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Transcript: Lavender Lavender is native to the Mediterranean region. It was used in ancient Egypt as part of the process for the mummifying bodies. Lavenders use as a bath additive originated in Persia, Greece, and Rome. The herb's name comes from the Latin lavare, which means "to wash." Historically, lavender was used as an antiseptic and for mental health purposes. Today this herb is used for conditions such as anxiety, restlessness, insomnia, and depression. Lavender is used for headache, upset stomach, and hair loss. Lavender is most commonly used in a aromatherapy, in which the scent of the essential oil from the flowers is inhaled. The essential oil can also be diluted with another oil and applied to the skin. Dried lavender flowers can be used to make teas or liquid extracts that can be taken by mouth. There is little scientific evidence of lavenders effectiveness for most health uses. Small studies of lavender for anxiety show mixed results. Some preliminary results indicate that lavender oil, combined with oils from other herbs, may help with hair loss from a condition called alopecia areata. Use Of Aromatherapy is generally considered safe for most adults. However, applying lavender oil to the skin can cause irritation. There have been reports to topical use can cause breast growth in boys. Lavender Oil may be poisionous if taken by mouth. When Lavender teas and extracts are taken by mouth, they may cause headache, changes in appetite, and constipation. Using Lavender with sedative medications may increase drowsiness. How is it used? Side Effects And Cautions What is Lavender? What is it used for? What the science says....


Transcript: 51% linalool 35% linalyl acetate Lavender Benefits & Information.n.d.). Linalyl Acetate skin inflammation heals rashes balance natural oils in the skin capable of relaxing blood vessels and reducing the blood pressure in patients ("Lavender (Lavandula angustifolia) | Plant Profiler", 2016) Stress counter effect of excess stress prevent mental exhaustion Digestive system Eliminate inflammation Regulate smooth muscle function Promote healthier digestion Inflammatory Counter Headaches Fevers Skin irritation Arthritis pain Lavender Treats - when extracting oils from flowers they usually go through either steam distillation,expression method, maceration, and solvent extraction. Lavender oil is normally extracted through the process of solvent extraction. Solvent extraction begins when lavender flowers are added into a large rotating container that also has a chemical solvent(hexane). As the lavender flowers sit in the solvent for a long period of time their plant essence, colour and wax begin to come forth. Once the solvent evaporates it leaves behind a strong substance called a concentrate. Once the concentrate is left alone it is mixed with an alcohol. This alcohol is used to filter away unnecessary waxes from the oils. In result you are left with lavender essential oil. Essential oils have been traced to Linalool reduced duration of menstrual pain relieved them from menstrual pains responsible for the strong floral scent of lavender ("Lavender (Lavandula angustifolia) | Plant Profiler", 2016) Experiment induced edema (accumulation of fluid) in rats was used as a model of inflammation The experimental data indicate that both the linalool and linalyl acetate after systemic administration, a reduction of edema occurred (Elsharif, Banerjee, & Buettner, 2015) Fun facts Lavender Products The name Lavender comes from the Latin verb, "lavare," which means to wash In the language of flowers, lavender can mean devotion, luck, success, happiness 39 different species of the lavender plant and 400 varieties across the world As of 2011, the biggest lavender oil producer in the world is Bulgaria Lavender cutting Egypt Greece Rome Europe India China The bible (History. 