabilities, reading can be especially difficult, but that does not affect their intelligence. People with learning disabilities have average or above-average intelligence. Which of the following people has/had a learning disabilty? Albert Einstein He was slow in school work and did not have a successful school experience but later became a well-known movie producer and cartoonist. As a child, he could not talk until the age of three. He did not learn to read until he was nine. His teachers considered him to be mentally slow, unsociable, and a dreamer. He failed the entrance examination for college. Ultimately, he developed the Theory of Relativity. She has earned a Tony, an Emmy, an Oscar, and a Grammy. She is an author and a UN Goodwill ambassador. She grew up with deslyexia while teachers brushed off her disabilty as just being slow or even retarded. Awareness Auditory/Visual Processing Understanding Diversity in the Classroom (cc) photo by Metro Centric on Flickr Budapest My Focus San Francisco What This Says Walt Disney Tom Cruise Cher Stockholm Examples (cc) photo by jimmyharris on Flickr (cc) photo by Franco Folini on Flickr about me ADHD Double click to crop it if necessary Dyslexia Read the Following Passage My Family Whoopi Goldberg He learns his lines by listening to a tape because he suffers from dyslexia. Place your own picture behind this frame! (cc) photo by Metro Centric on Flickr Autism
Transcript: Example of a Jeopardy Template By: Laken Feeser and Rachel Chapman When creating without a template... http://www.edtechnetwork.com/powerpoint.html https://www.thebalance.com/free-family-feud-powerpoint-templates-1358184 Example of a Deal or No Deal Template PowerPoint Game Templates There are free templates for games such as jeopardy, wheel of fortune, and cash cab that can be downloaded online. However, some templates may cost more money depending on the complexity of the game. Classroom Games that Make Test Review and Memorization Fun! (n.d.). Retrieved February 17, 2017, from http://people.uncw.edu/ertzbergerj/msgames.htm Fisher, S. (n.d.). Customize a PowerPoint Game for Your Class with These Free Templates. Retrieved February 17, 2017, from https://www.thebalance.com/free-powerpoint-games-for-teachers-1358169 1. Users will begin with a lot of slides all with the same basic graphic design. 2. The, decide and create a series of questions that are to be asked during the game. 3. By hyper linking certain answers to different slides, the game jumps from slide to slide while playing the game. 4. This kind of setup is normally seen as a simple quiz show game. Example of a Wheel of Fortune Template https://www.teacherspayteachers.com/Product/Wheel-of-Riches-PowerPoint-Template-Plays-Just-Like-Wheel-of-Fortune-383606 Games can be made in order to make a fun and easy way to learn. Popular game templates include: Family Feud Millionaire Jeopardy and other quiz shows. http://www.free-power-point-templates.com/deal-powerpoint-template/ Quick video on template "Millionaire" PowerPoint Games Some games are easier to make compared to others If users are unsure whether or not downloading certain templates is safe, you can actually make your own game by just simply using PowerPoint. add logo here References Example of a Family Feud Template PowerPoint Games are a great way to introduce new concepts and ideas You can create a fun, competitive atmosphere with the use of different templates You can change and rearrange information to correlate with the topic or idea being discussed. Great with students, workers, family, etc. For example: With games like Jeopardy and Family Feud, players can pick practically any answers. The person who is running the game will have to have all of the answers in order to determine if players are correct or not. However, with a game like Who Wants to be a Millionaire, the players only have a choice between answers, A, B, C, or D. Therefore, when the player decides their answer, the person running the game clicks it, and the game will tell them whether they are right or wrong.
Transcript: Learning Disabilities What are they? How can I help? What Are They? Learning Disability: A learning disorder evident in both academic and social situations that involves one or more of the processes necessary for the proper use of spoken language or the symbols of communication, and that is characterized by a condition that: a) is not primarily the result of: – impairment of vision; – impairment of hearing; – physical disability; – developmental disability; – primary emotional disturbance; – cultural difference; b) results in a significant discrepancy between academic achievement and assessed intellectual ability, with deficits in one or more of the following: –receptive language (listening, reading); –language processing (thinking, conceptualizing, integrating); –expressive language (talking, spelling, writing); –mathematical computations. How Can I Help? Universal Design for Learning Universal Design for Learning (UDL) was inspired by work in architecture on the planning of buildings with a view to accessibility for people with physical disabilities (Turnbull et al., 2002). Architects observed that the added improvements facilitated access for all users, not just people with physical disabilities. An access ramp, for instance, provides a person using a wheelchair with easier access to a building, but it also makes it easier for a parent with a child’s stroller, a traveller with a baggage trolley, or someone using a walker. (Education for All) Broad Learning Principles • Equitable use • Appropriately designed space • Flexibility • Simplicity • Safety • Different modes of perception Differentiated Instruction Curriculum tells teachers what to teach, while differentiated instruction tells teachers how to teach it to a range of learners by employing a variety of teaching approaches. Focused Structure for Instruction • Differentiated content • Differentiated process • Differentiated product Assistive Technology = Access Assistive technology is any technology that allows one to increase, maintain, or improve the functional capabilities of an individual with special learning needs (Edyburn, 2000). Its applica- tions and adaptations can help open doors to previously inaccessible learning opportunities for many children with special needs (Judge, 2001). Speech to Text Text to Speech The Case Against Assistive Technology
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