2016) Native to northern Africa and the mountainous regions of the Mediterranean (Nordqvist, 2018) The southeast regions of India (Plant Care. n.d.) It also grows throughout southern Europe, Australia, and some parts of the United States today (What Is Lavender Good For? n.d.) Lavender in Winter Breading of Plant Lavender Tea Benefits Dried lavender is used in many cases some being: As an air freshener – Simmer the dried herb in a pot of water with some citrus peels for a natural air freshener! In the dryer – I sew the dried flowers into small satchels and use them in place of dryer sheets in the dryer As a dandruff remedy – Make an extra strong batch of tea, let it cool, and use as a scalp rinse to remedy dandruff. This cooled tea recipe also doubles as an after-sun spray. Lavender seeds Moisture Minimal (Calvert, 2016) allow soil to dry before watering again (Lee Valley Tools - Gardening Newsletter. n.d.) Soil Prefers soil that is neutral or slightly alkaline, and well drained with low to moderate nutrient availability however it will grow in soil as long as it is not acidic (Plant Care. n.d.) Soil with a pH between 6.5 and 7.5 Lee Valley Tools - Gardening Newsletter. n.d.) Some farms use clay loam (Clay Loam. n.d.) Soil mixtures which includes clay, rocks and minerals Fun Things with Dried Lavender Winter Protection -three pounds of lavender flowers are needed to produce just 15mL of lavender essential oil. By: Jessica Farerbrother & Giada Carrabs Lavender oil is proposed to contain anti-inflammatory properties(Benefits, 2018) Treat bug bites and minor burns (Benefits, 2018) Lavender is used in soothing creams and facial washes (Benefits, 2018) Lavender essential oil is potent for mosquitoes (Benefits, 2018) Lavender oil helps people who suffer from insomnia (Benefits, 2018) Lavender has been known to reduce stress and anxiety (Benefits, 2018) Helps with migraines and headaches (Benefits, 2018) Lavender oil is also used during massages (Benefits, 2018) A study proves that having lavender oil applied to joints and muscles before a massage significantly improves the results of it. (Benefits, 2018) Lavender oil and hair (Benefits, 2018) Effective on lice Has also been shown to be very helpful in the treatment of hair loss Hide lavender behind bushes, shrubs, buildings (Plant Care. n.d.) Protect the roots from freezing by sinking the pot in a flowerbed for the winter (Calvert, 2016) Move the potted plant into your garage until spring (Calvert, 2016) Modest covering of mulch, such as chopped straw, shredded leaves or sand, applied around the base (Lee Valley Tools - Gardening Newsletter. n.d.). The earliest essential oils usage evidence occurs in the period of 3000-2500 B.C. Lavender has been used for over 2500 years 3 Egyptians used lavender for perfume and


Transcript: Ingredients diuretic [a substance having an agreeable odor and stimulating qualities] antidepressant Space your plants so that they will have plenty of air around them when they are grown and flowering so their branches should not touch. Egypt Taxonomy History vermifuge Medicinal Uses The lands surrounding the Mediterranean is originally the natural habitat of this plant and is where it grows wild. It is probable that this was the reason that the use of lavender was common amongst the people of this area in ancient times, during the earlier history of lavender. Lavender thrives in full sun. Try to plant it where it will get eight hours of sun a day. If you have your plants in containers, less sun is better if you cannot water them as often as needed. Greeks and Romans initially used the plant in baths for its aromatic scents. That is how it got its name because in Latin "lavo" means "to wash" General Info carminative stimulant Contains: Lavender contains a volatile oil, the main constituents of which are: 1. borneol. - natural insect repellent 2. cineol - it is a Eucalyptol or an ether. It is used as an insecticide, cough suppressant,flavor, fragrance and mouth wash. Widely found amongst plants. 3. geraniol - insect repellent ( found in geraniums thus its name) 4. linalool - flea and tick insecticide. Used as a precursor to vitamin E and for fragrance. 5. limonene - prevent cancer, treat cancer, treat bronchitis and fragrance 6. linalyl acetate - sedative, anti inflammatory agent, fragrance 7. linalyl butrate - flavor and fragrance 8. pinene - unknown but used in insects as form of communication so might hypothesize an attractant for pollination. 9. tannin - acts as pesticide and growth regulator of plants. Soil antihydrotic Humidity Native Habitat [an agent to relieve rheumatism] It was in the 1600s that the history of lavender took a further turn and the lavender herb first made an appearance on the continent of America. Sun Lavender was used widely for its medicinal purposes during World War I to bathe the wounds of soldiers with lavender washes because it was a powerful antiseptic Greece [an agent that strengthens, stimulates or tones the stomach] Damp air can make the plant more susceptible to root rot. Good air circulation and proper drainage can decrease the chance of illness. cholagogue Geographic Origins Drainage [a soothing agent that reduces nervousness, distress or irritation] The Egyptians utilized the lavender herb in the process of mummification and perfuming, as did the Phoenicians as well as the Arabs. Description [an agent for increasing the flow of bile into the intestines] A perennial herb or shrub. Has violet flowers with deep roots. Grows 1-3 ft tall and wide Flowers early to mid summer aromatic [an agent which relieves or checks spasms or cramps] Arabia antiseptic Water Lavender is particularly drought resistant after they are mature and well established. However, during the first year, they need to be watered regularly, especially during the hottest summer days. [an agent that strengthens or invigorates organs or the entire organism] Circulation It is likely that the use of the lavender plant and its domestic cultivation was first initiated by the Arabs (outside their natural habitat), and thereby spread across Europe. This is the path that this herb took, as it was carried back by voyagers and conquerors to their own lands and must have entered France, Italy, Spain and England. Italy [an agent for expelling gas from the intestines] [fights off depression] antispasmodic Lavender plants tolerate many growing conditions, but thrive in warm, well drained soil. The soil should be well worked, well drained and loose enough to dig your bare hands in easily. An alkaline and especially a chalky soil will enhance lavender's fragrance. [an agent which reduces or suppresses perspiration] [an agent to expel parasites, worms] [an agent that increases the secretion and expulsion of urine] [an agent that excites or quickens the activity of physiological processes] Kingdom: Plantae Vascular Angiosperms Order: Lamiales Family: Lamiaceae Genus: Lavandula Species: Officinalis Greeks & Romans - in baths - to fumigate a room in preparation for childbirth - to expel afterbirth - to promote menstruation anti-rheumatic Lavender does not like wet roots. A gentle slope or raised bed are good choices in soil with less than perfect drainage. tonic During the great bubonic plague, glove makers would scent leather with lavender oil, as this was known to ward off the plague. This claim may well be true as the plague is transmitted by flies, and lavender is very effective as a repellent. sedative [an agent for inhibiting the growth of microorganism on living tissue or destroying pathogenic or putrefactive bacteria] stomachic


Transcript: Planting Requirements Lavender is known to be disease resistant. But there are two diseases that affect lavender, Alpha Mosaic Virus and Lavender Shab Disease. Moving you plant can be done just about anytime in the growing season depending on where you live. Plant the Lavender plant into the new location taking care to set the top of the plant at the same depth as the previous one. Fill in the soil around the roots, water then fill in as necessary due to soil settlement. Lavendula Cons Find right light exposure & air flow Right amount of watering Lavender demands a lot of sun. Perfect drainage is a must, especially through the winter, the plants will die in wet soils. No need to use supplemental feeding. Take Care Resale Value Pros/Cons Lavender can be one of the most profitable crop. Lavender bouquets for $6 Lavender aromatherapy sets $12-20 Lavender Maggie Loring Plant diseases Botanical Name Spittle bugs Whiteflies Aphids Pros Enjoy the smell Decorative When/How to transplant lavender Plant lavender in well-drained, slightly alkaline soil with a pH between 6.7 and 7.3. You can add builder’s sand to the soil before planting to increase drainage, which is vital because lavender will not tolerate excessive soil moisture or humidity. Prune lightly to promote branching, especially in spring once the plants show new growth.Sprinkle bone meal or other phosphorus-rich fertilizer around each plant in the fall to make it stronger and more winter hardy. Work the fertilizer into the first inch of soil, or let the rain soak it in. Use a sharp knife to take a hardwood or softwood cutting that is 3 to 4 inches long. Cut hardwood stems just below a bump that indicates a leaf node. Remove all of the leaves from the lower 2 inches of the stem and then gently scrape the skin off the bottom portion of the stem on one side with a knife Life Cycle Take cuttings of Lavender Insects that are harmful

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